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II. The Genitive Case after the Verb.
Sum Genitivum postulat, &c.
THE Verb sum, when it signifies Possession, governs a Genitive Case; (because the Thing possessed is understood; as, Pecus est Melibcei; i. e. Pecus est Pecus, or Res Meliboei:) so when it signifies Duty, Part, Property, or Sign, it is said to govern the same Case (because Officium,. or some such Word, is understood; as, Adolescentis est, i. e. Officium est Adolescentis).
1. The House I five in is my Fatfier's, was my Grandfather's, and .will be, I hope, my Son's.
2. If a Saying be good, it matters not whether it be a Christian's or a Heathen's.
3. Is there no End of adding House to House, and Field to Field? Vain Man ! Thou must shortly remove thy Dwelling, and then whose shall all these Things be?
.I. You not only know my native Borough, but that upon all Occasions, I zealously patronize the Interests of the same.
II. Part, Duty, &c.
1. It is the part of a wise and good Man, neither to say nor do any Thing, that he may be the worse, but cannot be the better for.
I. It is the part of a wise Man to prefer Things necessary, before such as relate only to Ornament or Pleasure.
3. It is the part of a brave and generous Mind, to look upon those Things as little, which many account to be great and glorious.
•t. // is the part of a constant and invincible Mind, so to bear all sorts of Calamity and Affliction, as not to descend below the Dignity of a wise Man.
5. It is the part of a. brave and resolute Man, not to be discomposed at Disasters, or put beside his Guard; but to maintain a Presence of Mind, without departing from Reason.
6. /( is the. part of a Madman to wish for a Storm; but of a wise Man to weather a Tempest the best he can, when he falls into it.
7. In. taking Jievenge, a Man is but equal with his Enemy; but in passing it over, he is superior, for it is princely to pardon.
8. It is the Duty of a Subject to obey his Prince, aud of a Servant to execute his Master's Commands.
9. It is a General's Duty, not only to be brave himself, but also to take Care that those under him acquit themselves with Courage.
10. It is the pari of Prudence thus to think, and of Fortitude thus to act: but both to think and act well, belongs to perfect and accumulated Virtue.
II. It is the mark of ail excellent Understanding, to forecast in our Thoughts the Event of Things to come, that we may never be put to the foolish Exclamation cf—Who would have thought it?
12; It is the mark of Ingenuity, to make no Difference or Respect of Persons, but to give our Assent to Truth, come from whom it will.
13. It is an Argument of a narrow and wretched Mind, to doat upon Money: nothing is more honorable than to despise it, if we have it hot; and to employ it generously, and to do good with it, if we have it.
14. L/et us in Prosperity, and when we have the World at Will, avoid, as much as possible, Pride and Arrogance: for as it is an Effect of Levity to be cast down with bad Fortune, the same is it to be transported with good.
15. A certain Kcverence should be used towards all Men, both high and low; for 'tis the Humour not only of an arrogant, but also of a very dissolute Man, not to care what the World thinks of him.
16. It is-a Folly to mind another Man's Business at the Hazard of out own.
17. It is foolish to grieve at what.is lost, rather than to rejoice in what is left.
18. Any one may err; but 'tis for a Fool to persevere therein.
19. It is a Sign of a vain Man to praise himself, and of a Fool to discommend himself.
20. Why are you idle 1 It is not the part of a Man to dread the Sweat of his Brow.
21. It is extreme Idleness not to exhibit v. brave Mind, when Boldness gives Hope of Safety; but Timidity promises nothing but sure Destruction.
22. Itis for a poor Man to count his Flock.
23. /( is for a brave Man, so far to excel in Virtue, as not to dr•ad the Power of Fortune.
24. It is for excellent Men to despise the Contumely that comes from such as are manifestly wicked, by whom it is even scandalous to be' praised.
25. It is Wickedness to deceive any one, and much more a Parent, by a Lie.
26. No great Art is required to force a Man to do that, to which he is naturally prone.
27. It is for the Law to persuade, and not to compel all Things by Threats and Force.
28. It is no Fortitude, but Madness, for a Man causelessly to fling himself into Danger of his Life.
29. Young Men must reverence their Elders 'r and, from among them, select the best and worthiest, on whose Advice and Authority they may rely.
30. I think it is the part of a wise Man to be cautious not to expose himself, by any indiscreet Word or Action, to the Resentment of those in Power.
31. It is the part of a wise Man to hope for the best; to be prepared for the worst; and to bear with Equanimity whatever may happen.
32. It is a sign of a great Affection, not to accept the Apology of a Friend for a short Letter, altho' you are assured that it is founded in Reason.
33. None but the most abandoned Wrefch, would at the same Time violate the L*iws of Friendship, and deceive the Man who would not otherwise have been injured, if he had not trusted him.
34. He thought proper to steer a middle Course, when it was mean to yield, and Obstimny to resist.
35. It is for the curious to wish to know i'very Thing: but it is the property of great Men to be led by the Contemplation of sublime Objects.
36. It is not for him, who measures the greatest Evil by Pain, to mention Virtue.
Excipiuntur lii Nominativi, &c.
THIS is on Exception to the latter part of the foregoing Rule (id quod ad rem quampiatn pern tinet); as, meum, tuum, s.unm, nostrum, vestrum, humanum, helluinum, and the like, are excepted: for in rendering the English, It in my part, it is thine, &e. into Latin, you must not say, list mei, est tui, &c. but put the Possessive in the Neuter Gender, to agree with Officium understood, or the Sentence.
1. ft belongs not to me to mind your Business.
2. It is my duty to promise you, that all my Services, Cares, and Thoughts, shall be exerted in those Things, which tend to your Interest'and Glory.
3. It is my part, to suffer all Things alike.
4. It is your part to forgive me, if any Thing hath happened that could not be expected.
5./t becomes you to act agreeably to the Circumstance of' the Times, and to have Regard to the Preservation of your Life and Fortune.
6. It is our part to know how, and where it is necessary to obey.
7. It is our duty to know when and where to be complaisant to a Friend. *.
8. It is your part, who are Servants, to do what ye arc commanded; not to enquire what is the Reason of doing it.
f>. It does not become you to be in a Passion for so slight a Matter.
10. As. 1 have taken care that the wicked Intentions of these presumptuous Wretches should