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Confidence of Mankind : for Honesty without Wisdom is an Inducement sufficient of itself; but Wisdom without Honesty is of no Effect for this Purpose.
4. In choosing those Things that are doubtful, we ought to Hpply to Men of Learning and Experience, and learn their Sense of every kind of Duty.
5. Do the liberal Sciences confer nothing on us? Yes, a great deal in other respects, but with regard to Virtue, nothing. Why then are Children instructed in them? Not because they can give Virtue, but because they enlarge and prepare the Mind for the Reception of Virtue.
Supinum in um, &c. Zk^Js'
THE Supine in um (or the first Supine) has an Active Signification} and is set bejore a Verb or Participle signifying Motion to a Place: i. e. when the English of the Infinitive Mood Active follows a Verb, Participle, (or Gerund) that signifies Motion to a Place, as coming, going; then instead of the Infinitive Mood, you must use the Supine in um.
1. He went to play when he was sent to fetch his Brother.
2. Such is the Good-nature of Parasites, thev are used to deny no one who invites them to sup with him.
3. If a rich Man goes to ask a Favor of a poor Man, the poor Man is afraid to meet him; and when he has lost this Opportunity of serving himself, he too late wishes for it.
Supinum in u, &c.
THE Supine in u (or the latter Supine) has a Passive Signification, and is set after a Noun Adjective; i. e. when the English of the Infinitive Mood Passive (to be) comes after a Noun Adjective, it may be made by the Supine in u.
1. Since you command what is just, reasonable, and easy to be done, it would be a great Crime in me not to obey.
2. Many Things happen that are dreadful and hard to be borne; but the same God who permits them hath armed our Minds with Virtue and Patience.
3. Tho' it be painful to hear these Things, yet it is much more tolerable to hear than to see them.
4. It is hard to say what Power, Affability and Politeness in- Conversation have, to win the Affections of Mankind.
5. The Man who looks upon the Face of a real Friend, sees, as it were, the Transcript of himself: from hence, though absent or present, the needy have Plenty, the sickly are healthful; and, what is more extraordinary, the Dead live: so great is the Honor, Respect, and Affection, which we bear for a departed Friend.
6. It is strange, Men will eat such Herbs as Beasts will not eat; Herbs, which are not only horrible to eat, but in sound.
1. He that does what he has learned is best to be done, is said to be obedient.
8. We admire the Man who is not moved by Money, and justly think him worthy our Regard; forasmuch as he despises those Things to which the Minds of Men are hurried and inflamed with Greediness.
Construction of Nouns of Time and Place.
Qua? significant partem Temporis, &c.
NOUNS signifying part of Time, (as Night, Day, Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter,) answering to the Question, when? are frequently used in the Ablative Case: A, ab, or other Preposition, being understood.
1. You say, sueh-a-orre lived fourscore Pears? say rather, he was fourscore Years old ; unless you mean to say, he lived only as Trees are said to live.
2. Happy is the Man, who, from the Support of a well-spent Life, is cheerful and resigned at tfie Day of Death.
8. Whatever happens in the World, is as usual and ordinary as a Rose in Spring, and Fruit in Summer.
4. Innumerable Things happen every Hour,, which require the Counsel of Wisdom and Phi-' losophy; which will exhort us to obey God, and more obstinately resist the Power of Fortune: it will teach us to trust in Providence, and bear patiently all tin' Casualties of Life.
Quae autem durationem temporis, &c.
BUT Nouns that signify the Continuance of Time without Interruption, (i. e. Nouns answering to the Question, How long ?) are commonly put in the Accusative Case, governed of ad, per, or some other "Preposition understood.
1. I was two Days at Paris, and shall be three at London. ^ . •
2. How old is your Son? Twenty. He lived with me at Lincoln seven Years; he was ten Years at Eton School; and has been three Years at Campridge. '.""
3. What Business you begin in the Morning, go on with it the whole Day.
4. My Friend stayed with me but one Hour, when I was in hopes he would have stayed a Month.. ''..
5. Look out in Time for a more constant Friend; for the Man you trust to will not continue long in the same Mind.
Dicimus etiam, &;c >
EVERY Example here is a different Rule for making Latin, shewing what Prepositions are used with Nouns of Time. i ..
1. I hope you will come at the Time you write.
2. This is an excellent Book; if you will read it, I will lend it you for a Month.
3. Within a few Days, I shall have finished my
4. He rose about the third Watch, and went round the Camp.
5. It is dangerous to travel alone by Night.
6. He was thirty Years old when he left Cambridge, having studied there tweke Years..
II. Of Place.
Spatium loci, 8cc.
NOUNS signifying the Distance of one Place from another, (or any Measure of ihe Length or Breadth of a Place.) after a Verb, ore put in the Accusative ,Case, and sometimes in the Ablative.,
1. With an Accusative Qi.se.
1. It docs not behove any one, in his, whole Life, to depart a Nail's Breadth from a pure Conscience.
2. We travelled six Miles an hour, and leached bur Inn before Sun-set.
3. Travelling in the dark, he was within a few Inches of a Precipice, when his Horse started back and saved him.
2. With an Ablative Case. *'. i_ . ,
1. London, the chief City of England, is distant from Exeter one hundred arid seventy Miles. ,
2. The Length of Great Britain exceeds ,the Breadth two hundred and forty Miles.
3. We hastened to the Camp, which was two Days Journey off. • •. '