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6. Pain of all Evils is to be accounted the greatest: for it is not <•nly an Evil in itself, but is. such a one as permits us not, while we labor under it, to.enjoy my Good.

7. Every one thinks what lie suffers himself, to be the most grevious of all.

8. The first step to Wisdom, is for a Man to know himself; which, as it is the most difficult of all Things, so it is far the most useful.

U. Admonition is the most precious of.all Kindnesses: and therefore they to. whom we owe this, should be looked upon as our chief and greatest Benefactors.

10. Gratitude to Benefactors is a Duty so generally acknowledged by all, even the most savage of Men, that he must have put off' much of his human Nature, who refuses to perform it

11. He is ungrateful, who having received a Kindness, denies that he has received it: he is un.^ grateful who dissembles it: he is ungrateful who does not make a Return, when Opportunity offers: but the most ungrateful of all is he who forgets it.

12. I am apt to wonder, when 1 see Men asking Time, and the Persons whom they ask, most readily granting it: both regard that for which it is asked; but neither of them Time itself: and thus the most precious of all Things is sported with.


Usurpantur autera, &c.

NOlfNS Partitive, Numerals, &c. often change their Genitive Case into an Ablative, with these Prepositions, a, or ab, de, e, or ex: or into an Accusative, with fnter, or ante, before them.



A, or Ab.

1. Of Evils, we must not only choose the least; but even from these, if there be any Good in them, extract it. , . .',. ,

..7 .'


1. Of Men, there are none so savage and un tractable, but they know there is a God; though they know not his proper Attributes.

2. Of twenty, for the Vessel carried so many, I was the only Man left.

3. I am the only one of so many Brothers.

E, or Ex.

1. Many will profess themselves to be kind, and to do Good to others; but alas! in Time of Trial 'tis hard to find one of them who will be as good as his Word.

2. Some of the wise Men called Anger a short Madness.

3. There are no greater Wretches in the World, than many of those, whom People take to be most happy.

4. Not one Man of a Thousand is Proof against Flattery.

5. Of all human Things, nothing is more excellent than to deserve well of the State.

6. Of all Rewards of Virtue, Glory is the most ample; which recompenseth the Shortness of Life with the Remembrance of Posterity; and makes the absent seem present; and the Dead, us it were, alive.


I. Of the whole race of Mankind, how few are there who know themselves!

Si. He was the least heard amongst all the Orators.


1. He is a good Boy indeed, who is at School every Morning the first of all his School-fellows.

Secundus aliquando, &c.

THIS one Ordinal, secundus, signifying second, or inferior to, sometimes governs a Dative Case.

1. He so diligently applies himself to Learning, that he is second to none.

2. Her Beauty is so far from being inferior to all, that it is second to none.

Interrogativum et ejus Redditivum, &c.

AN Interrogative and its Redditive (i. e. the Word wMch answers it) shall be of the same Case and Tense; that is, When a Question is asked, the Answer in Latin must be made by the same Case of the Noun, Pronoun, or Participle, and by the same Tense of the Verb, that the Question is asked by; except when Words of a different Construction be made .use of. • >. •';,-. , .\ ,

1. Of the same Case.:

I. What is Good? The Knowledge of Things. What is Evil i Ignorance.u-> •« :-ii •r.i'' .

2. What Labor is vain and frivolous? That which is laid out in Trifles.'

3. To what may we compare the Life of Man? To a Game at Chess.

4. fVhat makes us relish Health? Sickness. What enhanceth the Value of Plenty? The Experience of Want.

5. What is a Benefit I A voluntary and k,ind Action, that gives Delight, and in giving it, re

'ceives the same itself: It consists therefore not in the Thing given, but in the Intention of the Giver.

6. It is a great Part of Goodness to desire to be good: Do you know whom I call good? One that if perfect, absolute; whom no Force, no Necessity can induce to do a bad Thing.

2. Of the same Tense.

* 'it.

1. What will you do, if you are called upon to serve your Country? Behave myself manfully.

2. Hearing your Father reviled, what will you do? Vindicate my Father's Honor.

3. How does my Friend do, having lost his Son? He is in great Grief, but comforts himself in some measure with this Reflection,—that he died honorably.


. . '• . i.i .

I. From the Question being asked by cujus, cuja, cujum, whose; when the Answer is put in the Genitive Case. ..' .' t

I. Did he Bay, she was his own Daughter? No. Whose then? His Brother's.

2. Whose Son was that you brought hither to play with you? My Master'?,

II. From the Verb requiring another Casei

1. Was he accused of Bribery, or of Conspiracy? Of neither. (AM.)

2. Did you sell your Horse for Twenty Pounds? For more, or perhaps less: 1 am not obliged to tell you.

III. From the Question being answered by a Pronoun Possessive, metis, tuus, &c. when the Answer agrees with the Interrogative.

1. Whose Company, do you love above any? Thine.

2. Whose Servant was he, you parted from just now? My own. . ,

Construction of Adjectives governing a Dative Case.

Adjectiva, quibus commodum, &c.

Adjectives signifying Advantage, Fitness, Suitableness; and the Contraries, Disadvantage, Unfitness, Unsuitableness; L'keness, or Unlikeness; Pleasure, or Displeasure; Submission, or Resistance; or that have any Manner of Relation to a Thing, require a Dative Case. The Sign to, or for.

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