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delight, that his forefathers were not the “ The rabbi said, “We beseech thee cause of the death of Jesus of Nazareth. have mercy upon Zion.' And the people He made me a present of the history of answered, 'And build thou the walls of the Samaritans, written five hundred years Jerusalem.' ago, by one of their chiefs, named Sheh “ Rabbi. •Let thy government shine Alsuri, who speaks of our Lord with high upon Zion.' veneration.
The People. And gather thou the “ From Jaffa I went to Acre, and there children of Israel.' I met with two Jews whose minds had “Rabbi. Let singing and gladness be been convinced of the truth of Christianity. heard upon Zion.' They were baptized in secret by a Protes- “ The People. And shouts of joy tant clergyman, who furnished them with among the children of Jerusalem.' New Testaments and tracts. On mount “ I read to them several prophecies of Lebanon I was visited by several Catholic Isaiah and Jeremiah, and expounded to bishops, who desired Arabic Bibles and them without the least objection for an Testaments. The Armenians desired to hour the contents of the Gospel. They enter into a strict union with Protestants. often called on me, and called me their The convent. Rourka, was offered to me brother. They have not the least commufor establishing there a Lancasterian nion with the Talmudist Jews. There are School. I met with a settlement of Jews Caraites at Ralaa, in the Crimea, in Poupon the highest top of mount Lebanon. land, at Damascus, Constantinople, and They were in possession of the Hebrew Cairo. The whole number in the world New Testament, published by the London may be about 5000. Society for promoting Christianity among
« The Polish Jews called on me, and the Jews, which was sent to them by a addressed me thus: “We have heard that Jew from Saida. They professed their you are arrived here to converse with us. belief in Christ.
Verily we can converse with you ; for we “ I arrived at the holy city, March 9, are wise with great wisdom, and learned 1822. There are at Jerusalem the follow- with great learning.' I ascertained from ing denominations of Christians :
them that no Jews lived at Jerusalem in “1. Armenians, called and believed by the time of the crusades. Rabbi Moses the Jews of Jerusalem to be the descend- Bar Nalsman, a famous author among the ants of Amalek. The Jews will have no Jews in Germany, went thither in the intercourse with them, because Amalek twelfth century, and met with only one dared to lift up his hand against the Lord's Jew. I translated from a letter written host in the wilderness.
by him, the following sentences. I met “ 2. Greeks, called and believed by the with only one Jew, and he was oppressed, Jews to be the descendants of Javan. The and he was afflicted. And in the city of Jews will not hold intercourse with them, God, in the house of God, where our fabecause Antiochus dared to slay Israel. thers dwelt, the Gentiles worshipped that
“3. The Romanists. The Jews do not which their fingers had made: they worwish for intercourse with them ; because shipped that which is not God, even in the Titus, a Roman, destroyed their temple. house of God. For these things I weep;
“4. The Ethiopians, and Copts, upon because our glorious and our beautiful whom the Jews look with indifférence. house is laid waste.' I conversed for seThe whole number of Christians is sup- veral days with one of their high priests, posed to be 7,000 ; and of Jews 10,000. and read the Gospel with him. The PoAfter mentioning that in a few days I dis- lish Jews are divided into two sects. One tributed more than 1000 copies of the sect are Pharisees, who are strictly atScriptures among all these denominations, tached to the literal observance of the cereI will confine my remarks to the Jews. monial law, and wear large phylacteries. The Jews of Palestine reside principally The other sect are the Hasidis, the spiriat Jerusalem, at Hebron, where both Jews tual Jews, who say that outward ceremoand Turks go on a pilgrimage to the graves nies are of no use at all, and that we must of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and Sarah attend rather to the spirit. The author of and Leah, which are there in the cave of this sect was Israel Baal Shem, who died Machpelah, and also at Safet and Tibe- seventy years ago in Poland. They have rias. "The greatest part of those Jews been excommunicated by many rabbies. who composed the Talmud, called Ta- They are well inclined to the reading of naim, lived at Safet and Tiberias. The the Gospel. Among their archives I disJews of Jerusalem, Safet and Tiberias, covered the following curious circumstance are jealous of each other ; and foolish and in regard to the cross found by the Emstupid are the disputes which divide them. press Helena. Rabbi Abarbanel tells us, There are in Palestine Spanish Jews, and that the Jews, fearing that the Empress Turkish Jews, and Polish German Jews, Helena would persecute them, gave her and also Caraites, who are believed by the an old piece of wood, and told her that that other Jews to be the descendants of the was the very cross of Jesus. Sadducegs. I found at Jerusalem only “ I discussed the subject of the Gospel three families of Caraites. In their syna- with the Jews in their colleges; and I gogue I heard the following prayer. saw their children reading in the New
Testament, as they walked about upon stated, that 590 ships, having 6149 men on Sion, and in the valley of Jehoshaphat. board, would have proceeded to sea withWhat the result of these inquiries among out a single copy of the Scriptures but the Jews will be, time must show; and I for the timely bounty of the Society; leave it to the reports of my future fellow- whereas it appears from the reports of the labourers to inform you.'
Society's agent at Gravesend, that the total
number of ships found entirely destitute MERCHANT SEAMAN'S BIBLE of the Scriptures during the past year, SOCIETY.
amounted to 14 only, having 100 men on This Society was formed in 1818. The board; and of these fourteen vessels, only Society instructed their agent first to use one was English. With regard to the his influence with semen to purchase for copies left without payment, it is gratithemselves at a reduced rate; but on fying to learn, that on application to the their expressing an unwillingness or an in- owners, the Society's agent has, during ability to purchase, to apply to the cap- the last year, received payment for 173 tain or owner, if he were on board, to Bibles and 352 Testaments (many of purchase for his men. In the event of which had been supplied by the Society failure, the agent was instructed to leave, in former years) exceeding by 79 copies without payment, a certain number of the number left, as above mentioned, Bibles and Testaments for the use of the without payment during the last year. ship’s company, which were to be con- No expense, therefore, during the past sidered a part of the furniture of the ship, year, has arisen from the gratuitous disand on no account to be removed, unless tribution of the Scriptures. subsequently paid for on application to The Report proceeds to record a few the owners. During the first two years of the numerous interesting observations of the Society's operations, the unpaid made by the sailors and others on board distribution was very considerable; but as the ships visited by the Society's agent there was a lamentable destitution of the at Gravesend. These observations, though Scriptures, and an eagerness expressed on brief and disjointed, satisfactorily prove the part of the sailors to possess them, the benefits arising from widely diffusing although unable to purchase, the Com- the sacred Scriptures among,"merchant mittee considered themselves fully justi- seamen. We copy the following : fied in supplying their wants without pay- “ No. 1. • I think,' said the Captain, ment, rather than allow so many of our • I have as steady a ship’s company as any brave countrymen to proceed to sea with going. I never work them on the Sabout the word of God. The experience bath-day if it can possibly be avoided. of more than five years has satisfactorily. When in harbour, on Sundays, they atdemonstrated the propriety of this large tend public worship on shore ; and when free distribution. Many of the sailors they are at sea, they are to be found diliwho had never perhaps read the Scrip- gently attending to their Bibles, Prayertures before, on having them placed by books, and other good books. They are the Society within their reach, at inter- obedient, contented, and happy. Your vals of leisure were induced to examine books are well exercised, and I have added them. Hence, in many cases, arose a to them at my own expense. disposition to possess a Bible, and the “ No. 2. More than four years ago the agent has found, on revisiting the ships captain of this ship purchased eight Bibles where a gratuitous supply has been left, of me for the use of his crew.
The same that many of the sailors, who were for- books are now on board excepting one or merly indifferent to the subject, crowded two. He gave me a pleasing account of his round him to buy a Bible or Testament last voyage to Port Jackson, mentioning the for themselves.
great attention the convicts and the crew In the Fourth Annual Report it was paid to the Scriptures, and that they were shewn, that although the free distribution read by both to good purpose; and that of the Scriptures for ships (but not to the boys got much useful knowledge on the men) had been considerable in the the passage at the school established on commencement of the Society's labours, board for their benefit. it had materially lessened in subsequent “ No. 3. The second mate, who was years, owing to the circumstances above commanding officer, said, 'I feel much alluded to, and to the formation of Marine interested in your work, and I have made Bible Societies in some of the principal inquiry amongst the crew in order to out-ports.
learn what Bibles are among them: I find The Committee now report, that the two or three of them only have the Scripnumber of Bibles and Testaments sold tures ; and, were you to leave the ship to seamen in Gravesend in the past year a few books, I am confident they will has been very nearly double the number not be thrown away. The captain has a left without payment. The number sold quarto Bible for the ship's use, and I examounted to 730 Bibles and 79 Testa- pect we shall have public worship occaments, and the number left without pay- sionally. I trust there is a general reformament to 90 Bibles and 356 Testaments. tion amongst British sailors. I have made In the First Annual Report, it was it my business to visit different vessels in the pool where Divine worship has been crew of these ships leaving their friends at performed, to learn what good effects Gravesend, scarcely a man would be found the various means of grace, which sailors in either ship sober: how much sailors now enjoy, have had upon their general appear to be altered in this respect!' conduct; and I was glad to hear from "Ah,' observed his friend standing at his the captains, and others universally, that elbow, the Gravesend gin-sellers comthe impressions had been powerful and plain sadly, and say their trade is not so lasting, and that they were in many re- brisk as it used to be formerly among spects an altered people. It will be some sailors. The books supplied were on days before we sail, and I hope you will board.” visit us again : some of the crew perhaps “ No. 12. This vessel belongs to Bosmay purchase when they get their pay, ton, in America. • Euch of our lads,' said and I shall be glad to see you.' The Pilot the chief mate, has a Bible. The capsaid, “Our chief and second officers are tain a little while back gave one to each fine fellows, real gentlemen, and, I am man who could read, and would accept of persuaded, good Christians. They always it.' 'Ah!' exclaimed the black cook," and meet in one of their cabins every morning we do read them too.' One of the sailors' for prayer, before entering upon the ship's said, We can always get Bibles in Boston duty.'
for asking for them, provided the Society "No. 4. The books supplied by the has good reason to believe they will be Society were on board. The mate, who properly used. appeared a sensible well-behaved man, “No. 13. Still well supplied. A resaid, 'A change is passing in our sailors ; ligious crew. Prayer in the cabin every and why not? they have only been waiting evening. The boys regularly read the for the means they now enjoy to alter their Scriptures. • What great things are condition : many of them may be com- doing for sailors now! cried one of the pared to rough stones ; when polished by crew. instruction they display a good capacity, “ No. 14. The Captain said, “We have and become useful to the community in a very obedient and steady set of fellows the best way.'
here on the Sabbath-day all are employ“ No.5. One of the crew wanted a Bible; ed in reading their Bibles, or some other but when making known his wishes, the suitable books; and they never think of chief officer, said, “We have more hands going on shore on Sunday as formerly was than we have occasion for, and you are
We are all very comfortable.' among those who are to be discharged; but Sold two Bibles.” you shall have a Bible, and I will give you
“ No. 16.
The crew were well supthe money to pay for it : I hope you will plied with the Scriptures. The Captain accept of it, and read it with much self- said, “There is as much difference beexamination and prayer: it will lead you tween sailors now, and what they were to the cross of Jesus Christ, where alone only a few years ago, as there is, 'in my there is safety. The second officer said, opinion, between darkness and light; and • I am highly pleased in seeing these men a great pleasure I have in observing the so desirous of possessing the Scriptures: difference. The ship's duty is carried on it does my heart good! What an honour much better now than it was formerly in in being in any way instrumental in be- ships in general.' nefiting the souls of men !'”
« No. 17. The owner received me “ No. 8. The captain hailed the crew with kindness, and said, I hope none of when aloft loosing the topsails, saying, my ships will ever proceed to sea without ‘Are any of you in want of a Bible?' Two the Scriptures. I am happy in saying, by of the men came down upon deck, and the exertions of your Society, great good purchased a Bible each : they were the has been done amongst seamen in the. only men in the vessel without the Scrip- merchant's service. I carried out with tures. All well behaved, and the vessel me, the last voyage, one of the worst of in good order.
crews,and I brought home one of the best; ««What a deal of good your Society has and this change in their character was, done amongst sailors!' said a pilot,who had under God, wrought by the Scriptures, just returned from the Downs, after navi- together with the means I used besides." gating the
- to that place : there is · Do,' said he addressing himself to the nothing of that blackguardism among captain, let the crew have prayers read them now that there used to be ; not a to them every Sabbath-day, if possible : quarter so much swearing and such like it will, depend upon it, do your people as formerly: now, sailors are reconciled good : many sailors are well-disposed, and comfortable ; formerly they were dis- they only want to be brought from their orderly and restless: in short, I have evil associates, and to be reasoned with a found this alteration in their manners in little.' Then turning to me again, he said, all the ships I bave lately piloted.' Yes, your Society has done much towards
“ No. 9. On the same service as No. 8, altering the moral condition of sailors.?! a similar ship with a similar crew. Sold “ No. 2). The mate said every thing four Bibles. • I remember the time,' said to induce the crew to purchase. One the chief officer, when, ‘on occasion of the bought a Bible ; another would have done
the same, but could not. I bought a scarcely one without a Bible: some said Bible of you,' said the mate,' when I be- theyprocured them at reduced prices; others longed to the -, and it was the best said, they obtained them free of expense. money I ever spent : in that book I found The fashion of swearing is dying away fast the pearl of great price. I never was ac- among sailors,' said the chief mate: 'we have customed to gross immorality: having had little of it here : some of our men are relia religious education, it always acted as a giously inclined. You are come to a bad kind of check ; but I never prized the market, for we have all got our Bibles : Scriptures until lately; row my greatest indeed a boat comes along-side of us with delight is attending the means of grace. Bibles in America, the same as you do here.'
“No. 22. The books supplied by the “ No. 32. The captain, notwithstandSociety were produced neatly covered. ing he was anxious to get the anchor, The mate said, 'Our Captain does all he gave directions that all the crew might be can to improve all hands: he is a man of ordered aft: he took his standing at the prayer, and reads the Scriptures more than capstan, and mustered the whole of them, any one else on board.' One of the crew putting the question to each man, "Have bought a Bible ; and had the Society made you got a Bible?' and spoke to them, behim a present of it, he could not have fore all hands and many strangers, of the been more grateful. The custom-house privilege of possessing the sacred volume, officer said, I have often witnessed with and of the happiness of being brought pleasure the good effects of supplying the under its heavenly influence. Each man sailors with the Scriptures. I call your who had not a Bíble said, he should be Society a peace-making society ; because, glad to have one; and the captain seemed since its establishment, there has been much pleased with the idea that every so much order and peace on board the individual under his command, who could different vessels where I have been. It is read, now possessed a Bible. He had so now no uncommon thing to hear a mate, much confidence in his ship’s company as and others, ask a blessing at their meals, to pay them their month's advance, before or to hear prayer in the cabin. This was the ship left London ; à circumstance, I not the case a little while back.
believe, never known before, as respects “ No. 23. This ship, bound to Van a free trader. I never visited a ship of Diemen's Land, was mentioned in my last this description where I found the crew so report. Finding she had changed some of uniformly consistent. The custom-house her hands, and was about to be paid, I vi- officers, and others, said they had not sited her again. Sold five Bibles. I be heard an oath since they had been on lieve almost every individual, from the board. This, certainly, was a very extra. captain to the boys, had either Bible, Tes- ordinary thing when the extent of the crew, tament, or prayer-book. A pleasant ship amounting to 14 men, is taken into conto visit in every respect.
sideration. One man said, 'Our captain “ No. 24. The captain said, 'Almost is a Christian and a father to us all; and every one in the vessel, I believe, has ein were I to leave this ship, I don't know ther Bible or Testament, or some other where I should find such another.' A good book : they were with me last voyage, strange gentleman observed, on seeing so and I never heard an oath from the mouth many sailors purchase the Scriptures so of any of them since we have been toge- readily, and on seeing the captain interest ther, nor have I seen any thing improper himself so much in their spiritual welfare, in their conduct.”
• This is a sight I never witnessed before, “ No. 26. The chiefofficer,who was very and I never shall forget it.' I sold twenty attentive, said that partofthe books supplied Bibles in this ship” were on board. Thewhole ship's company It is most gratifying to learn from the assembled round me,and the books I had to reports of the London agent, that owing sell, on the main deck. The chief officer chiefly to the efforts made to supply seasaid, “I can hardly suppose you ever met men with the Scriptures, in many of the with such another crew as this now before out-ports, and especially in Scotland and you : they are a set of steady fellows. He the North of England,' he has not had encouraged them to purchase, and spoke occasion to sell during the year more well of the institution. Sold seven Bibles." than 162 Bibles, and 66 Testaments,
“No. 29. The captain appeared friend- though he has boarded upwards of 4000 ly to the cause, and said, I never knew ships in various parts of the river. The any men peruse the Scriptures with such Committee have the satisfaction to beattention and avidity before, as the crew lieve that not an individual employed did in this vessel last voyage.'. In con- 'in ships trading to London, of whatever sequence of his saying he would readily nation, either enters or quits the port advance any money the crew might want without having an opportunity afforded for the purpose of purchasing the Scrip- of supplying himself with a Bible, upon easy tures, I sold two Bibles.
terms, through the instrumentality of this “ No. 30. Belonging to Boston, in Society. The observations of the London America. I was well received by the chief agent confirm the interesting conclusions officer. The crew were well behaved, and deducible from the reports from Gravesend. CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 258.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
tions have been entered into in this Srain.-The duc d'Angouléine took country for assisting the Spanish possession of Madrid on the 24th of One thousand pounds have May. A regency was immediately been voted by the Corporation of Lonappointed to govern the kingdom dur- don towards ibis object.- Mina's army ing the detention of the king in the continues in the neighbourhood of hands of the Constitutionalists. The Barcelona, manœuvring against the regency consists of the duke del In- forces under Moncey. Ballasteros had fantado, president of the council of collected his forces in the province of Castile; the duke de Montemar, pre- Valencia; but that city having been sident of the council of the Indies; taken possession of by the French, the bishop of Osuna; baron d'Eroles, he will now probably move towards a member of the regency of Urgel; Cadiz. The troops which occupied and M. Calderon, a member of the Madrid, under A hisbal and Zayas, provisional junta. This regency has have retired, it is said, in the same appointed ambassadors, who will direction. doubtless be acknowledged by the If the Spaniards are really disposed powers hostile to Spanish liberty, and to maintain their independence, now by the courts under their influence. seems their time for action. The Whether any attempt will be made to French armies have advanced to an obtrude new ambassadors on those immense distance from their own powers which continue to acknow. frontiers, and they are also very widely ledge the constitutional government, dispersed. Should they further engage particularly Great Britain, Portugal, in the arduous siege of Cadiz, they and the United States of America, re- will be still inore exposed to harassmains to be seen. It is but too clear, ing attacks, and to ihe interception however, that this arbitrary proceeding of their convoys. The summer heats of setting up one government against will also prove formidable enemies. another has a tendency to commit If then the Spaniards are really in every other power on the one side or earnest in defending their liberty, the other, and thus, unless the contest which the removal of the king to speedily ceases, to lay a train for in- Cadiz would indicate, we may expect numerable jealousies and disputes. to hear of their at length commencing Two divisions of the French army. more active and efficient operations. are far advanced on the niarch from It is no small presumption in favour of Madrid for Seville; the one under the general dislike to foreign interfe. Bourdesoult proceeding by Ciudad rence, that few or none of the populaReal, Sierra Morena, Cordiva, and tion have been led hithertu to join the Ecija ; the other under Bourmont by ranks of the army of the Faith. Truxillo, Llerena, and Carmona. It PORTUGAL.-An attempt has been does not appear that the Cortes inade made to effect a counter-revolution any effort to oppose their march. in Portugal. The infant Dun Miguel They have, however, adopted the deci- with a few troops, proceeded 10 a public sive measure of renoving the king to square in Lisbon, on the 27th of May, Cadiz, at which place it is even stated and proclaimed the Constitution abuthat he had actually arrived.
lished; alier wbich he fled from the The most opposite repuris naturally capital to collect forces to consumprevail respecting the state and pros- nate his plans. There are no accupects of the constitutional army, which rate accounts of any farther proceedthe French accounts represent as de.ings ; but it will not surprise us to plorable and desperate : while the pan hear that a counter-revolution has actriotic sources of intelligence, on ihctually been effected in that kingdom, contrary, represent the spirit of the althougla recent rumours speak of the country to be rising, and that nothing attempt having failed. is wanting but military training and the implements of war, to organize an
DOMESTIC. overwhelming national force. Sume The session of Parliament is drawing of our countryinen, and particularly towards a close, and will probably be Sir Robert Wilson, have joined the concluded before the end of July. The coustitutional forces; and subscrip- proceedings duringthemonthhavebeea