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It is in this light that I wish to to project the great objects menregard America; as a scion from tioned in the following Catalogue ; the old British oak—not as a rival, how much warmer should be our whose growing greatness is to ex- wishes, how much larger our aims, cite jealousy and apprehension, but who live at a period distinguished as the vigorous child of an illus- by far more powerful efforts and trious parent, whose future glory much brighter hopes ! may reflect lustre on the distin
DESIDERATA. guished family from which she sprang, and who should be solici- and glorious religion of Christ ; a
1. “ The propagation of the holy tous to prove herself worthy of her high descent. May her future ca- kind from the worst kind of slavery
religion which emancipated manreer evince both her title and her and misery, and wonderfully ennosensibility to her hereditary honours! bles it ; and which alone prepares May the child forget the supposed men for the blessedness of another severity of the parent, and the pa- world. Why is this not more atrent the alleged obstinacy of the child; and while, as two indepen- testants, will you be outdone by
tempted by its professors? Prodent nations, they emulate each other in glorious deeds, may they which those bigots have taken to
popish idolaters? Oh the vast pains combine their commanding influence
carry on the Romish merchandize to promote the lasting interests of and idolatry! No less than six hunthe human race!
dred clergymen in the order of the Jesuits alone, have, within a few
years, embarked for China, to win Tothe Editerofthe Christian Observer. over that mighty nation to their Tile excellent Dr. Cotton Mather, five hundred of them lost their lives
spurious Christianity. No less than in his Essays on doing Good, pub- in the difficulties of their enterprise ; lished in New England, as long and yet the survivors go on with it, back as 1710, gives the following expressing a sort of regret that it “Catalogus Desideratorum ;" or,“ a mention of some obvious and gene, crifice of their lives in attempting
fell not to their share to make a saral services for the kingdom of God the propagation of their religion. among men to which it is desirable Oh my God, I am ashamed, and that religious persons should be blush to lift up my face unto thee, awakened.” Your readers may not be displeased to have the substance my God! Who can tell what great of the Catalogue laid before them, things might be done if our trading for the purpose of inquiring whether companies and factories would set any or all of these desiderata re
apart a more considerable part of main still in whole or in part un
their gains for the work, and would supplied, and what has been done prosecute it more vigorously* ! The towards supplying them. Many of • This remark of Dr. Mather applies Dr. Mather's suggestions are in re- with great force to many of the British markable coincidence with the ac- possessions. How little, for example, tual benevolent exertions of the has been done either for or by our North present day. Truly, prophets and American or West-Indian colonies. Even righteous men of old have desired in India, though the illustrious Robert to see the things which we see, and Boyle procured the charter of the Easthave not seen them; and to hear the India Company, on the express condition
and intention of promoting Christianity things which we hear, and have not
among the natives, it is but recently that heard them. And if an individual, a regular ecclesiastical establishment has in an age of very feeble missionary been formed for that country ; and even to exertions, bad a heart so large as the present moment, including chaplains, proposal which Gordon has made at thods must be devised. Cadit asithe end of his geography, that all nus, et est qui sublevat : perit anipersons of property should appro- ma, et non est qui manum apponat. priate a small part of their wealth Let Austin awake us.” to this purpose, should be atten- 5. “ The tradesman's library tively considered. What has been should be more enriched*." already done by the Dutch mis- 6. “ Universities which shall have sionaries at Ceylon, and the Danish more collegia pietatis in them, like missionaries at Malabar, one would that of the excellent Franckius in the imagine sufficient to excite us to imi- lower Saxony. Oh that such institate them.
tutions were more numerous! semi“ If men of zeal for evangelizing naries in which the scholars may and illuminating a miserable world, have a most polite education, but would learn the languages of some not be sent forth with recommendnations which are yet unevangelized ations for the evangelical ministry and wait on the providence of Hea- till, upon a strict examination, it be ven to direct them to some apostoli- found that their souls are fired with cal undertakings, and to bless them a fear of God, the love of Christ, a therein, who can tell what might be zeal to do good, and a resolution done?”
to bear poverty, reproach, and all 2. “ It is lamentable to observe sorts of temptations, in the service the ignorance and wickedness yet of our holy religion. Such characremaining even in many parts of the ters would be the wonder of the British dominions; in Wales, in the world ; and what wonders might they Highlands of Scotland, and in Ire- do in the world !" land. There are pretended shep- “Let charity schools also inherds in the world, who will
never crease and multiply. Charity schools be able to answer before the Son of which may provide subjects for the God for laying to heart so little the great Saviour, and blessings for the deplorable circumstances of so many next generation; charity schools not persons whom they might, if they perverted to the ill purpose of inwere not scandalously negligent, troducing a defective Christianity." bring to be more acquainted with 7. “ It is the part of wisdom to the only Saviour."
observe and pursue those things 3. “Why is nothing more effect- which, so far as we understand by ed for the poor Greeks, Armenians, the books of sacred prophecy, are Muscovites, and other Christians, to be the works of our day." "The who have little preaching, and no works of our day I take to be... The printing, among them? If we were revival of primitive Christianity ... to send them Bibles, Psalters, and The persuading of the European other books of piety in their own lan- powers to shake off the chains of guage, they would be noble presents, Popery ... and, The formation and and
God only knows how useful.” quickening of the people who are
4. “ Poor sailors and poor soldiers to be the stone cut out of the mouncall for our pity. They meet with tain.”
R.G. great troubles, and yet their manners seldom discover any good ef
• This wish of Dr. Mather has been fects of their trials. What shall be actly after the model he proposes of “ hus
to a great extent fulfilled, though not exdone to make them a better set of men ? Besides more books of piety tualized,” &c., by the vast increase of
bandry spiritualized,” “navigation spiri. distributed among them, other me. cheap, useful, and interesting publications
adapted for every age and rank of life. missionaries, societies, and all other means It is pleasing also to witness how many of instruction, how inadequate is the supe other of his suggestions have been liter ply to the wants of that vast empire ! rally or in substance carried into effect,
of arms and gunpowder; thus comTothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. municating that deadly knowledge Permit me to add the following and creating those ambitious wishes, incident from Capt. Ross's recent the evil consequences of which Voyage of Discovery to the Arctic have been so strongly felt in the Regions to the extracts adduced by case of New Zealand*. But Capt. your correspondent Viator, respect. Ross, with a dignity and humanity ing the conduct of European, and not less becoming the character professed Christian, voyagers and of a Christian than a British sailor, travellers towards heathen and sa
gave “ strict and positive orders vage nations. Captain Ross dis- that no fire-arms or other warlike covered on the shores of Baffin's weapons should be shewn. the naBay, between lat. 76° and 770 N., tives, or given to them on any acand long. 60° and 72o W., an un- count whatever;" and commanded, known tribe or tribes to which he that when the natives were present, has given the name of Arctic High- even the shooting parties which were landers. They appeared to be an usually sent out to procure fresh inoffensive people, and, by kind and provisions, should be called in. This judicious treatment, were induced humane, and in some degree “selfto visit Capt. Ross and Lieut. Par. denying, ordinance,” deserves rery’s vessels. Here every thing fur. cording, I will not say as a precenished to them, as might be expect- dent-for happily such acts of Chrised, a source of unbounded astonish- tian wisdom and forbearance are not ment. They thought that the ships unprecedented—but as an example to were living creatures; they came future voyagers and travellers, and either from the sun or the moon; especially to those who carry out and their sails were wings which with them “brass bell-mouthed they credibly affirmed they had seen blunderbuss pistols," and other such them flap, as they flew on the sur- cogent instruments for enforcing face of the water. Like the Loo law and duty. Choo islanders, they had no warlike weapons, and could not be made to understand what was meant by * It is true that the invention of gun. war. Now, in nineteen instances powder has in the end been a powerful out of a score,
the first visits of Eu- means of softening the ferocity of war, and ropeans to such a tribe have led to turning nations to peaceable and profittheir corruption. In particular, and able pursuits,by rendering their protection
no longer dependent upon mere physical often without any evil intention, one of the first objects has usually introduction of fire-arms has necessarily
strength and savage habits. But the first been to excite their fears or wonder, been injurious ; and can only be vindiand to furnish merriment to the sai- cated on the unscriptural principle of doing lors, by an exhibition of the effects evil that good may come.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The Fall of Jerusalem. A Drama- matic Poem. By the same. A
tic Poem. By the Rev. H. H. new edition. Murray. 1823. MIlman, Professor of Poetry in We are quite aware that, in anthe University of Oxford. New nouncing the above volumes for
edition. 1822. Belshazzar, A Dramatic Poem. to the remark,
review, we are exposing ourselves. By the same. 1822.
“ Too late their praise, who wait till all The Martyr of Antioch. A Dra
We shall not, however, detain our It is the same with their obserreaders by apologies for our delay. vation of mind as of matter. The We trust we may solicit their testi- energies of intellect, the intuitive, mony to our general forwardness to expanding, and ever enlarging canotice the productions of Christian pacities of the human spirit, they writers, whether in poetry or prose.gaze upon with intense satisfaction, In the former indeed it is too rarely and feel these powers strong within that we trace those attractive qua- themselves; but as they refuse to lities which afford the Christian look forward to their legitimate promind the highest pleasure, and the spect of eternal and spiritual enjoyexistence of which we deem indis- ment, and deny all access to that pensable to induce our reviewing Being who, as revealed in the Gospoetical, or indeed other, pub- pel of his Son, is the only suitable lications with any sort of gratifica and adequate portion of the human tion. There has not been much soul, they range in pursuit of lower consecration of talent among the joys, through their limited sphere, sons of the muses in modern days. with an impetuous force, and fly, We have not, it is true, to complain with all the impatience of disapof any dearth of sentiment or of pointed expectation, from one sen. genius. The former has multiplied sitive delight to another, till, all in its fancies to an almost sickly sa- turns tasted and rejected, their tiety: the latter has shed its bril- fruitless toil is compensated with liancies with an abundant and daz- nothing but disgust and remorse. zling splendour. But we lament Under the bitter pains of a blasted that there has been but compara- hope, they at last take refuge in tively little of high poetical talent that malignant satisfaction by which devoted to the gloryof Him who con- their discontented and uneasy spirit ferred it; and that too many of the labours to forget its own wretchmost remarkable displays of senti- edness the endeavour to despoil ment and genius have been distin- of their comfort those who by a guishied by an utter oversight of the wiser choice of objects have attained end for which all the gifts of the a happier lot. To such causes as mind and imagination are bestowed. this are probably attributable the Some modern poets, as it is well cold and comfortless visions, and known, have gone the length of ab- the sentiments, barren of all but juring all that has been held to con
pride and profligacy, which defile stitute the “ sacredness of song;" the otherwise beautiful poetry of and we, in consequence, obtain from
some of our modern bards. We their splendid poetry nothing better cannot be insensible to the force than the creed of the infidel, and of their imagery, and their glowing the joy of the profligate. With minds and overwhelming pathos ; but the too finely constructed to exclude deformities to which we allude the impressions of delight and awe render their productions a perfect which are awakened by the contem
“ater palus," over which we have plation of those scenes where our
been afraid to trust our wing, lest, earth, wilderness as it is, yet ven
even in our regrets, we might have tures and justifies a claim to be re, lingered till the baleful influence garded as a “ terrestrial paradise, had benumbed our flight, and mergthey are bound by a spell whiched
us in their dark and gloomy wathey cannot break, to admire and to
ters. We admit they have beauties, praise; but they refuse to elevate but they are like the isole natanti" their adoring views to the God and or swimming islands of which travelFather of Universal Nature.
lers tell us on the Lago della Solfa. “Unconcerned who formed terra in Italy, floating, indeed, with a The paradise they see, they find it such, And such well pleased to find it, ask no
luxuriant vegetation, which attracts more."
the eye of the beholder, but which prevents his discovering the formi- a moment ; but a “moment's flight" dable dangers of a nearer approach. is not religion ; nor is the love of The violence of their own fermenta- change any indication of a devout tions first detached them from the heart; and in poetry, as well as in soil, and their beautiful exterior practical duty, those who would asserves only to conceal the elements pire to the honour and happiness of of ruin that are still boiling beneath, the service of “God and his Christ”
There are others of our modern though happily even their first and poets with less of the cold gloom of feeblest effort will never pass unnoinfidelity, and the evil forebodings ticed or unblessed, must not intermit of a reckless despondency about their labour, but “endure unto the them, but who are characterised by end." Like the flying fish (and the equal laxity in the selection and the allusion cannot be complained of), pursuit of their objects, and by a some writers may spring for a momore dangerous perhaps, because ment from the waters, and present more easy and cheerful, mode of their silver scales to the light of a recommending them. Theirs is the purer element; but, like it, they fault which is common to poets and may only attempt the paths of air to novel writers, of presenting the in vain, and by a short lived effort, world " and all that it contains " to memorable as much for its brevity the eye of the youthful admirer in as its beauty, even while the briny a sort of " couleur de rose” tint. drop of their native element is yet All is gay,pleasurable, and exciting; passing from their wing, they may all is addressed to the senses ; and seem to sparkle in the sun's ray and the seductions of verse are success- plunge again to their former abyss. fully employed to embellish the va- These are fearful declensions ; but nities of life, and even to smooth the as such cases do occur, we feel we wrinkles in the deformed visage of are strictly within our path as Chrisabsolute crime. In some instances tian Observers, when we mark them we have heard of intentions of im- out in as strong terms as we can provement, and of high resolves of employ. Nor do we consider these better things. Occasionally some remarks misplaced, as introductory, of our Anacreontic bards have pro- though in the way of contrast, to duced pieces which have led us to our consideration of the productions hope that we might one day wel- of the Professor of Poetry in Oxford. come the writers to those poetical Happily for himself, for us, and for walks in which far brighter visions our readers, Mr. Milman is a writer than those of sublunary pleasures of a very different character. He is are unfolded ; visions seen only by a Christian poet; and he has not in those in whose eye voluptuousness consequence forfeited, but rather has not fixed her delirious glance, justified, his pretensions to the very and in whom scepticism has not dim- conspicuous poetical rank which his med the light of the soul by her poi- talents have demanded for him ; and sonous distillations. But often and which, had they been employed in often have we been disappointed. another direction, many who are The good desires which appeared to now reluctant to concede it to him, be budding have been nipped by would have been among the first to the chilling influence of worldly award. Of Mr. Milman, Addison, temptations and irreligious asso- if he had been alive, would have ciates. Such writers should bear said, he never sacrifices his catechism in mind the alarming possibility of to his poetry. Not only has he writing well without being good, or framed his poetry without invoking penning a devout hymn without any of the muses by name as depossessing a pious heart. The pending upon Apollo for any part grosser theory may be forsaken for of it though no man can accuse