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1G. What is Liberty, but the Power of living as a Man pleases? And whp lives in that manner, but he who follows Righteousness, who rejoices in , fulfilling his Duty, and has laid out a well-considered and well-contrived Plan of Life?
1. It is absurd to play with him who is sure of winning.
2. How despicable is the Man, who is more desirous of getting Money, than of acting rightly.
3. He that disdains, on the account of hjs Riches, to yield to those who are capable of inat rutting him, will always be a Blockhead.
4. It is no uncommon Thing to meet with a Man who is rude of Speech, but a great Master of IVriling.
'i Gerundia in do, &e.
GERUNDS in do are used after Verbs in. the .•manner of an Ablative Case, with.or without a Pre'position: also Gerunds in dum have' the same Construction as the Accusative Case, and take the Prepositions, ad, ob, propter, inter, ante, before them.
1. Gerunds in do, with a Preposition.
1. Shame best keeps a tender Age from sinning; which is always present when any one reverences himself.
2. Wicked Men, when they have done an Injury, laugh at those who talk to them of makingSatisfaction.
3. He foolishly makes a Scruple of Perjury, who makes no Scruple to commit a Fault equal to Perjury: therefore in the most heinous Crimes, an Oath hath but little Weight; since he that will dare to give Poison, will dare to pvrjure himself by denying it.
4. It is doubtful, whether his great Reputation sprung from acting in the Field, or giving Counsel in the Cabinet.
5. They who affirm that old Men are improper for managing Business, argue as absurdly as if one should say, that in sailing the Pilot of a Ship does nothing, because others mount the Shrouds, run about the Dick, or ply the Pump.
G. Above all Things, in punishing, I'assion is to . be restrained: for a passionate Man, who is to pronounce a Sentence, never can preserve that. Mean, which is between too much aW too little.
7. As. it becomes a Man to be free in bestowing, he ought likewise not to be too rigorous in demanding; and in all his Contracts, in selling, buying, hiring, lending, he ought to consult the Ease and Convenience of his Neighbours; giving up many Things, and, as much as he can conveniently, avoiding Law-suits.
8. Doubting what I should compare with icriting Examples, the gathering Shells on the Sea-shore immediately occurred.
9. As we ought to pardon a Man for hurting us 'undesignedly; so we are not ohliged-fo thank him for doing good, if of necessity, and without Intention. -V 2. Gerunds in do, without a Preposition.
1. Deceive not thy Friend by promising much, and then performing little or nothing.
Many have wasted their Estates by being inconsiderately bountiful; and Rapine often follows Profusion: for when Men come to he ift want through their squandering, they frequently put forth their Hand against the Property of others.
3. Strife and Anger are better ended by soft Words and Kindness than by resisting.
4. When Utility seems to hurry us to> itself, and Honesty to reclaim us, the Mind must be distracted in its Choice, and the Result of our Deliberation suspended.
5. The Chain of Community among Men is> formed by Speech and Reason, which by teaching, learning, communicating, debating, and judging, conciliate Men together, and bind them into a kind of natural Society: nor do we differ more in any Thing from the Nature of Brutes than in this*
6'. Reason lays the Foundation of Inquiry: she it is, who completes Virtue, after being established herself by our Inquiry.
"7. The Mind of Man is nourished by reading and Reflection.
, 8. Those Appetites that rove too far, and exult either in Desire or Aversion, are not sufficiently restrained by Reason^: such,, I sayi undoubtedly transgress both their End and their Design.
9. No Treachery is more dark than that which lies concealed under the Mask of Friendship or Familiarity. By proper Care wc can easily .shun him that declares himself an Enemy; but the secret and domestic Evil oppvesseth us before we can perceive or find it out.
3. Gerunds in dum, with a Preposition.
1. We are prone by Nature, not only to learn, but to teach,
2. Nature and Genius are the greatest Helps to learning.
3. Though it may be useful sometimes to speak off-hand, yet far more advantageous is it, having taken Time to think, to speak more completely and accurately.
4. In the Things themselves, which are learned and known, there are Inducements by which we are mcited to learn and know them.
5. Sometimes to honor a Man more than is just, is to provoke others to deserve well.
fi. Prosperity is apt to hide and conceal the Vices of Men ; but when Adversity comes, then are they discovered and known to all Men.
7. We are all Members of one great Body; we are all Kindred by Nature, who hath formed us of the same Elements, and to the same End : she hath implanted in us mutual Affection, and made us sociable: she hath commanded Justice and Equity; and, by her Command, the Hand is ever ready to give Assistance. X
8. As there is great Variety in our Persons; some are'Swift in running, others strong for wrestling; some have a Dignity, and others a Sweetness of Aspect; so is there still a greater Variety in our Minds.
9. Serpents creep, Ducks swim, Merlins fly, Bulls push with their Horns, Scorpions sting: and thus to every Animal Nature is their Guide haw to live.
10. I could not but be angry with him for contradicting me, when what I said was true.
11. Having got a Hlank in the Wreck, he resigned it to save his Friend.
12. In praying, the Mind must not wander, but be fixed most attentively on the present Business.
13. Before we judge, we ought to deliberate; and to think before we speak.
Cum significatur Necessitas, fkc.
A Gerund in dum, without a Preposition, and joined with the Verb est, and implying some Necessity or Duty to do a Thing, may have both the Active and Passive Construction of the Verb from whenee it is derived:—And the Person ichich in English seems to be the Nominative Case, is put in the Dative: as, He must be watchful, Vigilandum est ei: but this Dative is always expressed.
1. As all Things that are excellent, are difficult to be attained, we must labor if we would acquire Knowledge.
2. If any Thing be spoken more freely in Conversation, it must not be divulged.
S. Great Things must be judged of by great Minds, otherwise the Fault will seem to lie in the Things, which is really our own.
4. There is no Evil but what has some Excuse to authorise it: Covetousness promiseth Wealth j Luxury many and various Pleasures; Ambition