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P. 120 n. I. p. 256 l. 20 P. 121 1. 6.

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P. 115 n. 1.

P. 116 L. 10.

fo. 10 a.

P. 118 1. 16.

10 P. 119 1. 6. iniquiora, p. 31. 17.

P. 119 n. 3. Tit. de sociorum et discip. qualitat. c. 9 p. 48 and c. 14 p. 66 with the corresponding statutes of 1545.

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P. 114 1. 26. new collegiate churches.

when he was designed for that see?'

See p. 462 1. 9.

the visitation Apr. 1542. Regr. Goodrich fo. 8 b., fo. 9 a. b., My MS. Collect. Vol. 26 p. 224, 225.' WM. COLE.

b.

a letter. See p. 343 l. 39.

P. 118 1. 37.
The statutes of 1545 are in great measure borrowed from
Fisher's code of 1530. This is made evident by the mode of printing
(Early Statutes, 1859), as the corresponding statutes face one another.

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P. 120 l. 5. Examiners and readers, p. 250 l. 13 and 1. 22, cl. p. 171

1. 29.

Qu. if not some new bishoprics,
WM. COLE.

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P. 119 1. 36 seq. Diversion of the stipends of Fisher's fellows and of the allowances for his trentals, pp. 242 l. 35 seq., 254 1. 5 seq., cl. p. 169

1. 21 seq.

...

Tit. de cultu Dei, c. 17, p. 95 l. 11 seq., cl. Stat. 1330 c. 57, 19 seq.

the bond. Stat. 1530 c. 15, p. 64 seq.

P. 121 l. 13. a lord at Christmas, c. 26, p. 139 1. 2. seq. See Poulson's Beverlac, 263 n.; Northumb. Household book, 344; Cooper's Annals II. 112 n.; Birch's Court of Charles I. 1. 311, 313 fin., 325, 329; Donaldson's Bury 57. In the college accounts 37 Hen. VIII. (Documents I. 170): 'Stipendium unius socii qui agit dominum in tempore natalis Domini per annum xxs.' See an interesting paper by Heiland Drama. tische Aufführungen in K. A. Schmid, Encyklopädie der gesammten Erziehungs- und Unterrichtswesens (Gotha 1859), II. 25--30. There are many college inventories of the players' dresses. See a letter from Trin. coll. (28 Jan. 159) to ld. Burghley to borrow the robes in the Tower for a tragedy and some comedies to be acted there (Ellis Orig. Lett. Ser. 1. III. 32-34). The Return from Parnassus was written for a Christmas play in St John's A.D. 1602 (Cooper's Ann. II. 617– 619). Dr Legge's Richardus Tertius (ed. for Shakesp. Soc. 1844) was acted in St John's at the bachelors' commencement 158. See Mr Cooper's account of the actors in Commun. to Cambr. Ant. Soc. I. 347357. There is a curious letter (4 Dec. 1592 in Heywood and Wright, Cambr. Univ. Trans. II. 40-42) from the heads to Burghley, who had written both to Cambridge and Oxford, moving them 'by reason that her majestie's owne servauntes may not...disport her highnes with theire wonted and ordinarie pastimes. to prepare a comœdie in English, to be acted before her highnes by some of ouer studentes in this time of Christmas... How fitt wee shalbe for this that is moved, havinge no practize in this Englishe vaine, and beinge (as we thinke) nothinge bese minge ouer studentes, specially oute of the University, wee much

doubt, and do finde ouer principale actors (whome we have of purpose
called before us) very unwillinge to playe in Englishe. . . Englishe
comœdies, for that wee never used any, wee presentlye have none. To
make or translate one in such shortnes of time wee shall not be able;
and therefore yf wee must needes undertake the busines, . . these two 5
thinges wee would gladly desire, some further limitacion of time for
due preparacion, and liberty to play in Latyn.' Prynne and the other
puritan opponents of Christmas festivities, dwell at length on the dis-
orders under the 'lord's' reign.

P. 121 n. 2.

MS. D. M. i. e. Dr Morton. See p. 557 1. 10.

The same form. See p. 353 1. 45.

P. 122 1. 3.
P. 122 n. 8.

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1548. 'Mr Browne Willis, my honoured patron, who probably sent Mr Baker his admission to his prebend of Bedford minor, has in his copy altered it to 1538. v. p. 145 of my survey of Lincoln. However at p. 78 of the same book, he has left the false admission to the deanery, 1548, standing: which is evidently a mistake, by this MS. note of Mr Baker in Mr Willis's copy of his own survey, and copied by me into mine, viz. Dr Edmonds, master of Peter house, who died 1544. by his will, leaves to Mr. Dr. Taylor, dene of Lynkolne, his little Sylver Pott, etc.' WM. COLE.

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P. 125 1. 22. Ascham no zealot in religion.

'Mr Baretti in his Account of Italy, 1768, Vol. 2 p. 137, very sufficiently shews that he was both zealot and slanderer.' WM. COLE.

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Also in Aschami Epist. ed. 1703, pp. 287-289.

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P. 125 n. I. P. 125 1. 20. from one of Mr Ascham's epistles. Pp. 334-336, where he speaks of Lever and Hutchinson as arguing in the college against the On Ascham's share in the controversy see ibid. 288, 335. He was as B.A. in trouble for speaking against the pope, Scholemaster (1863) 161, cf. Epist. 214, 215; his tract against the mass (printed after 30 his death A.D. 1577) contains his Cambridge disputation.

mass.

See 35

P. 125 1. 32. Visitation of 1549. MS. C. C. C. C. cvI. n. 174 seq. Lamb's Cambridge Documents, 107-119; 'Order of the visitation' from MS. C. C. C. C. in MS. Baker X. 233 seq.=C 212.

P. 126 n. 1. MS. C. C. C. C. CVI. art. 163 printed in Lamb p. 152: 'Wee having at this present within our Realme Martin Bucer a man of profounde lernyng and of godly life and conversation have thought good.. 40 to bestowe hym upon you, to reade the lecture of holly scripture which Dr Madewe lately redde, to the greate comfort and erudition of all such as be godly and quyetly bent to the pure understanding of holly scripture.'

P. 128 l. 8.

P. 128 1. 22.

5 P. 128 1. 24.

P. 128 n. 2.

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25

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P. 127 lines 7, 8. additions to the statutes and rasures. All indicated in
Early Statutes.

IO P. 132 n. 2. See p. 468 l. 37.
Sedberg school, pp. 364 1.
Epist. 72, 311, 331.

first fruits. See p. 356 l. 37.

Cheke's lease of Ridgwell. See p. 371 1. 12.

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Bill's lease of Higham. See pp. 368 1. 19, 369 1. 42.

Blithe's lease of Horningsea. See p. 346 1. 3.

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P. 132 1. 20. The whole passage is worth reading; f. E i ro.-f. E ii ro. 'Your Magestye hath had gyuen & receiued by Act of Parliament, Collegies, Chaūtries, & guyldes for many good cōsideracions, and especially as appereth in the same Act, for erecting of grammer scholes, to the educacion of youthe in vertue & godlines, to the further augmentynge of the vniuersities, and better prouision for the poore and nedy. But now, many Grammer scholes, and muche charitable prouysion for the poore, be taken, sold, and made awaye, to the great slaunder of you and youre lawes, to the vtter dysconfort of the pore, to the greuous offence of the people, to the mooste miserable drounynge of youthe in ygnoraunce, and soore decaye of the Uniuersities.

P. 129 1. 13. Bill's will. MS. Baker xx. 258. In Bill's time (Commission Documents 1. 76): Pat. 5 Edw. 6. p. 2.— -Licence to St John's College to purchase lands.'

Other passages relating to the attacks on 26, 371 l. 20 seq., 372 1. 11; Aschami

'There was in the North countrey, amongest the rude people in knowledge (whych be most readye to spende their liues & goodes, in seruynge the kyng at the burnyng of a Beacon) there was a Grammer schole founded, hauyng in the Uniuersitie of Cambrydge, of the same foūdacion.viii. scholerships, two feloweshyps, euer replenished wyth the scholers of that schole; whych schole is now sold, decayed, and loste. Mo there be of lyke sort handled: But I recyte thys onelye, because I knowe that the sale of it was once stayed of charitye, and yet afterwardes broughte to passe by brybrye, as I hearde saye, and beleue it, because that it is only brybrye that customably ouercommeth charitye.'

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P. 132 1. 26. the life of this man of unpure hands has been lately wrote by one of his family and lodged in the public library. The life of Edw. ld. North by (his great-grandson) Dudley ld. North (Cambr. MS. Ee. v. 3). See Cooper's Athena 1. 232; MS. Baker XXXV. 208; Fuller's Worthies in Camb. 8vo. ed. I. 258: 'He was a prudent person and in managing matters of importance of great despatch; not unskilled in the law, and eminently employed in the Court of Augmentation; a court though short-lived (erected in the end of [Hen. VIII.] dissolved in the beginning of [Edw. VI.] reign), yet very beneficial to the officers therein.' A delicate piece of satire.

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P. 132 1. 30. Burwell rectory. See MS. C. C. C. C. cvI. 113, 115, 118–

ހ

124; MSS. Baker XIII. 165–170, 222, 223; XIX. 114, 150; XXI. 100; Commission Documents I. 447-450. On the later history and the purchase of Burwell S. Andr. see Patrick papers XXIII. 28 f. 30 (and thence MS. Baker XXXIII. 211, 212); MS. Baker xxv. 173, 176, 254. A mass of papers on this subject is preserved in the registry.

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P. 133 1. 16. by their neglect of hospitality. In the college leases of Horningsea it was provided that the tenant must reside and be hospitable, or give a quarter of wheat quarterly to the poor. See p. 399 1. 21 seq., P. 435 l. 16 etc.

P. 133 1. 24. Fellows ejected under qu. Mary. See p. 1401. 8; the numerous IO
admissions A.D. 1554 and 1555, p. 286 l. 14 seq.; Strype Eccl. Mem.
bk. III. c. 16 ad fin.; Ascham says (Scholemaster, ed. 1863, p. 163 seq.):
'mo perfite scholers were dispersed from thence [St John's] in one
moneth, than many yeares can reare up againe. For, whan Aper de
Sylva had passed the seas and fastned his foote againe in England, not 15
onely the two faire groves of learning in England were eyther cut up
by the roote, or troden down to the ground and wholie went to
wracke, but the yong spring there and everie where else was pitifully
nipt and overtroden by very beastes, and also the fairest standers of
all were rooted up and cast into the fire. Som of the greatest... 20
of that side did labor to perswade, that ignorance was better than
knowledge, which they ment not for the laitie onelie, but also for the
greatest rable of their spiritualitie, what other pretense openlie so ever
they made: and therefore did som of them at Cambridge..cause hedge
priestes fette out of the contrie to be made fellowes in the universitie: 25
saying in their talke privilie, and declaring by their deedes openlie, that
he was felow good enough for their tyme, if he could were a gowne
and a tipet cumlie, and have his crowne shorne faire and roundlie, and
could turne his Portesse and pie readilie... Verely, judgement in
doctrine was wholy altered: order in discipline very sore changed: the 30
love of good learning began sodenly to wax cold: the knowledge of
the tonges (in spite of some that therein had florished) was manifestly
contemned: and so, the way of right studie purposely perverted: the
choice of good authors of mallice confownded. Olde sophistrie (I say
not well) not olde, but that new rotten sophistrie began to beard and 35
sholder logicke in her owne tong: yea, I know, that heades were cast
together and counsell devised, that Duns, with all the rable of bar-
barous questionistes, should have dispossessed of their place and rowmes
Aristotle, Plato, Tullie and Demosthenes, whom good M. Redman, and
those two worthie starres of that universitie, M. Cheke and M. Smith, 40
with their scholers had brought to florishe as notable in Cambrige, as
ever they did in Grece and in Italie'. Foxe's Martyrs an. 1554 Nov.
(VI. 566, ed. Cattley): In this University of Cambridge, and also of
Oxford, by reason of the bringing in of these things, and especially for
the alteration of religion, many good wits and learned men departed 45
the Uniuersities: of whome, some of their owne accord gaue ouer,
some were thrust out of their fellowships, some were miserably
handled: in so much that in Cambridge in the Colledge of Saint John,
there were 24 places void together, in whose roomes were taken in 24

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20 P. 133 L. 35.

in rubric characters. See p. 373 1. 31.

P. 135 1. 2. and yet in king Edward's reign no man had been more vehement against the waste of the church revenues. 'Qu. if that was not the proper time for him to be vehement, when his party would have been sufferers by such waste?" WM. COLE. Edward from regard to hi secretary Cecil and his tutor Cheke intended a benefaction to St John's (Notes for his will, in Strype, Eccl. Mem. Vol. II. bk. 2. c. 22 p. 431): 'The College of S. Johns in Cambridge, to have of our Gift in Land, 100 Pounds by Year, towards Maintenance of their Charges.'

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40

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P. 135 1. 30. By qu. Elizabeth's injunctions there was no room for mistresses within the walls of colleges, 9 Aug. 1561. See Stat. Acad. 274; Cooper's Ann. II. 169, 170. Cox, bp. of Ely, writes to Parker (Strype's Parker, bk. 2. c. 8): 'Truly methinketh it very reasonable, that Places of Students should be in all quietness among themselves, and not troubled with any Families of Women or Babes. But when I considered on the other part concerning Cathedral Churches, I mused upon what Ground or Information that should be so ordained.' John Mason writes to Cecil, London 11 Aug. 1561 (Dodd's Church Hist., ed. Tierney, II. App. p. cccxxviii): 'Some heads of colleges in Oxford (I let the rest go) have gotten them wives; and the members, seeing that example, let not to do the like, to the great disturbance and unquietness of the rest, which are desirous to use the place according to the intent of the foundation. I have strived against it as long as I thought likelihood of any remedy. In the end, seeing nothing thereof to follow, but displeasure and the contempt of such as, giving me the fall, do sweetly laugh thereat, I gave up both to work any more therein and in many other things most necessary to be reformed. . The queen's highness now putting her helping hand to the matter. . I trust shall both amend this deformity and shall also give occasion to all such, as seem willing to tread all good orders under their feet, to doubt of the like in

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other, which neither in vertue nor in religion seemed to answere to them before.' See the list of the exiles from Oxford in Wood's Annals, ed. Gutch, II. 122, and the general description of Mary's reign (ibid. 135): 'What shall we say of Divinity, when the School thereof was seldom opened for Lectures? for which reason the salary of the Margaret Lecture was converted for the reparation of the public Schools. What shall we say of Theological Exercises done therein, when there was now such a scarcity of Divines (especially Doctors, not above three in all) that none could according to the Statutes oppose any that had intentions to proceed in that faculty? What shall we say of preaching, when Sermons were so rare, that scarce one in a month was delivered throughout the whole City; and what also of other Lectures in the Schools, when the Readers themselves were hardly able to perform a Lecture, or at least through negligence omitted them? The Greek tongue also was so rare, that it was scarce professed in public or private by any body...In Divinity not above 3 proceeded in 6 years; in Civil Law 11, and in Physic 6. In Arts also not above 18 in one year, 19 in another, 25 in a third, and 28 in a fourth.'

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