« PreviousContinue »
love to God, the other, in de repast; although no miracle would he per. tailing the pleasures and enjoy- form for his own relief, when subject to ments of religion, might erect on the cravings of hunger, after an abstinence this ample base that superstructure of forty days? Was not this the sentiment of joy and peace which is on earth by which he was actuated at Jacob's Well,
when to the woman who seemed but little the fairest emblem of the heavenly disposed to grant the only request of Jesus temple above, all whose " walls are
for personal refreshment recorded in the salvation," and all whose “gates history of his life, he said, I thou kneware praise." We feel sure that had est the gift of God, and who it is that we space for them, we could adduce saith unto thee, Give me to drink, they quotations from the volume of Mr. wouldest have asked of him, and he would Burder, which would greatly delight have given thee living water ? Was not and benefit our readers, and justify heart under
his overwhelming agony in the
this the sentiment which sustained his the opinion we have expressed of garden, and under the piercing torture of his volume. Though a Dissenter, the cross? Was it not from the consihe has not made his work a vehicle deration of the joy set before him-the for any sentiments but such as joy of imparting eternal happiness to my; churchmen acknowledge in common riads ready to perish--that he endured with himself. The best of his Lec- the cross, despising the shame? Is not tures are those which describe the this the sentiment which he still retains Pleasures of Obedience to the Will and cherishes on his throne of glory, disthe Exercise of the Affections in Re- torial fulness, to every member of his mysof God; the Pleasures arising from posing him to grant the most ample and
gracious communications, from his medialigion ; and the pleasures of doing tical body resident on earth, and rendering Good. From this last, we must, in it still more delightful to his benignant justice to our author, give an ex- spirit, to pour the full tide of ineffable detract ; and, although we have occa- light into the hearts of the redeemed sionally to complain of him, as a above ?” Burder, pp. 193, 194. writer, for the introduction in his He then describes this principle sermons of weak stanzas from po- as in complete array against those pular hymns—a practice more com- dictates of natural selfishness on mon than edifying,—yet there are which the majority of mankind apabundant specimens of strong and pear to act_" Let us obtain from vigorous composition, and these in others as many advantages, and combination with a clear and sound return as few as possible." And and scriptural line of exposition. after urging the position that we After remarking upon the universal love those to whom we do good, extent of the Creator's benevolent even more than those who do good operations, and the thousands of to us, he gives a peculiarly striking dependent beings who all wait upon illustration of his remark. him for continued communications
“ If you would form a vivid conception of vitality and enjoyment, from the of the delight of benignant love, when its insect which feeds and dwells upon object is most deserving, attempt to imaa single leaf, to the angel who gine the emotions of that angelic messenwings his way from world to world, ger who was commissioned to descend and whose existence it is his delight with rapid flight to the scene of the Reto render pleasurable, he proceeds deemer's anguish in Gethsemane, and to to discover the same enjoyment in strengthen him for the endurance of his the bestowment above the reception tenderness, with what assiduity, with what
agony. With what veneration, with what of benefits, in the conduct of the Re- gratitude, with what delight must he have deemer when on earth.
rendered the best services of an angel “ Was not this the sentiment which "excelling in strength !' Must not the pervaded and animated the heart of the honour and the happiness thus enjoyed Friend of sinners, when to five thousand have had the effect of inspiring that seraph men, ready to faint with hunger, at a dis- with a still warmer attachment to the Re tance from their homes, he supplied a full deemer than he could possibly have cha
rished before, and with a still deeper in- we have maintained intercourse in terest in every part of that wondrous and all the walks of commerce, from the glorious enterprise which angels delight highest to the lowest, with a people to contemplate: thus expanding his capa- who hold our religion in the utmost cities of delight, and augmenting the blessedness of his eternity? A kindred abhorrence, and yet profess to wordelight we may suppose to have been ship Him whom we acknowledge tasted by those female disciples of Gali- as the only true God; and did not lee, who, with attached and devoted experience teach us the contrary, hearts, ministered to the Lord Jesus of we should suppose that they were their substance. Highly favoured were objects of unceasing interest and they by their Saviour when he received inquiry to the Christian and the the offerings of their love ; and perhaps it philosopher, because their present was one part of his generous intention, in being thus indebted to their aid, that they
condition, their past history, and should thus taste of that pure and refined their national literature, are all delight which was the aliment of his soul alike calculated to excite the comof love, and that, under circumstances miseration of the one, and to call most endearing, they should learn that forth the investigation of the other,
it is more blessed to give than to re- The antiquities, geology, and tradiceive.'” Burder, pp. 197, 198.
tions of our country have occupied the attention of literary and scientific men, while a subject daily press
ed upon our notice, and certainly 1. The New Testament; translated well capable of repaying our re
into Biblical Hebrew. By the searches, has been very generally Society for promoting Christian neglected ; and what is still more Knowledge among the Jews. extraordinary, a Christian commuLondon. 1817.
nity has disregarded the moral and 2. A Letter to Rabbi Hirschell, religious condition of an outcast from the Rev. George Hamilton, people to whom they owe infinite
Rector of Killermogh, shewing obligations, to whom were entrusted that the Resurrection of Jesus the oracles of God, and “of whom, from the Dead is as credible a as concerning the flesh, Christ came, Fact as the Exodus from Egypt; who is over all God blessed for ever." and that the Account of the Re- The Bible alone satisfactorily acsurrection, in the Tract entitled counts for these things : it de
Toldoth Jesus, is no more worthy nounced against rebellious Israel, of Credit than that which Tacitus that she should dwell in the land has given of the Exodus. Lon- of “her enemies ;” and an enemy don. 1822.
has every nation of Christendom 3. Reply to the Letter of the Rev. proved in its turn to this long-exiled
G. Hamilton to Rabbi Hirschell. race.
By M. Mayers. London. 1822. From the days of Justin Martyr, 4. l'he Light of Israel, or a Guide the controversy between Christians
to the Jewish Faith. By the and the Jews has been carried on Rev. HART SYMons. Penzance. with more or less vigour. When the 1821.
members of the Church of Rome 5. Observations on a late Publica- took part in it, they were usually
sion entitled, The Light of Israel, the assailants; and they made a most 8. By the Rev. GEORGE HA- unfair use of the power which, in MILTON. London. 1822.
some countries, they had over the
press, by suppressing or mutilating There are perhaps few things in the publications of their adversathe history of the Jews more sin- ries. In the Bibles and tracts gular than the treatment they have which learned Jews printed in Spain experienced from the English na- and Italy, in the infancy of the art, țion. For nearly two hundred years all passages whichreflectedon Chris tianity were altered or erased; and tive to the interpretation of certain no copy could be exposed to sale predictions in the Old Testament until the signature of an inquisi- the second, to passages in the New torial censor had certified that the that seem to contradict the Old. proper
revision had taken place. In So thoroughly have these questions consequence of the greater libe- been formerly discussed, that norality which prevailed among the thing new has been introduced into members of the Reformed Church, the more modern controversy. The after a short time the principal points we must still canvass with our works on the Jews' side were print- Jewish opponents are, whether pared and published in the north of ticular predictions belong to MesEurope. The popish party engaged siah, or to some one else ; whether in this controversy under pecu- that future advent at which propheliar disadvantages; for the Jews cies confessedly relating to him are could, in many cases, retort upon to be fulfilled, be his first or second; them the usages of their own and how far certain facts and docchurch; and on this account the trines contained in the New Testalearned author of the Pugio Fidei, ment are contradictory to the Old. was obliged to write a treatise on The discussion of these topics has the difference between Jewish and been revived by the friends of the Papal traditions. While he and his London Society for promoting brethren maintained that Chris Christian Knowledge among the tianity did not contravene the Mo- Jews ; the works on the Christian saic Law, their own practice, in the side of this question being published worship of images, appeared to their either by that Society or its accreopponents a decided proof to the dited advocates. The translation contrary; and we may feel assured of the New Testament into Biblical that no conscientious and reflecting Hebrew is the great work of this Jew could embrace Christianity un- institution, and affords the surest der the form in which it is presented and best mode of leading the Jews by the Church of Rome. The con to a knowledge of Christianity. versions said to have taken place in Soon after the revival of Hebrew Spain and Portugal were merely of literature in the Christian church, a political kind, and the supposed the celebrated Munster published a converts repaired continually to Hebrew Testament, which has been Amsterdam, to renew and perpe- reprinted twice in England: it is, tuate their connexion with the however, critically speaking, more Jewish Church : nay, it is credibly a Chaldee than a Hebrew version. attested, that many, even of the The language of the work before clergy, in those countries were con- us professes to be as close an apcealed Jews. The Reformed Church, proximation as possible to the lanhaving abandoned those corruptions guage and idiom of Moses and the which tended to multiply objections Prophets; and many learned Jews, against Christianity, met their Jew. we understand, have admitted its criish adversaries on more equitable tical excellence. Agents employed ground. They disclaimed persecu- by other religious societies have tion; they left the press unrestrict. stated that the continental Jews ed; and sought no arguments but seek for it with eagerness, and that what the Scriptures supplied. The it is highly acceptable to them, on writings of the Dutch and German account of the peculiar value which divines and rabbies will therefore they set on every thing written in be found to present the fairest view their holy tongue. Nor need we of the controversy between Jews be surprised at the attachment and Christians, which, when freed which the Jews all over the world from all extraneous matter, involves exhibit to their original language; in it two questions,--the first, rela- a language which Christians justly
היהי איש עשיך ולבושו שני וסדין ”,their lost dignity
, and in which the day It slhould .וישוש כטוב לבו יוס יום Deity himself vouchsafed_to hold היהי. איש עשיך : communion with their honoured rather run thus
ונלבש תולע וסדין הוא והתעדן בעדנות
venerate as one of those chosen by the Hebrew idiom, urgent necesthe Holy Spirit to be the vehicle of sity is expressed by a verb with its Divine revelation, and considered participle paoul preceding it: there moreover by some writers to have fore, “I must needs go and view it;" been the original language of man- chap. xiv. 18, should be rendered kind; but which, to a Jew, has the 0875 NYIH 11. There is an oversuperadded claim of being the sole sight of the same kind, chap. xv. 8, relic of the ancient glory of his where “searched diligently” is 780 nation, and all that has survived its wpani, instead of wpan upan. We do wreck. We cannot therefore won. not think either language or idiom der if, in proportion as this ancient has been sufficiently attended to in people feel themselves degraded in the following passage (chap.xvi.19): the eyes of other nations, they “ There was a certain rich man, cling with enthusiastic fondness who was clothed in purple and fine to that language which records linen, and fared sumptuously every , "
The Jews' Society has certainly.ro acted wisely in undertaking to pre- The quotations from the Old Tespare a version de novo, rather than in tament have been rendered accordreprinting that of Munster. Inaccom- ing to the Greek text. The case was plishing their object, they must have certainly one of difficulty; and much had many difficulties to encounter; might be said in favour of the pracbut they have surmounted them in tice of other translators, who substia manner that reflects the greatest tuted the Hebrew original of such credit upon their labours. Indeed, quotations in the place of a literal we may say that they have been translation of the Greek. We are wonderfully successful, considering of epinion, however, that the authors the nature of their attempt: though, of this Hebrew version judged doubtless, the work contains some rightly : their business was to renblemishes, which may be removed der the Greek text into Hebrew; in subsequent editions. We shall and, if there were discrepancies bepoint out a few passages which have tween the quotations and the oristruck us in looking through the ginal, to reconcile them belongs to Gospel of St. Luke, as needing the Biblical critic, not to the translaemendation. We of course do not tor. With reference to one of these profess to have gone regularly quotations that in Rom. iii. 14, 15. through the volume.
-it may be worth while to remark, Luke xii. 15.–For a man's life that the margin of some Hebrew consisteth not in the abundance MSS. of the Psalms, contains the of the things he possesseth, is ren- words quoted in the following order,
, ; we should prefer the following, as more consonant to the Biblical This collocation of words is better
: . In the next verse, 779 would be Testament. a better rendering of “ ground" There is a passage which seems than 778. In ver 33, od is more to us not fairly rendered, because properly a Moth, than 287. Chap. it is rendered so as to support our xiii. 6, “ A certain man had a side of the question, without giving fig-tree planted in his vineyard,” is the Jews the advantage of the ambiill rendered by 19732 NAN YOJw'H; guity of the original: we allude to
, . : " And the disciples
. In were called of God, Christians first
; כי לא במותר קנין האיש חיים ,dered
אשר פיהם אלה ומרה מלא קלו רגליהם לשפך דם.
than that exhibited in the Hebrew .מקנינו כי, ברבה איש לא חי לי : idiom
: 26 .Acts ii היהי איש אחר ,it would be better
,אשר לו. תאנה בכרמו שתולה
at Antioch.". We are aware that called “The Generation of Jesus, the original term does sometimes, which pretends to give a true acbut it does not always, imply a Divine count of the resurrection. Here, communication : there is, therefore, as before, Mr. Hamilton shews that à petitio principii in assuming that the arguments of the Jews are, in the name Christian was bestowed principle, the same as ours; and that on the followers of Christ by Divine we reject the rabbinical fables reauthority. This passage has not specting the resurrection, and adescaped the notice of the Jews. here to the Gospel narrative, for But we have no wish to pursue this precisely the same reasons which minute criticism in reference to a have induced them to reject the work which, as a whole, is allowed testimony of Tacitus, as contradict. to reflect great literary credit upon ing the veracity of Moses. The the translators; and we doubt not the conclusion of the Letter affords the Jews' Society has friends and agents following brief summary of the arfully competent to proceed through- gument. out with the necessary emendations.
“I have now, sir, examined in detail that But, in order to instruct the Jews sive in favour of the truth of the Exodus,
evidence which we both admit to be deci, in the true nature of Christianity, it as recorded by Moses; I have compared it is necessary not only to give them with the evidence whereby we, Christians, the New Testament, but also to maintain the truth of the Resurrection; I offer them proofs of its Divine Au- have shewn that it was impossible, in either thority. Though many of them are case, for false accounts to have been imDeists and reject all revelation, yet posed on the persons who lived at the we have a right to argue with them time when these events took place, and as believers in the Divine authority have been subsequently published without
equally impossible for such forgeries to of the Old Testament; and happily immediate detection; I have also comwe can shew them that the inspira- pared an account of the Exodus which you tion of the New Testament is de- reject, with an account of the Resurrecmonstrable on the same grounds tion which we reject, and proved that the as that of the Old. Mr. Hamilton, arguments which deprive the one of all the highly respectable writer of the authority are as fully applicable to the other, Letter to Rabbi Hirschell, mentions and that the Toldoth is not many degrees this point: he has selected two facts, more worthy of credit than the history of
the Jews by Tacitus. the Exodus, and the Resurrection of
“ I have designedly confined myself to Christ ; one connected with the one fact, and to one species of evidence; Jewish, the other with the Christian but I assert, without fear of contradiction, dispensation. To prove the truth that you cannot use any argument to prove of the Exodus, he quotes largely the inspiration of Moses, and the truth of from David Levi's Answer to Paine, his writings, which cannot be advanced and shews that the principle of against yourselves to prove that Jesus of
Nazareth is the Messiah. It is a mere Levi's arguments may be applied with equal force in proof of the re- begging the question, to say that the Exodus
petitio principu, what is vulgarly called surrection of Christ; and that by must be true, because it confirms what has them the Evangelists, like Moses, other proofs of a divine origin; but that the may be vindicated from the charge resurrection cannot be true, because it of either enthusiasm or imposture. professes to confirm doctrines, otherwise After comparing the true accounts proved to be false. The falsehood of these of these facts, and weighing the doctrines you think sufficiently established evidences for them, he notices the by their being contradictory to the Mosaic false statement which occurs respect. authority. I shall not enter into this ques.
Law, which we all allow to be of Divine ing them, in works laying no claim tion further than to deny the position that to inspiration ; namely, in Tacitus, Christianity contradicts the Mosaic Law in who notices the emigration of the the sense in which you understand it; but Israelites; and in a rabbinical tract I may fairly ask you why a false doctrine