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4. They did not think proper to condemn so great a Man upon Suspicion only, but to wait 'till the Affair declared itself.
> i * .'
Qui, causam significans, &c.
THE Relative qui who, or which, also wJpm it signifies the Cause why, requires a Subjunctive Mood after it.
1. Who is there that does not admire the Splendor and Beauty of Virtue?
2. If a Man tells you the Sun is no bigger than it appears to be, you are a Fool to believe him.
'3. An easy Run, a swinging of the Hands to and fro' with Weights in them, leaping, either in Length or Breadth, are Exercises which sufficiently refresh_ the Body, and take up tut little Time, which is the principal Thing to be regarded.
4. A Life spent honorably and generously brings so great a Comfort, that those who have so lived, either Anxiety does not touch, or a'Pain of Mind but slightly wound.
5. He is as m.uch a Fool who fears Death, as he that fears old Age; for as old Age follows Youth, so Death follows old Age: he that is not vv>Uing to die never deserved to live.
U,t, pro postq.iam,' sicut, ,et quornodo, ,-Sce.
THE Conjunction ut, when it. signifies postquam after that, sicut as, and quomodt) -'how, is joined to the Indicative Mood .- but whm-it signifies quanquam although, utpote for as much as, or the final Cause (i. e. the End for winch a Thing is done) it requires a Subjunctive Afood.
1. With an Indicatice Mood.
1. Since I came from home, [ have let no Day pass without writing to my Father.
2. Since I came hither, I have not set my Foot without the Door.
3. After you left me, a certain Person met me by chance, and asked several impertinent Questions, which I did not think worthy an Answer.
4. As you greet me, so shall you be greeted.
6. Even the best Speakers appear to me almost impudent, unless they compose themselves to speak with a certain Bashfulness, and are under some Concern when they set out: but it must be so: for as the more excellent a Man speaks, so is he more sensible of its Difficulty, and under the greater Concern for the Event of his Speech, and the Expectation of the Public.
6. All bloody as they were, inquiring where the Emperor was, they rushed into his Chamber.
2. With a Subjunctive Mood.
1. Though Ability be wanting, yet the Will to do Good is commendable.
2. We expect you and your Army, without which, though other ThiBgs happen to our Wish, we scarce seem to be sufficiently free.
3. Though Fortune may deprive me of many Things, yet she will still leave me more.
4. That Speech was most elegantly written; forasmuch as in Sentiment and Diction nothing . cvuld be conceived beyond it.
5. It is of great consequence to be that which we would be thought to be. • !.'*
6. Virtue hath this Quality; that the Appearance and Beauty of it, even in an Enerhy, delights good Men.
7. Moral Philosophy is divided into three Parts: the first relates to the Estimation of Things; the second to the Passions; and the third to Actions: the first requires, that you give every one his own; the second, that you govern the Affections, and moderate their Impulse; the third, that you use right Means to attain a right End: Whatever shall be wanting of these three will disorder the rest: for what signifies it to be able to estimate all Things rightly, if you cannot govern the Passions? What avails it to restrain the Vehemence of Desire, and to have the Affections in your Power, if you know not when, or where, or what, or how you ought to act?
Omnes denique voces, &c.
IN short all Words put indefinitely, as quis, quantus, quotus, &c. require a Sulyunctive Mood after them.
1. I will send you the Books, when I can meet with a proper Person, whom I can trust with them.
2. Since our Country will not, or cannot accept our Services, wlvo will not grant, that we may return to that private Life, which many Philosophers have preferred (how justly I will not say) even ,to the Service of the Republic?
3. If you will write me Word, what you are doing,
and what is ymvr Design, it will be very acceptable to me.
4. How great soever you think yourself, be bumble, and you will obtain the greater Praise.
5. Let me know how many you would have to sup with you, and we will come.
6. If Time makes a Poem (like Wine) the better; I desire to know, how many Years stamp a Value upon it?
7. 1 know not what any of your Friendai write to you, but I understand they differ much in their Opinions.
Construction of Preposiliong.
Prjepositio subaudita, &c.
THE Ablative Case is often governed of the Preposition in, or some other Preposition understood.
i. Friendship consists in Equality of Tempers': to will, and not to will the same Thing, is a Sign of the strictest Amity.
2. My Father, now growD old, quitted his Office as a Magistrate, and retired into the Country,
3. Whoever he be that excels in Moderation and Constancy, is quiet in his Mind, and so satisfied in
Jiimself, as not to be cast down by Fear, nor too much elevated by Hope; he is a wise Man._
4. Do yoq ask why Virtue wants nothing} It rejoiceth in Things present, and hankers not after what is absent: every Thing is great, because, beit what it will, it satisfieth.
5. We are enjoined to perform, even to a Stranger, all the Service we can, without Detriment to onrselves: as, not to debar a Man from a running Stream; to suffer. Fire to be kindled atomFire; and to give faithful Counsel to a Person who is in doubt.
Praepositio in compositione, &c.
A Preposition joined to a Verb, and becoming part of a Verb by Composition, governs the same Case of the Noun following, as if it stood alone try itself before the Noun: as in the Example, Praetereo te insalutatum, / pans by thee unsaluted.
1. We must take all the care we can to abstain from Offences.
2. Drunkenness heightens and discovers every. Vice: it takes away Modesty, the usual Restraint from all bad Enterprises: for many abstain froni Things forbidden more through Fear of Shame, than their own good Will.
. 8. If Praise cannot incite us to do rightly, Fear will scarce restrain us from the basest Actions.
4. When thou speakest of others, look well about thee on every side: consider of whom, and before whom, and what thou art going to speak: for thy . Words cannot be recalled.
5. It is an useful Reflection, sometimes to consider, how many, who were born at the same Time with you, have departed this Life before you.
6. As Life, so all the Ornaments of Life are subservient to Wisdom: but her chief cud is