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V Construction of Adverbs. >.'. En et Ecce, demonstrandi Adverbia, &c.
EN and ecce, when used for see, behold, lo! and followed by a Noun, require the Noun to be of the Nominative Case; and sometimes of the Accusative. :.•. - ..•!• . ...:
1. The Nominative Case,
1. Such is the Cause, such is the Crime, of which my Client is now accused.
2. Behold a Man, formerly protected by not a few Friends, now in Banishment, deserted by all Men.
2. The Accusative Case.
1. Behold a Consul, who without Hesitation will obey your Orders, and while he breathes, will himself defend whatever you shall decree.
2. Be not ashamed to ask, what, by reason of your Youth, you cannot understand: behold me ready to instruct you!
En et ecce, exprobrandi, &c.
BUT these Adverbs, when spoken by way of 'Contempt or upbraiding, govern an Accusative Case only. ''."'.
1. Behold the ungrateful Man! he repays, my Affection and Kindness with Scorn and Injury.
2. Behold Ms Dress! did you ever see so great a Sloven?
Quadam Adverbia loci, &c.
CERTAIN Adverbs, 1. of I'lace, (as ubi, ubinam, nusquam, co, longe, quii, ubivis,, huccine, &c.) II. of Time, (as nunc, tunc, turn, interea, pridie, postridie, &c.) and III. of Quantity, (as parum, satis, abunde, &c.) require a Genitive Case of the Noun that follows.
I. Of Placei.
1. How abandoned is the Man who is come to such a Degree of Wickedness, that no Laws, nor Fear of Punishment, can restrain him from Acts of Villainy and Injustice!
2. When a Man comes to such a pass, as to pay no regard to his Reputation, he will pay none to the Propriety of his Actions. >.•. •'>.
3. :How unhappy am 1! I can no where find my Brother.
4. In what Air do we breathe J In what City do we live! Of what State are we Members !. when here, within these Walls, and in this Assembly, the most awful, the most venerable in the World,, are Men who meditate the Destruction of their Country?
5. Fly where he will, a Man cannot run away from himself.
C. He was banished far from his Parents.
7. Nothing is more amiable than Virtue, which if any one hath attained to, we shall love him, whoever he be. •„• •; ;>•. j v
8. Are Things come to so bad a pass, that.^n, honest Man cannot thrive? . 'ij
. • . '.'.>. ' '•>;; . ''. .>.• 0 en , w. j.':
'"'''... ::•; r J.lt f.J. *
1. In the History of former Times, we read of continual Sedition and civil Wars, but noic-a-days Men seem to be wiser. •'.' .''. . . .>
2. At that Time there was Some Excuse for not minding your Studies, but now there is none. . J
3. In the mean Tune I got acquainted with you, for whom I have so great an Affection, that I dare trust you with all my Secrets.
4. The Day before St. Thomas's Day, I went to Windsor; and the Day after, I came to London.
"" ."' ..'«:
III. Of Quantity.
. \..A little Pride does not misbecome a prosperous Fortune. 1 . 2. There can be no great Happiness, where there is but little Sincerity.
3. Avarice seldom escapes with Impunity, tho' itself be a sufficient Punishment.
4; We have had Words enough on so trifling a Matter. b
5. He who doeth what is right, hath Friends enough. 1
6. In Virtue there is Protection and Assistance sufficient for our living well, happily, and magnanimously, so as to be invincible, to want nothiue
to repent of nothing, and to meet with no Obstruction.
7. In the last Campaign he got abundance of Glory.
S, The envious Man is abundantly punished,. though no one should take Revenge.
Quaedam casus admittunt nominum, 8tc
SOME Adverbs govern the same Case as the Abuns (Adjective) do, from whence they are derived. Thus, as the Adjective inutilis governs a Dative Case, (by Adjectiva quibus com mod urn, &c.) the Ativerb hmtiliur, derived from it, governs the same. So propiils and proxime, from the Preposition prope governing an Accusative Case, govern tlxe same.
1. The way for a rich Man, whose Estate i* well gotten, to be happy, is to live soberly, generously, and friendly to all Men.
2. He was cloathed in all respects like Ids Brother.
3. It is the part of a wise Man to oppose every irregular Desire.
4. When I left the Province, many came out to meet me; and a Multitude as I came nearer the City.
5. 1 thought it mv Duty, to march an Army as near as possible to the Enemy.
6. He was of so sweet a Disposition, that no one tame more readily than he to serve a Friend; whom he would assist, if it was in his Power, more faithfi.lly than a Brother. '• . '"'
7. It becomes us, the higher we are, to behave ourselves the more humbly., ''.
8. Only stay here, and I will be back again before you can conceive it possible.
9. Some Men have been so inconsistent, as to be able to speak the best of all, while they live the worst of all.
Adverbia diversitatis, &c.
THESE two Adverbs of Diversity, aliter and secus,—and also these two Prepositions, ante and post, have sometimes an Ablative Case after them.
1. As he had so great, and more powerful Enemies, his Success happened much otherwise than I expected.
2. Many a Man thinks much otherwise of himself than what his Neighbours, who can only judge from Appearance, think of him.
3. 1 am surprised you should so soon change your Mind; for it now seems very different from what it was.
4. No Credit is to be given to his Words, who denieth the same Thing this Hour, which he most strongly affirmed a little before.
5. It is the part of an exalted Genius, to discern by Reason what will follow; and to determine before-hand what will happen on either side; and whatever should happen, what is best to be done.
6. I was ordered to be in School at seven, but I came a good while before, and not long after came my Brother.
7. If your Son had not died at this Time, he must, in a few Years after, have undergone that common Fate to which he was born.