An Ecclesiastical History, Ancient and Modern, from the Birth of Christ to the Beginning of the Eighteenth Century: In which the Rise, Progress, and Variations of Church Power are Considered in Their Connexion with the State of Learning and Philosophy and the Political History of Europe During that Period, Volume 1
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Acts adopted ancient apostles appears attributed authority bishop body C E N called cause celebrated CENT century certain Christ Christian church Christians church concerning consequence considerable considered CONSTANTINE controversy corrupt council death Deity disciples distinguished divine doctors doctrine Eccles ecclesiastical edit emperor empire employed entirely errors EUSEBIUS evil favour formed former gave give given gospel greatest Greeks Hence Hist holy human Italy Jesus Jews kind laws learned lived looked maintained manner matter means mentioned method mind moral nature notion observed opinions ORIGEN particular persons philosophy presbyters prince principles provinces published reason received reign religion religious render respect rites Roman Rome rule sacred sect severe soul spirit suffered superstition things tion true truth universal various virtue whole worship writers
Page 265 - They appropriated to their evangelical function the splendid ensigns of temporal majesty. A throne, surrounded with ministers, exalted above his equals the servant of the meek and humble Jesus ; and sumptuous garments dazzled the eyes and the minds of the multitude into an ignorant veneration for their arrogated authority.
Page 374 - ... and their example was followed with such rapid success, that, in a short time, the whole east was filled with a lazy set of mortals, who, abandoning all human connexions, advantages, pleasures, and concerns, wore out a languishing and miserable life, amidst the hardships of want and various kind of suffering, in order to arrive at a more close and rapturous communion with God and angels.
Page 109 - For, u, not long after Christ's ascension into heaven, several histories of his life and doctrines, full of pious frauds and fabulous wonders, were composed, by persons whose intentions, perhaps, were not bad, but whose writings discovered the greatest superstition and ignorance. Nor was this all ; productions appeared which were imposed upon the world by fraudulent men, as the writings of the holy apostles...
Page 117 - ... sacrament. But when Christianity had acquired more consistence, and churches rose to the true God and his eternal Son almost in every nation, this custom was changed for the wisest and most solid reasons. Then none were admitted to baptism but such as had been previously instructed in the principal points of Christianity, and had also given satisfactory proofs of pious dispositions and upright intentions.
Page 106 - Divine worship, attended the sick, and inspected into the circumstances and supplies of the poor. He charged, indeed, the presbyters with the performance of those duties and services which the multiplicity of his engagements rendered it impossible for him to fulfil ; but had not the power to decide or enact any thing without the consent of the presbyters and people.
Page 191 - Christ prescribed to all his disciples one and the same rule of life and manners. But certain Christian doctors, either through a desire of imitating the nations among whom they lived, or in consequence of a natural propensity to a life of austerity (which is a disease not uncommon in Syria, Egypt, and other...
Page 178 - T ii n°Pes of seeing their government restored to its ' former lustre, and their country arising out of ruins. And, accordingly, the bishops considered themselves as invested with a rank and character similar to those of the high-priest among the Jews, while the presbyters represented the priests, and the deacons the Levites.
Page 358 - A sublime genius, an uninterrupted and zealous pursuit of truth, an indifatigable application, an invincible patience, a sincere piety, and a subtle and lively wit, conspired to establish his fame upon the most lasting foundations. It is, however, certain, that the accuracy and solidity of his judgment were by no means proportionable to the eminent talents now mentioned ; and that, upon many occasions, he was more guided by the violent impulse of a warm imagination, than by the cool dictates of reason...
Page 378 - The first of these maxims was, ' that it was an act of virtue to deceive and lie, when by that means the interests of the Church might be promoted...
Page 176 - These councils, of which we find not the smallest trace before the middle of the second century, changed the whole face of the church, and gave it a new form ; for by them the ancient privileges of the people were considerably diminished, and the power and authority of the bishops greatly augmented.