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ing to it there is a staircase, which twists round the body | all constitute one species, derived from one common of the tree. At certain seasons of the year, divine service is performed in this chapel.
It is worthy of observation, that those who find an inThe summit has been broken off many years, but superable obstacle in the way of their admission of manthere is a surface at the top of the trunk, of the diam- kind to be all of one descent, find none at all in tracing a eter of a very large tree, and from it rises a pointed roof, gradation between man and beast-between beast and covered with slates, in the form of a steeple, which is vegetable-between vegetable and mineral—in fine, besurmounted with an iron cross, that raises itself, in a tween a man and a stone! No difficulty in the way at truly picturesque manner, from the middle of the leaves, all! The gradation is palpable! There are mongrel like an antique hermitage, above the surrounding wood. links to this chain in very great abundance! Semi-man
The cracks which occur in various parts of the tree, semi-beast, semi-beast-semi-vegetable, and semi-vegeare, like the fracture whence the steeple springs, closely table-semi-mineral non-descripts, are to be found by the covered with slates, which, by replacing the bark, doubt wholesale. Ledges and ditches and hedges and barriers less contribute to its preservation. Over the entrance are leapt with the greatest facility; and not only are all to the chapel an inscription appears, which informs us men, but all things, recognised as one. Mountains bethat it was erected by the Abbé du Détroit, curate of Al- come mole hills in the twinkling of an eye, and ordinary lonville, in the year 1696 ; and over the door of the upper difficulties totally disappear. A few vertebræ more or room is another, dedicating it “To our Lady of Peace.” less, an extra pouch connected with the larynx, or hands
The oak is a tree which grows but slowly: in its instead of feet, constitute no obstacle at all to the adyouth, and to about forty years of age, it increases the mission of the orang and pongo into the human family,
After this period, it becomes less rapid in its in the estimation of those who deem a thick lip or a growth, and abates progressively. According to M. Bosc, tawny skin a demonstration, that the one possesing it an oak of a hundred years old is not commonly more cannot be a man! To exhibit fully the marvellous faith than a foot in diameter. It is well-known, however, which some of those individuals possess, and to shew from the spreading forth of the boughs, how much the that they are of all men the least deserving of the name growth depends upon the soil. If the calculation given of Sceptics-in some respects to say the least—we will by M. Bosc seems too small for the first century of the make a brief extract from Good's Book of Nature, with life of an oak, it becomes, on the contrary, too great, if which we will close at the present time. applied to the centuries which follow, on account of “ The Mosaic statement," (that the whole human race the gradual wakening vegetative powers, the natural originated from one source,) “ has met with two distinct effect of age.
classes of opponents. The one has regarded this stateFollowing this clue, the Oak of Allonville, giving in ment as altogether untrue, and never intended to be bethe middle portion of its trunk a diameter of more than lieved; as a mere allegory or fiction; the other has raeight feet, must, according to this computation, be above ther complained that the statement is inexplicit, than that eight hundred years of age; even supposing, (which is it is untrue. At the head of the former class stand the by no means allowable,) that it has always continued names of some of the first natural historians and schoincreasing a foot in a century. Certainly, this tree, the lars of modern times, as Linnæus, Buffon, Helvetius, summit of which was majestically reared toward the Monboddo, and Darwin. And from whom do these phiclouds of old, and which has been shortened and con- losophers, thus departing from the whole letter and spitracted on every side, cannot for ages have grown in rit of the Mosaic history, pretend to derive the race of such proportion. One cannot but think, that its in- man? The four former from the race of monkeys; and crease has been scarcely perceived for the hundred and the last, to complete the absurdity, from the race of twenty-five years since it has been converted into a oysters; for Dr. Darwin seriously conjectures, that as chapel, by the happy thought of M. l'Abbé du Détroit. aquatic animals appear to have been produced before One must not then give to the tree of Allonville less terrestrial, and every living substance to have originated than 800 or 900 summers. Perhaps in its youth it from a form or nucleus exquisitely simple and minure, lent its shade to the companions of William the Con- and to have been perpetually developing and expanding queror, when they assembled to invade the British its powers, and progressively advancing towards perfecshore. Perhaps the Norman troubadour, on his return tion, man himself must have been of the aquatic order from the first crusade, there often sang to his admiring on his first creation : at that time, indeed, imperceptible fellow countrymen the exploits of Godfrey and of from his exility, but in process of years, or rather of Raymond.
ages, acquiring a visible or oyster-like form, with little At the period when every thing belonging to religion gills, instead of lungs, and, like the oyster, produced was condemned, the Revolutionists, having come to Al- spontaneously, without distinction into sexes; that, as lonville to burn the oak, were vigorously opposed by the reproduction is always favourable to improvement, the country people, and the sanctuary was preserved. aquatic or oyster mannikin, by being progressively ac
Saturday Magazine. customed to seek its food on the nascent shores or edges
of the primæval ocean, must have grown, after a revolu
tion of countless generations, first into an amphibious, NATURAL HISTORY.
and then into a terrestrial animal; and, in like manner,
from being without sex, first also into an androgynous We will now resume the subject of natural history, form, and thence into distinct male and female. after a suspension of two weeks, rendered necessary by • It is not necessary to notice this dream of a poetising press of other matter.
philosopher, which had also becn dreamed of long before In our brief survey of man thus far, we have found his own day, any further than to remark, that it is in every five distinct classes, differing from one another in some respect inferior to the opinion of two of the most celeleading particulars, yet not in so great a degree as to brated schools of ancient Greece, the Epicurcan and the preclude the idea of their belonging to one race. We Stoic, who, though they disagreed on almost every other have seen a connection, a gradation, a blending between point, concurred in their dogma concerning the origin these different classes, insomuch that it has been not a of man, and believed him to have sprung, equally with little difficult to draw the line, and to define precisely plants and animals of every kind, from the tender soil of where one class terminated, and another began. For the new-formed earth, at that time infinitely more powthough we have observed a marked difference between erful and prolific; produced in myriads of little wombs, the central points (so to speak) of each portion or class, that rose like mole-hills over the surface of the ground, yet have we likewise seen, that the extremes meet; which and were afterwards transformed, for his nourishment, has forced upon us the conclusion, that there is no ra- into myriads of glandular and milky bulbs, so as to forın dical differen between these different classes, but that a marvellous substitute for the human breast.
In the correct and elegant description of Lucretius,- Grecian or Roman philosophers, except that which supTerra cibum pueris, vestem vapor, herba cubile
posed mankind to have been propagated by eternal gePræbebat, multa et molli lanugine abundans.
neration, and of course the universe, like himself, to be Earth fed the nursling, the warm ether clothed,
eternal and self-existent: compared with which, an And the soft downy grass his couch composed.
origin from the dust of the earth, even after the manAnd frivolous as such a thcory may appear in the present per of vegetables, is incomparably less monstrous and Jay, it was the only one which was current among the absurd.”
THE CHAMPION OF ENGLAND.
known Prince as a slave from ten to twenty-five years. The custom so rife in feudal times among chivalrous They testified, that he had uniformly sustained the chanations, of deciding disputed rights by an appeal to arms, racter of a moral man; that he was “ remarkable for his has given origin to the title of this officer, who only strict integrity; harmless, faithful, and inoffensive in his appears before the public in his official capacity on the conduct; courteous in his behaviour, and friendly to all; days of the coronations of the sovereigns of England. and that he had borne his state of servitude with a fortiWhile the king is at dinner, this officer rides proudly into tude and patience more becoming a Christian than a Westminster Hall, armed cap-a-pie in heavy armor of Pagan, being generally respected by a large and respecantique form, mounted on a horse gorgeously caparisoned, table circle of acquaintance.” He became a member and thro's down his gauntlet by way of challenge, pro- of a Baptist church in Natchez, the year previous to his claiming by a herald-That if any man, shall deny or manumission. Mr. Gurley, who had repeated interviews gainsay the King's title to the crown, he is ready to with him at Washington, and who, in the fourth volume defend it in single combat.” When this is done, the cus of the Repository, has given his story in his own language, tom is for the King to drink his health, and send him a speaks in high terms of his intelligent conversation, and of golden cup full of wine, which the champion drinks, re the prepossessing and modest dignity of his manners taining the cup as his fee.
His person was finely formed; his height about six feet. This office was instituted quite early in English history: Prince met in this city with an African from Sierra Leit was committed to the Dymocke family at the corona one, (which is between one and two hundred miles distion of Richard II, and has continued in it ever since. tant from Foota Jallo,) who told him that his brother, A manor in Lincolnshire is held in perpetuity by this the king of that country, was dead, and that the Prince's family, on the consideration that the lord thereof shall be nephew had succeeded to the government. But this, the Champion of the King.
we believe, proved to be a mistake; and it seems probaThe coronations of the sovereigns of England are ble that the brother continues to this time upon the throne celebrated with great magnificence, and a rigid obser- which, since the father's disease, of right belonged to vance of the ancient feudal rites and the due forms of the unfortunate exile and slave, the elder son. Prince heraldry. George Naylor, the Garter King-at-arms on however, had no longing for royal power. He wished the coronation of George the Fourth, wrote a magnifi- only to be enabled, as Mungo Park says the African in cent book of 400 pages, containing 70 engravings de- all countries always wishes, to behold again the smoke scriptive of the ceremonies on that occasion. The price of his native village, and again to quaff of the book was twenty-five guineas a copy. F.
The palm's rich nectar, and lie down at eve
And walk-to wander and to weep no more-
On Congo's mountain coast, or Gambia's golden shore.
But Prince was destined to disappointment, after all ; His character was exemplary in a high degree. When and so were his numerous warm-hearted friends, (memhe visited Washington, New York, Boston, and other of bers of the Colonization Society and others.) who fondly the Atlantic cities, soon after his emancipation, he had indulged themselves in the anticipation of great good with him recommendatory letters from Mr. Clay, and which might arise from his return to the land of his other distinguished gentlemen who had become interes- kindred. He embarked with his wife on board the Harted in his story, together with a large number of certifi- riet, which left Hampton Roads in January, 1829, with cates from respectable citizens of Mississippi, who had one hundred and sixty emigrants for Liberia. Six months
afterwards, Mr. Gurley received the following note from to its merits; for indiscriminate praise makes one's commenda. him:
tions of little value. MONROVIA, May 4, 1829.
The Family Physician is a monthly periodical, published at Rev. Sir: I am happy to inform you that I arrived safely in No. 6, Courtlandt street, at $1,25 per annum. We think it calcuAfrica, with my wife, and found the people generally in good health. I lated to be eminently useful; and it is certainly very interesting. You will please inform all my friends that I am in the land of my
Its object is not so much to make people their own physicians, forefathers, and that I shall expect my friends in America to use
as to give them those general ideas of diseases, medicines, pretheir influence to get my children for me, and I shall be happy if
ventives, &c. which will guard them against the quackery of they succeed. You will please inform my children, by letter, of my empiries, and give them the proper confidence in the prescriptions arrival in the Colony.
of the medical fraternity who understand their calling. It is well As soon as the rains are over, if God be with me, I shall try to
sustained in point of talent, and, as far as we can judge, in point bring my countrymen to the Colony, and to open the trade. I have
of medical knowledge. On the whole, we consider it among the found one of my friends iu the Colony. He tells me we can reach
most valuable periodicals of the times.
THE CARPENTERS' TURN OUT.
ABDUL RAHHAHMAN. work above mentioned, with a view to a notice of it in the MagaThis note was received in July, but probably not be- zine, our attention was arrested by the movement of a procession fore the writer of it was no more among the living. He directly by the door of our office. On inquiry, we ascertained it died of a trifling but neglected disorder, on the 6th of had struck for higher wages--twelve and a half cents more a day that month, not less to the regret of the colonists, who-having heretofore received but one dollar and thirty-seven and a had become much attached to him, than of all who had half cents. The procession extended to a great length. We were known him in this country, and respected and loved him informed by one of the individuals composing it
, that it consisted even in the capacity of his bondage.
of twelve hundred and fifty men. They walked two by two, and
had for their banners the flag of the United States. They made Honour to the memory of Abduhl, and peace to his
an imposing appearance, both as to nunber and respectability. ashes. He was a barbarian, and a slave; but, in his honesty and humanity, the “noblest work of God.” He
ARTIFICIAL Eyes. was man's victim, but nature's nobleman.
We have seen a specimen of the skill of Dr. I. Francis of this The Colonizationist.
city, in the insertion of an artificial eye in a socket formerly occu
pied by a real one. The initation of the natural eye was so POETRY
good, that we should not have suspected the individual had ever been deprived of an eye, had we not been informed of the fact.
Any one who has been so unfortunate as to be disfigured by the NAPOLEON AT REST.
loss of an eye, would find it well worth his while to apply to Dr. His falchion waved along the Nile,
F. by whom he could be restored to every thing but sight. His
office is at No. 7 Chambers st. near Chatham.
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We shall adhere to them to of 16,000 feet, or three miles. At this height, the cold was intense, the very letter. Experience has taught ns their necessity. The He was absent from the earth upwards of an hour and a half, and credit system is the bane, the ruin of periodicals. Prompt pay. finally alighted in Westchester Co. 11 miles from our City Hall. ment is absolutely indispensable to their prosperity, nay, to their
John Randolph, the eccentric man, the distinguished orator, the very existence. Scattered as is their patronage over a wide extent wondrous genius, sleeps in death. He departed this life at Phila- of country, their proprietors, for the want of promptitude on the delphia on Friday of last week, aged 59 years, 11 months, and 21 part of their subscribers, are compelled to resort to loans, and to days. It is stated that Randolph, the assailant of the President, has And not unfrequently are they forced to wind up their concerns
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tant to be jeoparded thus; and we shall the recove require payment Family Physician,
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WEEKLY ABSTRACT OF GENERAL KNOWLEDGE.
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JUNE 8, 1833.
heroes that reigned in Egypt before him, were, as MaThe history of the human race before the flood, is netho rightly conjectures, antediluvians; and we have to at the most but very, brief. We wish, therefore, in order inquire how their reigns took up two hundred and sevento render it as interesting to the reader as possible, to
teen, and four hundred and forty-three, in all six hundred ke the most of the scanty materials in our possession
and sixty years. relative to that period. We trust we shall on this ac
“It was a usual and customary thing, for the ancient count be excused for lingering a little, and dilating on the origin of things, and the creation of the world.
writers to begin their antiquities with some account of this remote portion of time. Searching the records of antiquity, we find diverse Phænician history began in the same manner; and it ap:
Moses did so in his book of Genesis; Sanchoniatho's additional light on that obscure and ancient period. pears from Diodorus that the Egyptian antiquities did Moses is not the only writer who treats of antediluvian the origin of things, and the nature of the gods ; then
so too. Their accounts began with speculations about history, as some perhaps may suppose; and extravagant as they seem to consider him, he is moderation itself follows an account of their demi-gods and terrestrial compared with some others. Berosus, the Chaldean deities ; after them come their heroes, or first rank of historian, for instance, computes the lives of the Aute- men; and last of all their kings. Now if their kings diluvians by a term of years called sarus. Each sarus
began from the Flood; if their heroes and demi-gods was six hundred and three years; and he
reached up to the beginning of the world; then the ac
supposes some of them lived ten, twelve, thirteen, and even eigh- count they give of the reigns of gods before these, can teen sari, or ten thousand, eight hundred, and fifty-four be only their theological speculations put into such order years. He says there were ten kings of Chaldca before
as they thought inost truly philosophical. The subthe flood, viz. Alorus, Alasporus, Amelon, Amenon, stance of what they offer is, that the supreme God is Metalarus, Doarus, Aedorachus, Amphis, Oliartes, and eternal, to his reign they assign no time; that the sun, Xisuthrus. Sanchoniatho, the Phænician historian, moon, and stars ran their courses thousands of years says, that the first mortals were Protogonus and Æon before man was upon the Earth; into this notion they that by these were begotten Genus and Genea; the chil
were led by their astronomy; that Egypt was peopled dren of these were Phos, Pur, and Phlox; and of these six hundred and sixty years before the Flood; and very were begotten Cassius, Libanus, Antilibanus, and Brathys. probably it might not be peopled sooner, considering that Memrumus and Hypsuranius were descended from these; mankind began in Chaldea, and that first the plantation and their children were Agreus and Halieus; and of
went eastward with Cain, and that Seth and his family these were begotten two brothers, one of them named settled near home. Amongst these first inhabitants of Chrysor and Hæphæstus; the name of the other is lost. Egypt, there were eight demi-gods, and fiften heroes, i.e. From this generation came two brothers, Technites and
three and twenty persons illustrious and eminent in their Autochthon, and of them were begotten Agrus and Ag Moses called Mizraim, and after Mizraim, a succession
generations. After the Flood reigned Menes, whom rotes; Amyous and Magus were their children, and Misor and Sydec were descended of Amynus and Magus.
of kings down to Nectanebus. The son of Misor was Taautus or Tyoth. This is the
• Manetho wrote his history by order of Ptolomy PhiPhænician genealogy of the first ages of the world, and ladelphus, some time after the Septuagint translation it requires no great pains to show how far it agrees with was made. When the Hebrew antiquities were publishthe accounts of Moses. The first mortals mentioned by ed to the world, the Egyptians grew jealous of the honour Sanchoniatho, and called Protogonus and Æon, were
of their nation, and were willing to show that they could updoubtedly Adam and Eve; and his Misor, the father trace up their memoirs even higher than Moses could of Taautus, is evidently the Mizraim of Moses. From carry those of the Israelites; for this end Manetho made Protogonus to Misor, Sanchoniatho computes eleven his collection ; it was his design to make the Egyptian generations, and froin Adam to Mizraim, Moses makes antiquities reach as far backwards as he could, and twelve; so that Sanchoniatho falls short of Moses only therefore as many kings' names as he could find in their one generation, and this, we conceive, bappened by his records, so many successive monarchs he determined not having recorded the Flood.
them to have had; not considering that Egypt was at "The Egyptian dynasties are, by all that have treated first divided into three, and afterwards into four soveof them, allowed to give an account, first of their gods; reignties for some time, so that three or four of his kings secondly, of their demi-gods and heroes; thirdly of their many times reigned together. When he got up to Mekings; and in this order the historians agree to treat of nes, then he set down the names of such persons as had the Egyptian antiquities. The substance of the Egyp- been famous before the times of this their first king; tian accounts is, that there were thirty dynasties in Egypt, and then, it being a point of his religion that their gods consisting of one hundred and thirteen generations, and bad reigned on Earth, and their astronomy teaching that which took up the space of thirty-six thousand five hun-the reigns of the gods took up the space of 36,525 dred and twenty-five years. That after this period was years, he added these also, and by this management his run, then there reigned eight demi-gods in the space of antiquities seem to reach higher than the accounts of two hundred anıl seventeen years. After them succeed. Moses; when in reality, if rightly interpreted, they fall ed the Cycli Cynici, i. e. according to Manetho, a race
short of Moses by such a number of years as we may of heroes, in number fifteen, and their reigns took up fairly suppose might pass before mankind could be so four hundred and forty-three years; then began the increased as to people the Eartb from Chaldea, the reigns of their kings, the first of whom was Menes, place where Adam and Eve lived, unto Egypt." Menes, therefore, by Syncellus called Mestraim, being We shall furnish more of these Antediluvian fragments the Mizraim of Moses, the eight demi-gods and fifteen ere we complete this portion of history.
cruelty on his illegitimate son, Hercules, by suspending This female deity, the queen of heaven, the wife and her from the heavens with a golden chain, having tied a sister of Jupiter, may be regarded, from the moral qua- heavy anvil to her feet. Irritated by this infamous punlities ascribed to her, not only as the “Regina Deorum,” ishment, Juno instigated a conspiracy among the gods to the queen of the gods, but also the impersonation of the dethrone and imprison her lord. Thetis delivered Jufemale character, as understood by the ancients. piter from this combination by the aid of the tremendous
Juno was the daughter of Saturn and Ops—and con- Briareus. Apollo and Neptune were banished from heasequently sister to Jupiter, Pluto, Neptune, Vesta, Ceres, ven, as some say, for the part they took in this conspi&c. She was born on earth, although a celestial god- racy. dess. Her nativity was either at Argos or Samos, and Juno was worshipped by sacrifices offered in great seher education was entrusted, according to Homer and lemnity, at Argos, Samos, Carthage, and afterwards at Ovid, to Oceanus and Tethys.
Rome. The burnt offerings on her altars, on the first There is much sublimity in the fabled account of the day of each month, were a ewe lamb and a sow. Cows marriage of Jupiter and Juno. At these august nuptials, were not offered, because she is said to have assumed the all the gods from the empyrean regions, the demons form of that creature when the gods retreated before the from Tartarus and the Stygian pools, all the race of man- Giants into Egypt. The goose, the hawk, the peacock, kind, and all the brute creation. were assembled. We among birds, were sacred to her, and among flowers, the scarcely know of a more sublime gathering described in dittany, the lily, and the poppy. the entire range of heathen mythology. The genius of The power of Juno was extended over gods and men; a Homer or a Milton would alone do justice to the ma- she even had the privilege of occasionally hurling the jesty of the idea. Bright spirits, clad in the beautiful thunder of Jupiter. Minerva was sometimes her mesrobes of immortalitv, may be supposed to form the mag- senger, but her most devoted servant among the clestials nificent centre of this stupendous painting; next are was Iris, who always went on her errands to stir up disseen, in wide and sweeping ciroles, the "gorgons and cord and strise. This messenger, however, had a more chimeras dire,” the gigantic and monstrous creations of interesting office deputed to her by her mistress; it was the world below; and then, in still wider sweep, are ga- her task to hover over the couches of dying women, and thered the denizens of the world—while far behind, cut from their heads a lock of hair, thus enabling the lengthening over thehills to the blue edge of the horizon, spirit to release itself from the painful struggles of the the tribes of earth, air, and ocean, come swarming on last conflict. Juno sent this messenger to the dying like the clouds of heaven propelled to one common cen- Dido :tre by an impetuous whirlwind. Yet but little happiness was destined to flow from these
“ Tum Juno omnipotens longum miserata dolorem, pompous nuptials. Heaven, earth, and hell were sooncon
Difficilesque obitus, Irim demisit Olimpo,
Quæ luctantem animum nexosque resolveret artus.” vulsed by the bickerings, jealousies, and strifes of “the
Virgil. father of gods and men” and his proud and transcendently beautiful wife.
Then mighty Juno, to relieve her pain,
Sent Iris swiftly from Olympus down, Juno had some children as the fruits of her marriage, To loose the writhing cords of life, and gain and others not so directly derived from that event. The The fated lock pressed by her queenly crown. earliest of Grecian poets, Hesiod, makes her the mother
Free translation. of Mars, Hebe, Lucina, and Vulcan. Her miod is de The prominent traits of character developed by Juno scribed as being lacerated and excited to madness by the were jealous.y, cruelty, and pride. Jupiter loved lo, the repeated and daily debaucheries of Jupiter. She was at daughter of Inachus, and Juno came so near to making length driven to such a state of desperation as to renounce a discovery of them together, that Jupiter turned Io into his bed, and to retire to Eubæa. To bring about a re a white cow; but the crafty goddess suspecting the deconciliation, Jupiter had recourse to the advice of Ci- ceit, asked Jupiter to present her the cow, over which tharon; and to fraudulent artifices, for the purpose of she immediately placed the hundred-eyed Argus as a gaining forgiveness. However, the reconciliation thus watch, and fed her with bitter herbs. Jupiter sen: Mereffected was not harmonious, and often would the celes- cury to release her, and he, under the disgivse or a sheptial regions ring with the clamor of domestic discord- herd, came to Argus, and with the sweet music of his not sparing blows and violence. Jupiter retaliated her pipe, lulled him to sleep, when he cut off his head. Juno