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most earnest, solemn, and vigorous ther to French assertions, or to disprotest against the right assumed at claimers, on the part of the allied Paris and Verona of making war on powers, of hostile views on the inde Spain, and the doctrine of the French pendence of other states. government, that nations can lawfully The tables of both houses of parliaenjoy civil privileges only as a sponta- ment have been covered with petitions neous grant from kings; as well as for for bettering the condition, and effecsadvising Spain to alter its constitutioning the ultimate emancipation of the in order to avert the threatened inva- slaves in our West-India colonies. sion. The motion was negatived by a These petitions have been no less relarge majority; and in its place an markable for the weightyand judicious amendment carried, expressing appro- manner in which they have been bation of the conduct of ministers, drawn up, than for the respectability and the willingness of the house to of their signatures. Mr. Buxton support bis majesty in any measures brought forward on the 15th inst, a which may be necessary for fulfilling motion on this important subject, in the obligations, or vindicating the a speech of great eloquence, informadignity, of the crown, and maintaining tion, and effect. The motion was that the rights and interests of the people. "the state of slavery is repugnant to -Earl Grey has since moved in the the principles of the British ConstiHouse of Lords for several classes of tution and of the Christian Religion, papers ; first, any documents respect and ought to be abolished gradually ing the capture of a Spanish ship by throughout the British Colonies, with a French cruizer, 'while France was as much expedition as may be found still declaring its pacific disposition: consistent with a due regard to the secondly, the proclamation of the pro- well-being of the parties concerned.” visional government of Spain under This undeniable proposition it was his the patronage of the French govern- intention to follow up with enactment, annulling all acts done by the ments, which should have for their Spanish Government since the resto-' object to put an end to the driving ration of the Constitution: thirdly, system ; to restrain the power of arpapers respecting the sentiments ex- bitrary punishment; to give Sunday pressed at Verona, by Austria, Prussia, to the slaves for rest and religious inand Russia, with a view to ascertain struction, and an equivalent portion how far they might be considered of time during the week for cultivating parties to the war: and fourthly, the their provision grounds; to legalize communications between the five and protect the niarriage of slaves; to powers on the subject, with copies of provide effectually for their religious any information transmitted to this instruction; to make slaves cease to government respecting the object of be chattels in the eye of the law, and ihe Russian army on the Vistula, the to attach them to the island, and, with Austrian in the Milanese, and the some modifications, to the soil; to adPrussian on the border next France. mit their testimony, quantum puleat, The papers were not granted; but in courts' of justice; to throw on the Lord 'Liverpool stated, that, with re-' person claiming the services of a Negard to the seizure of the vessels
, the yro the burden of proving the justice Spanish ship was the aggressor; being of his claim; to remove all existing in fact a privateer ; that with regard obstructions to manumissions, and to to the offensive proclamation, the allow and encourage slaves to purPrench government had disclaimed it; chase their own freedom by the fruits that the engagements at Verona were of their industry, which should be only defensive, and, as respected super secured to them by law; and to give porting France against Spain, contine liberty to all children born after a cergent on Spain's attacking France, or tain day. In addition to these reguoffering violence to her own royallations, he farther proposed, that family, or attempting to change the no governor, judge, or attorney-gedynasty. The assembling of troops' neral should be a slave-owner.--Mr. by Austria, Prussia, and Russia, his Wilberforce, Mr. Brougham, Mr. W. lordship considered to be only meant Smith, Mr. Sykes,and other members, as a measure of precaution which was spoke strongly in favour of the motion. thought to be called for in the present Mr. Canning-while he was disposed state of the continent. " We confess to agree in the propriety of most, if that we begin to give liale creditei- not all, the specific measures contemChrist. Observ. No. 257.
plated by Mr. Buxton-objected to tish Colonies; but he was not prepared ihe adoption of his motion on, account to say in what tine that change of its abstract form, which would should take place. As to the mode seem, he said, to justify the demand of executing the proposed reforms, he by the slaves of an immediate and observed, that there were certain cogeneral emancipation; and he pro- lonies over which government exer-, proposed the following amendment ercised a direct legislative controul. in lieu of it : “ That it is expe- There the action of government would dient to adopt effectual and decisive be more free and unembarrassed than measures for ameliorating the condi- in .colonies having colonial legislation of the slave population in his tures. What government did in the Majesty's dominions; that through a former would serve as an example to determined and persevering, but at the latter ; and in this matter we had the same time judicious and tempe- a right'to expect from those legislaperate, enforcement of such measures, tures a full co-operation. Any resistthis House looks forward to a pro- ance they might shew of a contugressive improvement in the character macious kind, to the wishes of Parliaof the slave population, such as may ment, would form a case on which to prepare then for a participation in come to Parliament for advice. He those civil rights and privileges which concluded with assuriug the House, are enjoyed by other classes of his that the Government was actuated by Majesty's subjects: That this House a desire at the same time to redeem is anxious for the accomplishment of the character of the country from the that purpose at the earliest period maintenance of the state of slavery, which shall be compatible with the and to protect also the just claims of well-being of the slaves themselves, the colonists respecting a species of with the safety of the colonies, and property wbich Parliament had rewith a fair and equitable considera- peatedly sanctioned and legalized. tion of the interests of private pro- Mr. Buxton and his friends did not perty; and that these resolutions be hesitate to accede to Mr. Canning's laid before his Majesty."
amendment, which passed nem. con. The speech of Mr. Canning was They expressed at the same time more specific than his resolutions. the very strongest doubts of the effiHe proposed, he said, to abolish the ciency of any measures which were driving system; to put an end alto to depend on the frank adoption gether to those degrading punishments and efficient co-operation of the coinflicted on females; to give the Sun- lonial legislatures; and reserved 10 day wholly to the slave, for the pur- themselves the right of bringing the pose of recreation, public worship, and matter again and again before Parliareligious instruction; and to allow ment, even in the present session, him sufficient time besides for the if it should be deemed right by them cultivation of his provision grounds. so to do. He thought also that the slave should On reviewing the amount of the have legal security for the enjoy- pledge which, in the resolutions of Mr. nient of his property, and should have Canning, has been given on this subthe power of bequest concomitant, if ject, it will be found to differ in no possible, on marriage. He agreed material respect but one from resoas to the propriety of considering lutions which were formerly adopted the question of admitting their evi- by Parliament, and which, though so dence; and though his mind was not adopted, have been productive of no. made up upon it, he leant to the side beneficial effect whatever. The only of admitting it. He felt also that the material point of difference is the repractice of selling slaves under writs cognition of the duty of admitting the of venditioni exponas ought, if pos- slaves to “ those civil rights and prisible, to be abolished. On the sub- vileges which are enjoyed by other ject of emancipating the children born classes of his majesty's subjects.”. after a given day, he entertained con- “at the earliest period that may be siderable doubts, but should be ready consistent with the welfare of the to listen to what might hereafter be slaves themselves," &c. And consaid upon it. He abjured the prin- sidering the variety of constructious ciple of perpetual slavery. He agreed to which the terms of the resolutions that slavery must at some period be are liable, they do not, certainly, fure : brought to a termination in the Bri-. nish a very satisfactory ground of re-. liance. The pledge, however, of the nothing has yet been done. The utminister himself
, is far more specific. most vigilance, the most unceasing He pledges himself to several most activity will be required, not only to highly important points ; the accom- prevent the frustration of the hopes plishment of which would, without that have been given, but to obtain doubt, produce a happy change in the larger and still more essential concondition of the slaves. But on two cessions, until this foul stain on the points of the very highest moment he national character shall be finally and only expresses his doubts, and on some for ever effaced. others no less momentous he is wholly The state of unhappy Ireland has silent. He doubts, that is to say, as come again before Parliament under to the propriety of freeing the un- several aspects. On the one side, it born children, and also as to the is most afflicting to witness the conpropriety of adınitting the evidence tinuance of scenes of bloodshed and of slaves in courts of justice. He terror; and on the other of party spiis silent as to the removal of the ex-' rit, narrow prejudices, and even offiisting restrictions on manumission, cial partialities among too many who and the adoption of the humane pro- ought to be the guides, examples, and visions on this subject of the Spanish conciliators of the poor and ignorant." code. He is silent also as to remov.' The continuance of the Insurrection ing the onus probandi in a question of Act is again judged necessary. But slave or free, from the alleged slave what has been done as a radical cure for to the claimant of his service; and as the evils which afflict that unhappy to preventing the owners of slaves country? What has been done nafrom being governors, judges, or at- tionally to raise the wretched, detorney-generals. And on the import- graded, illiterate people of the disant subject of marriage he has said turbed districts of that country to the nothing in the way of pledge -Still, rank of civilized, moral, Christian, much is gained. The slaves are re- beings ? But we have not space to cognized as the subject of parliamen- dilate on the afflicting topic. Our tary care and protection. 'i'heir right readers will find some remarks on it to freedom at some time is distinctly in another part of this Number. We acknowledged. Facts are clearly ad- rejoice to find that the whole question mitted of the most important bearing, is beginning to he considered by the. which have hitherto not been so dis- reflecting part of the public in its tinctly admitted, or which were open to true light. Expediency, not less than dispute: for example, the existence of Christianity and philanthropy, points the driving systeni; the degrading in- out the true remedy-the Bible, and Alictions of the cart-whip on females; the zealous and affectionate inculcathe exclusion of the slaves from giving ţion of the principles of the Bible, that evidence; their being chattels in the best guide of human actions, that best eye of the law; their being without mar- solace for human woes. riage; their being denied Sunday as A bill has been introduced into the a day of repose and religious observ- House of Lords, founded on the report ance; and their being unprovided with of the marriage-laws committee. It the means of Christian education and proposes to place marriages by banns instruction. Let us be thankful for upon the same footing which they this material advance towards our occupied before last year's act; ultimale object; and, instead of re- to protect marriages by licence by garding it as a ground for relaxing our new securities, and to render all mar: efforts, let us rather view it as a call riages of minors indissoluble after one and an encouragement to renewed year from their solemnization. The and persevering exertions. Be it re- Committee could not agree on any membered, that though much is ad- specific provisions as respects Unitamitted, and something is promised, rians and Roman Catholics.
Right Rev. Dr. Nathaniel Alexander, Rev. Dr. Alexander Arbuthnot, Dean Bishop of Down and Connor, translated of his Majesty's Cathedral Church of St.' to the Bishopric of Meath, vice O'Beirne, Colemon's, Cløyne, promoted to the Bideceased.
shopric of Killaloe and Kilfenora. Fight Revl Dr. Richard Mant, Bishop Rey. John Bull, B.D. Censor of Christ of Killaloe and Killenora, translated to Chureh, to a Prebend in Exeter Cathethe Bishoprie of Down and Connor. dral.
Rev. Corbet Ilus, D.D, to the Deanery Rev, J. E. Sabin, Preston Bissett R. of the Island of Jersey, vice Dupré, dec. Bucks.
Rev. Thomas Ronnell, B.D. Grantham Rev. J. M. Turner, St. Helen's V. Australia Prebend in Salisbury Cathedral. Abingdon.
Rev. St. John Alder, Bodhampton R. Rev. Wm. Vaux, Rector of Patching in Hants,
Sussex, with Tarring V. annexed, to the Rev. W. Cecil, Stanton St. Michael's Rectory of the latter place, sine cura. R. Cambridgeshire. totoo Rev. T. Willatts, East Hatley R. Cama
Rev. W. Duthey, Sudborough R. bridgeshire. Northamptonshire.
Rev. Dr. Maltby, elected Preacher toi Rev. John Hodgson, Kirkwhelpington the Hon. Society of Lincoln's Inn V. Northumberland
Rev. Thomas Davies,.M.A. Chaplain to Rev. I. II. Hunt Weedon Beck V. Marquis of Hertford. Northamptonshire.
Rev, B.J. Ward, Chaplain to the Earl George Judgson, St. Mary the Great of Clanwilliam. Perp. Cur. Cambridge.
Rev. H. Hubbard, Chåplain to the BiRev. J. Matthews, Stapleton and Shrew- shop of Winchester. ton V. Hanta.
Rev. W. Curtis, Chaplain to the Bishop Rev. George Macfarlar, Shady Camps of Oxford. V. Cambridgeshire,
Rev. Henry Stebbing, Evening Leetu The Rev. B. T. Norgate, M.A. Brad- rer at St. Mary's, Bungay. well Ash Perpetual Curacy, and also Lec- Rev. J. Matthews, Chaplain to the Biu turen of Great Ashfield, Suffolk shop of Salisbury. Rev. James Penrs, MA. Charleombe
DISPENSATIONS R Somerset
Rev. I. Mathews, to hold Stapleford V. Rev. J. Phear, M.A. Earl Stonham R. with that of Shrewton. Suffolk,
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
C v: L. Q: A E;"mis; A. L.; F. O. R; and B. X.; are under con
sideration We fear we cannot promise to find Igneutrus's Hymn. The notice to which be,
alladors did not refer to his peper. & Werder yoke Church bad better consult seme friend la reply to several correspondents we must again state, that one limits do not allow
of our owning how exitions of works, or sucressive numbers of works is parts; mind akts thas we do not insert anonymous we en-grarte reviews
NEMOIR OF Bossuet, BISHOP OF which the sure word of prophecy has MEAUX.
destined ere long to fall; but it is (Concluded from p. 274.)
much to be regretted that such a
man should have consumed so large THE great and persevering efforts a part of his life in even worse than
of Bossuet, in the controversy operose nihil agendo. respecting Mad. Guyon, and in pro- Setting aside for a moment Boscuring the condemnation of Fene- suet, and the cause in which he lon's book, appear to have injured principally laboured, I may be here his health as well as his temper; permitted, without any improper while they betrayed him into ex. digression, to offer a few remarks cesses wholly unworthy of a Chris- on the voluminous productions of tian minister, and deprived him of our old divines; those who wrote the friendship of one of the best during the latter half of the sixand brightest characters of his age. teenth and the whole of the sevenTill this period, he had enjoyed teenth centuries. The present age almost uninterrupted health, and a of literature has doubtless its pecuvigour of constitution beyond his liar merits. Every thing relating years. He was now turned of to style and composition is much seventy; and, at such a period of better understood than it was two life, the trouble and irritation of hundred years ago. Taste is wonmind he had undergone, together derfully improved. More skill and with the exertions he had made, judgment are displayed in the art could hardly fail to undermine a of book-making than formerly; and constitution the most vigorous and much time is consequently saved. robust. We are assured that, in Knowledge is now served up, if not the course of a single year, the year in the most full and accurate man1698, when the controversy respect- ner, yet under the most compact, ing Fenelon was at its height, he commodious, and attractive form. produced a quantity of writings and "The multum in parvo was never so correspondence sufficient to fill three much studied as it is by the present large volumes of four hundred pages bustling and business-like generaeach. It appears that, including tion of mankind. This is the era controversial and other treatises, of abridgment and condensation. Bossuet composed and published The results of past wisdom, learnno less than fifty-one distinct works. ing, and industry are exhibited, in They all abounded with learning and many instances, to the best advanacuteness ; but of this large number tage; and though it is hardly poshow few are now generally known ! sible that old authors should lose How few have survived to be of so much in bulk without some inpermanent interest and utility! Nor justice to their merits, yet that inis this oblivion much to be regret- convenience seems to be compented, since they were chiefly em- sated by the number of individuals -ployed in strengthening and ce- who are thereby enabled to partake menting that temple of antichrist, of the benefit of their labours. CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 258.