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The Anniversary Meeting at Alnwick, on Wednesday, the 29th of September, was attended by upwards of sixty gentlemen, including the following members of the Club, and their friends-the Rev. J. F. Bigge, Stamfordham, President; Dr F. Douglas and Mr James Hardy, Secretaries; Mr R. Middlemas, Treasurer; F. J. W. Collingwood, of Glanton Pyke; D. Milne Home, of Wedderburn; Captain Milne Home, M.P.; A. Campbell Swinton, of Kimmerghame; John Halliday, Wedderburn Castle; George Greig, Harvieston; Col. Aytoun, Edinburgh; Major Holland, Alnwick; Captain Forbes, R.N., Berwick; Captain Gandy, Alnwick; Revs. J. C. Bruce, LL.D., Newcastle; E. B. Trotter, Alnwick; G. Selby Thomson, Acklington; P. G. McDouall, Kirknewton ; Edward L. Marrett, Lesbury; J. E. Elliot, Whalton; E. Rutter, Spittal; Hill Scott, Kelso; A. Bisset, Foulden; W. S. Chedburn, Berwick; Drs Charles Douglas, Kelso; Charles Stuart, Chirnside; C. Brown, Berwick; R. Wilson, Alnwick; B. T. Heuston, Dunse; Messrs W. B. Boyd, Ormiston House; J. Scott-Dudgeon, Longnewton; W. Currie, Linthill; C. M. Wilson, Hawick; C. Watson, Dunse; G. Paulin, Berwick; W. and R. Weatherhead, Berwick; R. Dand, Hauxley Hall; John Clay, Berwick; G. Muirhead, Paxton; S. H. Smith, Norham; Adam Robertson, Alnwick; Alexander Buchan, Secretary to the Meteorological Society of Scotland; John Short, Newcastle ; Charles Patterson, Coldingham; W. Elliot, Whalton; John Bolam, Alnwick; J. Heatley, Alnwick; Henry Hunter, Alnwick; H. H. Blair, Alnwick; Edward Allen, Alnwick; J. B. Kerr, Kelso; Thomas Tate, Alnwick; John Tate, Barnhill.
The place of meeting possessed a peculiar interest, as being associated with the life and labours of the late Mr George Tate, who was for many years Secretary to the Club, and whose learned and interesting work, entitled "The History of the Borough, Castle, and Barony of Alnwick," has left nothing for a subsequent annalist to record, regarding either the antiquities of the town, or the geology, botany, and zoology of the surrounding district. To many of our members
the visit to Alnwick was specially interesting on another account. They had an agreeable recollection of the Meeting held there on the 29th of August, 1861, when this Club had the pleasure of meeting with the Tyneside Naturalists' Club, and inspected with them the extensive restorations of the noble Castle of the Percies, with the splendid internal decorations then in process of construction. And they had now an opportunity of admiring, in its finished state, a work which, it is hoped, will be an enduring monument of the taste and munificence of two Dukes of Northumberland.
After breakfast, the business of the Club was transacted, new members elected, and the places of meeting for the following year appointed. The party then visited the beautiful and very extensive gardens and greenhouses of the Castle, which, though the colours were on the wane, excited much admiration. Most of the members afterwards drove through the well stocked Deer Park to Hulne Abbey. Pretty glimpses of sylvan scenery opened out, as the track wound up the valley of the Aln. The foliage was slightly tinged with an autumnal hue, but it was easy to imagine what it must have been in its summer pride. The park comprises a considerable variety of height and hollow, dark ravine, smooth lawn, rough pasture, and heathy slope dappled with orange brackens, and tufted with feathery birches and clusters of sombre Scotch firs, with some very fine wellgrown native alders in the marshes. Brislaw hill gives an upland character to its higher section, and connects it with purple moors behind. At Hulne Abbey an unusually large service tree was particularly observed-for the service is frequently little more than a bush. The height of this specimen was not ascertained, but the trunk measured in girth 6 feet 3 inches. On the return drive, the party did not fail to admire the stately silver firs, which are mentioned, and accurate measurements of nine of them given, in the Presidential Address, delivered at Alnmouth, in 1857, by the late Mr Dickson, of Whitecross. That address contains also a description of the next attraction, the Church of St. Paul, with its noble
stained-glass window, erected in memory of Hugh, Duke of Northumberland, from a design by the late William Dyce, R.A. St. Michael's Church was also visited, the interior of which has recently undergone, at the expense of the present Duke, extensive and elaborate alterations. The wood carvings on the screen, and stalls in the chancel, are highly creditable to the skill and genius of a native artist. The site of this church, commanding an extensive view of the surrounding country, the top of the tower was used in old times as a Border beacon. The mason marks of the original Norman structure are still visible on the south side, the tower having protected them from the weather. In the afternoon the Castle was opened to the members, who passed through the various apartments, the magnificent decorations of which have already been referred to. The day was unfortunately too gloomy to admit, of full enjoyment of the precious works of art contained in many of the rooms. The spacious kitchen came in for its share of admiration. But to many of the members the chief attraction was the Museum of Roman, Medieval and British Antiquities; and Dr Bruce who had attended expressly to explain its contents, had a most attentive audience.
Forty-eight assembled at dinner. The President delivered a very interesting address, and concluded by nominating me as his successor. The following points were under consideration-1st, The expediency of lithographing the remarkable trees of the district; 2nd, that notices regarding the migration of birds should be collected; 3rd, that local history and antiquities might be more systematically cultivated; and 4th, that greater attention should be paid to meteorology. The following are the members who were nominated and elected at this meeting:-Lieut.-Col. Andrew Aytoun, R.A.; Benjamin Tydd Heuston, L.R.C.P., Dunse; Capt. Theodore Williams, Etal House; Rev. Mandell Creighton, Vicarage, Embleton, Chathill; W. Richardson, Alnwick; Dr McDouall, County Asylum, Morpeth; Rev. Mr Wright, Vicar of North Gosforth; John Forster Baird, Woodlands, Teddington,
Middlesex; John Halliday, Wedderburn Castle, Dunse; Rev. J. Hill Scott, Kelso; George Greig, Harvieston, Stonehaven ; Alexander Buchan, Secretary to the Meteorological Society, Edinburgh; William Kinnear, Radcliffe Colliery, Acklington.
The places of meeting for the year 1876 were fixed as follows:-Selkirk, in May; Innerwick or Dunbar, in June; Norham and Horncliffe, in July; Rothbury, in August; and Dunse, in September. On subsequent consideration, Selkirk and Dunbar changed places.
Accordingly the first meeting in 1876 was held at Dunbar, on Wednesday, the 17th of May. I greatly regretted that an unavoidable engagement prevented my attendance. There were twenty-three present. The day was most favourable for a walk along the East Lothian sea coast-clear and sunny, the wind raising only a slight ripple on the waves. The company comprised the two secretaries, Dr Francis Douglas and Mr James Hardy; Sir Walter Elliot; Revs. J. F. Bigge (Stamfordham), William Darnell (Bamburgh), J. E. Elliot (Whalton), Hill Scott (Kelso), E. A. Wilkinson (Tudhoe, Durham), W. Stobbs (Gordon), W. Sprott (North Berwick); Lieut.-Colonel Aytoun; Captain Forbes, R.N., Berwick; Captain Norman, R.N., North Berwick; Drs Charles Stuart, Charles Douglas, J. Robson Scott; Messrs Thomas Allan (Horncliffe), J. B. Boyd (Cherrytrees), George Muirhead (Paxton), Edward Allen (Alnwick), W. Shaw (Eyemouth), Charles Watson (Dunse). In the absence of the president, the Rev. J. F. Bigge officiated as chairman. Mr James Knox, bookseller, Dunbar, kindly acted as guide throughout the day. After viewing the interior of the Town Hall, which consists of a succession of vacant uninviting rooms, and being shewn the presses and chests containing the town's documents, said to be extensive and curious, the route was taken for the old Castle, which occupies a commanding situation, but is now a shapeless ruin, the new harbour having cut off a considerable portion of it at the eastern end. It commands an extensive view; the white cliffs of the Bass were the most conspicuous object in the distance,
owing to a haze on the horizon; but the immediate shores were distinct, and the little rocks that roughen and render dangerous the entrance to the harbour, were pretty pictures, although bare and barren. The rocks here are of ancient volcanic origin-trap and trap-tufa, red coloured, with grey patches. The hue may be owing to their having acquired the colouring of the red sandstone, which they have here ruptured. Near the harbour this iron-shot trap is pillared. Cochlearia danica, along with the common scurvy grass, grows on the Castle ruins. Several solan geese were skimming across the waters, and a flock of about ten redshanks dashed round the pier, shewing that they had not all as yet left these rocky shores for their summer home by the Highland lakes. A few curlews were the only other shore birds specially noted. East of the town the old red sandstone is set up on its edges, and at one place is intermingled with the trap; further along the links the calciferous sandstone overlies it, and then the mountain limestone crops out. Still further east, on East Barns shore, a curious discovery, not yet published, was lately made by some of the staff of the Ordnance Survey, in finding a supposed new species of Productus, a fossil shell, prevalent in mountain limestone, having used its long spines as a means of attachment to Encrinal stems (corals which form a notable component of that limestone). The Producti are very minute, and cling closely round the stem of the Encrinite, looking like a very small long-rayed star-fish. On an eminence beyond Broxmouth Park, an extensive prospect eastward was obtained, terminating with St. Abb's Head. Broxmouth grounds were next entered. The parks were regaining their spring verdure, along with a sprinkling of daisies and buttercups of the bulbous species; and a bright radiance played round the tree tops already crowned with foliage. Some of the memorials of the second battle of Dunbar, September 3, 1650, were here pointed out. Here is "Cromwell's Mount;" on the sea coast below tide-mark is "Cromwell's Well;" and from the windows on the north-west of the mansion house the Protector