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Tenure of 59. A Lieutenant-Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor-General; but any Lieutenant-Governor appointed after the commencement of the first Session of the Parliament of Canada shall not be removable within five years from his appointment, except for cause assigned, which shall be communicated to him in writing within one month after the order for his removal is made, and shall be communicated by Message to the Senate and to the House of Commons within one week thereafter if the Parliament is then sitting, and if not, then within one week after the commencement of the next Session of the Parliament.
Salaries of 60. The Salaries of the Lieutenant-Governors shall be fixed Lieuand provided by the Parliament of Canada.
Oaths, &c., of Lieutenant
61. Every Lieutenant-Governor shall, before assuming the duties of his office, make and subscribe before the GovernorGovernor. General, or some person authorized by him, Oaths of Allegiance and Office similar to those taken by the Governor-General.
Applica- 62. The provisions of this Act referring to the Lieutenanttion of provisions Governor extend and apply to the Lieutenant-Governor for the referring time being of each Province, or other the Chief Executive Officer to Lieutenant
or Administrator for the time being carrying on the Government Governor. of the Province, by whatever title he is designated.
Appoint- 63. The Executive Council of Ontario and of Quebec shall be composed of such persons as the Lieutenant-Governor from Officers for time to time thinks fit, and in the first instance of the following Ontario
ment of Executive
Officers, namely: the Attorney-General, the Secretary and Registrar of the Province, the Treasurer of the Province, the Commissioner of Crown Lands, and the Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works, with in Quebec, the Speaker of the Legislative Council, and Solicitor-General.
Scotia and New Bruns
64. The Constitution of the Executive Authority in each of the Provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall, subject to the provisions of this Act, continue as it exists at the Union until altered under the authority of this Act.
65. All powers, authorities, and functions which under any Powers to be exerAct of the Parliament of Great Britain, or of the Parliament of cised by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or of the LieuLegislature of Upper Canada, Lower Canada, or Canada, were or Governor are before or at the Union vested in or exercisable by the re- of Ontario or Quebec spective Governors or Lieutenant-Governors of those Provinces, with the advice, or with the advice and consent, of the respective vice or Executive Councils thereof, or in conjunction with those Councils, or with any number of Members thereof, or by those Governors or Lieutenant-Governors individually, shall, as far as the same are capable of being exercised after the Union in relation to the Government of Ontario and Quebec respectively, be vested in and shall or may be exercised by the Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario and Quebec respectively, with the advice, or with the advice and consent of, or in conjunction with the respective Executive Councils or any Members thereof, or by the Lieutenant-Governor individually, as the case requires, subject nevertheless (except with respect to such as exist under Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain, or of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,) to be abolished or altered by the respective Legislatures of Ontario and Quebec.
66. The provisions of this Act referring to the Lieutenant- tion of proGovernor in Council shall be construed as referring to the Lieu- ferring to tenant-Governor of the Province acting by and with the advice Lieuof the Executive Council thereof.
tenantGovernor in Council.
67. The Governor-General in Council may from time to time appoint an Administrator to execute the office and functions of absence, Lieutenant-Governor during his absence, illness, or other in- Lieu
68. Unless and until the Executive Government of any Seats of Province otherwise directs with respect to that Province, the Provincial seats of Government of the Provinces shall be as follows, namely, ments. -of Ontario, the City of Toronto; of Quebec, the City of Quebec; of Nova Scotia, the City of Halifax; and of New Brunswick, the City of Fredericton.
Legislature for Ontario.
Resignation, disqualification, &c.
Questions as to Vacancies, &c.
69. There shall be a Legislature for Ontario consisting of the Lieutenant-Governor and of one House, styled the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
70. The Legislative Assembly of Ontario shall be composed of Eighty-two Members, to be elected to represent the Eightytwo Electoral Districts set forth in the First Schedule to this Act.
71. There shall be a Legislature for Quebec consisting of the Lieutenant-Governor and two Houses, styled the Legislative Council of Quebec and the Legislative Assembly of Quebec.
73. The qualifications of the Legislative Councillors of tive Coun- Quebec shall be the same as those of the Senators for Quebec.
72. The Legislative Council of Quebec shall be composed of Twenty-four Members, to be appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor in the Queen's name by Instrument under the Great Seal of Quebec, one being appointed to represent each of the Twentyfour Electoral Divisions of Lower Canada in this Act referred to, and each holding office for the term of his life, unless the Legislature of Quebec otherwise provides under the provisions of this Act.
74. The place of a Legislative Councillor of Quebec shall become vacant in the cases, mutatis mutandis, in which the place of Senator becomes vacant.
75. When a vacancy happens in the Legislative Council of Quebec by resignation, death, or otherwise, the LieutenantGovernor in the Queen's name, by Instrument under the Great Seal of Quebec, shall appoint a fit and qualified person to fill the vacancy.
76. If any question arises respecting the qualification of a Legislative Councillor of Quebec, or a vacany in the Legislative Council of Quebec, the same shall be heard and determined by the Legislative Council.
77. The Lieutenant-Governor may from time to time, by Speaker of Legislative Instrument under the Great Seal of Quebec, appoint a Member Council. of the Legislative Council of Quebec to be Speaker thereof, and may remove him and appoint another in his stead.
78. Until the Legislature of Quebec otherwise provides, the Quorum of Legispresence of at least ten Members of the Legislative Council, lative including the Speaker, shall be necessary to constitute a meeting Council. for the exercise of its powers.
79. Questions arising in the Legislative Council of Quebec Voting in Legisshall be decided by a majority of voices, and the Speaker shall in all cases have a vote, and when the voices are equal, the decision Council. shall be deemed to be in the negative.
80. The Legislative Assembly of Quebec shall be composed Constitutionof Legof Sixty-five Members, to be elected to represent the Sixty-five islative Electoral Divisions or Districts of Lower Canada in this Act Assembly of Quebec. referred to, subject to alteration thereof by the Legislature of Quebec Provided that it shall not be lawful to present to the Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec for assent any Bill for altering the limits of any of the Electoral Divisions or Districts mentioned in the Second Schedule to this Act, unless the second and third readings of such Bill have been passed in the Legislative Assembly with the concurrence of the majority of the Members representing all those Electoral Divisions or Districts, and the assent shall not be given to such Bill unless an address has been presented by the Legislative Assembly to the Lieutenant-Governor stating that it has been so passed.
3. ONTARIO AND QUEBEC.
81. The Legislatures of Ontario and Quebec respectively First Sesshall be called together not later than six months after the Legisla
82. The Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario and of Quebec Summoning of Legshall, from time to time, in the Queen's name, by Instrument islative under the Great Seal of the Province, summon and call together Assembly. the Legislative Assembly of the Province.
83. Until the Legislature of Ontario or of Quebec otherwise Restricprovides, a person accepting or holding in Ontario or in Quebec any office, commission or employment, permanent or temporary, holders of
tion on election of
Continuance of existing election Laws.
at the nomination of the Lieutenant-Governor, to which an annual salary, or any fee, allowance, emolument, or profit of any kind or amount whatever from the Province is attached, shall not be eligible as a Member of the Legislative Assembly of the respective Province, nor shall he sit or vote as such; but nothing in this Section shall make ineligible any person being a Member of the Executive Council of the respective Provinces, or holding any of the following Offices, that is to say:-the Offices of Attorney-General, Secretary and Registrar of the Province, Treasurer of the Province, Commissioner of Crown Lands, and Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works, and in Quebec Solicitor-General, or shall disqualify him to sit or vote in the House for which he is elected, provided he is elected while holding such Office.
84. Until the Legislatures of Ontario and Quebec respectively otherwise provide, all laws which at the Union are in force in those Provinces respectively, relative to the following matters, or any of them, namely, the qualifications and disqualifications of persons to be elected or to sit or vote as Members of the Assembly of Canada, the qualifications or disqualifications of voters, the oaths to be taken by voters, the Returning Officers, their powers and duties, the proceedings at Elections, the periods during which such Elections may be continued, and the trial of controverted Elections and the proceedings incident thereto, the vacating of the seats of Members and the issuing and execution of new Writs in case of seats vacated otherwise than by dissolution, shall respectively apply to Elections of Members to serve in the respective Legislative Assemblies of Ontario and Quebec.
Provided that until the Legislature of Ontario otherwise provides, at any Election for a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario for the District of Algoma, in addition to persons qualified by the law of the Province of Canada to vote, every male British Subject, aged Twenty-one years or upwards, being a householder shall have a vote.
85. Every Legislative Assembly of Ontario and every Legisof Legisla-lative Assembly of Quebec shall continue for Four Years from the semblies. day of the return of the Writs for choosing the same (subject nevertheless to either the Legislative Assembly of Ontario or the