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5. The Good wldch may be given, may likewise be taken away.
G. It is a Sign of a Mind greatly improved, when, it sees its Faults which it knew not before; as we congratulate some sick Persons, on knowing themselves to be sick.
7. Rashness spoils the best Designs; which must be carried on prudently, and with good Advice, if we would have them prove successful.
8. To some Men, especially such as subsist by Dealings in the World, a good Name is so necessary, that it may weU be reckoned, as a means of their Livelihood : surely then it is no light Matter to rob a Man of what is so valuable to him.
9. The Honor and Comfort of Parents consist in a numerous Offspring, which degenerate not from the ancient Virtue of the Family.
10. This is commonly the Fortune of those that spoil and. deceive others: they at last meet with some who do the like to them.
•' 11. What is there comparable to a prudent Mind, which is not crafty to deceive, but so cautious as not to be deceived? • '.' • •
•12. That Friendship is most pleasant, which Likeness of Manners hath formed.
13. That is true Friendship, which neither Hope nor Fear, nor any Prospect of Interest can disunite 5 with whith Men die, and for which they scruple not to die.
14., He looked well to the Safety of the Citizens, wherein he understood his own to be comprehended.
15. These have worked but one Hour, and you have made them equal to its, who have borne the Burthen and Heat of the Day.
16. Some Men travel bare and there to shake off the inward Load of the Mind, which by Sqtfh Agitation, only becomes more irksome: as ill a Ship, a Burthen that is fixed and immoveable, strains it the less; while such as are moveable art «pt to sink the Side to wluch they roll, by their unequal Pressure.
17- Either in hearing or reading, we must not catch at old or new-coined Words, or extravagant Metaphors, and rhetorical Flourishes of Speech; but observe such Precepts as may prove of use, and remark such noble and manly Sentences as may be transferred to Things. Let us so learn, that what were Words, may become Works.
Aliquando Oratio ponitur, &c.
Sometimes a Sentence, or Part of a Sentence, answering to the Question, who? or what? supplies the Place of an Antecedent; and then the Relative must be in the Neuter Gender.
1. We spend ow Time in idle and unprofitable Labors, which makes Life seem short: whereas it is long enough to accomplish the greatest Things, if we know how to use it rightly. , .
2. The Possession of Riches, and all external Things, is precarious and uncertain; which makes the wise Man despise them, and rest contented in the Possession of Virtue and a good Conscience.
3. Old Men have weak Desires, which makes them seem temperate.
4. When a vain-glorious Man fails of his Jim, when he misses Praise,, and perhaps meets Ivith Reproach; (which often happens to the vain-glorias
otis:) then what Disturbances and Disquiets, and enen Tortures, is he under!
fc 6. A Fool (like a Beast) is no sooner provoked but he grows angry; and, which is worse, it appears immediately in his Countenance, Words, and Actions: whereas a prudent Man is not unseemly transported by his Passion; but stifles his Resentment even of the most reproachful Injuries.
k.. . . i ...
elativum inter duo, &cc. . ..•
,. IF a Relative comes between two Substantives not of the same Gender, the Relative may agree in Gender with the latter of the Substantives; as,
1. How full of Reason and Counsel is that Animal whom we call Man!
2. Ovid was born in the Town which is called
-Sulmo. • '/
...,i i - ;• . v • .. . . . \
Or with the former.
1. Nothing is wretched, but when you think it so: this very Place, which you call Banishment, is to the Natives their dear Country: and how many, were they to enjoy from the Remains of your Fortune, but the least Part, would think themselves near Heaven.
'tl The World Was formed of that confused Heap of Matter, which was called Chaos.
'• . 8. That reasonable Creature, whom we call Man, doeth many unreasonable Things.
''• "'v4.' Those heavenly Fires, which Men call Stars, shine brightest when the Night is darkest.
Aliquando Relativum concordat, &c.
Sometimes a Relative, also a Noun Adjective, or Participle, agrees with the Primitive understood In the Possessive; as meas Fortunas,—qui—where qui agrees with the Primitive Pronoun mei widerstood in the Possessive meas.
1. By some Mistake perhaps in Battle, I may wound my Fellow-Soldier, and spare the Enemy: but this is an Accident, hot my Fault, who intended to strike an. Enemy. .,
2. Let a Man be ever so ungrateful, or inhuman, he shall never destroy my Satisfaction, who have .done a good Office.
3. I envy thy Happiness who, having a great deal, thinkest thou hast enough.
4. Nobody regards my Words, calling for Help: I am poor!
5. Trust your Secrets to no one, unless it be as much to the Advantage of the Person that hears them, to conceal them, as to yours, that tell them.
6. I hate to see thy Face who hast slandered me behind my Back. -,
7. I wonder at your Folly, to think to wash a Blackamoor white!
Si Nominativus Relativo et Verbo, &c.
IF a Nominative Case is put between a Relative and a Verb, the Relative is governed by the Verb, or by some other Word in the same Sentence with the Verb: because a Relative, when it is not the Nominative Case to the Verb, is used as a Substantive in the same Variety of Cases: And if you turn the Relative, as is necessary in parsing, or making Latin, into the Pronoun is, ea, id, &c. you will plainly perceive what it is governed of; as in the Example before you, Cujus Numen adoro, whose Deity I adore: i. e. his Deity, or, the Deity of him, ejus Numen.
The Relative governed of the Verb; as,
1. Fortune takes away nothing but what she gave: But she gives, not Virtue; therefore Virtue is a Good, which she cannot take away.
2. It is much more tolerable, not to acquire, than to lose; and then-fore you see those Men more cheerful, whom Fortune never took any Notice of, than those whom she hath deserted.
3. Happy is the Man, who loves God, and whom God loveth.
4. A good Man does good to those whom it is in his Power to serve, and injures no one.
'5. That Virtue, which Fortune governs not, is extraordinary.
.6. Courtship and Flattery have sometimes effected those Thii.gs, which Threats and Blows never could.
7. That Man, we may be sure, is a Person Of true Worth, whom we find, those that envy him' most, are yet forced to commend. . .
8. Fear many Times makes us run into those Dangers, which our Prudence might have prevented. ., _
9. Labour .to overcome such Things, as it is a Shame for the Mind to he a Slave to; as. Gain, Anger, Pleasure, Grief, &c.
10. Wicked Men oftentimes draw upon them