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The RATH, OR BURMESE IMPERIAL STATE CARRIAGE The following description of this superb vehicle, is that the eye is chiefly struck by the fretted golden rooi, extracted from the London Every Day Book.
rising step by step from the square oblong body of the The Times, in speaking of it, remarks, that " The carriage, like an ascending pile of rich shrine-work. “It Burmese artists have produced a very formidable rival to consists of seven stages, diminishing in the most skilthat gorgeous piece of lumber, the lord mayor's coach. ful and beautiful proportions towards the top. The It is not indeed quite so heavy nor quite so glassy as carving is highly beautiful, and the whole structure is that moving monument of metropolitan magnificence; set thick with stones and gems of considerable value. but it is not inferiour to it in glitter and in gilding, and These add little to the effect when seen from below, but is far superiour in the splendour of the gems and rubies ascending the gallery of the hall, the spectator observes which adorn it. It differs from the metropolitan carriage them, relieved by the yellow ground of the gilding, and in having no seats in the interior, and no place for either sparkling beneath him like dew drops in a field of cow. sword-bearer, chaplain, or any other inferior officer. The slips. Their presence in so elevated a situation well reason of this is, that whenever the “golden monarch" serves to explain the accuracy of finish preserved pouchsafes to show himself to his subjects, who with true throughout, even in the nicest and most minute portions legitimate loyalty worship him as an emanation from the of the work. Gilt metal bells, with large heart-shaped Deity, he orders his throne to be removed into it, and sits crystal drops attached to them, surround the lower thereon, the sole object of their awe and admiration." stages of the pagoda, an when the carriage is put in
Before more minute description it may be remarked, motion, emit a soft and pleasing sound." The apex of
the roof is a pinnac.e, called the tee, elevated on a pe- to convey the natural appearance of life ; two others to destal. The tee is an emblem of royalty. It is formed correspond are perched on a bar behind. On the fore of movable belts, or coronals of gold, wherein are set part of the frame of the carriage, mounted on a silvered large amethysts of a greenish or purple colour; its sum- pedestal, in a kneeling position, is the tee-bearer, a small mit is a small banner, or vane, of crystal.
carved image with a lofty golden wand in his hands, surThe length of the carriage itself is thirteen feet seven mounted with a small tee, the emblem of sovereignty: inches; or, if taken from the extremity of the pole, he is richly dressed in green velvet, the front laced with twenty eight feet five inches. Its width is six feet nine jargoon diamonds, with a triple belt round the body, of inches, and its height to the summit of the tee, is nine- blue sapphires, emeralds, and jargoon diamonds; his teen feet two inches. The carriage body is five feet leggings are also embroidered with sapphires. In the seven inches in length by four feet six inches in width, front of his cap is a rich cluster of white sapphires enand its height, taken from the interior, is five feet eight circled with a double star of rubies and emeralds: the inches. The four wheels are of uniform height, are cap is likewise thickly studded with the carbuncle, a stone remarkable for their lightness and elegance, and the pe- little known to us, but in high estimation with the anculiar mode by which the spokes are secured, and mea- cients. Behind the carriage are two figures; their lower sure only four feet two inches : the spokes richly sil- limbs are tattooed, as is the custom with the Burmese : vered are of very hard wood, called in the east iron from their position, being on oneknee, their hands raised idood ; the felloes are cased in brass, and the caps to and open, and their eyes directed as in the act of firing, the naves elegantly designed of bell metal. The pole, they are supposed to have borne a representation of the also of iron wood, is heavy and massy ; it was destined carbine, or some sůch fire-arm weapon of defence, indito be attached to elephants, by which the vehicle was cative of protection. intended to be drawn upon all grand or state occasions. The pagoda or roof constitutes the most beautiful, and
The extremity of the pole is surmounted by the is, in short, the only imposing ornament or the carriage. head and fore part of a dragon, a figure of idolatrous The gilding is resplendent, and the design and carving worship in the east ; this ornament is boldly executed, of the rich borders which adorn each stage are no less and richly gilt and ornamented, the scales being com- admirable. These borders are studdedwith amethysts, posed of a curiously coloured talc. The other parts of emeralds, jargoon diamonds, garnets, hyacinths, rubies, the carriage are the wood of the oriental sassafras tree, tourmalines, and other which combines strength with lightness, and emits a precious gems, drops grateful odour; and being hard and elastic, is easily of amber and crystal worked, and peculiarly fitted for carving. The body of being also interspersed. the carriage is composed of twelve panels, three on From every angle aseach face or front, and these are subdivided into small cends a light spiral squares, of the clear and nearly transparent horn of the gilt ornament, enriched rhinoceros and buffalo, and other animals of eastern with crystals and emeidolatry. These squares are set in broad gilt frames, ralds. tudded at every angle with raised silvered glass mir This pagoda roofing, ors : the higher part of these panels has a range of rich as well as that of the s nall looking-glasses, intended to reflect the gilding of great imperial palace, the upper, or pagoda stages.
and of the state warThe whole body is set in or supported by four wrea- boat or barge, bears an ned dragon-like figures, fantastically entwined to answer exact similitude to the ne purposes of pillars to the pagoda roof, and carved chief sacred temple at and ornamented in a style of vigour and correctness, that Shoemadro. would do credit to a European design : the scaly or body This carriage was part is of talc, and the eyes of pale ruby stones. The taken, with the workinterior roof is latticed with small looking-glasses stud- men who built it, and ded with mirrors as on the outside panels.
all their accounts.The upper part of each face of the body is composed of From these it appeared wash glasses, set in gilt-frames, to draw up and let down that it had been three after the European fashion, but without case or lining years in building, that to protect the glass from fracture when down; the catches the gems were supplito secure them when up, are simple and curious, and the ed from the king's trea
WMV strings of these glasses are woven crimson cotton. On sury, or by contribution the frames of the glasses is much writing in the Burmese from the various states, character, but the language being utterly unknown in and that the workmen this country, cannot be deciphered; it is supposed to be were remunerated by adulatory sentences to the "golden monarch” seated the government. Indewithin.
pendent of these items, - The body is staid by braces of leather; the springs, the expenses were sta which are of iron, richly gilt, differ not from the present ted in the accounts to fashionable C spring, and allow the carriage an easy and have been twenty-five agreeable motion. The steps merely book on to the thousand rupees, (three outside: it is presumed they were destined to be carried thousand one hundred by an attendant; they are light, and elegantly formed of & twenty five pounds.) gilt metal, with cane threads.
The stones are not less The Burmese are yet ignorant of that useful formation in number than twenty of the fore part of the carriage which enables those of thousand, which in reEuropean manufacture to be turned and directed with puted value at Tavoy, such facility: the fore part of that now under descrip- were a lac of rupees, tion, does not admit of a lateral movement of more than twelve thousand five four inches; it therefore requires a very extended space hundred pounds. in order to bring it completely round.
It was captured in On a gilt bar before the front of the body, with their the month of Septemheads towards the carriage, stand two Japanese peacocks, ber, 1825, at Tavoy, a bird which is held sacred by this superstitious people; a sea-port in the Bur ENLARCED VIEW OF THE TEE, their figure and plumage are so perfectly represented, as mese empire.
much annoyed the trade of the people of Foota Jallo with the sea-coast. After a successful cainpaign, Prince, on his return was taken prisoner by the Hebohs, who surprised him and his party in ambush. He was sold to the Mandingos, and they, in turn, sold him to a slaveship, at the mouth of the Gambia. Thence he was carried to Dominique, and thence to Natchez, where he was sold to his late master, Colonel Foster.
About sixteen or eighteen years after this transaction, as Prince was selling sweet potatoes in Washington, a neighbouring town, he was met and recognized by his old acquaintance and inmate at Teembo, Dr. Cox. In the fulness of his gratitude, the doctor went to Col. Foster, and offered him one thousand dollars as the ransom of his slave; but the colonel valued him so highly for the salutary influence he exerted over his other slaves, and at the same time doubted so much whether Prince's fortunes would be bettered by emancipation, that he rejected these proposals. Such interest, however, was made in his behalf subsequently, and especially by a son of Dr. Cox, (who had meanwhile deceased,) that in the spring of 1828 Prince received his freedom gratuitously at the hands of his master. The citizens of Natchez also contributed two hundred dollars for the liberation of his wife, a slave on the same plantation, and this accordingly was accomplished. Prince was now about sixty-six years of age, (having been born in 1760,) and had passed about forty years in bondage.
[To be concluded in our next.] (Fac simile of the Moorish Prince's writing.)
In our last, we considered language under its earlier
and primary developments. Natural language, common ABDUAL RAHHAHMAN.
to man and beast, and in some degree to every thing that This interesting individual, commonly called the has life, may be regarded as the simplest mode of natu“Moorish Prince," was a native of the celebrated city of ral sounds. Next in order ranks the language of intelliTimbuctoo, in Central Africa, of which city and the pro- gence, which we have briefly considered under the devince connected with it, bis grandfather was king. Ab- nomination of oral language. The third classification duhl's father, when a young man, was sent to conquer includes written language, of which something like a the Soosoos, a nation' living at the distance of some connected history may be given, because it is capable of twelve hnndred miles. He succeeded, established a furnishing its own memorials. The vast and incalculnew kingdom called Foota Jallo, (the same with which the able sum of spoken words which were uttered and heard, Liberians have had some intercourse,) and founded its and which had their effect, before the inhabitants of the capital, Teembo, now known to travellers as one of the youthful earth knew the art of committing their thoughts largest cities on the continent. He went back and forth to the tablet, the papyrus, or the parchment, to be read several times, from Teembo to Timbuctoo, from which by the future,-are all lost to mankind. They are as if they place he finally removed his family, Prince being then had never been spoken. But where letters have interabout five years of age, to his newly acquired territory. posed their aid, “thoughts that breathe and words that At twelve years of age, Prince was sent to Timbuctoo, to burn" have become permanent and fixed for the contemobtain an education, being the rightful heir to the throne, plation of all future generations of men. in preference to an elder brother, whose mother was a There is a strong principle in mankind to connect Soosoo, while Prince's was a Moor. While at Tim- their names or actions with the future. They would not buctoo, his grandfather, very far advanced in life, re- die and be forgotten, like the beast that leaves no mesigned his throne to his son, an uncle of the Prince. morial save a track on the sand, which rain and wind The family were all Mahometans.
shall soon obliterate. This is, indeed, a glorious, an When Prince was nineteen years of age, Dr. Cox, an aspiring principle-a principle which is strongly characAmerican citizen, surgeon on board a ship, arrived at teristic of man, and illustrates his superiority over the Sierra Leone. Having gone a hunting in the interior, brute. and getting lost in the woods, he found, on his return to The first demonstrations of this principle were probably the coast, that his ship had sailed. He undertook an extremely simple. A wandering man would mark the excursion into the country, and becoming lame and sick. fact of his journeying, by engraving the figure of an ararrived, at length, within the territory of Foota Jallo. row on a stone, or in the bark of a tree, which would also be Being the first white man ever seen by the inhabitants, an index to the direction in which he travelled. The fact he was carried, as a great curiosity, to the king, Prince's that he intended to return might be indicated by a refather, at Teembo, who entertained him for six months versed arrow, to which the representation of one or two with the greatest hospitality. During this time, he was or more moons might be affixed, to denote the expected an inmate at Prince's house, adjoining that of his father. term of his absence. The date of the transaction might Restored to perfect health, he was sent by the king, with be indicated by some figure which should represent the gold, ivory, clothes, and an escort of armed' men to pro- season, whether of flowers, or the usual time in which tect him, to Sierra Leone, where, providentially, his ship particular birds or beasts were wont to appear. Pictorial had returned, and he came back in it in safety to this or graphic writing was evidently the earliest literature, as country.
it could be read without an alphabet. For instance, a Seven years afterwards, Prince, being a Colonel in his person who was desirous to record for the inspection of father's cavalry, was sent, with a party of seventeen hun posterity the character of a warrior or chief of renown, dred men, to retaliate upon the Hebohs, who had very had only to picture, on some medium or other, the
the figure of a man, distinguished by the sign of his tribe or family, which was after that of a bird or an animal. This would identify the individual in some degree. Then the natural progress of the historian would be, to depict his qualities in the same pictorial series. If courage was a remarkable trait in his character, it might have been designated by the figure of a lion or any other brave beast-and thus, from this wide stock of symbolic inaterials, quite a connected story could be depictedincluding battle scenes and other enterprises of moment to the welfare of mankind. This was pictorial writing. It gave a few glaring ideas to the mind of qualities and actions ; yet it had no power as a medium of argument, reasoning, or the expression of abstract principles.
It was the error of two thousand years, to have classed the Egyptian hieroglyphics in this species of writing ; but thus read, they could not be understood—they had no palpable and connected meaning; and quite up to the present generation, they were considered as either unmeaning figures, or characters of a dark and hidden import, that must forever be as mute as the grim forms ihat wrote them and seemingly guarded them in the dusky catacombs.
The question—What was the first written language ? is one on which much has been said and written. It opens a fair field of investigation to which we will approach, aided by all the light shed over the subject from the most remote history, as well as modern researches.
It is a mournful sight gaze upon the scenery where mighty nations once lived, and enacted their deeds of magnificence and glory. The brown and dusty hills of Palestine, the far-reaching, sterile plains of ancient Phænicia, and the sea-shore on which the waves of the ancient Tyrrhene now beat in lonely murmurs,—tell no tale of departed empire. Desolation has gnawed away the columns of the “queen of cities." The site of Babylon is even now conjectural. Nineveh is a mighty shadean echo coming down to us from a far off age. The rocks and scattered bricks of those vast piles of human power that once heaved up their summits and battlements towards heaven, contain few inscriptions. T written language of that once powerful land is now its only memorials.
The earliest Phænician historian whose writings are preserved in the extracts found in later historians, is Sanchoniatho-a contemporary of Solomon, the third king of Judah. His works are dedicated to the father of that king of Tyre who assisted Solomon in the erection of the first temple. The works of this writer, however, as we shall hereafter show, are not the earliest productions of written language besides the writings of Moses of whose existence we have conclusive proof. F.
Genius WAKING. SLUMBER's heavy chain hath bound thee
Where is now thy fire ?
Shall they hover higher ?
From inglorions dreams?
With his burning beams!
In the midway air;
Thou didst upward bear.
From the Olympian throne.
Thou wert there alone,
Glitter with eternal snows,
Where no fountain flows-
When the surging storm
We beheld thy form.
Flowed around thy plumes,
Lights a cavern's glooms!
Like a shape of light,
Thou wert dazzling bright.
Downward thou didst rush,
But the tenipest's gush.
'Thou didst pierce the cloud,
Fearfully and loud.
After higher things?
On their airy wings?
Upward to their bliss ?
From a heaven like this.
Hangs thy ruffled wing;
Or a feebler thing.
Thy imperial flight?
Where thy spirit's light?
Closer to his side,
Ocean's hurrying tide.
Wide his burning eye-
And his aim-how high!
Now is stretched for fight-
And their flash-how bright!
Through the rock and storm,
Flits his glancing form.
Thou hast reached thy heaven-
Of the glory given.
Ou thy starry road,
Mightier ever trode.
EXPLANATION OF WORDS, PHRASES, &c. A CAUSA PERSA, PAROLE ASSAI. Italian. “When the cause is lost, there is enough of words;" that is, Let a thing go, after it is decided.
ACCEDAS AD CURIAM. Lat. (Law terms.) “ You may approach the court.” It is used as the name of a writ by which proceedings may be removed from an inferiour to a superiour court. ACCEPTISSIMA SEMPER
MUNERA SUNT, AUCTOR QUÆ PRETIOSA FECIT. Lat. from Ovid. “ Those gifts are ever the most acceptable which the giver has made precious;" that is, The value of a present is enhanced, in proportion to our estimation of the donor.
ACCUSARE NEMO SE DEBET, NISI CORAM Deo. Lat. (Law maxim.) “Nobody is bound to accuse himself, unless it be before God;" that is, No one is under obligation to be a legal witness against himself.
ACCERIMA PROXIMORUM ODIA. Lat. from Tacitus. "The quarrels of relatives are the most violent." By a very natural transition, it may be applied to civil war.
Ac Etiam. Lat. (Law phrase.) “ And also;" a clause added to a complaini of trespass, which adds " and also" a plea of debt.
The master-piece of knowledge is to know
Brave minds, opprest, should, in despighit of fute, Look greatest, like the sunc, in lowest state.-ld
The following resolutions were passed by the American LyceOur youth is like the dream of the hunter on the hill um at their Anniversary recently held in this city. of heath. He sleeps in the mild beams of the sun; he
The Committee are convinced from personal observation, as well awakes amidst a storm; the red lightning flies around; that the combination of manual labour with study is a means not
as from the facts presented to the Lyceum at its present meeting. trees shake their heads to the wind! He looks back with only of promoting health, and securing vigor of constitution, but joy on the day of the sun, and the pleasant dreams of also of rendering intellectual efforts more easy and energetic, and his rest! When shall Ossian's youth return? When of regulating the passions both of body and mind. his ear delight in the sound of arms ? When shall I, the following resolutions :
They would therefore propose for the adoption of the Lyceum like Oscar, travel in the light of my steel? Come, with Resolved, in the opinion of this Lyceum, 1. That no system your streams, ya bills of Cona! listen to the voice of of education is complete which does not provide for the vigor of Ossian. The song rises, like the sun, in my soul. I the body, as well as the cultivation of the mind, and the purity of feel the joys of other times!
2. That the combination of manual labour with study is not only I behold thy towers, O Selma! the oaks of thy shaded important, as the means of promoting health, but that it is also calwall; thy stream sounds in my ear; thy heroes gather culated to invigorate the mind for intellectual labour, and to aid in around. Fingal sits in the midst. He leans on the regulating the feelings and restraining the passions of youth, which shield of Trenmor: his spear stands against the wall ;
are so often excited by a sedentary life.
3. That the acquisition of some mechanical employment in early he listens to the song of his bards. The deeds of his life is desirable to every individual, as a means of relaxation and arm are heard; the actions of the king in his youth! health, as a resource in case of difficulty, and especially as a means Oscar had returned from the chase, and heard the hero's of rendering labour respectable in the eyes of all, and of promoting praise. He took the shield of Branno from the wall; mutual regard and sympathy between ihe different portions of sohis eyes were filled with tears. Red was the cheek of ciety in a republican government.
4. That in view of these facts, the Lyceum earnestly recomyouth. His voice was trembling, low. My spear shook mend to parents to secure the benefit of manual labour to their its bright head in his hand: he spoke to Morven's king. children from the earliest period practicable, as a part of domestic
5. That the introduction of manual labour in those institutions
for education in which children are separated from their parents, INDIAN METHOD OF DRIVING AWAY THE CHOLERA would be of essential benefit to the wealthy in promoting health MORBUS.
and improvement, and to the indigent in enabling them to procure It was only during our last journey through Boondi, regard the establishment of such schools, as an important and de
an education at an expense greatly reduced—and that the Lyceum that I was amused with my friend's expedient to keep sirable branch of a system of national education for our country. death out of the capital, as likewise with the old Regent's mode of getting rid.of this most unwelcome visitor in
ITEMS OF News. Kotah. Having assembled the brahmins, astrologers, The popularity of the present British Ministry appears to be on and those versed in incantations, a grand rite was got up, the wane. They seem to please neither the Tories nor the Radisacrifice made, and a solemn decree of desvatto, or ba-cals, being too liberal for the former and not sufficiently so for the nishment, was pronounced against murri (the cholera.)
Some disturbance had taken place in Ireland, in consequence of Accordingly, an equipage was prepared for her, decorated the Coercion Bill, which O'Connell, the great Irish Agitator, denowith funeral emblems, painted black, and drawn by a minates the Algerine Bill. Disturbances have likewise occurred double team of black oxen; bags of grain, also black, at Frankfort and several other places in Germany, in consequence were put into the vehicle, that the lady might not go ted by some of the Germanic Sovereigns.
of the edicts issued by the Germanic Diet, and the measures adopforth without food, and, driven by a man in sable vestments, followed by the yells of the populace, Murri was
The prospects of Don Pedro seemed more favourable. deported across the Chumbul, with the commands of the vention of the Allied Powers.
Peace appeared about to dawn on the East, through the interpriests that she should never set foot again in Kotah. When my friend heard of the cholera's expulsion from has been manifested on the occasion, by the firing of
The cholera has entirely subsided at Matanzas, and great joy
guns, illumiKotah, and that she was supposed to be on the road to nations, &c. This scourge of the human race seems to be wendBoondi, he called all the wise men of this city to provide ing its dark and mysterious way back upon us again. It has means to keep her from entering therein. To this end, unless we make haste to cleanse this city, we may expect soon to all the waters of the sacred Ganges at hand were in re
see it raging here. Indeed, we doubt whether it has ever entirely quisition, an earthen vessel was placed over the southern left us since its appearance last summer. portal from which the sacred water was continually drip Immense damage has been occasioned at the West by the reping, and against which no evil could prevail. Whether cent flood. The canal has in some places been so injured as to my friend's supply of the holy water failed, or Murri interrupt navigation. The Mohawk was never before known to disregarded such opposition, she reached his palace— have risen to such a height. The freshet appears to have extended and he himself fell her victim.-Colonel Tod's Annals sylvania.
over a large tract of country. We hear of much damage in Pennof Rajasthan.
ONE HUNDRED AGENTS
Could be advantageously employed in different sections of the Calmuck women ride better than the men. A male Union, in obtaining subscribers for the Magazine. It is not of Calmuck on horseback looks as if he was intoxicated, hence subscribers may as well be obtained in one part of the coun
a local character, but is calculated for general circulation; and and likely to fall off every instant, though he never loses try as another. Good encouragement will be given to agents; his seat; but the women sit with more ease, and ride and a number to the amount of one hundred at least, could be furwith extraordinary skill. The ceremony of marriage nished by us with profitable employment. among the Calmucks is performed on horseback. A
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