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THIRD BOOK OF NEW
To be rendered into LATIN;
ADAPTED TO THE .
RULES OF THE LATIN GRAMMAR,
Jfov ti)c use of $otttf).
The Agreement of the Nominative Case and the Verb.
Verbum Personale concordat, &c.
A, Verb Personal (or, a Verb that has Persons, as, first, second, and third,) must be of the same Number and Person with the Nominative Case: <**, '.'
1. Virtue excelleth all Things in itself; all good Things are at Hand, with wlumi is Virtne^^
2. Good Men hate to sin from a Love of Virtue.
3. Wicked Men fancy that they can appease tKe Gods with Gifts and Victims, but they lose both their Labor and Cost.
4. Dear arc Parents, Children, Kinsfolk, Friends, but our Country alone contains the Affections of all these: What good Man therefore would scruple to die, if he can be serviceable to his Country J
5. No Man enjoys perpetual GbotT.
6. Play suits not every Age.
7. Where prudent Counsellors are wanting, a Nation goes to wreck, as a Ship does without a Pilot: nor is one sufficient; for then only is a Country safe, when many wise Men govern Affairs.
8. The Physician who has done his best, is acquitted tho' the Patient die; and so is the Advocate, tho' the Client lose his Cause.
9. It is better to be called too liberal than ungrateful: good Men will praise the one, and even bad Men icill condemn the other. •.'
**♦(). Too much Liberty will end at last in some great Evil.
-^Note. If two or more Nominative Cases singular, with or without a Conjunction copulative, come before a Verb, the Verb may be rendered in the Plural Number.
1. Food and Apparel must be adapted to the Health of the Body, not to Pleasure. .
2. The Wife and Husband ought never to be angry both at once.
3. Life, Death, Wealth, Poverty, have great Influence over all Men.
Nominativus pronominunrraro, &c.
THE Nominative Case of the Pronouns, Ego, Tu, Nos, Vos, are seldom expressed in Latin, unless for Distinction's sake; or when an Emphasis (i. e. a particular Stress, or Vehemence of Expression) requires it: as
1. When / regard not your Business, do not you regard mine.
,2. / knew not the Way of speaking ill; but ye are now my Leaders, and / am determined to follow you.
3. Certainly / am the unhappiest Man in the World: if any Mischief happens to our Family, J feel it first, I know it first!
4. As we are happy or miserable, compared with others, so other People are miserable or happy, compared with us.
h. I think you are of a mild Disposition towards your Children, and that your Son is dutiful; but he did not know you enough, nor you him: this often happens, where they live not well.
6. You are a Judge; see that you are not accused of any Thing.
7. We are Rulers of the State; ye not even of Slaves. ,
So if He, or They, (or Men, Persons, People, spoken in general,) come before a Verb, you must leave out the Nominative Case in Latin ; unless, as in the foregoing Rule, it be required by same Distinction or Emphasis of Expression; as,
lr. He was accounted noble among his Equals. 2. They direct us well, who forbid us to do what we doubt whether it be just or unjust.
Aliquando Oratio est Verbo, &c.
SOMETIMES a whole Sentence, or part of a Sentence, or an Infinitive Maud, stands instead of a Nominative Case to the Verb; a.?y