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THE
POLITICAL
ŠTA TE,

ов
Great Britain.
Volume, XXIX.

CONTAINING .

The Months of January, February, March,

April, May, and June. MDCCXXV.

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LONDON, Printed for the AUTHOR, 57252

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THE

POLITICAL STATE

FOR THE

Month of January 1724-5.

London, January 31st. 1724-5.

SIR,

T the Desire os the Author, Vol. XXIX. I shall insert here a remarkable Pamphlet lately published and intituled, A faithful Narrative of the Horrid TraGedy, lately acted at Thorn in Polisti Pruflia.iy the Contrivance, and at the lnjligationof the Jeluits: With an Account of the Generous ^uft, and Seasonable Interposition of Their Britannick and Prussian Majefties, and other Protrftant Powers, in that Affair: j4nd a serious Exhortation to Protestants of all Denbtni* nations to Unite and exert themselves again/} their Common Enirny; To which is added, a ProJpeB of the said Dismal Tragedy in a large Copper-Plate, Sic.

The said Narrative is as follows. A Fats fc/w//Narrative of the Horrid Tragedy ailed at Thorn &c.

TH E Tragedy lately acted at Thorn, in Roy,il Pr (fay by the Contrivance and at the Instigation of the DistJples of Loyola, is an Event so extiaordinary in itj

A Natu^

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Nature,and may be attended with such dangerous and dismal Consequences to the Whole Reformation, That it loudly calls on the Protestants of all Denominations, to lay aside their private trifling Disputes, and cordially to Unite and exert themselves against an Enemy, who aims at no-less than the utter Extirpation of Protestantism. With the View of Contributing what lies in my Power, to the Promoting so desirable in Union, and ta the same time to shew the Justice and Seasonablenefs of the.Generous Interposition of their Britannicl{_, PrujJiaKt Swedish, and Dani/h, Majesti es on this Occasion,I thought proper to give my Countrymen a short Narrative of that Affair, with several curious and Authentick Pieces relating thereto. t .» ■ »1 'J**HORN is one of the principal Cities of Royal Pruffia, situated on the River Vistula, between Culm and Uladijlaw, at about fix or seven Leagues Distance from either, ft was formerly one of the Haunfe Towns.'and a free Trading City,like Dantucl^ and £/ling, govern'd by its own Magistrates, till towards the Beginning of the XIV. Century, when the Knights of the Tmtonick^ Order, invaded Prujfia, and after a Struggle of above 5c Years made themselves Masters of the whole Country. Flush'd with their Conquests, they undertook a War against the Dukes of Lithuania and Kings of Veland; but as the fame could not be carried on without Oppressing their Subjects, the Principal Cities of Pruffia, particularly Dannies Blbing, and Thorn, confederated in the Year 1454, with the Nobility of the Country, for the Maintenance of their respective Rights and Privileges, for which being declared Rebels, they put themselves under the Protection of the Crown *of Poland. After several Conflicts, between the Polijh Kings and the Teutonics Knights, the latter yielded to King Cajimir, the Upper Prujfia, otherwise call'd Royas Prufjta, and made Homage to him for the Lower, or Dkcal Prujfia, os which they remain'd Masters. Albert ot" Birandenburgh Great Master of the Teutonics Order having, in the XVlth Century emKrjCfd the Reformation, was made Duke of Lover Prujfia, by the King of Poland, To whom he made Homage for if, in 1 526". His Son dying without Issue, the Ducal Prujfia, fell to the Ele^ ctors of Brandenburg, who enjoy it now in full Sove

'reignty

reignty, by Virtue of the Treary otVelau, concluded in 1657.

The Rightsand Immunities of the Cities of Dannies, Elbing, and Thorn, were confirm'd to them nor only by Charters of the Kings ot Poland, bur allo by several Treaties between that Crown, and other Potentates j particularly by the Treaty concluded in May 1660, between Sweeten and Pchnd, by the Mediation of France, at the Monastery of O/iva, near Dannies, and in which, both the Emperor and the Elector of Brandenkurgk were comprehended, and became Parties. By this Treaty the Republick of Polandrenoune'd the Claim to Livonia, but the Places that had been taken on both sides were to be restor'd, and a particular Stipulation was made in behalf of fheFree Cities in Polifi Prussia, in which rhat of Thorn, was included, as follows:

Article z.- Paragraphs. • The Towns of Polish Prttjfa,

* which during this War have been in the Emperour 'and the King of Sweden's Power, shall likewisr pre

* serve all the Rights,Liberties and Privileges, in Mat

* ters Ecclesiastical and Civil, which they had en

* joyed before this War, (in preserving the free Exer'cite of the Catholick and Protestant Religion as they 'had before the War) and his Polijb Majesty shall « have for the future, the fame Goodness he formerly

* had for them, and defend with the fame Care the 'Territories of those Towns, their Magistrates, Com

* munities, Citizens, Inhabitants and Subjects. They 1 shall likewise have Power given them to repair and 1 rebuild the publick and private Edifices ruined by

* the War. As for such Buildings as have been demo

* iished for better Defence, they shall not be obliged

* to raise them again,

The Peace of Oliva was secured and confirm'd by several other Subsequent Treaties concluded between Svieitn, and other Potentates,and of some ot which the Crown of Great Britain is one of the Guarantees: So that the said Treaty of Oliva may be look'd upon as the Main Bulwark of the Rights and Liberties of the Protestants in Poland.

The City of Thorn, amongst other valuable Privileges, had that ot chusing her own Magistrates 5 and the Generality of her Inhabitants having embraced the A i Liithem

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