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13. How scandalous was it for a Citizen to be tortured after a servile Manner!
14. What a Monster is Man raging against Man! There is no Affection over which Anger does not reign.
•Sub, cum ad tempus, &c
SUB, when it relates to Time, (signifying of, or about,) is commonly joined with an Accusative Case. ,,
1. The Cock generally crows at break of Day.
2. At the Hour of Battle he fell so fast asleep, that he was awakened by his Friends to give the Signal.
3. He is cheerful enough all Day, but at Night his Anxiety returns.
Super, pro ultra, &c.
SUPER, signifying ultra beyond, governs an Accusative Case; but when put for de concerning, it' requires an Ablative.
1. The River Tyber at that Time had overflowed its Banks.
2. I was glad when I had passed over the Mountains, i
3. When I came home, my Father asked me many Questions concerning the School and Discipline, to which I gave him satisfactory Answers.
Terms Ablativo et singular*!, &c.
At Genitivo tantum pluralt, &c.
TENUS governs an Abhitive Case both in the singular and plural Number, or a Genitive in the plural Number only: and is always set after the Noun it governs.
1. I went into the Water ?*p to the Neck, because I coukl swim, but my Brother ventured only up to the Knees.
2. Some Men are happy,as far as Report, when perhaps they find the contrary within.
3. There is a so-far, that Pardon may be given to Friendship.
With a Genitive Case.
1. As he was walking Home, be fell into a Quagmire up to the Knees.
2. vAs he was standing on the Shore, the Tide came in so fast, that it reached up to lus Waist, so that he escaped with Difficulty.
The Construction of Interjections.
Interjections are often put independently, icithout any Case following.
1. Alas! how poor are my Kine, even in rich Pasture!
2. Alas! that he should transact so carelessly an Affair of so great Consequence!
3. Alas! how fast do the Years slide away! surely this ought to excite our Diligence.
.• • !.-. ...... • .:•,..,
O, fexclamantis, &c.
0. Aii Interjection of exclaiming, takes a Nominative, Accusative, or Vocative Case after it.
1. With a Nominative Case.
1. 0 Heaven, O Earth, O Seas of Neptune! hear my Complaint.
2. O the Habit of sinning! What Pleasure does iLgive wicked Men, when there are Hopes of Impunity.
3. O immortal Bowers! little do Men think what a Revenue Frugality brings in.
4. O gracious Powers! what is there in Life that can be called long? Nothing seems to be lasting, after its Period is arrived; for whenever that Period comes, there is an end of all that is past, and nothing remains but what is gained by Acts of Virtue and Benevolence.
5. O the happy Death, which, due to Nature, is given up to the Good of our Country!
2. With an Accusative Case.
1. O the teretched Folly! there is even Ambition
2. O the wretched Trifles, which Philosophers dispute about! they are altogether ridiculous.
3. O that excellent Keeper of Sheep (as they say) the Wolf!
•4.- O the UK-heard of Pride 1 to glory in a bad Action.
5. If the Things you do be honest, all Men may know them; if they be vile and scandalous, what signifies it if no one knows them, since you know them yourself? O wretched Man! if you despise this Witness!
6. O the deceitful Hopes of Man! Frail Fortune.' Trifling Pursuits.' often are they interrupted, often
are they ruined in the middle of their Career, and wrecked in the Voyage, before we come in sight of the Harbour.
3. With a Vocative Case.
1. O my Brother! how glad am I that Things go well witH you!
2- O thou Pride of a great Fortune! how delightful is it to receive nothing from you! whatever you give, you spoil.
. ••'.'.. i •
H«u et Pfoh, &c.
HEU and proh have sometimes a. Nominative, and sometimes an Accumtxoe Case after tltem!
1. O the matchless Virtue of his Mind! O the Might of his Hand, invincible in War!
•2. O Shame! that he should degenerate so much from his Ancestors!
3. What a Wretch am I! to judge of your Generosity by my own!
4. Oh the hard Condition of Banishment!
5. O the Treachery of Man! Who can avoid his Snares?
Hei et vae, &c.
THESE two Interjections, hei and vae, require a Dative Case after them.
1. Ah wretched me! I cannot remember this without Tears.
2. Wretch that I am! how has my Mind hitherto been supported between Hope and Fear! but now Hope is taken away, it sinks quite weary and confounded with Care and Trouble.
8. Wo to thee! who despisest Knowledge, and rejectest the Counsels of the wise.