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with the Divine Mind; from whence proceeds a Pleasure ever full, yet insatiable.
Participiis Passivse vocis, Sec.
Participles of the Passive Voice, especially if they end in dus, have sometimes a Dative Case after them.
1. No one of these shall go away unpresented by me.
2. If it happens to any one to be gently dismissed by old Age, not suddenly torn from Life, but gradually stolen away;—has he not Reason to thank God, that being full of Days and Infirmity, he now retires to Rest, so necessary to Man, so grateful to the weary}
3. When a Sentence is to be given by a Judge, he must remember he hath God a Witness, at least his own Mind; than which God hath given nothing more Divine to Man.
4. Wherein any one speaks Truth, in that he is to be defended by every 'Lover of Truth.
5. The Whisperer and Slanderer is to be looked upon by all as A common lincmy: and he that lies under any Slander, or unjust Defamation, is to be defended and cleared by him that knows his Innocence; or else he makes himself guilty of the Slander.
6. Punishment must be assignedfor Hie Wicked; and not less for those who follow another wicked Person, than for the Leaders themselves.
7. We must keep the way that Nature hath prescribed to us: to those who do, all Things arc easy, and readily provided; but to those who are continually striving against her, Life is nothing else but rowing against the Stream.
8. Let us cherish those Sentiments which Reason and Truth prescribe, and think that nothing in Life concerns ws but to preserve our Integrity: and so long as we are void of Guilt, let us bear calmly and moderately all human Accidents.
9. Diligence avails much in all Things: this is principally to be rejoiced in, and always applied by us: there is nothing it cannot attain to; and in. this Virtue, all the other Virtues are comprehended.
Participia cum fiunt nornina, &c.
Participles whqn they become Nouns (Adjective, or Participial Adjectives,) require a Genitive Case.
Note. Participial Adjectives may be known four Ways.—
First. When the Participial Adjective governs a different Case from the Verb it is derived Jrom; as, Appetens alien i.
Secondly. When it is compounded of a Preposition, which the Verb it is derived from cannot be compounded with; as, indoctus, innocens.
Thirdly. When it forms all the Degrees of Comparison; as, amans, amantior, amantissimus.
Fourthly. When it has no Respect or Difference of Time; as profusus, the Participle, signilies having been poured forth, with respect to Time past: whereas profusus, the Participial Adjective, signifies profuse or lavish, without any respect at ail to 'tense or Time.
1. Men that are great Lovers of themselves, damage the Public.
2. livery Nature loves itself, and is employed in Self- Preservation.
3. I hope you will regard his Advice, for I know no one more prudent, or has a greater Affection Jor you.
A. My Master is generous, and hates Licentiousness; therefore I serve him willingly, ever obedient to his Command.
5. Virtue is lovely in her own Eyes, because she best knows herself, and how amiable she is.
6. A Man may as well be said to be ungrateful to himself, as sordid, harsh, cruel, and neglectful of himself: for as they are called Benefits, which I have conferred upon another, why may not those, which 1 have conferred upon myself?
7. We are by Nature most studious, and most desirous of honorable Probity: of which, when we behold, as it were, the Splendor, what is there we would not do, or suffer, that we might enjoy it? .
Exosus, perosus, pertaesus, &c.
THESE three Participles, exosus, perosus, and pertaesus, having an Active Signification, govern an Accusative Case.
1. Many times tie hate a Man for doing that very Thing, which we should hate him for, on the other side, if he did it not.
2. O ye Almighty Powers! if ye hate not the Trojans to a Man, if your wonted Affection regards the Distress of Mortals, grant our Fleet may escape these Flames.
3. The common People had an Aversion to tlie Name of Consuls, as much as to that of Kings.
4. May the Gods bless you now and ever, if they have not an Aversion to the Roman People.
5. Folly soon grows sick ofherself; but the Resolutions of Wisdom are free, absolute, and con.; stant,'. ..| ,,.,'. ', ,. .'
'.'.' .' Exosus.et perorus; &c.
BUT exosus and perosus, having also a Passive Signification, govern a Dative Case of the Agent or Person, according to the latter part of, lhe Rule Passivis additiir, &c.
1. We must hot think, that all, who in this Life struggle with a Variety of Misfortunes, are under the Displeasure of the Almighty.
2. For his Wickedness and Impiety, he became the Aversion of all Men. .
3. Some Men are so obstinate, that Truth, the more clear it is, the more it is detested by them.
4. The more Men persist in their Error and Infidelity, the more will they, be abominated by the
^nighty. .;,.,; r;;.. A
Natus, prognatus, &c. . .
THESE seven Participles, natus, prognatus, satus, cretus, creatus, ortus, edit us, require. an Ablative Case, being governed of some Preposition understood ; which we also fmd sometimes expressed*.. >
1. Without a Preposition.
1 r Our elegant Eaters so dress Mushrooms, Herbs, and Vegetables, that nothing can be more palatable. U
2.? He was a Citizen of Athens, born of good Parents. ',1
* 3. That great Man, fromwlwm you falsely say you sprung, would have scorned so vile an Action.
4. We desired him to tell us of what Family he teas; but he refused.
5. It is doubtful who his Father was, but Ids Mother was a Slai:e.
6. He sprtmg from the Ancient Nobility, and such are his Virtues, that he degenerates not from his Ancestors.
7. They are so ancient a People, they think themselves sprung from the Earth.
2. With a Preposition.
1. He \s my Half-brother, born of the same Father, not of the sanie Mother.
2. He was a, Trojan by Birth, spningfrom a race <tf Heroes.'
8. From Plenty and Affluence generally arises Arrogance.
>1. Many Inconveniences arise from Talkativeness. ".-. ,;.'•• .:.;•,/'
5. Friendship seems to have arisen from Nature, rather tnbtifrbm the Wants of Mankind; aid from the Operation of the Mind, joined to a Sense of Affection, rather, than from any Consideration of Profit that attetids it. •'-, •', &'.'' > •