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Adjectives governing an Accusative Case.
Magnitudinis Mensura, &c,
THE Measure of Quantity, (as, an Inch, Foot, Yard, Ell, fyc.) is put after the Adjectives that signify Dimension, (as, long, broad, thick,) in an Accusative Case; and sometimes in a Genitive, or Ablative. When in an Accusative, the Preposition ad is understood; as in the Rule, Alta centum pedes, i. e. Alta ad centum pe\les. When in the Ablative, the Prepositions, a, ab, or de, are understood; as, Latus pedibus tribus; i. e.Latus a pedibus tribus. Mien in the Genitive, there is an Ellipsis of some such Word as latitudine, longitudine; as, Lata pedum denura; i. e. Latitudine pedum denum.
1. A Wall an hundred Feet high, and thirty Feet thick, will defend a Town well: especially if it be encompassed with a Ditch, sixty Feet wide, and thirty Feet deep.
2. The Roof between the Pillars, was an hundred and twenty Feet broad, and sixty Feet long.
3. The Walls of Babylon, the capital City of Egypt, it is said, "were three hundred Feel high, and seventy Feet thick.
1. That must have been a noble City, whose Walls were two hundred Feet high, and fifty broad.
2. The Pillars of the Gallery, with their Squares and Chapiters, were a fourth Part of its Diameter high.
S. In my Father's Garden is a River more than twelve Feet wide.
1. That Ship cannot but be very strong, which is made of Planks thirty Inches broad, aud twenty Inches thick.
2. The Buttresses which supported the Rafters, were eighteen Feet broad.
Accusativus aliquando, &c.
AN Accusative Case is sometimes put after both Adjectives and Participles, when the Preposition secundum seems to be understood.
1. In this one Thing indeed, he was not so .considerate as he ought .to have been ;.but in all
reip'ecls he was truly a prudent and careful Master of a Family.
2. It is an agreeable Sight, to see the industrious Bees, returning homein the 'Evening;, busmenrcd Otj the Thighs with wild Thyme.
8. He Was like his Brother in Poire and Cp»fplexion, but a Cripple in his Limbs.*
Adjectives governing an Ablative Case..
Adjectiva quae ad Copiam, &c.
Adjectives which relate to Plenty, (as, rich, full, laden with, fruitful of, &c. in Latin, dives, plenus, onustus, fertilis, &c.) or relating to Want, (as, poor, destitute, void of, &c. in Latin, pauper, indigens, egenus, vacuus, expers, &c.) govern an Ablative Case, and sometimes a Genitive.
I. Adjectives signifying Plenty.
1. It is strange that a Man cannot be content, when he is rich both in Land and in Money put out to Use.
2. What can be a more beautiful Sight, than the Heavens full of Splendor?
3. The Conversation of a great Part of Men is designing and insidious, full of Flattery and Falsehood, of good Words and ill Offices.
4. How happy am I, to have such a Preceptor, who is easy of Access, free, and //(// of the Humanity he teaches.
5. The Ship that came in laden with Corn, was very acceptable to the Poor.
6. Where the Soil is rich, and abounding in genial Moisture, the Meadows are covered with Grass, and the Vales stand thick with Corn.
With a Genitive,
1. He was rich in Horses, richer in Cattle, and most rich in Land.
2. All Places abound icith Fools.—All are full of Perfidy and Deceit.
8. When the Mind of Man is inwardly satisfied, and full of Joy, it does good to the Body too, as appears in his cheerful Countenance.
•1. He truly may be said to be full of Days, who desires no more to be added to his Life for his own sake, but for theirs only to whom he is serviceable.
5. The Land, tho' barren of Corn, was full of divers Metals.
6. The Land abounded both with Men and Corn.
7. It is a melancholy Truth; but after my Mother's illness, she was deprived of Sight.
8. If a solitary Life, without Friends, is full of Trouble and Disquiet, then Reason herself points out, that we should procure Friends.
II. Adjectives signifying Want.
1. I hope this Book will prove of Use to Boys, tho' it be poorer in Examples, than I could wish it.
2. He is poor indeed, who is in want of every Thing.
8. He had an excellent Genius, but for want of Study and Application, he was poor in Words. . .
4. Swearing is a Sin to which there is noTemptation, either from Pleasure or Profit: other Sifts may offer us somewhat of one or the dthie'r, but this Sin is entirely void of both.
5. They are sturdy, not generous, who are void of all Grief.
6. How happy is it to he free from Danger, when all the Nations round us are plunged in War.
7'. When we are free from necessary Business and Cares, we are desirous to see, hear, and learn something; and we think the Knowledge of Things, either hidden or wonderful, conducive to our living, well and happily.
8. Do what is just and right, that you may be free from Fear.
With a Genitive.
1. I should always wish to be poorest in those Goods, which make the Owner of ihem unhappy.
2. A Man may be happy in himself, though in want of Silver and Gold.
3. Life is not short, but we make it so: we are not in want of it, but prodigaN
4. Virtue stands in no need of Fortune.
5. A Man who is utterly destitute of Viftui'ftVtaself, commonly envies Virtue in another.
6. Simplicity, without Arts prevails more upon the Minds of Men, than Art without Simplicity.
7. A Master who is rich, and not used to Labof, will not consider whether what he commands be just orunjust. •'
8. Strength, void ofJildgment, often falls by its own Weight. - ,' ."'
9. He was so abandoned a Wretch, that" be