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religious world, a great diffusion of public it : you are therefore not of his church. spirit; I mean, a desire of imparting the If you are not of his church, all this power blessings of the Gospel to other nations. in his hands is not for you, but against This idea is rather beyond the compre- you. That Arm which grasps the thunhension of the people of the world : they derbolt and wields all the powers of the think it is enthusiasm pursuing its object. universe, will come down with dreadful Christianity, indeed, is good ; but they weight on your heads, except you repent. would rather leave it to spread by the gra- He holds the keys of death and hell: one dual increase of civilization. But let none to open the gate through which the soul of these reflections deter us from assisting, passes from the body; the other, to open according to our capacity, in the work of that gate which transmits the soul into evangelizing the world, while Christ's com- hell. He holds these keys-and, to-night mand is so clear and his promise so strong. or to-morrow, he may open them for you! Though many difficulties oppose the pro- Now, therefore, turn to Him as a Saviour, pagation of the Gospel, yet these words through the influences of the Spirit ; 50 encourage us to hope that it shall be uni- will you be added to his church, interestversally known—that the gates of hell ed in his promises, and enjoy with the rest' shall never prevail against the church- of his saints a happy eternity: "pp.409-412. that the seed, small as a mustard seed,
The titles of the thirteen disshall become a great tree-that the ship, though tossed with tempests and weather-courses, to which no particular reing many a storm, shall be guided by its ference has been made, are as folpilot safely into port--that the spiritual low : The Atonement; The Love building, though apparently hindered in of God in the Gift of his Son; The its progress, shall rise at last glorious from Reigns of Sin and of Grace; Scripthe ruins of the world. “Let us next reflect, How insignificant lous Appearances; The Doom of
ture more persuasive than Miracuare all the concerns of this world in the
the Wicked ; Tribulation the Way sight of Christ! and they ought to be so to us. He says, Go ye into all nations to the Kingdom ; The Christian and preach. But they might say, Have Walk; Paul and Felix ; Invitation not we families to provide for, and friends of the Spirit and the Bride ; Nature to consult? Must not Peter any more and Means of Conversion; The cast his nets for a livelihood, or Matthew Preaching of Christ crucified; The sit at the receipt of custom? The fact is, Church à Spiritual Building ; The that Christ considered their ease and com
State of Nature; The State of fort in this world as a mere trifle ; and designs to teach you thereby, that to em
Grace ;-all subjects of the deepest brace the Gospel and obey it is your great
interest to the Christian. business. He says to them, Go through
We are far from denying that a the world, while your short life lasts, and person disposed to criticize may find prepare men for that eternal world which in these posthumous sermons consiis close upon them. One thing is needful, derable matter for the exercise of his and that is, not the business of this world, art. The editors (most injudiciously, but of the next. This world is a mere nothing, except as in reference to eternity. left the structure of Mr. Martyn's
we conceive) appear to have It is only a pageant passing by—a rivulet sentences just as they found it, and trickling into the boundless ocean—a school to educate us for an eternal existence-an
have abstained even from verbal hospital in which we are to recover from alterations, where a slight change not disease. May God teach my unconverted only might be deemed an improvehearers this truth, that they may so num- ment, but was necessary for the sense ber their days, that they may apply their orfor the correctness of the sentiment. hearts unto wisdom! They dream of In the haste of composition, espelasting enjoyments on this side the grave, cially when composing with the raand of happiness beyond it; but let them collect the true state of their case from the pidity required bythe quickly returntext. You neither observe all things
ing demands of the pulpit, it may whatsoever Christ hath commanded, as
happen that statements are somethe text speaks, nor is it your intention
times made, which further consideraso to do: you would think it a very mi- tion would qualify or expunge. The serable state of restriction to be obliged to assertion, in the third sermon, that
the rich man of the parable (Luke bring together all such passages in xvi. 31.) was young, because he had this volume as we might deem liaa father as well as five brethren, is ble to objection, they would detract probably an oversight of this kind : little or nothing from the just repuand we should be willing to omit in tation of the author, or from the the same sermon the following pas- sterling excellence of his sermons. sage, and others of a like sort, which Had we even known nothing of him occasionally occur.
as a minister, beyond the testimony
which these discourses bear to his “ But it will be asked, 'Is God's justice as much satisfied by Christ's suffering for character and talents, we should sin, as if the whole human race had suf- have said, (in speaking after the fered for it?' In answer to this we refer manner of men,") that the church to the Divine nature of Christ
. If he be of Christ had, by his premature reDivine, no assignable number of creatures moval, suffered a loss not easily to can equal him in value ; and, consequently, be repaired. But God will assuredly the death of all creatures can never be support his own cause : he can raise such a costly saerifice to justice as his
up instruments suited to every exideath.”
gency, and great as were the exerWe believe that God's justice was tions and remarkable as was the casatisfied by the death of Christ, not reer of this distinguished servant of on account of this reasoning, but Christ, it is not improbable that even because such is the clear declara- Henry Martyn may, through the tion of holy Scripture. The preach- Divine blessing upon his writings, er's argument adds nothing to our and the record of his life, render conviction: it is better suited to more extensive service to mankind mathematics than to divinity. than his personal ministrations could
But if we should take the pains to ever have effected !
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
vine Truth ; and of Civil and Religious PREPARING for publication :--A Life of Freedom, by James Nichols. Bishop Burnet, from Papers preserved in the British Museum, and Private Collec- OXFORD.-The Prize Compositions tions; by the Rev.H. Card ;-Antidote to have been adjudged as follows:--CHANScepticism, by the the Rev.G. Wilkins;- CELLOR'S PRIZES :-C. J. Plumer, B. A., An Essay on Human Liberty, by the late Fellow of Oriel College: English Essay, Dean Milner ;-Imaginary Conversations On Public Spirit among the Ancients. E. between eminent Men, by W. S. Landor; Wickham, B. A., Fellow of New Col-Flora Domestica ;– The Works of Mr. lege: Latin Essay, Conditio Servorum apud A. M‘Lean, now first collected.
Antiquos. I. Williams, Scholar of Trinity In the press :-Memoir of Central India, College : Latin Verse, Ars Geologica.-Sie by Sir J. Malcolm ;-A Tour in France, Roger NEWDIGATE's PRIZE:-T. S. Salby Jane Carey ;-Hints for the Political mon, Brasennose College: English Verse, Organization and Moral Training of the Stonehenge. Human Race, by R. Jackson, M. D. ;- CAMBRIDGE. - The Master and Seniors Meteorological Essays, by J.F. Daniell; of Trinity College, Cambridge, have deterA Plea in Behalf of a Christian Country, mined to enlarge the buildings of that for the Christian Education of Youth, foundation, by the erection of a spacious abridged from the work of the Rev. J. quadrangle on the site of the present Munro, published 1711 ;-An Account offices and stables. Accommodation will of the American Baptist Mission to the thus be afforded within the walls of the Burman Empire, by Ann Judson ;-The college for a considerable number of Obligations of British Christians to the those students who are now compelled to parle Arminiane formeront Vice of Di.
The aatimatod av
ladoo in tha num
pense of the undertaking is about 40,0001. Brought forward. £.227,822 16 3 and it is proposed to raise part of the sum Deputy Earl Marshal, usual by subscription, and the remainder by fee ......
800 0 0 loan. The inconveniences and dangers of Expense of police............ 981 18 10 young men in statu pupillari being obliged, Messengers and doorfor want of room, to lodge in the town,
173 2 6 have been so justly complained of by every Snuff-boxes for Foreign friend of academical discipline, that it is Ministers .....
8,205 15 0 highly gratifying to learn that the first Pursuivants and heralds in college in Cambridge is exerting itself to Scotland
254 7 7 remedy the evil. The Surrey Institution, a highly res
£.238,238 0 2 pectable literary establishment of the metropolis, has been dissolved. The library, Claims unsettled £.1,000 0 0 which was very rich in works of oriental literature,collected chiefly under the eye of A monthly publication at Leipsie, in Dr. Adam Clarke, has been sold for 27751. giving an account of the Austrian censorA new establishment has been formed, ship, during the month of last October, entitled “The Metropolitan Institution.” states that the censors mark their deci
The recent sale of Garrick's library, sions under four modifications; the tranwhich lasted during ten days, has afforded seat, the admittitur, the correctis corrigendis, another extravagant specimen of biblio- and the omissis delendis. The admittitur maniac competition. A small quarto conveys the highest approbation of the volume, containing several pamphlets, censors; the transeat expresses a slight such as “Breton's Olde Man's Lesson, disapprobation. The works to which this and Young Man's Love,” sold for 40 qualified censure was principally applied guineas. Another containing such valu- in October were works of German theoable matter as Drayton's “ Pæan Trium- logy. phall of the Society of Goldsmiths,” &c.
UNITED STATES. fetched the same price. Lupton's Sin- Dr. W. Church, of Boston, has proquilla, and some rare Masques, were jected a printing apparatus on a new knocked down for 531. ! The “Voyage of construction. His invention is two-fold; the wandering Knight,” and some of first, to print constantly from new types, Dekkar and Jordan's Masques, fetched by a simplification of the process of re48. An imperfect editio princeps copy of casting them ; which he considers will be Shakespeare sold for 341.
a much more easy, rapid, and accurate We copy the following public document operation than that of distributing them as a relic of the times, which may be inte- after they have been used. The types resting to posterity.-
when re-cast are delivered by machinery Account of the Money expended at his in their proper compartments with unerr. Majesty's Coronation :
ing exactness. The second part of the Expenses attending the
invention respects the composition, which banquet ..................25,184 9 8 is to be by means of keys like those of Decorations of Westmin
a piano-forte, by touching which the types ster-abbey and Westmin
are taken up and fixed in their places as ster-hall; regalia ; and
rapidly as the fingers can move in playing dresses, &c. of the per
the notes in music. Dr. Church, who is sons attending ............ 111,172 9 10 in England constructing his apparatus, calCharger, for the Champion 118 18 6 culates that the saving of time and exHis Majesty's robes....... 24,704 8 10 pense by his invention will be very conFitting up Westminster
siderable. abbey and Westminster
INDIA. hall ...... 50,367 91
Among the addresses presented to the Great Chamberlain, for
Marquis of Hastings on leaving India, expenses incurred ...... 2,500 OO is one voted at a public meeting of the Hire of the theatres......... 3,504 15 0 most opulent of the natives of Calcutta. Medals ....
4,770 5 4 So respectable a native meeting is proExpenses in the Earl Mar
bably unprecedented in that country. shal's department......... 2,500 0 0 Among other subjects of congratulation, Sir George Nayler, towards
the address deservedly mentions his the publication of the
lordship's cordial efforts to promote account of the ceremony 3,0000 O education. The beneficial effects of
Carry forward 227,822 16 3 this and similar attentions to the welfare and comforts of the natives are seen land after the destruction of Jerusalem, the in this very address; coinciding fully with discovery is still interesting, since they the following remarks in his lordship’s certainly are not of that description of reply to another address that of the Bri- people termed Black Jews at Cochin.” tish inhabitants of Calcutta. Speaking of NEW SOUTH WALES. the just, humane, and liberal demeanour The last arrivals from Port Jackson of Government towards the natives, his bring information, that the farther the relordship remarks :
searches of the inhabitants extend inland, “ The effects, if I do not deceive my- the more are they rewarded, by ascertainself, are very visible, in the reliance of all ing an indefinite extent of fine country. classes of them in the fairness of our pur- An Agricultural Society has been formed poses, and in the frankness with which at Sydney, which promises much advanthey meet any encouraging advances from tage to the colony. Sir T. Brisbane is us. The observation applies itself more its patron ; and such is the increasing numparticularly to the readiness with which ber of respectable colonists, that eighty they send their children to the schools gentlemen dined at Paramatta, at the first established by us. This is so distinct, dinner of the establishment, when upthat I now look with confidence to the wards of 15001. were subscribed. An adrapid diffusion of moral instruction vertisement in one of the Sydney papers, throughout a population in which it invites masters of vessels to pick oranges has for a long period been lamentably for their sea stores from the trees of a wanting.”
settler, at 6d. per dozen. A very few The following is an extract from a letter years since, oranges sold in the colony from Madras, relative to a recent discovery at 6d. each. Good colonial tobacco is of some native Jews in that vicinity. now on sale. Four bee-hives have arrived
“ The tomb-stone of one of the Beni safely. Some samples of Australasian wine Israel found at Cochin, and the inquiries have been brought to England for subwhich Mr. Sargon was directed to make mission to the Society of Arts, who have respecting the inscription, have led to the awarded a silver medal in approbation of discovery of a considerable portion of its quality. The fine wool of the country these people between Cochin and Bombay; needs not be mentioned. The land held that is, one large village of them in the in New South Wales appeared by the Pannanore district, and great numbers of public books in 1820, to be 389,238 acres them at other places between Cochin and of which 54,898 were cleared for cultivaBombay. Whether they form a part of tion. Of the cleared land, 16,706 acres the long lost Ten Tribes we have yet to were in wheat; 11,270 in maize ; 1230 in learn We must employ some person of barley; 379 in rye and oats; 213 in peas intelligence to go amongst them, and to and beans ; 504 in potatoes ; and 1094 in obtain as correct accounts of their history orchard and garden ground. The quanand numbers as possible. It is said they tity of land held by convicts pardoned, or are cultivators of the soil, and are also whose sentences have expired, was 85,502 employed as sepoys by the native powers. acres. Among the articles of consumpEven should they ultimately be found to tion, we are grieved to remark an im. belong to those Jews who quitted the holy moderate quantity of ardent spirits.
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ON THE CASTE AMONG THE cent Number of an oriental publication, HINDOOS.
(" the Friend of India") the following The advocates for the promotion of remarks on the Hindoo castes. IndeChristianity in India have very generally pendently of the spiritual benefits of Chrisappealed to specific cruelties and supersti- tianity, it must surely be allowed that a tions as proofs of the degraded state of the state of society thus grounded throughout Hindoo character. On the other hand, on servile and barbarous principles needs the opposers of missionary efforts in that the radical transformation of that holy country have contended that these parti- and divine system which teaches that the cular instances are but very partial in their same Creator made of one blood" all the evil tendency; and that the general fea- nations of the earth. tures of Hindoo society are in the main “ The division of the whole body of the innocent, if not praiseworthy. In refu. Hindoos into four great tribes,--the Brah, tation of this statement, so deadening in mun, the Kshutriya, the Vishya, and the its influence, wherever it extends, to active Shoodra, is an institution which so deeply Christian exertions, we copy from a re- affects the happiness and future improve