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be able by legal proof to establish their much delay and disappointment, as right to freedom, was admitted; and the consequence of this arrangement. it was signified that further inquiry “ But, besides this disadvantage, it should be made as to the means for must be recollected that there are some granting them the requisite relief. points, of great and vital moment, on
" It was also admitted to be desira. which no distinct hope of reform has ble that no governor, judge, attorney- as yet been given. It has not been general, or fiscal, nor any of the reli- declared that slaves shall cease to be gious instructors about to be appointed, chattels; that they shall no longer should hold property in slaves; and continue, in this respect, as well as though it might be unfair to give this for every other purpose of sale or principle a retro-active effect, yet that transfer, on the same degrading level there could be no objection to its be- with the beasts of the field. They are ing made to operate prospectively. still liable to be transported, as the
* The only remaining points were, master's interest or caprice may dicthe granting facilities to the adult tate, from one island to another, and slaves to purchase their freedin; and separated for ever from their families the liberation from bondage of all and dearest connexions, and from their children born after a certain day. In native home. It has not yet been neither of these propositions have the settled, that their testimony shall be Government hitherto signified their received in courts of law, although concurrence. Indeed, to the measure without this the value of many other of freeing all children born after a cer- provisions in their favour must be tain day, they appeared to feel a more greatly diminished. No expectation decided objection than to any other has yet been given that they shall enthat had been suggested. Both the joy facilities for obtaining their freepoints were deemed of so much mo- dom by their own exertions. And, ment as to render further inforination above all, their progeny are still doomand more mature consideration neces- ed to be born to the same wretched sary, before they came to a final deci- inheritance with their parents, notthem
withstanding the undeniable injustice In reviewing the resolutions adopt- and cruelty of such a destination. And ed by Parliament, and the declared in- with respect to the points on which a tentions of his Majesty's government,
more favourable decision has been the Commitice state that they see very signified, they are yet to be fulfilled, abundant cause for congratulation. and that in the face, it is to be feared, "They feel much gratified both by of many unappreciated difficulties. the admissions wbich they involve; “ Let not, therefore, the friends of and by the concurrent determination, our enslaved fellow-subjects assume which has been expressed by his Ma- that their work is accoinplished. In jesty's government and by Parliament, fact, it is only begun. We are only to proceed to the immediate redress of entering on the field of our labours. some of the existing evils, and to se- We have made, it is true, a fair and cure eventually the extinction of the hopeful commencement. The influ-, very state of slavery."
ence of the public feeling which has These congratulations, however, are been so remarkably displayed, has not unmixed with fears, as our readers effected much. But the ground we will perceive by the remainder of the have already gained may be lost; and, circular, which we subjoin, and which still more, our farther progress may we adopt as expressive of our own be delayed, or even wholly obstructed, views and feelings on this great topic. if we should reinit our efforts. No
“ The Committee deeply regret that thing which has occurred ought to the mode of proceeding by Parliamen- have the effect of relaxing, in the very tary enactment, in effecting the Colo- slightest degree, our vigilance and acnial reforms which have been recog. tivity: On the contrary, the success nised as necessary, should not have already obtained should only stimubeen preferred to that of leaving this late us to increased exertion; for whatgreat work to be carried on through ever measures, with a view to the ultithe medium of the Colonial Legisla- mate attainment of our objects, were tures. Past experience, to say the least, previously deemed necessary, may be discourages any sanguine hope of their considered as no less imperiously prompt, cordial, and efficient co-ope- called for at the present monient. ration; and the Committee, therefore, “ In this persuasion, the Committee lay their account in meeting with would particularly recommend that Associations should be formed in every "To activity, vigilance, and perpart of the United Kingdom, for the severance in this course, there are the purpose of co-operating to diffuse in- strongest motives to animate us which formation, to procure the requisite can call forth the exertions of Britons funds, and to call forth the distinct and of Christians. We have the cheerexpression of public opinion on the ing hope of being instrumental in resubject.
scuing upwards of eight hundred thou«i The Committee feel that their sand of our fellow-subjects from a cause owes much to those petitioners state of slavery which outrages every who, in the last session, addressed feeling of humanity, which violates Parliament with such prompitude and every principle of the British constieffect. They trust that the same tution, and is repugnant to the whole earnest pleadings will be renewed at spirit of the Christian religion. Anel, an early period of the next session, still more, we may indulge the hope They trust that, not only from the of contributing to deliver thein from same places which have already raised that more fatal bondage,-that yoke of their voice in the sacred cause of jus- ignorance, vice, and irreligion,-betice and humanity, but from every neath which our institutions have county and every town in the United continued so long to retain them. Kingdom, one energetic and concur- May these considerations operate on rent appeal will be made to both Houses every mird with an energy which no of the Legislature, iu behalf of our en. delay or disappointment can enfeeble, slaved fellow-subjects; praying that and which no difficulties or opposition they may be admitted, at the earliest shall be able to resist; and, with the sale and practicable period, to a parti- blessing of God upon our zealous, cipation in those civil rights and pri- united, and unintermitted efforts, we vileges, and in those moral and reli- may look forward to the not very disgious blessings, which are enjoyed by tant time when we shall be called tu other classes of his Majesty's subjects: rejoice together in the final accomand that this nation may not be per- plishment of our work of mercy." mitted to incur the farther guilt (now that our eyes are opened to the flagrant The length to which these remarks iniquity of such a course of conduct) of have extended, prevents our noticing daily augmenting the miserable vic- some other topics of domestic intetims of an unjust and inerciless policy, rest, which will bear postponing. We by subjecting the children, who may cannot, however, onit lo notice, with hereafter be born, to the same stare of gratitude to the Father of all mercies, abject and degrading bondage to which ihat the harvest, which it was feared we have been the criminal instruments "might be affected by the upgenial of reducing their progenitors.
weather, has turned out both plemi• The petitions, a list of which is ap. fuil and of good qualiiy. The poor pended to the paper from which we may therefore look forward to another quote, considerably exceeded two hun. winter of cheap bread. dred in number.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
A CONSTANT READER; W. S. ; MINIMUS ; Z.; A. C. L.; AN OCCASIONAL CORRE
SPONDENT; A FRIEND TO ORDER ; A REGULAR CHURCHMAN; David; and some communications without heading or signature, are received, and will be duly
weighed. The Correspondents who have favoured us with their remarks on Mr. Faber's view
of the Mosaic Cosmogony, will see the propriety of our postponing them till the whole of his statement (which will be concluded in our next number) is before our readers. It was not intended, in the first instance, to insert more than a general view of his argument; but, as the subject has given rise to animadversion, it seems
but fair to the author to insert the chapter entire. A. will find numerous papers scattered throughout our volumes on “ Worldly Con
formity,” and other points connected with—some of them immediately relating to
We feel much gratified with the communication of W. (of Alexandria.)
Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. and, in consequence, those sacred
ordinances of devotion which were I AM a young bachelor, and am once so affectionately cherished,
not unfrequently invited by began to be either slighted or defriends whom I highly respect, to par. graded into . mere formal observtake of their family fare, on the Sun.
Intolerant edicts soon beday. I have hitherto declined these trayed the change which had taken kind invitations; and having been place in the external aspect of Chrisinduced cursorily to collect some of tianity: zeal for conversion, instead the considerations which have oc- of springing from affection for the curred to my mind on the subject, souls of men, appeared to be mainly I send them to you in their present stimulated by the ambition of spishape. The general duty of keeping ritual dominion. Ecclesiastics, forholy the Sabbath-day I do not getful of the mild genius of the faith argue, because that is unquestion- they professed, and averse to the able: nor do my remarks always self-renunciation it imposed, quickly bear on my professed topic more yielded to a delusive influence, so than virtually; my design being flattering to the natural propensities rather to shew the duty of keeping of the corrupt heart. Riches conon the safe and conscientious side centrated in their body, it was supin all questions of this nature, than posed, would greatly forward the to exhibit the precise inconveniences welfare of the church; but no sooner and improprieties of the particular did the demon of gold find access practice which gave rise to my re- to the altar, than piety and selfmarks. These, however, are worthy denial began to forsake it. The of serious consideration, and should splendour of an imposing worship, , be duly weighed in coming to a and innumerable pious frauds, soon decision on the subject.
occupied the vacancy; whilst plauZ.
sible pretences were ever at hand ON ACCEPTING SUNDAY INVITA- to justify each successive innova
tion. The blessed Saviour had No sooner was the Christian forbidden his disciples to lay up for church sheltered from the rage of themselves treasures upon earth; its external foes, than its newly ac- but when it was found they might quired prosperity began to under- be possessed securely as concerned mine its foundations. In conse- this world, it was thought they quence of imperial favour, the num- might be hoarded safely as reber of its professed converts greatly spected another. The words of multiplied, and many unfaithful Christ were speciously explained members were speedily introduced away; the bait of the god of this within its pale. Under this new world was swallowed ; and the most aspect of the church, the consola- lamentable corruption of character tions of religion seemed, in many ensued. One precept thus broken, respects, to be less needed than in the breach of another easily folits hour of persecution and trial; lowed. The Great Head of the
church had declared, when on earth, Physician ; the soul, burdened with that they that take the sword, a sense of guilt, will still repair to shall perish by the sword :" but the Fountain opened for sin and for violence and outrage, it was inge- . uncleanness. Holiness, « without niously proved, might, with pro- which no man can see the Lord," is priety, be used in a sacred cause ; as necessary now as it was in former and Athanasians and Arians alter- times. He who “ hates not his own nately received from each other's life,” in the scriptural sense of that hands the retribution which, how- emphatic expression, will be as ever either might deserve, neither certain as in former days to lose it: had any right to inflict.
for the requirements of the Gospel Had Christians diligently em- are imperative; their spirit never ployed themselves in carrying on varies. The same readiness to part the appointed warfare against their with all for Christ, must as much own indwelling sins, instead of exist now, in every true disciple of the waging angry battle against others' Saviour, as when that Saviour himself persons and opinions; had they commanded the young man to leave meekly continued in the use of the all, and to follow Him; and Divine means ordained for the establish- grace, to prepare the mind for the ment of their own faith, rather than surrender, must be sought through in grasping the sword of persecution those very means which have been against their opponents; we had so grievously neglected by many of never had to lament those mournful the converts of modern ages. The declensions which have exposed our trials, it is true, which are now alcommon Christianity to the animad- lotted to the Christian in a period of version of unbelievers, and have outward peace, are far different, in grievously checked its propagation their kind, from those which are his throughout the world.
portion in times of persecution; but Political experience has taught perhaps they are not always so difmodern ages to guard against the ferent in their degree as is generally excesses of a spurious ardour; and imagined. The same lulling, dethe chief danger at present, in the lusive, persuasions which settle men Protestant church at least, is of on their “lees" in the hour of sequite another character. Politecurity, would probably lead to the notions of liberality have succeeded abjuring of the Christian faith, when the anathemas of intolerance; and to profess it might be fatal to their a secret contempt for ecclesiastical life or liberty or worldly interests. observances has very widely sup
The links between religious prinplanted all reliance on rites and ciple and a rigid adherence to whatceremonies ; and, in too many in- ever observances conscience dicstances, has created a neglect even tates as prescribed in Scripture or of the divinely prescribed ordinances beneficial to the Christian character of religion. "But, in the midst of are indissoluble. It is folly only these outward fluctuations, the that designates as precision what it scriptural obligations of believers is too weak to copy, or too ignorant have ever remained the same; nei- to comprehend. In the concerns of ther have any alterations of senti- religion, true wisdom is displayed ment been able to change the nature in an implicit readiness to yield to of man. Temptation still assails whatever God enjoins. Faith is the him; and Divine grace is still needed key-stone of Christianity; and it as much as in any former age. imposes obedience even where no Wherever true piety exists, a “hun- satisfactory reason may be pergering and thirsting after righteous- ceptible for our submission, exness" will still prevail. The sick, cept the supreme authority of the who are sensible of their maladies, Prescriber. It is not often, indeed, will continue to seek for the spiritual that ourCreator commands any thing that does not fully commend itself which seemed to favour their habito our understandings, feeble and tual piety, should we not predict finite as they are. His injunctions that he was the more likely to perare not only always right and rea- severe in his Christian course, amidst sonable, but we can usually discern difficulties, who appeared the most their rectitude and reasonableness. watchful; and who, in a specific But even were the case otherwise, matter, such as the mode of spend were the observance apparently a ing the Lord's day, exhibited the matter of indifference in itself, obe. most conscientious strictness ? Let dience would still be an act of wis- us suppose that the one, actuated dom and of duty. The importance not merely by the decorous habits of firmly laying down this precept of the times, but from a fear of will be evident when we reflect, that being found wanting before God in one of the first artifices of our spiri- the observance of an imperative tual enemy is to persuade men they duty, had seriously considered in may transgress the commands of what manner, in his own case, the God in small things, yet still retain Sunday might be spent most prodiscretion and self-controul suffi- fitably, and had carefully marked cient to act aright in greater mat- out his future conduct, stedfastly ters. With a no-less deceitful pur- determining never to swerve from it pose will he insinuate, that the rigid without absolute necessity. observance of the prescribed ordi- The other is attentive to the obnances of religion may occasionally servance of public worship; strenuous be dispensed with. Our own hearts in efforts of benevolence ; seldom readily second the suggestion. But misses receiving the sacrament; and He who, by his apostle Paul, com- always refuses invitations to dine mands us to pray without ceasing, from home on the Sunday, except “ knew what was in man" better where a refusal might plausibly subtlian man knows himself; and his ject him to the charge of unneceswisdom in laying down apparently sary strictness. The situations of minute rules for our conduct, and all men are not similar; and it would in suffering no discretionary devia- therefore be absurd to propose mition from his institutes, is evinced nute rules for universal adoption ; in the fact that some of the most although, it is upon minutiæ, as enormous abuses which have dis- they may be erroneously considered, graced Christendom may be traced that the very spirit of religion often back to trivial aberrations, gravely to depends. The infinite wisdom of have noticed which would have been the Redeemer was manifested in accounted fanatical and absurd. his laying down, as necessary, no
In the present state of this highly positive directions with which men blessed island, two individuals may could not comply in all their various easily be conceived as holding the conditions. He taught, that besame great doctrinal tenets, yet dif- lieving in Him, and loving Him, fering materially in their opinions were the tests of a state of spiritual concerning the right standard of safety; and the infallible evidence practice. No public events may of that faith and that love, he added, try their virtue; and their private was obedience to His Father's will lives may happen to be so unusually and devotedness to His service. This calm that no striking opportunity divine test all can judge by: no remay be afforded to either for the fined knowledge or superior capacity exhibition of more than the daily is needful in order to understand it. quièt graces of the Christian cha. His plain declarations are adapted racter. Now should each be per- for all, whether learned or illiterate; mitted to experience great reverses, whether sick or in health, rich or respects those circumstances poor; whether in captivity or