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Legislative Assembly of Quebec being sooner dissolved by the
86. There shall be a Session of the Legislature of Ontario Yearly and of that of Quebec once at least in every year, so that twelve of Legismonths shall not intervene between the last sitting of the Legis- lature. lature in each Province in one Session and its first sitting in the next Session.
87. The following provisions of this Act respecting the Speaker, House of Commons of Canada shall extend and apply to the quorum, Legislative Assemblies of Ontario and Quebec, that is to say,—— the provisions relating to the Election of a Speaker originally and on vacancies, the duties of the Speaker, the absence of the Speaker, the quorum, and the mode of voting, as if those provisions were here re-enacted and made applicable in terms to each such Legislative Assembly.
4. NOVA SCOTIA AND NEW BRUNSWICK,
The Constitution of the Legislature of each of the Pro- Constituvinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall, subject to the tions of Legislaprovisions of this Act, continue as it exists at the Union until tures of Nova altered under the authority of this Act; and the House of Scotia Assembly of New Brunswick existing at the passing of this Act and New shall, unless sooner dissolved, continue for the period for which it wick.
5. ONTARIO, QUEBEC, AND NOVA SCOTIA.
89. Each of the Lieutenant-Governors of Ontario, Quebec, First and Nova Scotia, shall cause Writs to be issued for the first Election of Members of the Legislative Assembly thereof in such form and by such person as he thinks fit, and at such time and addressed to such Returning Officer as the Governor-General directs, and so that the first Election of Member of Assembly for any Electoral District or any sub-division thereof shall be held at the same time and at the same places as the Election for a Member to serve in the House of Commons of Canada for that Electoral District.
Application to Legisla
6. THE FOUR PROVINCES.
90. The following provisions of this Act respecting the Parliament of Canada, namely, the provisions relating to appropriation and tax Bills, the recommendation of money votes, provisions the assent to Bills, the disallowance of Acts, and the signification money of pleasure on Bills reserved,—shall extend and apply to the Legislatures of the several Provinces as if those provisions were here re-enacted and made applicable in terms to the respective Provinces and the Legislatures thereof, with the substitution of the Lieutenant-Governor of the Province for the GovernorGeneral, of the Governor-General for the Queen and for a Secretary of State, of one year for two years, and of the Province for Canada.
Legislative Authority of Parliament of Canada.
VI. DISTRIBUTION OF LEGISLATIVE POWERS.
Powers of the Parliament.
91. It shall be lawful for the Queen, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons, to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of Canada, in relation to all matters not coming within the classes of subjects by this Act assigned exclusively to the Legislatures of the Provinces; and for greater certainty, but not so as to restrict the generality of the foregoing terms of this Section, it is hereby declared that (notwithstanding anything in this Act) the exclusive Legislative Authority of the Parliament of Canada extends to all matters coming within the classes of subjects next hereinafter enumerated, that is to say :—
1. The Public Debt and Property :
2. The regulation of Trade and Commerce:
3. The raising of money by any mode or system of Taxation:
4. The borrowing of money on the Public Credit:
5. Postal Service:
The Census and Statistics :
7. Militia, Military and Naval Service, and Defence:
The fixing of and providing for the Salaries and Allowances of Civil and other Officers of the Government of Canada:
9. Beacons, Buoys, Lighthouses, and Sable Island: 10. Navigation and Shipping:
11. Quarantine and the establishment and maintenance of Marine Hospitals:
12. Sea Coast and Inland Fisheries:
13. Ferries between a Province and any British or Foreign Country or between two Provinces:
14. Currency and Coinage:
15. Banking, Incorporation of Banks, and the issue of Paper Money:
16. Savings Banks:
17. Weights and Measures:
18. Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes:
20. Legal Tender:
21. Bankruptcy and Insolvency:
22. Patents of Invention and Discovery:
24. Indians, and Lands reserved for the Indians :
Naturalization and Aliens:
Marriage and Divorce:
The Criminal Law, except the constitution of Courts of
28. The Establishment, Maintenance, and Management of
29. Such classes of subjects as are expressly excepted in the enumeration of the classes of subjects by this Act
assigned exclusively to the Legislatures of the Provinces. And any matter coming within any of the classes of subjects enumerated in this Section shall not be deemed to come within the class of matters of a local or private nature comprised in the enumeration of the classes of subjects by this Act assigned exclusively to the Legislatures of the Provinces.
Exclusive Powers of Provincial Legislatures.
92. In each Province the Legislature may exclusively make Subjects laws in relation to matters coming within the classes of subjects next hereinafter enumerated, that is to say :
of exclusive Provincial
1. The amendment from time to time, notwithstanding tion. anything in this Act, of the Constitution of the Province, except as regards the Office of Lieutenant-Governor :
Direct Taxation within the Province in order to the
The borrowing of money on the sole credit of the
4. The establishment and tenure of Provincial Offices, and the appointment and payment of Provincial officers : 5. The management and sale of the Public Lands belonging to the Province, and of the timber and wood thereon: 6. The establishment, maintenance, and management of
Public and Reformatory Prisons in and for the Province : 7. The establishment, maintenance, and management of Hospitals, Asylums, Charities, and Eleemosynary Institutions in and for the Provinces, other than Marine Hospitals: 8. Municipal Institutions in the Province:
9. Shop, Saloon, Tavern, Auctioneer, and other Licences, in order to the raising of a Revenue for Provincial, Local, or Municipal purposes:
10. Local works and undertakings other than such as are of the following classes:
a. Lines of Steam or other Ships, Railways, Canals, Telegraphs, and other works and undertakings connecting the Province with any other or others of the Provinces, or extending beyond the limits of the Province:
b. Lines of Steam Ships between the Province and any British or Foreign Country:
c. Such works as, although wholly situate within the Province, are before or after their execution declared by the Parliament of Canada to be for the general advantage of Canada or for the advantage of two or more of the Provinces:
11. The Incorporation of Companies with Provincial objects: 12. The Solemnization of Marriage in the Province: 13. Property and civil rights in the Province:
14. The Administration of Justice in the Province, including the constitution, maintenance, and organization of Provincial Courts, both of Civil and of Criminal Jurisdiction, and including procedure in civil matters in those Courts: 15. The imposition of punishment by fine, penalty, or imprisonment for enforcing any Law of the Province
made in relation to any matter coming within any of the
16. Generally all matters of a merely local or private nature
in the Province.
93. In and for each Province the Legislature may exclusively Legislamake laws in relation to education, subject and according to the tion respecting following provisions : Education.
1. Nothing in any such law shall prejudicially affect any right or privilege with respect to Denominational Schools which any class of persons have by law in the Province at the Union:
All the powers, privileges, and duties at the Union by law
3. Where in any Province a system of separate or Dissentient Schools exists by law at the Union or is thereafter established by the Legislature of the Province, an appeal shall lie to the Governor-General in Council from any act or decision of any Provincial authority affecting any right or privilege of the Protestant or Roman Catholic minority of the Queen's Subjects in relation to Education :
In case any such Provincial law as from time to time