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11. The Discourse of a good Man, like aperpetuiil Spring of wholesome Water, always profits and delights those that receive it.
12. If a Tree, nursed up to bear Fruit, delights the Husbandman} if a Shepherd takes Pleasure in the Increase of his Flock; how must it delight those who have tutored a good Understanding, to see what they formed while tender, grown up to Maturity, and in itself perfect!
13. I am ever delighting myself with the Muses, and spend my Time in a literary Way, with a quiet, nay, a joyful and eager Mind.
14. We must take heed, that while we are serving some, we do not offend others: but too often we hurt those we ought not, or those whom we had better let alone: if this is done unwillingly, it betrays Negligence; if knowingly, Presumption.
15. There is such a Levity in most Men, that my Constancy in serving the State does not so much delight,j& my Glory offends them.
16. I expected your Congratulations, and am persuaded you omitted them for fear of giving Offence to certain Persons.
17. If you bear your Afflictions in the Manner I am informed, I have more Reason to congratulate your Fortitude, than to soothe your Grief. .
18. As Medicine cures the Body, so docs Philosophy cure the Mind.
II. Verba comparandi, Sic.
VERBS of comparing (as comparo, com
pono, contendo, confero, aequo, seqmparo, &c.)
govern an Accusative Case of the Person or L
Thing compared, and a Dative of that to which it is compared.
1. Happy is the Man, who can justly compare his own old Age to that of a sprightly successful Courser.
2. Wisdom is more precious than Rubies; and all the Things thou canst desire, are not worthy to be compared to her.
3. Who is there that is not afraid to compare himself with you?
4. Compare yourself with the Wise, if you desire truly to know your own Merit.
5. It is absurd to compare divine Things with human.
6. Can you compare yoursef with my Glory? said the Fly to the Antl
7. Never compare thy Condition with those thou countest more prosperous than thyself, but rather with those whom thou knowest to be unhappy, and then thou wilt find Cause to rejoice in thine own Lot.
8. He was so vain as to think himself equal to '** bravest.
Interdum vero Ablativum, &c.
BUT sometimes Verbs of comparing, have an Ablative Case after them, with the Preposition cum: and sometimes an Accusative, with the Preposition ad, or inter.
1. With an Ablative Case.
1. If you must compare yourself with others, then compare yourself icith all Men, and not with a few.
2. The ready Denial of a Kindness is better than a vexatious Delay; as a quick Death is Mercy, when compared with a lingering Torment.
3. It is impossible to form a right Judgment of Things, unless we compare Man with Man, Time with Time, and Circumstance with Circumstance.
4. If in Friendship what is seemingly profitable be compared with what is really virtuous, the Appearance of Utility must be rejected, and Virtue prevail.
5. If you compare our longest Life with Eternity, it will be found very short.
6. Sublimity and Greatness of Soul, also Politeness, Honesty, and Generosity, are much more agreeable to Nature, than Pleasure, than Life, than Riches: to despise these, and if we compare them with the public Good, to esteem them as nothing, is the Character of a great and elevated Mind.
7. If we compare his Words with his Actions, nothing can be more inconsistent.
2. With an Accusative Case.
1. You are mistaken: this Man, so old, so> withered and decrepid, is by no means to be compared to that other, who has a fine Air, and looks like a Gentleman.
2. A Warrior indeed I Mars himself would not dare to compare his Valour to yours.
3. As all Virtue is the Result of these four Qualities, Knowledge, Justice, Magnanimity, and Moderation; so in the Choice of a Duty, those Qualities must necessarily come in Competition with one (mother.
4. Compare the Life of each of them together, and you will not long doubt to which you should give the Preference.
III. Verba dandi, et reddendi, &c.
VERBS signifying to give, (as do, dono> lar*gior, dedo, tribuo, ministro, suppedito, commodo, preebeo, exhibeo, &c.) also Verbs to restore, (as reddo, restituo, refcro, repono, &c.) add to the Accusative of the Thing (given or restored) a Dative of the Person (to whom it is given, &c.)
1. God hath given Men Abilities, not only for their own Use, but for the Advantage and Benefit of others.
2. Shall I call him liberal, that gives to himself. only; or good-natured, that pardons himself; or him pitiful, that is affected only with his own Misfortunes?
3. He but late gives a Favor, who gives to one that asks it.
4. Fortune often gives her Gifts to the unworthy.
5. It is a difficult Thing to impose upon an old Man.
6. Nothing is so popular as Peace, in which not only they to whom God hath given Sensibility, but even the Houses and Fields seem to rejoice.
7- If any God would offer me, at this Age, to be a Child again, and cry in the Cradle, 1 would reject it: for I should be unwilling to begin anew the Race I have finished, and be set back to the starting Post, just as I have run round the Course.
8. Lay aside these frivolous Excuses,—I have not got enough yet: when I have, I will give myself up entirely to Philosophy. First seek this, and you will want nothing more.
9. According as Affairs go with us, we are all either proud or humble.
JO. When he heard of his Son's Death, he gave up his Mind to Sorrow; for he was a good Boy, and always attentive to his Preceptor.
11. Envy, which is the Canker of Honor, Is best extinguished by attributing a Man's Successes rather to Divine Providence and Felicity, than to his own Qualifications and Virtues. '.
12. I attribute as much to your Judgment as \p my owrr, when I say, that I am persuaded that the World will approve whatever Measures we shall agree upon.
13. Nature asks but little, and a wise Man will accommodate himself to Nature.
14. He that lends an attentive Ear to wholesome Reproof, and is obedient to it, is to be numbered among the Wise, and shall be able at last to give good Instructions to others.
15. Lend not to him, that is mightier than thyself: but if thou dost lend, count it lost.
16. If you would lend me your Hand, I should be obliged to you.
17- If I go on to supply my Sou in his Extravagancies, I must be a Slave all my Life-time. This gives me great Trouble.
18. The Palm-tree, with its spreading Branches, afforded them, as they were drinking, a delightful