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8. He left me a Legacy, and many Years after I recovered my Money.
Instar et ergo, &c.
1NSTAR (signifying Equality and Proportion) and erg& (signifying for the sake of, or, upon the account of,) taken adverbially, require a Genitive Case. ,.; v..
1. There is no need of Punishment to excite a Man of Spirit to his Duty; for he will disdain to be treated like a Horse or Mule, that will not stir without the Whip or Goad.
2. Though your Letter was as large as a Volume^, it was very acceptable, and I shall often peruse it.
3. Tell me where I shall 6nd AncHses? For his sake are we come hither.
4. Know that I have made you this Present on account of your Diligence and Virtue; /and I expect you to persevere in your Duty through Gratitude.
. ... Construction of Conjunctions. .< Conjunctiones copulativas, &c.
Conjunctions copulative, (as et, que, quoque, ao, atque, &c.) alio Conjunctions disjunotioe, (a* aut, vel, ve, seu, &c.) require the Nouns they come between, to be of the same Case, and the Verbs they come between, to be of the same Mood and Tense.
Note. The Reason of this is, because some Word, to complete the Sense', it understood; as in the Rule, et Platonem, i. e. et docuit Platonem.
J. Order, and Resolution, and Constancy, and the like to these, come under the Rank of those Virtues, that require not only an Operation of the Mind, but certain Action: for by applying a certain Rule and Regularity to those Things that occur in Life, we preserve Virtue and Decency.
2. All Virtue consists either in the Perception of Truth, and in Sagacity; or in cultivating Society, by rendering to every one their Due; or in the Greatness and Firmness of an elevated and unsubdued Mind; or in observing Order, and a proper Mean and Temperance in all our Words, and in all our Actions.
S. As a Man may be eloquent, though he be silent; and strong, though his Hands be tied; so he may be grateful, who only is willing to return a Kindness, though he hath no other Witness of his Good-will but himself.
4. No Creature but Man perceives the Beauty, the Gracefulness, and the Harmony of Parts, in those Objects which are discerned by the Sight: which Idea, conveyed by Nature and Reason from the Eyes to the Mind, it thinks that Beauty, and Regularity, and Order, are to be observe^ both in Councils and Actions; and takes care ta do nothing indecent or effeminate, or to act or think wantonly in any Occurrence of Life, either when we deliberate or execute.
5. The Man, who most clearly perceives what is the real Truth in every Subject, and who can most acutely and most readily see and explain the Reason, is wont justly to be accounted most prudent and most wise.
(>. Men, in order to determine their Resolution, must cither examine or consult, whether ihe Thing in question conduces to the Utility or Enjoyment of Life; to the Improvement of their Estate and Wealth; to their Interest and Power, by which they may profit themselves, or their Relations: all which Deliberations fall under the Title of Utility.
7. The Man who does not repel, vor withstand an injury offered to his Neighbour, (if he can conveniently,) is as much in Fault as if he deserted his Friend or Country. '1 •.
8. It is the part of a great and brave Spirit, to be persuaded that a Man ought not to admire, nor to wish for, nor to court any,Thing, but what is virtuous and becoming; nor to sink under Oppression ; nor yield to any Perturbation of Mind, or of Fortune. ... .. .! i>'
Nisi yariae constructionis ratio,, &c.
UNLESS ihe reason of a different Construction requires othenoise; as in the Example given, Emi librum centussi ct pluris—Centussi is the Ablative Case, by Quibusdam verbis subjicitur, &c. and pluris the Genitive, by Excipiuntur hi Genitivi, &c. So with regard to Verbs, when one of the Verbs has one Sign of the Tense before it, and the other another; as had and did, was and will.
1. He was celebrated for his Learning both at Rome and at Athens; and dreaded for his Power in Utica and Carthage. \ v, ./ . V
2. What do you value that Manuscript at? An hundred Pounds and morei
3. An extravagant ,Ma,u must not think it Fortune's Fault, but his own, that lie is not happy.
4. A diligent Boy will not neglect his Studies either at School or at Home.
5. I promised to serve him, and I will keep my Word.
6. True Love hates, and will not suffer Delay. 7. To hear a Man say, "I have been, and will
be hospitable as long as I live, and have it in my Power," is to converse with my Forefathers.'
Ziudih saspe intefligitur, &c.
QUAM (the Conjunction) is oftentimes understood after amplius, plus, and minus.
-.J. On that Day were slain more than two thousand Men; and above four thousand were wounded; tho' the King had not above three thousand
Foot, and eight hundred Horse. /'
2. He gave me more than forty Stripes.
.: 3• He stayed with me above thirty.Days.' \
4. 1 went to London, but had leave to stay not aboue one Night.
5. In less than' thirty Days he returned into Asia. '• '•' •'•''
Quibus verborum tr.odis, &c.
With what Mooch of Verbs certain Conjunctions and Adverbs a«ree. .
Ne, an, num, &c.
THESE three, ne, an, num, when put doubtfully or indefinitely, require a Subjunctive Mood after them. •:: .
1. Men consider whether the Thing in question be ft to be clone, or be disgraceful; and in this Deliberation, the Mind often falls into opposite Sentiments.
2. Be cautious whom you commend, lest the Crimes of another should reflect Shame upon you.
3. I am afraid, if I ask for a Half-Holiday, I shall not obtain it.
I. It is doubtful to me, whether it be better to die with them, than to live with these.
5. Go, see ichether my Father be returned from the Country: if not, I will go with you to the Play.' .''"
Dum, pro dummodo et quousqne, 8cc.
DUM, put for dummodo so that, and quousque, until, requires a Subjunctive Mood after it.
1. He put off his Thirst of. Revenge, to another Tinie; so that his Anger might grow cool..
2. I beg of you to wait, 'till I have consulted my Friend.
3. I shall confide in him so long as I find myself not deceived by him.