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8. Evil Communication corrupts good Manners.
4. He is miserable, who seeks for something to eat, and finds it with Difficulty; but he is more miserable, who seeks it with pains, and finds nothing; and most miserable is he, who when he is hungry, has nothing to eat.
5. There is more Satisfaction in a bit of dry Bread in the open Field, with Love and Concord, than in a House full of the best Cheer, attended with Brawling, Contention, and Strife.
6. 4n Action will not be right, if the Will be not so i for on the Will depends the Action: and the Habit of the Mind cannot be perfect, unless it perceives the whole Duty of Life, knows how to judge of Things, and redueeth them all to Truth.
7. Poverty becomes the heavier, if infamy is added thereto.
8. The Infamy of Men is immortal.
9. As to Riches, they are desired partly for the necessary Uses of Life, and partly for Pleasures.
10. The Desires and Fears of the covetous, the Impatience and Rage of the angry Man, are greater Pain than the most laborious Work.
11. True Wisdom is such an inestimable Jewel, that the most precious Pearls are not worthy to come in Competition with it.
12. Nature brought us into the World naked and unarmed, and furnished us with no Weapon of Offence.
1. The Desire of Good is always safe. Do you ask, what this is, and from whence it ariseth? I will tell you : from a good Conscience, from honest Thoughts and just Actions, from a Disdain of all fortuitous Things, and from a constant Tenour of Life, keeping one and the same pleasing Road.
2. So do all Things, as under the Eye of some good Man always present; and when you have made so great a Progress, as even to reverence yourself, you may dismiss your Tutor.
3. There is a certain Joy which reaches us from those we love, even in their Absence, but it is light and transitory ; whereas the Presence and Conversation of a Friend has something of a more lively Pleasure ^especially if we see not only him we desire, but such a one as we would wish him to be.
•4. Wealth gotten by dishonorable Means soon wastes away; but what is gained by honest Labor swells to a greater Heap, which moulders not, but still increases..
5. If the Fields lie fallow and neglected, a Famine must needs follow: but good Husbandry bestowed upon them makes great Plenty.
6. Old Age is venerable, when a Man's past Life hath been truly virtuous and useful.
7. He that willingly receives a Command, takes off the severest Fart of Servitude: Not he that is commanded is wretched, but he that does a Thing unwillingly.
, . '.' III. Pronouns.
1. Come, my Friend, (it is Time,) leave low and .sordid Cares to others, apply your Mind to your Studies: let this be your Business, and yoitr Recreation, your Labor, and your Rest; the Object of your Vigils, and your Dreams: plan out and compose some Work, that may be always your x>wn.
2., If a good Man and a wicked Man sail both in the same Skip, it is impossible that the same Wind which favors the one, should cross the other.
3. As for Charity, it is never to be expected from a covetous Man, who dreads to lessen his own. Heaps, more than to starve his poor Neighbour.
4. Look round on all Things; every one hath its proper Colour, its own Figure and Dimensions. And this, among other things, strikes me with Admiration at the infinite Wisdom of our great' Creator; that, in such a vast Variety of Things, he hath made none exactly alike: those which seem so, when compared will appear different: Among, such Variety of Leaves, every one.is marked with iits own, Propriety.
AKquando Oratio supplet,.&c.
Sometimes a Sentence, or part of a Sentence, supplies the Place of a Substantive; the Adjective being put in the Neuter Gender.
i. It is absurd to anticipate Evil, and to presuppose that, which it will be Time enough to B
bear when it happens; and thereby lose the Enjoyment of the present Time, through Fear of what is to come.
2. This is most scandalous, which is wont to be objected to us: that wc speak the Language, but do not the Works of Philosophy.
3. Not to return one good Office, for another, is inhuman: but to return Evil for Good is diabolical.
4. Think not much to take a long Journey to such as profess to teach-you something useful. For it is a Shame that since Merchants pass over so many Seas to increase their Estate, young Men should be loath to travel for the Improvement of their Understanding.
5. It is a Favor, I confess, to cure a Wound, or Disease: but to make a Wound or Disease, for the Sake of curing it, is barbarous.
G. To die in Battle, is mar•' preferable than to save one's Life by Flight.
7. It is pleasant to stand upon the Shore, and see a Ship tossed by the Waves: It is pleasant to stand in the Window of a Castle, to see a Battle, and the various Events below.
8. If we consider the Excellence and Dignity of Nature, we shall quickly find how shameful it is to dissolve into a luxurious Softness and Delicacy: and how becoming, on the other Side,- to live frugally, temperately, gravely, and soberly.
The Agreement of the Relative and Antecedent.
Relativum cum Antecedente, &c.
THE Relative must agree with the Antecedent, or Substantive going before it, in Gender, Number, and Person (but not aheays in Case) ^ as,
1. We must propose some End as the principal Good, .at which we must aim. strenuously, and to which every Thought, Word, and Action, must be addressed; as a Mariner steers his Course by a certain. Star.
2. The wise Man despises Injuries and Contumely, which may b« called the Shadow of an Injury; saying, these Things happen to me either deservedly or undeservedly: if deservedly, it is not Contumely, but Judgment; if undeservedly, let him blush lor it, who hath done me so much Injustice.
3. He is not brave and strenuous, who shuns Labour, but he whose Mind gathers Strength from the Difficulties that surround him.
4. It signifies nothing what your Condition isi if it seems to you a bad one: for he is not happy, who does not think himself so;