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other things.' Harrington, the queen's godson, tells us that 'being
On 26 Oct. 1553 the v. c. went to Clare hall and displaced Dr
Beza says to Bullinger (Strype's Ann. 1. App. n. xxix. p. 70): 'Quantulum autem absunt a lege Celibatus, qui Uxores sine expressa Reginae venia et D. Episcopi et duorum quorundam Justitiariorum Pacis assensu ducere, ductas autem vel in Collegijs, vel intra Cathe- 20 dralium Ecclesiarum septa, ut impuras nimirum, sive ut vitetur offendiculum, alere prohibentur?' In June 1604 'An Act prohibiting the Resiance of Married Men, with their Wives and Families, in Colleges, Cathedral Churches, Collegiate Houses, and Halls of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge' was passed by the commons after a debate 25 and an attempt to include Eton and Winchester. The bill was read a second time in the Lords' house. It was again sent up to the Lords, after a vehement debate on the precedence of the universities, 6 Mar. 160%; but not committed after the second reading (Cooper's Ann. II. 5, 20).
P. 136. at the end of Tho. Lever. 'V. Mr Baker's Letters, No. 132, p. 209, where are a few more tears over this man'. WM. COLE. In a letter, 6 May 1708, Baker sent to Strype extracts from the Durham registers relating to Lever (Baumgartner Papers, Cambr. Univ. Libr. X. 4).
P. 137 l. 20. a very old man. 'Possibly the same person who allowed Tho. Watson Bp. of St. David's to bear his arms, which are the same as those of the Rockingham family.-The arms above, on the table in the lodge, are however different.' WM. COLE.
P. 138 1. 22. Fisher's statutes revived. See p. 101 1. 31. Compare queen 40 Mary's letter of 20 Aug. 1553, for restoring the ancient statutes of the university and colleges, and revoking all injunctions and ordinances made since the death of Hen. VIII. (Cooper's Ann. II. 79, 80).
P. 138 l. 26.
fellows for Fisher. See pp. 286 1. 24 and 32, 287 l. 11.
P. 138 l. 29. Mary had been asked to make compensation for the loss of 45 Fisher's furniture. See pp. 377 l. 38, 379 l. 28.
P. 139 1. 13. Watson's Absalom. Ascham's Scholemaster, 168 seq. 'Whan
P. 139 L. 17. Watson learned. Ascham (Epist. ed. 1703, p. 91) calls
P. 141 1. 8. 20 P. 142 l. 17.
P. 140 1. 5. the queen is styled supreme head. See p. 376 1. 4 and 8 and 36. 15 P. 140 l. 15.
Wisbech. See the troubles in the imprisoned community there in Tierney's Dodd, II. 40 seq., App. nos. XIX. xx. See generally on Watson Athen. Cant. I. 491, 569; 'my vol. W. p. 93, article Tho. Watson'. WM. COLE.
M. Watson in S. Johns College at Cambridge wrote his excellent Tragedie of Absalon, M. Cheke, he and I, for that part of trew Imitation had many pleasant talkes together... M. Watson had an other maner care of perfection, with a feare and reverence of the judgement of the best learned: Who to this day would never suffer yet his Absalon to go abroad, and that onelie bicause in locis paribus Anapestus is twise or thrise used in stede of Iambus.' See Gabriel Harvey's remarks cited ibid. p. 259.
P. 142 1. 28, and P. 143 1. 16. Pole's visitation. MS. C. C. C. C. CVI. 330;
P. 143 1. 21.
visitation of the bp. of Ely. See p. 379 1. 32.
the two first great elections. See pp. 133 l. 24, 286 l. 14-29. Pole's letter accepting the chancellorship. MS. Baker XXXIV.
P. 142 L. 21. severities disagreeable to the sweetness of Pole's temper. Mr
Tierney notes that the first and only commission against heresy, issued within his diocese, was not signed until the last year of his life, Wilkins IV. 173, 174'. In earlier life he had been the friend of Contarini and an admirer of Paleario. Sleidan bk. X (II. 54 ed. am Ende): 'Qui familiariter hominem norunt, Evangelii doctrinam ei probe cognitam esse dicunt'.
P. 145 l. I seq. Bale's wit. 'The verses are not worth producing: but as Mr Baker mentions them, they raise a curiosity, that may be uneasy, till it is satisfied: they are at p. 728 of the 1st volume. It requires some study to find out the allusion and the wit; and when found out, it is not worth the trouble, but abuse was meat and drink to foul mouthed Bale. The 6 verses allude to the masters Metcalf, Lever or Levir, and Bullock. There are 4 other Latin verses upon Dr Bullock in the same style, and not worth repeating.
'Collegium Divi Joannis apud Cantabrigienses de Bulloco, hoc est, de Bore, nuper in Præsidem suum electo, loquitur.
'Cum meretrix Romana foret regni caput hujus,
At postquam meretrix Romana expulsa fuisset,
'In Mr Dod's Catholic Church History of England, Vol. I. p. 527 he is said to have been stripped of all his substance by pyrates, in crossing into France, where he remained for some time before he went to Antwerp; where, in St Michael's mon., he read a divinity lecture, and became a monk there.' WM. COLE. See Ath. Cant. 1. 429.
P. 146 n. 2. Citatio pro visitatione 7 Jul. 1559. MS. Baker x. 260-262 =C 268–271. Cf. the queen's letter to Cecil ordering the suspension of elections, leases etc. (Westm. 27 May 1 Eliz.) ibid. x. 260=C_266, 267; cf. X. 262, 263 C 271-275. See respecting the visitation Lamb's Documents 274-279; MS. C. C. C. C. CXIV. 9; Cooper's Ann. II. 10 158.
P. 147 1. 8. p. 287 1.
P. 147 1. 2. statutes of 1559. Printed in Stat. Acad. 178-210; Lamb 280-310; the statutes of 1570, with the controversy to which they gave rise, ibid. 315-399; Heywood and Wright, Cambr. Univ. Trans.
Pilkinton held an election by permission of the visitors. See 14.
P. 147 1. II. Pilkinton then only B. D.
'That he was only B.D. seems evident from his name, with Horne's, being placed last in the commission of visitation, where an heraldic 20 and regular gradation of order seems to be observed: if he had been D. D., he would have been placed with Parker and Bill. V. my vol. 21. No. 13. n.' WM. COLE.
P. 148 n. I. Coverdale's lanea toga talaris (Bramhall's Works, ed. Haddan, III. 204) gave rise to a controversy (ibid. 77, 99).
P. 148 l. 14. Cartwright, Fulke etc. infected the college with disaffection. Baker (to Strype 11 Oct. 1709, Baumgartner papers X. 13) shared Strype's scruples about Pilkinton's ordination. 'To tell you the truth, he was a very Puritan, and as such sow'd the seeds of Puritanism both in his Diocess and in that College, which were never 30 thoroughly routed out till the times of Bp. Cosin and Bp. Gunning.' P. 148 l. 16. His letter to the earl of Leicester. Printed in Strype's Parker, App. bk. II. n. 25. A copy in MS. Baker XXXVIII. 33-36 has some variations; Baker there says of the letter in Parte of a Register: 'It is much in the same strain, and many of the same words and arguments 35 that are in this MS. Letter.'
P. 148 1. 23. square cap. Chas. Bald writing to Ant. Gilby, 13 Febr. 1565 (MS. Baker XXXII. 438, 439), speaks of decree in the university for the use of square caps and loose gowns in modum Pharisæorum.' Gabr. Harvey writing to Edm. Spenser circ. 1580, of Cambridge news: 40 'No more ado about caps and surplices. Mr Cartwright quite forgotten. The man you wot of quite comfortable with a square cap on his round head' (cited in Wordsworth's Eccl. Biogr. ed. 4, III. 602). Compare bp. Alley in Strype's Ann. I. 348. Bucer and Jo. Foxe also employed this argument against the square cap. See indexes to Parker Soc. series s. v. Caps, and to Strype s. v. Habits. Jo. Rogers the
P. 148 1. 26. the Register published by the papists. It seems equally hard 5 that the papists are not only to bear the blame of their own opinions, but of the puritans also; and that this should be the fancy of so reasonable a man as Mr Baker, who has already [1. 6.] hinted at the Bp.'s companion's averseness to the ceremony of being created doctor of divinity, and could not be unacquainted with his encouragement or countenance in his dean's indecencies in his own cathedral. A man that would suffer this may be conceived to write the letters.' WM. COLE.
P. 148 L 29. the print is foreign.
'Nothing more common, than the faction printing their books abroad. It is remarkable, that although Mr Baker aims at an apology for his puritanism, yet every thing he says of him proves against him.' WM. COLE.
martyr never wore the square cap, nor would, unless the papists were constrained, by way of distinction, to wear on their sleeves a chalice with a host upon it (Foxe VI. 611).
P. 149 1. 3. minister. 'It seems to me, that he received no other orders than presbyterian. But as he was vic. of Kendal in K. Edw. time, he must have been in full orders.' WM. COLE.
P. 149 n. I. 'A man that could express himself in so unworthy a manner,
would have no scruples to call the habits popish rags! Accordingly Prynn, in his Canterburies Doome, p. 115, quotes him as one of his heroes, by the soothing appellation of reverend Dr Pilkington, for his irreverence and indecency.' WM. COLE.
P. 149 1. 17. Vatablus' Bible.
P. 150 l. 3. St Paul's burnt.
P. 150 l. 23. Rivington school. See p. 543 l. 15. Now unitarian, Notitia Cestr. (Cheth. Soc.) II. 1. 21.
St John's library T. 1. 14.
See Fuller's Church Hist. IV. 313 ed.
P. 152 1. 13.
40 P. 152 1. 20.
151 1. 7. Pilkinton's epitaph. 'It is since printed by Mr Browne Willis, to whom Mr Baker sent it, in his Survey of York etc. p. 812.' WM. COLE. See the life of J.P. Ath. Cant. I. 344, 563, and his letters to Cecil in Gent. Mag. Nov. 1860, 484 seq. His epitaph is in MS. Hunter n. 22 art. 34 (Durh. libr.); epicedium on by Fox ibid. art. 27; some particulars of ibid. n. 132 art. 9.
P. 151 1. 33. Robert Swift's epitaph. What remains of it may be seen in Ath. Cant. II. 281, 282, 551.
twice fellow. See pp. 284 l. 10, 287 l. 16.
sen. fell., coll. preacher. See pp. 325 l. 6, 333 l. 8.
P. 153 1. I.
then only deacon. So also Ri. Longeworth, pp. 333 l. 11. Four Lancashire masters. Lever, the two Pilkintons and Longeworth; Watson and Bullock are the intruders.
P. 153 1. 13.
Ra. Leaver's lease of Bassingburne. See pp. 387 1. 20, 389 1. 22; see too the lease of Millington manor to Fras. Pilkinton, pp. 385 1. 40, 394 1. 31. Leon. Pilkinton seems to have been active in the college business; many of his notes appearing in the lease book, see p. 384 1. 8.
P. 153 1. 21. Mr Ashton's chapel should not have been converted to profane uses, nor should the upper part of bp. Fisher's chapel have been turned into a room for the advantage of the master. See p. 93 1. 12.
P. 153 1. 30. Bp. Fisher in his statutes had allowed the master room for his stable, yet he did not mean that the old chapel should be the place. See IO Stat. 1524 c. 10, Stat. 1530 c. 35 (Early Statutes pp. 168 l. 14, 280 1. 34): Habeat et cameras post decessum meum, quas mihi superius reservavi. Habeat etiam hortum et pomerium quae cameris vicina sunt. Habeat et locum pro stabulo simul et clausuram australem ultra pontem, sic quod nemini sociorum aut discipulorum in ea deam. 15 bulandi libertas auferatur'. To these were added Stat. 1545 c. 35 (p. 169 1. 13) and Stat. Eliz. c. 33 a dovecote near the master's rooms and clausuram borealem ultra pontem'. There is an express provision in the statutes against the master taking college property to his own use, on pain of being 'furti criminis reus' (pp. 168 1. 36, 169 l. 35, 20 281 1. 7; retained in Stat. Eliz. c. 33).
P. 1541. 5. It was very well that the missals and breviaries were turned out of chapel. See the barbarous act (Stat. 3 & 4 Ed. VI. c. 10) 'for abolishing and putting away divers books and images'; whereby 'all books called antiphoners, missals, grailes, processionals, manuals, 25 legends, pies, portuasses, primers in Latin and English, couchers, journals, ordinals, or other books or writings whatsoever, heretofore used for service of the church, written or printed, in the English or Latin tongue, other than such as shall be set forth by the king's majesty', were, under pain of fine and imprisonment, to be delivered 30 up to the bishops to be openly burnt. See p. 162 1. 5. In Gutch's Collectan. Cur. II. 274-281 are orders from abp. Parker and the High Commission for destroying superstitious books and church plate; partly reprinted in Parker Corresp. 296, 297, 300, cf. ibid. 304; ibid. 303, 304 the large amount of spoils divided by the dean and chapter of 35 Canterbury. See Grindal's Works, P.S. 135, 159.
P. 154 1. 25. Mr Beaumont, joined the English congregation at Geneva in 1556, Ath. Cant. I. 245, 555. On 25 Jan. 156, he wrote to the puritan leader, Ant. Gilby, contradicting a report spread by Mr Wodd [sic] that he is 'turned back agayne to the toyes of Popery and Pudles 40 of Superstition'. Neither king Edward's last book nor the surplice superstitious; yet he has petitioned against both square cap and surplice, which nevertheless he wears. Tho. Wood's letter to Gilby (Lond. Oct. 1565) had represented that Beaumont was very earnest about cap matters. Some of the boys Clipt of all the heere of his 45 Horse tayle and toppe, and made him a crown, like to a Popish Prest
This Storye is so prety and pleasant that I could not but make ye Partaker theroff'. (MS. Baker XXXII. 427-431).