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Uniformity of Laws in Ontario, Nova Scotia, and New
94. Notwithstanding anything in this Act, the Parliament tion for of Canada may make provision for the uniformity of all or any of ty of Laws the laws relative to property and civil rights in Ontario, Nova in three Scotia and New Brunswick, and of the procedure of all or any of the Courts in those three Provinces, and from and after the passing of any Act in that behalf, the power of the Parliament of Canada to make laws in relation to any matter comprised in any such Act shall, notwithstanding anything in this Act, be unrestricted; but any Act of the Parliament of Canada making provision for such uniformity shall not have effect in any Province unless and until it is adopted and enacted as law by the Legislature thereof.
Agriculture and Immigration.
95. In each Province the Legislature may make laws in rent pow- relation to Agriculture in the Province, and to Immigration into ers of Legislation rethe Province; and it is hereby declared that the Parliament of specting Canada may from time to time make laws in relation to Agriculture, &c. Agriculture in all or any of the Provinces, and to Immigration into all or any of the Provinces; and any law of the Legislature of a Province relative to Agriculture or to Immigration shall have effect in and for the Province as long and as far only as it is not repugnant to any Act of the Parliament of Canada.
Appointment of Judges.
in Ontario, &c.
96. The Governor-General shall appoint the Judges of the Superior, District, and County Courts in each Province, except those of the Courts of Probate in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
97. Until the laws relative to property and civil rights in of Judges Ontario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and the procedure of the Courts in those Provinces, are made uniform, the Judges of the Courts of those Provinces appointed by the Governor-General shall be selected from the respective Bars of those Provinces.
Selection of Judges in Quebec.
98. The Judges of the Courts of Quebec shall be selected from the Bar of that Province.
99. The Judges of the Superior Courts shall hold office Tenure of during good behaviour, but shall be removable by the Governor- Judges of General on address of the Senate and House of Commons.
100. The salaries, allowances, and pensions of the Judges of Salaries, the Superior, District, and County Courts (except the Courts of &c., of Judges. Probate in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick), and of the Admiralty Courts in cases where the Judges thereof are for the time being paid by salary, shall be fixed and provided by the Parliament of Canada.
101. The Parliament of Canada may, notwithstanding any- General thing in this Act, from time to time, provide for the constitution, Court of Appeal, maintenance, and organization of a General Court of Appeal for &c. Canada, and for the establishment of any additional Courts for the better administration of the Laws of Canada.
VIII. REVENUES; DEBTS; ASSETS; TAXATION.
102. All Duties and Revenues over which the respective Creation Legislatures of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick before of Conand at the Union had and have power of appropriation, except Revenue Fund. such portions thereof as are by this Act reserved to the respective Legislatures of the Provinces, or are raised by them in accordance with the special powers conferred on them by this Act, shall form one Consolidated Revenue Fund, to be appropriated for the public service of Canada in the manner and subject to the charges in this Act provided.
103. The Consolidated Revenue Fund of Canada shall be Expenses of collecpermanently charged with the costs, charges, and expenses tion, &c. incident to the collection, management, and receipt thereof, and the same shall form the first charge thereon, subject to be reviewed and audited in such manner as shall be ordered by the Governor-General in Council until the Parliament otherwise provides.
104. The annual interest of the public debts of the several Interest of Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick at the Public Union shall form the second charge on the Consolidated Revenue Debts. Fund of Canada.
105. Unless altered by the Parliament of Canada, the salary Salary of of the Governor-General shall be Ten Thousand Pounds sterling General.
money of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, payable out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund of Canada, and the same shall form the third charge thereon.
Appropri- 106. Subject to the several payments by this Act charged on ation from the Consolidated Revenue Fund of Canada, the same shall be time. appropriated by the Parliament of Canada for the public service.
107. All Stocks, Bankers' Balances, and Securities for money of stocks, belonging to each Province at the time of the Union, except as in this Act mentioned, shall be the property of Canada, and shall be taken in reduction of the amount of the respective debts of the Provinces at the Union.
Transfer of property in
108. The Public Works and Property of each Province, enumerated in the Third Schedule to this Act, shall be the schedule. property of Canada.
Property 109. All Lands, Mines, Minerals, and Royalties belonging to in Lands, the several Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick at the Union, and all sums then due or payable for such Lands, Mines, Minerals, or Royalties, shall belong to the several Provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick in which the same are situate or arise, subject to any trusts existing in respect thereof, and to any interest other than that of the Province in the same.
110. All Assets connected with such portions of the Public with Pro- Debt of each Province as are assumed by that Province shall belong to that Province.
Canada shall be liable for the Debts and Liabilities of for Pro- each Province existing at the Union.
Assets of Ontario and
112. Ontario and Quebec conjointly shall be liable to Canada for the amount (if any) by which the debt of the Province of Canada exceeds at the Union Sixty-two million five hundred thousand Dollars, and shall be charged with interest at the rate of five per centum per annum thereon.
113. The Assets enumerated in the Fourth Schedule to this Act, belonging at the Union to the Province of Canada shall be the property of Ontario and Quebec conjointly.
Nova Scotia shall be liable to Canada for the amount Debt of
(if any) by which its public debt exceeds at the Union Eight Scotia.
115. New Brunswick shall be liable to Canada for the Debt of New amount (if any) by which its public debt exceeds at the Union BrunsSeven million Dollars, and shall be charged with interest at the wick. rate of five per centum per annum thereon.
116. In case the public debts of Nova Scotia and New Payment Brunswick do not at the Union amount to Eight million and Seven million Dollars respectively, they shall respectively receive, Scotia and by half-yearly payments in advance from the Government of BrunsCanada, interest at five per centum per annum on the difference wick. between the actual amounts of their respective debts and such stipulated amounts.
117. The several Provinces shall retain all their respective Provincial public property not otherwise disposed of in this Act, subject to property. the right of Canada to assume any lands or public property required for Fortifications or for the Defence of the Country.
118. The following sums shall be paid yearly by Canada to Grants to Provinces. the several Provinces for the support of their Governments and Legislatures:
Two Hundred and Sixty Thousand;
and an annual grant in aid of each Province shall be made, equal to Eighty Cents per head of the population as ascertained by the census of One thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, and in the case of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, by each subsequent decennial census until the population of each of those two Provinces amounts to Four hundred thousand souls, at which rate such grant shall thereafter remain. Such grants shall be in full settlement of all future demands on Canada, and shall be paid half-yearly in advance to each Province; but the Government of Canada shall deduct from such grants, as against any Province,
Further Grant to New Brunswick.
Form of payments.
all sums chargeable as interest on the public debt of that Province in excess of the several amounts stipulated in this Act.
119. New Brunswick shall receive by half-yearly payments in advance from Canada for the period of ten years from the Union an additional allowance of Sixty-three thousand Dollars per annum; but as long as the public debt of that Province remains under Seven million Dollars, a deduction equal to the interest at five per centum per annum on such deficiency shall be made from that allowance of Sixty-three thousand Dollars.
120. All payments to be made under this Act, or in discharge of liabilities created under any Act of the Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick respectively, and assumed by Canada, shall, until the Parliament of Canada otherwise directs, be made in such form and manner as may from time to time be ordered by the Governor-General in Council.
121. All articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of tures, &c. any one of the Provinces shall, from and after the Union, be admitted free into each of the other Provinces.
122. The Customs and Excise Laws of each Province shall, Customs subject to the provisions of this Act, continue in force until and Excise altered by the Parliament of Canada.
123. Where Customs Duties are, at the Union, leviable on tion and any goods, wares, or merchandizes in any two Provinces, those tion as be- goods, wares, and merchandizes may, from and after the Union, tween two be imported from one of those Provinces into the other of them on proof of payment of the Customs Duty leviable thereon in the Province of exportation, and on payment of such further amount (if any) of Customs Duty as is leviable thereon in the Province of importation.
124. Nothing in this Act shall affect the right of New New Brun. Brunswick to levy the lumber dues provided in Chapter Fifteen of Title Three of the Revised Statutes of New Brunswick, or in any Act amending that Act before or after the Union, and not increasing the amount of such dues; but the lumber of any of the Provinces other than New Brunswick shall not be subject to such dues.
Exemption of Public
125. No Lands or Property belonging to Canada or any Province shall be liable to taxation.