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tioned SAINT PETER'S COMPLAINT, written by Robert Southwell, and printed in 1595, with some other religious effusions of that author, he adds,

Yea, and the prophet of the heavenly lyre,
Great Solomon, singes in the English quire;
And is become a new-found Sonnetist,
Singing his love, the holie spouse of Christ,
Like as she were some light-skirts of the rest *,
In mightiest inkhornismes he can thither wrest.
Ye Sion Muses shall by my dear will,
For this your zeal and far-admired skill,
Be straight transported from Jerusalem,
Unto the holy house of Bethlehem.


It is not to any of the versions of the CANTICLES which I have hitherto mentioned, that Hall here alludes. His censure is levelled at "The Poem of Poems, or SION'S MUSE. Contaynyng the diuine Song of King Salomon deuided into eight

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That stranger language to our vulgar tongue," &c.

[Meres, in his Wit's Treasury, speaks of "Saloman's Canticles in English verse," by Jervis Markham: but without praise or censure.-PARK.]


of the Jews were not permitted to read Origen and Jerom say,that the youth SOLOMON'S SONG till they were thirty years of age, for fear they should inflame their passions by drawing the spiritual allegory into a carnal sense. Orig. Homil. in CANTIC. CANT. apud Hieronymi Opp. Tom. viii. p. 122. And Opp. Origen. ii. fol. 68. Hieron. Proem. in

Ezech. iv. p. 330. D.

* [This term is lauded by Pinkerton, in his "Letters of Literature," p. 80, as a phrase of much felicity: but it was not Hall's coinage. See Wilson's Rhetorike, 1553, fol. 82.-PARK.]

1 Du Bartas's Divine Weeks.

Eclogues. Bramo assai, poco spero, nulla chieggio. At London, printed by James Roberts for Mathew Lownes, and are to be solde at his shop in saint Dunstones church-yarde, 1596 y.” The author signs his dedication*, which is addressed to the sacred virgin, diuine mistress Elizabeth Sydney, sole daughter of the euer admired sir Philip Sydney, with the initials J. M. These initials, which are subscribed to many pieces in ENGLAND'S HELICON, signify Jarvis, or Iarvis, Markham 2.

Although the translation of the scriptures into English rhyme was for the most part an exercise of the enlightened puritans, the recent publication of Sternhold's psalms taught that mode of writing to many of the papists, after the sudden revival of the mass under queen Mary. One Richard Beearde, parson of saint Mary-hill in London, celebrated the accession of that queen in a godly psalm printed in 1553 a. Much about the same time, George Marshall wrote A compendious treatise in metre, declaring the first original of sacrifice and of building churches and aultars, and of the first receiving the cristen faith here in England, dedicated to George Wharton, esquire, and printed at London in 1554b.

In 1556, Miles Hoggard, a famous butt of the protestants, published "A shorte treatise in meter vpon the cxxix psalme of David called De profundis. Compiled and set forth by Miles Huggarde servante to the quenes maiestie c." Of the opposite

y 16mo.

[In this dedication Markham candidly and conscientiously tells his readers, that "rapt in admiration with the excellency of our English poets, whose wandred spirits have made wonderfull the workes of prophane love, he gave himselfe over to the study of inchaunting poesie: till, at length he betooke himselfe to Divinitie, and found Poesie, which he had so much reverenced, created but her handmaid: for as Poesie gave grace to vulgar subjects, so Divinitie gave glorie to the best part of a poet's invention," &c.-PARK.]

z Some of the prefatory Sonnets to Jarvis Markham's poem, entitled, "The most honorable Tragedie of sir Richard

Grinuile knight," (At London, printed by J. Roberts for Richard Smith, 1595. 16mo.) are signed J. M. But the dedication, to Charles lord Montioy, has his name at length.

a In duodecimo, viz.
A godly psalm of Mary queen, which
Thro God whom we of deuty praise that
brought us comfort all,
give her foes a fall.

With psalm-tunes in four parts. See
Strype's ELIZ. p. 202. Newc. REP. i.
451. See what is said above of Miles

In quarto. Bl. lett.

In quarto. Bl. lett. for R. Caley. Jan. 1. with Grafton's copartment.

or heretical persuasion was Peter Moone, who wrote a metrical tract on the abuses of the mass, printed by John Oswen at Ipswich, about the first year of queen Mary d. Near the same period, a translation of ECCLESIASTES into rhyme by Oliver Starkey occurs in bishop Tanner's library*, if I recollect right, together with his Translation of Sallust's two histories. By the way, there was another vernacular versification of ECCLESIASTES by Henry Lok, or Lock, of whom more will be said hereafter, printed in 1597. This book was also translated into Latin hexameters by Drant, who will occur again in 1572. The ECCLESIASTES was versified in English by Spenser +.

I have before mentioned the SCHOOL-HOUSE OF WOMEN, a satire against the fair sex. This was answered by Edward More of Hambledon in Buckinghamshire, about the year 1557, before he was twenty years of age. It required no very powerful abilities either of genius or judgment to confute such a groundless and malignant invective. More's book is entitled, The DEFENCE OF WOMEN, especially English women, against a book intituled the SCHOOL-HOUSE OF WOMEN. It is dedicated to Master William Page, secretary to his neighbour and patron sir Edward Hoby of Bisham-abbey, and was printed at London in 1560.f

A short treatise of certayne thinges

In the popish church long used;
But now abolyshed to our consolation,
And God's word advanced, the light
of our salvation.

In eight leaves, quarto, Bl. lett.


mentions one William Punt, author of a ballade made against the Pope and Popery under Edward the Sixth, and of other tracts of the same tendency under queen Mary. MARTYR. p. 1605. edit. vet. Punt's printer was William Hyll at the sign of the hill near the west door of saint Paul's. See in Strype, an account of Underhill's Sufferings in 1553, for writing a ballad against the queen, he "being a witty and facetious gentleECCL. MEM. iii. 60, 61. ch. vi. Many rhimes and Ballads were written


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against the Spanish match, in 1554.
Strype, ibid. p. 127. ch. xiv.
preserved some hymns in Sternhold's
metre sung by the protestant martyrs in
Newgate, in 1555. MART. fol. 1539.
edit. 1597. vol. ii.

* [Warton is most probably mistaken, as Tanner, who merely follows Bale and Pitts, does not appear to have seen [this] book.-RITSON.]

[Surrey's version of five chapters from the ECCLESIASTES, has been noticed at vol. iii. p. 311.-PARK.]


Supr. vol. iii. p. 426.

f In quarto. PRINCIP. "Venus unto thee for help, good Lady, do I call."

Our author, if I remember right, has furnished some arguments to one William



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With the catholic liturgy, all the pageantries of popery were restored to their antient splendour by queen Mary. Among others, the procession of the boy-bishop was too popular a mummery to be forgotten. In the preceding reign of king Edward the Sixth, Hugh Rhodes, a gentleman or musician of the royal chapel, published an English poem with the title, THE BOKE OF NURTUR for men seruants and children, or of the gouernaunce of youth, with STANS PUER AD MENSAM 8. In the following reign of Mary, the same poet printed a poem consisting of thirty-six octave stanzas, entitled, "The SONG of the CHYLDBYSSHOP, as it was songe before the queenes maiestie in her priuie chamber at her manour of saynt James in the ffeeldes on saynt Nicholas day and Innocents day this yeare nowe present, by the chylde bysshope of Poules churche with his company. LONDINI, in ædibus Johannis Cawood typographi reginæ, 1555. Cum privilegio," &c. By admitting this spectacle into her presence, it appears that her majesty's bigotry condescended to give countenance to the most ridiculous and unmeaning cere

Heale of Exeter college; who wrote, in 1609, AN APOLOGY FOR WOMAN, in opposition to Dr. Gager above-mentioned, who had maintained at the Public Act, that it was lawful for husbands to beat their wives. Wood says, that Heale "was always esteemed an ingenious man, but weak, as being too much devoted to the female sex." ATH. OXON. i. 314.

8 In quarto. [small 8vo.] Bl. lett. PR. Prol. "There is few things to be understood." The poem begins,“ Alle ye that wolde learn and wolde be called wyse." [As this book is said to be newly corrected, Mr. Ritson infers "there must have been an earlier edition."-EDIT.]

h In the church of York, no chorister was to be elected boy-bishop, "nisi habuerit claram vocem puerilem." Registr. Capitul. Eccles. Ebor. sub ann. 1390. MS. ut supr.

i In the old statutes of saint Pauls, are many orders about this mock-solemnity. One is, that the canon, called STAGIARIUS, shall find the boy-bishop

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his robes, and "equitatum honestum."
MS. fol. 86. Diceto dean. In the sta-
tutes of Salisbury cathedral, it is ordered,
that the boy-bishop shall not make a
feast, "sed in domo communi cum so-
ciis conversetur, nisi eum ut Choristam,
ad domum Canonici, causa solatii, ad
mensam contigerit evocari."
Sub anno
1319. Tit. xlv. De STATU CHORISTA-

* In quarto. Bl. lett. Strype says,
that in 1556, "On S. Nicolas even,
Saint Nicolas, that is a boy habited like
a bishop in pontificalibus, went abroad in
most parts of London, singing after the
old fashion, and, was received with many
ignorant but well-disposed people into
their houses; and had as much good
cheer as ever was wont to be had be-
fore." ECCL. MEM. iii. 310. ch. xxxix.
See also p. 387. ch. 1. In 1554, Nov. 13,
an edict was issued by the bishop of
London, to all the clergy of his diocese,
to have a boy-bishop in procession, &c.
Strype, ibid. p. 202. ch. xxv.
See also
p. 205, 206. ch. xxvi.

mony of the Roman ritual. As to the song itself, it is a fulsome panegyric on the queen's devotion: in which she is compared to Judith, Esther, the queen of Sheba, and the virgin Mary'. This show of the boy-bishop, not so much for its superstition as its levity and absurdity, had been formally abrogated by king Henry the Eighth, fourteen years before, in the year 1542, as appears by a "Proclamation devised by the King's Majesty by the advys of his Highness Counsel the xxii day of Julie, 33 Hen. viij, commanding the ffeasts of saint Luke, saint Mark, saint Marie Magdalene, Inuention of the Crosse, and saint Laurence, which had been abrogated, should be nowe againe celebrated and kept holie days," of which the following is the concluding clause. "And where as heretofore dyuers and many superstitious and chyldysh obseruances have be vsed, and yet to this day are obserued and kept, in many and sundry partes of this realm, as vpon saint Nicholas ", saint Catha

In a poem by Llodowyke Lloyd, in the Paradise of daintie Deuises, (edit. 1585.) on the death of sir Edward Saunders, queen Elisabeth is complimented much in the same manner. NUM. 32. SIGNAT. E. 2.

O sacred seate, where Saba sage doth sit,

Like Susan sound, like Sara sad, with

Hester's mace in hand, With Iudithes sword, Bellona-like, to rule this noble land.

[See specimens of the same courtly adulation in Habe's Commemoration of the Raigne of Q. Elizabeth (Harl. Misc. ix. 129.) and Mr. Nichols's display of her Progresses and Processions passim.-PARK.]

m In Barnabie Googe's POPISH KINGDOM, a translation from Naogeorgius's REGNUM ANTICHRISTI, fol. 55. Lond. 1570. 4to.

Saint Nicholas monie vsde to give to maydens secretlie,

Who that be still may vse his wonted liberalitie:

The mother all their children on the

Eeve do cause to fast, And when they euerie one at night in senselesse sleepe are cast,

Both apples, nuts and payres they bring,

and other thinges beside, As cappes, and shoes, and petticoates, wich secretly they hide, And in the morning found, they say, that

"this Saint Nicholas brought," &c. See a curious passage in bishop Fisher's

Sermon of the MONTHS MINDE of Margaret countess of Richmond. Where it is said, that she praied to S. Nicholas the patron and helper of all true maydens, when nine years old, about the choice of a husband: and that the saint appeared in a vision, and announced the earl of Richmond. Edit. Baker, pag. 8. There is a precept issued to the sheriff of Oxford from Edward the First, in 1305, to prohibit tournaments being intermixed with the sports of the scholars on saint Nicholas's day. Rot. Claus. 33 Edw. I. memb. 2.

I have already given traces of this practice in the colleges of Winchester and Eton. [see supr. vol. iii. p. 216.] To which I here add another. Registr.


Coll. Wint. sub ann. 1427.
deaurata de cupro [copper] cum Baculo,
pears that the practice subsisted in com-
mon grammar-schools.
"Hoc anno,

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