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porary Drayton; who from his own feelings was well qualified to decide on the merits of a poet. It is in Drayton's Elegy, To my dearly loved friend Henry Reynolds of Poets and Poesie. Next Marlowe, bathed in the Thespian springes,

Had in him those braue translunary thinges,
That the first poets had: his raptvres were
All air, and fire, which made his verses clear:
For that fine madness still he did retaine

Which rightly should possesse a poet's braine1.

In the RETURN FROM PARNASSUS, a sort of critical play, acted at Cambridge in 1606, Marlowe's buskined MUSE is celebrated". His cotemporary Decker, Jonson's antagonist, having allotted to Chaucer and graue Spenser, the highest seat in the Elisian grove of Bayes, has thus arranged Marlowe. "In another companie sat learned Atchlow* and, (tho he had ben a player molded out of their pennes, yet because he had been their louer and register to the Muse) inimitable Bentley†: these were likewise carowsing out of the holy well, &c. Whilst

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Langbaine, who cites these lines without seeming to know their author, by a pleasant mistake has printed this word sublunary. DRAM. POETS, p. 342.

t Lond. edit. 1753. iv. p. 1256. That Marlowe was a favorite with Jonson, appears from the Preface to one Bosworth's poems; who says, that Jonson used to call the mighty lines of Marlowe's MUSAEUS fitter for admiration than parallel. Thomas Heywood, who published Marlowe's JEW OF MALTA, in 1633, wrote the Prologue, spoken at the Cockpit, in which Marlowe is highly commended both as a player and a poet. It was in this play that Allen, the founder of Dulwich college, acted the Jew with so much applause.

" Hawkins's OLD PL. iii. p. 215. Lond. 1607. 4to. But it is entered in 1605, Oct. 16, to J. Wright, where it is said to have been acted at saint John's. REGISTR. STATION. C. fol. 130. b. See other cotemporary testimonies of this author, in OLD PLAYS. (in 12 vol.) Lond. 1780. 12mo. vol. ii. 308.

* [Another edition of this tract, without date, introduces at this place “learn

ed Watson, industrious Kyd, and ingenious Atchlow." Watson has been mentioned as a sonneteer, and Kyd was a writer of tragedy.-PARK.]

[Nash thus speaks of Bentley, in his "Prince Pennilesse," after noticing Ned Allen and the principal actors."If I write any thing in Latine (as I hope one day I shall), not a man of any desert here amongst us, but I will have up:-Tarlton, Knell, Bentley, shall be made known to Fraunce, Spayne, and Italie," &c. Heywood, in his Apologie, celebrates "Knell, Bentley, Mills, Wilson, and Lanam, as players who by the report of many judicial auditors, performed many parts so absolute, that it were a sin to drowne their works in Lethe." John Bentley is introduced by Ritson in Bibl. Poetica, as the author of a few short poems in an ancient MS. belonging to Samuel Lysons, Esq. Robert Mills, a schoolmaster of Stamford, has various verses in one of Rawlinson's MSS. in the Bodleian library, entitled "Miscellanea Poetica." temp. Eliz.-PARK.]

Marlowe, Greene, and Peele, had gott under the shadow of a large vyne, laughing to see Nashe, that was but newly come to their colledge, still haunted with the same satyricall spirit that followed him here vpon earth"."

Marlowe's wit and spriteliness of conversation had often the unhappy effect of tempting him to sport with sacred subjects; more perhaps from the preposterous ambition of courting the casual applause of profligate and unprincipled companions, than from any systematic disbelief of religion. His scepticism, whatever it might be, was construed by the prejudiced and peevish puritans into absolute atheism: and they took pains to represent the unfortunate catastrophe of his untimely death, as an immediate judgment from heaven upon his execrable impiety. He was in love, and had for his rival, to use the significant words of Wood, "a bawdy servingman, one rather fitter to be a pimp, than an ingenious amoretto, as Marlowe conceived himself to be." The consequence was, that an affray ensued; in which the antagonist having by superior agility gained an opportunity of strongly grasping Marlow's wrist, plunged his dagger with his own hand into his own head. Of this wound he died rather before the year 15932. One of

WA KNIGHT'S CONJURING, Signat. L. 1607. 4to. To this company Henry Chettle is admitted, [See supr. p. 116.] and is saluted in bumpers of Helicon on his arrival.

["In comes Chettle, sweating and blowing, by reason of his fatnes: to welcome whom, because he was of olde acquaintance, all rose up and fell presentlie on their knees, to drink a health to all lovers of Helicon."-PARK.]

* See Beard's THEATRE OF GOD'S JUDGMENTS, lib. i. ch. xxiii. And "Account of the blasphemous and dan:nable opinions of Christ. Marley and 3 others,

who came to a sudden and fearfull end of this life." MSS. HARL. 6853.80. fol. 320.

[For the sake of exposing Mr. Warton's urbane though injudicious apology for the atheism of Marlow, this paper was printed in Ritson's Observations, and it too glaringly exhibits the diabolical tenets and debauched morals of unhappy Christoph Marlow.-PARK.]

YATH. OXON. i. 338. See Meres, WITS TR. fol. 287.

z Marston seems to allude to this catastrophe, CERTAINE SATYRES. Lond. for Edmond Matts, 1598, 12mo. SAT. ii.

Tis loose-leg'd Lais, that same common drab,

For whom good Tubro tooke the mortall stab.

By the way, Marlowe in his EDWARD THE SECOND, seems to have ridiculed the puritans under the character of the scholar Spencer, who "says a long grace at a tables end, wears a little band, buttons like pins heads, and

"is curate-like in his attire, Though inwardly licentious enough," &c.

[It is at least probable, that Marlow dressed his scholar from what he saw wore in or before the year 1593. Small conical buttons &c. were then the pre

Marlowe's tragedies is, The tragical history of the life and death of doctor John Faustus. A proof of the credulous ignorance which still prevailed, and a specimen of the subjects which then were thought not improper for tragedy. A tale which at the close of the sixteenth century had the possession of the public theatres of our metropolis, now only frightens children at a puppet-show in a country-town. But that the learned John Faust continued to maintain the character of a conjuror in the sixteenth century even by authority, appears from a "Ballad of the life and death of doctor Faustus the great congerer," which in 1588 was licenced to be printed by the learned Aylmer bishop of London".

As Marlowe, being now considered as a translator, and otherwise being generally ranked only as a dramatic poet, will not occur again, I take this opportunity of remarking here, that the delicate sonnet called the PASSIONATE SHEPHERD TO HIS LOVE, falsely attributed to Shakespeare, and which occurs in the third act of THE MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR, followed by the nymph's Reply, was written by Marlowe. Isaac Walton in his COMPLEAT ANGLER, a book perhaps composed about the year 1640, although not published till 1653, has inserted this sonnet, with the reply, under the character of "that smooth song which was made by Kit Marlowe, now at least fifty years ago: and-an Answer to it which was made by sir Walter Raleigh, in his younger days: old fashioned poetry, but choicely good." In ENGLAND'S HELICON, a miscellany of the year 1600, it is printed with Christopher Marlowe's name, and followed by the Reply, subscribed IGNOTO, Raleigh's constant signature. A page or two afterwards, it vailing fashion. See the pictures of Lord Southampton, Sir Philip Sidney and Sir Walter Raleigh, who was "curate-like" in his attire.-ASHBY.]

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Signat. P. 4. edit. 1614. [The publisher of " England's Helicon❞ never conceals the names of his writers where he knows them; where he does not, he subscribes the word IGNOTO (Anonymous).-RITSON.]

[The Nymphs Reply to the passionate Shepherd, is in England's Helicon. Isaac Walton informs us, that this reply was made by Sir Walter Raleigh in his younger days. Mr. Warton observes,

is imitated by Raleigh. That Marlowe was admirably qualified for what Mr. Mason, with a happy and judicious propriety, calls PURE POETRY, will appear from the following passage of his forgotten tragedy of EDWARD THE SECOND, written in the year 1590, and first printed in 1598. The highest entertainments, then in fashion, are contrived for the gratification of the infatuated Edward, by his profligate minion Piers Gaveston*.

I must haue wanton poets, pleasant wits,
Musicians, that with touching of a string
May drawe the plyant king which way I please.
Music and poetry are his delight;

Therefore I'll haue Italian masques by night,
Sweet speeches, comedies, and pleasing shewes.
And in the day, when he shall walke abroad,
Like sylvan Nymphs my pages shall be clad,
My men like Satyrs, grazing on the lawnes,
Shall with their goat-feet dance the antic hay.
Sometimes a Louely Boy, in Dian's shape,
With haire that gildes the water as it glides,
Crownets of pearle about his naked armes,
And in his sportfull handes an oliue-tree,

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Shall bathe him in a spring: and there hard by,
One, lyke Acteon, peeping through the groue,
Shall by the angry goddess be transform'd.-
Such thinges as these best please his maiestie.

that this Reply is subscribed IGNOTO, Ra-
leigh's constant signature. Another very
able critic (Ritson) contends that this
signature was affixed by the publisher to
express by it his ignorance of the author's
name. Mr. Warton, however, had per-
haps good reasons for his opinion though
he neglected to adduce them; and it is
to be observed, that in Mr. Steevens's
copy of the first edition of England's
Helicon, the original signature was
W. R. the second subscription of IGNOTO
(which has been followed in the subse-

quent editions) being rather awkwardly pasted over it. Caley's Life of Raleigh. -PARK.]

[It seems somewhat remarkable, that Marlow, in describing the pleasures which Gaveston contrived to debauch the infatuated Edward, should exactly employ those which were exhibited before the sage Elizabeth. But to her they were only occasional and temporary relaxations.-ASHBY.]

e That is, acting the part of Diana.

It must be allowed that these lines are in Marlowe's best manner. His chief fault in description is an indulgence of the florid style, and an accumulation of conceits, yet resulting from a warm and brilliant fancy. As in the following description of a river.

I walkt along a streame, for purenesse rare,
Brighter than sunshine: for it did acquaint
The dullest sight with all the glorious pray,
That in the pebble-paved chanell lay.

No molten chrystall, but a richer mine;
Euen natvre's rarest alchemie ran there,
Diamonds resolu'd, and svbstance more diuine;
Through whose bright-gliding current might appeare
A thousand naked Nymphes, whose yuorie shine
Enameling the bankes, made them more deare
Than euer was that gloriovs pallace-gate,
Where the day-shining Sunne in trivmph sate.
Vpon this brim, the eglantine, and rose,
The tamariske, oliue, and the almond-tree,
(As kind companions) in one vnion growes,
Folding their twining armes: as ofte we see
Turtle-taught louers either other close,
Lending to dullnesse feeling sympathie:
And as a costly vallance1 oer a bed,

So did their garland-tops the brooke oerspred.

Their leaues that differed both in shape and showe, (Though all were greene, yet difference such in greene Like to the checkered bend of Iris' bowe)

Prided, the running maine as it had beene, &c.i

Philips, Milton's nephew, in a work which I think discovers

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