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away all the ancient forms and es- of worldly grandeur, in the midst of tablishments in the deluge of the a voluptuous court, and, above all, Revolution.
to his unwearied diligence and acThere can be no doubt but that tivity in his pastoral and episcopal the Bishop of Meaux was sincere in functions, we can hardly, I think, desiring, and active in promoting, without a defect of charity,dispute his as far as his individual influence title to be considered a real, though extended, a reformation of manners often inconsistent, disciple of the in his own church. But with him, Saviour. Let us follow his example the preservation of ecclesiastical in whatever instances it may appear unity was the main point ; and other conformable to the Christian chaobjects, however desirable, were of racter, and carefully shun it, wheresubordinate importance. With all soever it is found wrong, inconsistent, his penetration, he perceived not or questionable. When we reflect the intimate connexion which sub- upon his talents and his virtues, we sists between gross ignorance and cannot but lament that they were superstition, and a dreadful laxity pot embarked in a better cause. of morals. The Church of Rome He is an adversary whom, with all has certainly lost some of her dross, his errors, we must still respect and by the fire of the Protestant seces- admire. Were he now living, we sion ; but, before she can be tho. might be tempted to address him roughly purified, she must be re- with that mixture of esteem and disnewed and rectified in doctrine. approbation, which is implied in the She must shake off the excrescences well known sentence" Talis cum of those pernicious and unscriptural sis, utinam noster esses."
F. tenets which have a tendency to sap the vitals of all practical religion.
Bossuet, upon the whole, was one of those characters, in which intel- SCRIPTURAL ILLUSTRATIONS FROM lectual gifts and attainments may be MODERN TRAVELS-NO, V. said to occupy the fore-ground of 2 Kings v. 17. “ And Naaman the picture, and to form that part of said, Shall there not then, I pray it which most forcibly rivets the at- thee, be given to thy servant two tention of the spectator. We never mules' burden of earth?"_"On their hesitate with respect to his learning return, my muleteer, as an offering or acuteness. We sometimes do of gratitude, presented me some more than hesitate with respect to sacred cakes, made of the earth the purity of his motives, and the which had borne the tent of their rectitude of his conduct. His sin- martyr(Hossein), and which are kept cerity indeed, according to the in a sort of sanctuary, near the enpopular acceptation of that word, trance of his tomb, being close to was unquestionable. But it is not the spot where he was assassinated. quite so clear that he always dealt The earth, even in its simple state, faithfully with his conscience, in the is purchased with avidity by the choice of expedients for the attain- pilgrims, and is said to possess the ment of his objects. He appears to most miraculous properties."— Sir have acted too frequently under an R. K. Porter's Travels in Persia, impression that the end might sanc. vol. ii. p. 281. tify the means; a principle which Isaiah xiii. 21. “ But wild beasts has proved instrumental, beyond of the desert shall lie there."_“In any other cause, in building up the my second visit to Birs Nimrood, fabric of popish error and supersti- while passing rapidly over the last tion. Still, looking to the general tracks of the ruin-spread ground, at tenor of his life, to his pious studies, some little distance from the outer to his disinterestedness, to his irre- bank of its quadrangular boundary, proachable morals and contempt my party suddenly halted, having descried several dark objects mov. ties connected with it. " About ing along the summit of its hill, two o'clock we came to an encampwhich they construed into dismount- ment, where it was resolved to rest ed Arabs on the look-out, while ourselves. One of my guides, in their armed brethren must be lying taking off the luggage, placed my concealed under the southern brow gun in such a situation, intentionally, of the mound. Thinking this very that unless I had snatched it up, the probable, I took out my glass to camel would have knelt upon it, examine, and soon distinguished and broken it. The chief came out that the causes of our alarm were to welcome us, and led me into his two or three majestic lions, taking tent: he then stooped to the ground, the air upon the heights of the py- and spreading out the bosom of his ramid. Perhaps I never had be- skirt, said to me, Son of my uncle, held so sublime a picture to the if thou hast nothing else to sleep on, mind, as well as to the eye. These thou shalt rest thee here."-Sir F. were a species of enemy which my Henniker's Notes during a Visit to party were accustomed to dread Egypt, Nubia, &c. p. 261. without any panic fear; and while Job xxxi. 26, 27. “If I beheld we continued to advance, though the sun when it shined,--and my slowly, the hallooing of the people, heart hath been secretly enticed, or made the noble beasts gradually my mouth hath kissed my hand.” change their position, till, in the “When once an Arab has given course of twenty minutes, they to his faith, his hospitality is inviolable. tally disappeared. We then rode We sat down cross-legged; coffee close up to the ruins; and I had
was prepared: the Arabs swore by once more the gratification of as- the sun that we were safe, and of cending the awful sides of the tower fered to conduct us to their encampof Babel. In my progress I stopped ment at the Roman mountain, Djibseveral times to look at the broad bel Romano."-Ibid. p. 41. prints of the feet of the lions, left Matt. X. 13. “ If the house be plainly in the clayey soil; and, by worthy, let your peace come upon the track, I saw that if we had cho- it; but if it be not worthy, let your sen to rouse such royal game, we peace return to you."-"My guide need not go far to find their lair, informs me, that in this country I But, while thus actually contem- must not give the Mohammedan plating these savage tenants, wan- salutation; that if I do so to a strict dering amidst the towers of Baby- Mussulman, he has a right to spit lon, and bedding themselves within in my face, or even to shoot me: the deep cavities of her once magni. and that if he did happen to return ficent temple, I could not help re- my salutation, and was afterwards flecting on how faithfully the va- to discover his mistake, he would rious prophecies had been fulfilled, insist upon my revoking or returning which relate, in the Scriptures, to the peace that he had given me. the utter fall of Babylon, and aban. This is the law : and it was upon donment of the place; verifying, in this that the Cahir Bey issued a fact, the very words of Isaiah, sanguinary proclamation on finding • Wild beasts of the desert shall lie that he had saluted a Christian, there,' &c.”—Ibid. vol. ii. p. 387. Even our Saviour, in opposition to
Ruth iii. 9. “ And he said, Who the general tenor of his doctrine, art thou ? and she answered, I am says, " If the house be worthy, &c."* Ruth thine handmaid : spread there. - Ibid. p. 267. fore thy skirt over thine handmaid,
• Those readers who have seen Sir F. for thou art a near kinsman.".
Henniker's work will not think it of much This
peculiar ceremony was de importance to inquire what the author insigned as a recognition and acknow- tends by this unfounded charge of incorkledgment of affinity, and of the du- sistency in our Lord's doctrine.
Matt. xxii. 12. “ And he saith on the summit of a hill, was now unto him, Friend, how camest thou within sight, and I urged my horse in hither, not having a wedding gar- towards it; the janissary galloped ment?"_Bythe following statement by me, and, making signs for me not it will appear how peculiarly neces- to precede him, he rode into and sary it was, and still is, to possess, round the building, and then moin the East, what may be termed a tioned me to advance. We came dress of ceremony for special occa- next to a hill, through the very apex sions. “ There is a vulgar rumour, of which has been cut a passage, that, when a Christian wishes for an the rocks overhanging it on either audience, a message is delivered to side. I was in the act of passing the Grand Signor, setting forth, that through this ditch, when a bullet a dog, naked and hungry, begs to whizzed by, close to my head : I be admitted: to which is given this saw no one, and had scarcely time reply, Clothe him, and feed him, to think, when another was fired, and bring him in. The pelisse is some short distance in advance. I a badge of honour in Turkey, the could yet see no one; the janissame as the garter or court robes sary was yet beneath the brow of are in England.. But perhaps the the hill, in his descent : I looked humiliating expression of clothing back, but my servant was not yet may arise from the nature of the within sight. I looked up, and Frank's dress, which is considered within a few inches of my head by the Turks as no dress at all. It were three muskets, and three men is reckoned indecent, in the short taking aim at me. Escape or reoriental or Mameluke costume, to sistance was alike impossible: I make an ordinary visit without that got off my horse. Eight men jumped outer garment which covers one down from the rocks, and comlike a college gown."-Ibid. p. 325. menced a scramble for me: I ob
Luke x. 30. “A certain man served also a party running towards went down from Jerusalem to Jeri- Nicholai. At this moment the jacho, and fell among thieves.”_The nissary galloped in among us with following narration furnishes a good his sword drawn, I knew that if illustration of this passage: "About blood were spilt, I should be sacrieight o'clock in the morning a janis- ficed, and I called upon him to fly. sary was in waiting. Having been He wounded one man that had hold repeatedly assured that there was of me: I received two violent blows, no danger on this side Jericho, and intended, I believe, for him. From scarcely believing that there was the effect of one I was protected by any on the other, I had resolved my turban : I was not armed. The upon having no other attendant. I janissary cut down another Arab, was at the same time provided with and all the rest scrambled up the a letter to the governor of Jericho, rocks. The janissary turned his commanding him to furnish me with horse, and rode off, calling on me an escort. As we were on the point to follow him, which I did on foot. of starting, Nicholai expressed a In the mean time the Arabs prepared wish to see the Jordan : a horse was their matchlocks, and opened a fire procured : he girded on his sword, upon us, but only few of their shots and with my fowling-piece in his came very near. We had advanced hand, we sallied forth. The route about a league, when two of the is over hills, rocky, barren, and un- banditti made a show of cutting us interesting. We arrived at a foun- off. A sudden panic seized the tain, and here my two attendants janissary: he cried on the name of paused to refresh themselves: the the prophet, and galloped away. I day was so hot that I was anxious called out to him that there were but to finish the journey, and hurried two; that with his sword and pistols, forwards. A ruined building, situated if we stooped behind a stone, we Christ. OBSERV. No. 258.
could kill them both. He rode ed the abuse were useless. Signor back towards the Arabs: they had Demetrio, in the true language of guns, and the poor fellow returned the East, continued to describe the full speed. As he passed, I caught indignities with which he would treat at a rope hanging from his saddle: not only ourselves, but our mothers I had hoped to have leaped upon before they were married, our sisters his horse, but found myself unable: before they were born, the creed of
feet were dreadfully lacerated by our dogs, and such elegant Grecian the honey-combed rocks. Nature expressions."—Narrative of a Jourwould support me no longer : I fell, ney in the Morea, by Sir William but still clung to the rope : in this Gell, p.
190. manner I was drawn some few yards, Gen. xlix. 9. “He stooped down, till, bleeding from my ancle to my he couched as a lion, and as an old shoulder, I resigned myself to my lion.”—The warlike character, and fate. As soon as I stood up, one of the conquests of the tribe of Judah my pursuers took aim at me ; but the are here prophetically described ; other casually advancing between but the full force of the passage will us, prevented his firing : he then not be perceived, without observing ran up, and with his sword aimed that a lion or lioness, when lying such a blow as would not have re- down after satisfying its hunger,will quired a second : his companion not attack any person. Mr. Park prevented its full effect, so that it (Travels in Africa, p. 207. 4to.) has merely cut my ear in halves, and recorded his providential escape from and laid open one side of my face : a lion so circumstanced, which he they then stripped me naked.” Ibid. saw lying near the road, and passed
unhurt. Though he is not a sufficientDeut. xxxiii. 17. “ His glory is ly recent traveller to come strictly like the firstling of his bullock. within the scope of these extracts, In the comparison of the tribe of I shall avail myself of the incident. Joseph to the firstling of a bullock, "As we were crossing a large open the point of resemblance is strength plain, where there were a few scatand power. Mr. Brown (Journey tered bushes, my guide, who was a to Dar Fûr, chap. i.) has recorded little way before me, wheeled his a similar figure, which is in use at horse round in a moment, calling the present time at the court of the out something in the Foulah lan sultan, where, during public au- guage, which I did not understand. diences, a kind of hired encomiast I inquired in Mandingo what he stands at the monarch's right hand, meant. Wara billi billi, a very large crying out, “See the buffalo, the lion,' said he, and made signs for me offspring of a buffalo, the bull of to ride away: but my horge was too bulls, the elephant of superior much fatigued, so we rode slowly strength, the powerful sultan Abd- past the bush from which the aniel-rachmân-al-rashid.”
mal had given us the alarm. Not - 1 Sam. xx. 30. “ Then Saul's seeing any thing myself, however, anger was kindled against Jonathan, I thought my guide had been misand he said unto him, Thou son of taken, when the Foulah suddenly the perverse rebellious woman.' put
his hand to his mouth, exclaim“ Whether the archon was drunk or ing, Soubah an Allahi, “God premad, or only malicious, we could serve us :' and to my great surprize not exactly discover, but he shut and I then perceived a large red lion, at locked his door very securely, and a short distance from the bush, with then, putting his head out of an his head couched between his fore upper window, sent forth a volley of paws. I expected he would instantexecrations on us, and all who be- ly spring upon me, and instinctively longed to us, that all the “dogs" and pulled my feet from my stirrups, ubeasts" with whichMustapha return to throw myself on the ground, that. my horse might become the victim carang, and the whole species of rather than myself. But it is pro- cartilaginous fishes, which live only bable the lion was not hungry; on flesh, swim there in crowds, confor he quietly suffered us to pass, stantly employed in devouring the though we were fairly within his wreck of bodies thrown on the shore. reach, My eyes were so rivetted There also, more than in cooler upon this sovereign of the beasts, climes, the insect legions hasten the that I found it impossible to remove consumption of putrifying bodies. them, until we were at a considerable The wasps, furnished with scissars, distance.”
cut asunder the fleshy parts: the Gen. ii. 19. “ And out of the flies pump out the fluids: the seaground the Lord God formed every worms cut in pieces the bones, beast of the field, and every fowl of These last on the southern coasts, the air.”—The reader will not be and especially at the mouths of ri
, displeased with the following illus- vers, are in such prodigious quantitration, though, like the last, it is a ties, and armed with augers so forlittle perhaps out of date. “Beasts of midable, that they are capable of prey are absolutely necessary. But devouring a ship of war in less time for them, the earth would be infested than it took to build her."- St. with cadaverous substances. There Pierre's Studies of Nature, vol. i. perishes annually by natural death p. 304. the twentieth part at least of quadru
S. B. peds; the tenth part of fowls; and an indefinite number of insects, as most of their species live only one year,
FAMILY SERMONS.—No. CLXXIV. some one day, others but a few Job xxxiii. 14.—God speaketh once, hours. As the rains 'convey these spoils of death to the rivers, and
yea twice, yet man perceiveth it
not. thence to the seas, the whole amphibious race seem created expressly How astonishing are such declarafor clearing such situations. There tions as this ! In human affairs men also most of the ferocious animals generally expect the offending party descend by night from the moun- to make the first overtures of peace; tains to hunt for their prey. But it and they often think it not much, is in hot countries especially, where where the offence has been great, if the effects of corruption are most the injured person shews some derapid and most dangerous, that Pro- gree of suspicion in listening to the vidence has multiplied the carnive- offers of accommodation. But in our rous animals. Tribes of lians, ti- intercourse with the Almighty, it gers, leopards, panthers, civet cats, would seem as though this expectaounces, jackals, hyenas, condors, &c. tion were reversed. Man the ofresort thither to reinforce those of fender stands stoutly `impenitent, wolves, foxes, martens, otters, vul- while God condescends to make of tures, crows, &c. Legions of vora- fers of peace; the Judge supplicates, cious crabs are nestled in their sands; and the guilty prisoner continues the caimans and the crocodiles lie in obstinate; the Sovereign proposes ambush among their reeds: shell reconciliation to the convicted and fish of innumerable species armed powerless rebel, while the latter, with utensils fit for sucking, piercing, convicted and powerless as he is, filing, bruising, roughen the face of refuses to return to his allegiance, the rocks, and pave the borders of and to be received under the
favour their seas: clouds of sea fowls hover and protection of his gracious Prince. with a loud noise over their shal. A large part of the Bible seems lows, or sail round and round at the written to convince us, that if we discretion of the waves in quest of perish, it is wholly in consequence food ; the lamprey, the becane, the of our own sin and folly; that God