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O'er the celestial Sion high uplifted; And clasp'd the frowning headsman's While those with deep prophetic raptures knees, and said gifted,
Thou know'st me : when thou laid'st on Where Life's glad river rolls its tideless thy sick bed, streams,
Christ sent me there to wipe thy burning Enjoy the full completion of their hea- brow. venly dreams.
There was an infant play'd about thy Again- I see again
chamber, The great victorious train,
And thy pale cheek would smile and The martyr Army from their toils reposing: Gazing upon that almost orphan’d child
weep at once,
Oh! by its dear and precious memory, Even their immortal limbs, the signs of I do beseech thee slay me first and wounds disclosing.
quickly : Oh, holy Stephen! thou
'Tis that my father may not see my Art there, and on thy brow
death.' Hast still the placid smile it wore in dying,
CALLIAS. Oh cruel kindness! and I When under the heap'd stones in anguish
would have closed lying
Thine eyes with such a fond and gentle Thy clasping hands were fondly spread pressure ; to heaven,
I would have smoothed thy beauteous And thy last accents pray'd thy foes might
limbs, and laid be forgiven.
My head upon thy breast, and died with
OLYBIUS. Good father! once I thought
to call thee so, 'Tis he-'tis he, the Son of Man appearing! At the right hand of One,
How do I envy thee this her last fondness; The darkness of whose throne
She had no dying thought of me.
Go on. That sun-eyed seraph host behold with
OFFICER. With that the headsman wiped awe and fearing
from his swarth cheeks O'er him the rainbow springs,
A moisture like to tears. But she, meanAnd spreads its emerald wings,
while, Down to the glassy sea his loftiest seat
On the cold block composed her head, and o'er-arching
cross'd Hark -- thunders from his throne, like Her hands upon her bosom, that scarce steel-clad armies marching
heaved, The Christ! the Christ commands us
She was so tranquil; cautious, lest her to his home!
garments Jesus, Redeemer, Lord, we come, we come,
Should play the traitors to her modest we come!”–Martyr, pp. 146–149.
And as the cold wind touched her naked The last passage which we shall neck, extract is the account given by an And fann’d away the few unbraided hairs, officer to the agitated prefect of Mar- Blushes o’erspread her face, and she garitas's death. It is highly wrought, As softly to reproach his tardiness : and of the deepest interest.
And some fell down upon their knees, “OFFICER. Hear me but a while.
some clasp'd She had beheld each sad and cruel death; Their hands, enamour'd even to adoration And if she shudder'd, 'twas as one that of that half-smiling face and bending form. strives
CALLIAS. But he-but he-the savage With nature's soft infirmity of pity,
executioner One look to heaven restoring all her OFFICER. He trembled. calmness;
CALLIAS. Ha! God's blessing on his head! Save when that dastard did renounce his And the axe slid from out his palsied hand? faith,
OFFICER. He gave it to another. And she shed tears for him.' Then led
And they forth
It fell. Old Fabius. When a quick and sudden cry
I see it, Of Callias, and a parting in the throng, I see it like the lightning flash-I see it, Proclaim'd her father's coming. Forth And the blood bursts-my blood!-my
Off-let me loose.
tions, and, in times like the present; OFFICER. Where goest thou? when the powers of the poet are so CALLIAS. To the Christian,
rarely called into exercise on subTo learn the faith in which my daughter jects and for purposes like those died,
which he has proposed for his atAnd follow her as quickly as I may."
tention, he deserves at our hands Martyr, pp. 159—162.
an unfeigned tribute of thanks. This beautiful drama then closes
His three poems appear well calwith the hymn of the Christians,
culated to further those interests whose numbers are swelled by a multitude of new converts, baptized, the preface to one of his poems, he
which we are glad to learn from like Margarita herself, for the mar- considers so paramount, as that “in tyred saints, on the very Aceldama subservience to them alone, our time of their
death*. Antioch opens her and talents can be worthily employgates to pour forth the tide of a Stricken, astonished, and, in the end, gion.” The Fall of Babylon and
ed—the interests of piety and reliconverted people. They
the Fall of Jerusalem will attest, to “ Sing to the Lord—it is not shed in vain, those who are led to the careful The blood of martyrs! from its freshening observance of these fearful signs only rain
by the attractions of immortal verse, High springs the church like some fount
those authenticated truths, that shadowing palm;
“sin is a reproach to any people;" The nations crowd beneath its branching shade,
to professors of any religion natural, of its green leaves are kingly diadems idolatrous, or revealed; that “ the made,
Scriptures of the prophets must be And wrapt beneath its deep embosoming fulfilled ;” and that although the calm
vengeance of an offended God apEarth sinks to slumber like the breezeless pears tardy in its movements—the deep,
“ sentence against an evil work is And war's tempestuous vultures fold their
not executed speedily"-yet at last wings and sleep."
“it will come and will not tarry,” and On the whole then, we regard that too, “at such an hour as men Mr. Milman with very grateful emo- think not." And then vain and fee
ble will be all the fastnesses in which Justin Martyr, who has given a larger record of the persecutions to which the the rebellious and stouthearted enearly Christians were subjected by the trench themselves,—they shall be Roman government than any other writer,
“ crushed as before the moth.” Awattributes to these very scenes his own con- fully insecure also is the deep sleep version. He could not witness the calm into which the indulgences of a wanintrepidity with which the Christians met ton riot have plunged them; for they their terrific and agonizing deaths, without shall “ awake to shame and evera silent conviction, which at length strug- lasting contempt." gled into a public avowal, that the principles which could suggest such fortitude
And with regard to the other must be indeed worthy of adoption. The work, the scene of which is laid passage is in his first Apology, p. 50.
in licentious Antioch and polluted Και γαρ αυτος εγω τοις Πλατωνος χαιρων Daphne-60 licentious as to be 8.Paypari (exulting in the tenets of his shunned by any heathen who rephilosophy) Esafadaouiras axuws Xposiares, garded his moral reputation, and so υρων δε αφοβας προς θανατον, και παντα τα polluted as to give rise to the pro(adda) vouiloueva pobegar
, evtvOXV a&urator verb, “ Daphnicis moribus vivere"και φιληδονια υπαρχειν
yet even there was the power of the τίς γαρ φιληδονος, η ακρατης, και ανθρωπινων Gospel eminently displayed. Even capxwe Bopar ayesov vys jayvos, Suvart' av Sarcat in this scene of effeminacy, volupτον ασπαζεσθαι, όπως των αυθα αγαθων σερηθη: arx ox ex harlo; $70 (usv) as an fy fac tuousness, and sin, did a new name βίοίην, και λανθανειν τας αρχονlας επειραθο αχ originate for its followers ; for « the οτι γε εαυτον κατηγγελη φονευθησομενον. disciples were first called Christians
at Antioch.” The blood of its early sary to do much more in this article martyrs became the seed of future than briefly to express our entire converts, and the Christian church concurrence with the judgment, was actually built upon the site of which the public has already dethe temple of Apollo. Mr. Mil- cisively pronounced. Had the voman has done well then to celebrate lume been revised for the press by in his lofty verse the triumphs of the lamented writer himself, it is the Cross, which converted the ely- very possible that it would have şium of vice into the walk of Chris- appeared with a few verbal correctian meditation, and taught even the tions, and, perhaps, with such other inhabitants of Antioch to deny un- alterations as a preacher, retaining godliness and worldly lusts, and live the substance of his sermon, thinks soberly, righteously, and godly in it usually expedient to adopt, when this present world.
presenting his discourse to the public through the medium of the press.
But we prefer, on the whole, these Twenty Sermons. By the late Hen- discourses just as they are they
RY MARTYN, B.D., Fellow of St. appear to furnish an exact view of John's College, Cambridge, and the author's feelings, when address Chaplain of the Hon. the Easting his people as their minister, and India Company, on the Bengal Christian preacher. We seem to
of his characteristic manner as a Establishment. Second Edition. [Reprinted, London, from the possess here the unlaboured and Calcutta Edition.] 8vo. pp. 444. spontaneous effusions of his mind;
the thoughts which naturally sug1822.
gested themselves to him, and the The name of Henry Martyn is so
words in which he naturally exwell known in this country, and so pressed them. We see him, as he universally beloved and respected, was in his study and in the pulpit, as almost to supersede the necessity plain and unaffected, but exhibiting of reviewing a work to which that marks of an original thinker, and a name is prefixed. If eminent ta persuasive and powerful reasoner. lent and distinguished piety can The brief account given in the prerecommend a publication, Mr. Mar- face of his impressive and earnest tyn's writings will, with men of can- appeals to the conscience will, by dour and religion, stand in need of those that had the privilege of hearno further sancțion : and discourses ing him, readily be admitted as delivered by him in the discharge of correct : it is just as applied to him his ministry, may, without hesita- before his departure to India; and tion, be put into the hands of any certainly he was not less solemn man as peculiarly valuable and in- and impressive, when spending his structive. Accordingly, the volume strength-not in vain-amidst his which now lies before us had scarcely beloved countrymen, or the heathen, issued from the press, before the in the wide regions of pagan superopinion of the public was decisively stition. To those who never had the pronounced: and the continually opportunity of witnessing his minisincreasing demand for it serves to terial labours, these sermons alone prove that that expectation has not will carry convincing evidence, that been disappointed; and that the work, he laboured indeed as one that must purchased by many persons, in the give account; and that the expresfirst instance, from respect to the sive solemnity of his manner must character of the author, is now pur- have corresponded with that “ “power chased by others on account of its of holy love and disinterested earown intrinsic acknowledged excel- nestness in his addresses which lence.
commended itself to every man's conWe deem it therefore unneces- science in the sight of God.”
The sermons are twenty in num- expectations; and when the time of fulfil. ber; and of these only one, entitled ment is come, it turns out that they meant « Christian India,” was revised and nothing. Such is the state of things in
society. The arm of brutal force being published by the author. the
tied up by law, men endeavour to satisfy Martyn in behalf of the British and their greedy appetites by practising de
ceits. Foreign Bible Society ;-a testi- “ 2. There are other things in the world mony which will weigh more with that deceive, but not intentionally, such all candid and intelligent persons as riches, and pleasure, and honour. than volumes of hostile controversy. They never promise any thing : but we The remaining nineteen sermons are
will have it that they do. We will give upon important subjects of faith and them a name, which, though they disown practice; precisely of that descrip- it, we obstinately persist in giving : and
we continue calling them by their wrong tion which an humble inquirer after truth would be anxious to hear, and mises ; till
, finding ourselves mistaken in
names, and reasoning from fictitious prea minister when he comes to a dying the end, we call them deceivers. hour would wish that he had deli
“ In this sense, riches deceive. We vered. Their object is not to make imagine that riches will do every thing for men cunning in debate, but wise us; and fancy that he that has wealth unto salvation : they inculcate the equal to his wishes, is in want of nothing. saving truths of revelation in the Yet riches can take to themselves wings
and fly away; and leave their possessor spirit of Christian zeal and love. By way of specimen of Mr. Mar- ability to supply them. Or if they remain
with more wants than at first, and less tyn's usual style of treating a subject with
him, it is seldom seen that he is hapwe will give the outline of his sixth pier than before, if so much so. Our desermon. It is on the deceitfulness sires multiply with the means of gratifying of the heart, and may serve fairly them; so that the rich man does not so to shew the plain and practical man- much taste 'new pleasures, as provide for ner in which he seems generally to have addressed himself to the con
“3. There are some things that deceive sideration of religious subjects. us, which are neither in their nature falla The text is Jer. xvii. 9:
cious, nor such as we wish to be deceived heart is deceitful above all things.” the defectiveness of our judgment: for
about-things in which we mistake through The sermon commences thus
instance, the providence of God. We “ In what is here said concerning the expect that he will act in some particular deceitfulness of the human heart, it is sup. way, not considering that he may have posed that there are many other things in ends in view which are entirely unconthe world deceitful : and very little expe- nected with us, or with any thing that we rience is sufficient to convince us that the bave heard : so we often find that he acts supposition is not without ground.
quite otherwise than we expected, and we “1. Men are deceivers. There is no man
are in consequence deceived. so wary and cautious in his dealings with
“ From a similar source, namely, our imhis fellow-creatures, but he has found perfection, arise those frequent disappointhimself, at one time or other, over-reached. ments which we meet with in our proIn all matters of exchange, buying and jects : our unwieldy schemes, in the course selling, lending money and paying it, of time, come to nothing, because, with labour and the remuneration for labour, all our sagacity, we know nothing of the there is generally a trial of skill on each future. Hence also we form erroneous side, which shall get the better of the opinions of others : we have thought
and if their respective claims are highly of some, whom we now know we finally adjusted, and they come to a fair were deceived in: we have condemned agreement, it is rather because one is not others, whom time has proved to be upan overmatch for the other, than because right persons and our best friends. So they wish that each should have his due. liable are we to be imposed upon by apFraud is not confined to the lower orders pearances !” pp. 99—101. of men : great men also can be great deceivers: they make promises, and excite He proceeds next to shew, that,
however deceitful may be all outward when we have none. • If ye love them things, the heart outdoes them all which love you, what thank have ye?' (Luke in duplicity From this part of the vi. 32.). If we can love those only who sermon we take the two following worldly man does : all friendships are
think with us, we do no more than every passages.
formed in this way: similarity of sen“ It is humiliating to find what a defi- timents, in polities or literature, brings ciency of self-knowledge there is in others, men together leaves no room for diswho, of all men in the world, ought to sention and is a reciprocal acknowknow themselves best-those whom God, ledgment of each other's discernment. by his grace, hath called to knowledge and But Christian love is quite another thing: virtue.
it needs not the impulse of selfish mo“ This self-deception appears in many tives, but feels the attractive influence of our habits and opinions. We judge of the object : it cares not where that one another uncharitably; often unmer- object exists: if there be any thing truly cifully. Looking to the right hand and to lovely in persons who even despise the left of the church of God, we observe and ill treat us, we shall love it in spite of how foolish is this, and how wrong is that: all: we shall open our way to the pearl, not considering, that what others do, they in spite of the tenacity of the shell. If may do to the Lord, as well as we who this be love, how little of it exists! yet leave it undone; and, that what they may all lay claim to it: they must therefore leave undone, they do it so to the Lord, deceive themselves. as well as we who do it. (Rom. xiv. 6.) “ There are other graces which we seem We are not now speaking of the sin of to see in ourselves, and are mistaken. judging ; but rather of the deceitfulness of Religious considerations sometimes apthe heart, in not letting us see the sinful- pear so pleasant to us, that our hearts are ness of a censorious temper. We ac- full, and we speak to all of the happiness knowledge that we must not judge, lest of religion. This we suppose must be we be judged: yet we are always doing it Christian experience—this is the joy and -why? because we are so abominably peace promised to the saints ; which joy proud : there is a secret belief that though is more to be suspected than any other. it would be wrong in others to judge, we It is very often no more than the animal are privileged to do so, from our knowledge spirits, elevated by something that pleases and general correctness.
self; and merely taking a tinge, a slight “ The heart is never more deceitful, colouring, from religion. Rejoice in trithan in the report which it gives of our bulation, with a sick and dying body, des. progress in Christian virtues.
titute of friends, temporal comforts, and « It tells us, for instance, that we have all other aids to cheerfulness; or rejoice zeal; which zeal is often no other than when your will is contradicted, and you bitterness and ill temper. We are violent are put to great inconvenience and we against the misconduct of others; not be- will readily grant that your joy is genuine: cause they have sinned against God, but but, in most other cases, it is very much because they trouble and interfere with to be suspected. ourselves. We are zealous for Christ,
“ The heart very often makes use of and the spread of his Gospel, but cannot the bodily constitutions of men, to impose rejoice if the work be not done by our- upon them. Many give themselves creselves and friends ; nay, are often so wic- dit for being humble and sober, because ked as to wish the work may not be done the constitution, being naturally sedate, at all, if it cannot be done in our own way, has no tendency to lead them into exNow if our zeal is of this nature, it is evi- cesses to which ardent tempers are prone. dently pure worldliness. It is possible, Others impetuously carry all before them, nay, it is very easy, for our religious at- and despise the rest for want of zeal ; tachments to become in time so confined, whereas their own zeal is no more than that we shall seek the good of those of our the heat of their blood. If we would take own communion with no higher motive the measure of our progress in those temthan men seek to aggrandize their families pers to which our natural constitutions and connections; and, consequently, with are most averse, we should more justly out any exercise of grace at all : yet our appreciate our real character. It is by hearts will be telling us all the while that pursuing the opposite method, that we we are zealous for God.
fall into mistakes.” “We often think that we have love, “ Powers of deceit may be estimated