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OF FOLLY, by John Davies of Hereford, printed in 1611. In 1598 also, was published in quarto, "Tyros roaring Megge, planted against the walls of Melancholy, London, 1598." With two Decads of Epigrams. The author appears to have been of Cambridge. Tyro is perhaps a real name. The dedication is to Master John Lucas.

In the year 1598, was also published, under the general title of CHRESTOLOROS, seven Books of Epigrams, by Thomas Bastarde. Bastard, a native of Blandford in Dorsetshire, was removed from a fellowship of New-College Oxford, in 1591, being, as Wood says, "much guilty of the vices belonging to the poets," and "given to libelling." Harrington, the translator of Ariosto, has an Epigram addressed to "Master Bastard, a minister, that made a pleasant Booke of English Epigrams." Wood, in his manuscript Collection of Oxford libels and lampoons, which perhaps he took as much pleasure in collecting as the authors in writing, now remaining in the Ashmolean Museum, and composed by various students of Oxford in the reign of queen Elizabeth, has preserved two of Bastard's satyrical pieces". By the patronage or favour of lord-treasurer Suffolk, he was made vicar of Bere-regis, and rector of Hamer in Dorsetshire; and from writing smart epigrams in his youth,

The rising in the North, the frost so great,

That cart wheeles prints on Thamis
face were seene;

The fall of money and burning of
Paul's steeple,

The blazing starre, and Spaniards over-

By these events, notorious to the people,
He measures times, and things forepast
doth show.

But most of all he chiefly reckons by
A private chance-the death of his curst

This is to him the dearest memory
And the happiest accident of all his life.
Epig. 20.-PARK.]

d With "sequitur Tyronis Epistola." Compare Wood, ATH. OXON. F. i.



e Entered to Joane Brome, Apr. 3, 1598. Ibid. f. 38. b.

f ATH. OXON. i. 431.

HARRINGTON'S EPIGRAMS, B. ii. 64. See also B. ii. 84. They are also mentioned with applause in Goddard's MasTIF, no date, SAT. 81. And in Parrot's SPRINGES FOR WOODCOCKES, Lib. i. EPIGR. 118.

hOne of them is entitled, "An Admonition to the City of Oxford, or Mareplate's Bastardine." In this piece, says Wood, he "reflects upon all persons of note in Oxford, who were guilty of amorous exploits, or that mixed themselves with other men's wives, or with wanton houswives in Oxon." The other is a disavowal of this lampoon, written after his expulsion, and beginning Jenkin, why, man, &c. See Meres, WITS TR. f. 284.

became in his graver years a quaint preacher. He died a prisoner for debt, in Dorchester gaol, April 19, 1618. He was an elegant classic scholar, and appears to have been better qualified for that species of the occasional pointed Latin epigram established by his fellow-collegian John Owen, than for any sort of English versification.

In 1599, appeared "MICROCYNICON, sixe snarling satyres by T. M. Gentleman," perhaps Thomas Middleton. About the same time appeared, without date, in quarto, written by William Goddard, "AMASTIF WHELP, with other ruff-i-landlike currs fetcht from amongst the Antipedes, which bite and barke at the fantastical humourists and abusers of the time. Imprinted at the Antipedes, and are to be bought where they are to be sold." It contains eighty-five satires. To these is added, "Dogges from the Antipedes," containing forty-one.

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With her long locke of haire vpon one


With hatt and feather worn in swaggring gvise,

With buttned boddice, skirted dubblett-wise,

Vnmaskt, and sit i' th' booth without a fanne :

Speake, could you iudge her lesse than be some manne, &c.

Here is the dress of a modern amazon,
in what is called a Riding-habit. The
side-lock of hair, which was common
both to men and women, was called the
French Lock. So Freeman of a beau,
in RUB AND A GREAT CAST, edit. 1614,
EPIGR. 82.

Beside a long French locke.
And Hall, SAT. iii. 7.

His haire French-like stares on his
frighted head,

One locke, amazon-like, disheveled.

Hence may be illustrated a passage in a Letting of Humours blood, &c. printed about 1600. EPIGR. 27.

Aske Humors why a feather he doth


Or what he doth with such a horse-tail locke.

A satyrical piece in stanzas, which has considerable merit, called PASQUILL'S MAD-CAP, was printed at London in quarto, for V. S. in the year 1600'. With Pasquill's MESSAGE. Also by the same author, perhaps Nicholas Breton, Pasquill's FOOLECAP, printed for T. Johnes in the same year, the dedication signed, N. B.* At the end is "Pasquill's passion for the world's waiwardnessem." In the year 1601, was published in duodecimo, “The whipper of the Satyre, his pennance in a white sheete, Or the Beadles Confutation, Imprinted at London, by John Fasket, 1601." And by way of reply, "No whippinge nor trippinge, but a kind of snippinge, London, 1601." Again, "The whipping of the SATYRE, Imprinted at London for John Fasket, 1601 "." About the same time, as

See also Perrott's Springes for Woodcockes, or Epigrams, 1613, Lib. i. EPIGR. i. Of a beau.

That MAD-CAP yet superiour praise doth win, &c.

In Dekker's GUL'S HORNE BOOK, 1609,

And on his shoulder weares a dangling we have, "I am the Pasquill's MAD-CAPPE


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that will doot." p. 8.

"PASQUILL'S IESTS, with the merriments of mother Bl. lett. 4to. But this I suppose not to Bunch," were published, Lond. 1629. have been the first edition. And in reference to Pasquill's MAD-CAP, there is, "Old Mad-cappes new gallimaufry, made into a merrie messe of mingle mangle, 1602."

[Nicholas Breton.]

m Under the title of PASQUIN, we have also the following coeval pieces. “PAS

QUILL'S MISTRESSE, or the worthie and unworthie woman, 1600.-PASQUILL'S PASSE, and passeth not, set downe in three pees, 1600. [by N. Breton.]—PASQUILL'S PALINODIA, and his Progresse of the Sellar, you are presented with a to the taverne, where, after the survey pleasant pynte of poeticall sherry, 1619."

n In duodecimo. It is dedicated to the "Vayne glorious, the HUMOURIST, SaTYRIST, and EPIGRAMMATIST." The writer's initials are I. W. I believe this piece to be a Reply 10 Rowlands. But in one place he seems to attack Marston. Signat. D. 2.

But harke, I heare the Cynicke Satyre crie,

A man, a man, a kingdom for a man!

I conjecture, were published, "Epigrams served out in fiftytwo severall dishes, for every man to taste without surfeting. By I. C. gentleman." At London, without date. In 1608, "Epigrams, or Humour's Lottery"." The same year, “A Century of Epigrams, by R. W. Bachelor of Arts, Oxon "." The same year, "Satyres, by Richard Myddleton, gentleman, of Yorke." In 1619, "Newe Epigrams, having in their Companie a mad satyre, by Joseph Martin, London, for Elder." In 1613, were published two books of epigrams, written by Henry Perrot, entitled, "LAQUEI RIDICULOSI, or Springes for Woodcockes. Caveat emptor. Lond. for J. Busbie, 1613s." Many of them are worthy to be revived in modern collections. I am tempted to transcribe a specimen.

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A Welshman and an Englishman disputed,

Which of their Lands maintain'd the greatest state: The Englishman the Welshman quite confuted; Yet would the Welshman nought his brags abate; "Ten cookes in Wales (quoth he) one wedding sees;" "True (quoth the other)-Each man toasts his cheese."u John Weaver, I believe the antiquary who wrote ANTIENT FUNERAL MONUMENTS, published a book of Epigrams*, in

He mentions the Fatness of Falstaff.
Signat. D. 3.

That sir John Falstaffe was not any


More grosse in body, than you are in

Entered, April 11, to Busbie and
Holme. REGISTR. STATION. C. f. 165.b.
P Entered, Apr. 21, to T. Thorpe, Ib.
f. 166. a.
I take R. W. to be Richard
West, who is the author of "Newes from
Bartholomew fair," entered to I.Wright,
Jul. 16, 1606. Ibid. f. 141. b. I find
"Merry Jests, concerning popes, monks,
and fryers, from the French, by R. W.
Bachelor of Arts, of H. H. [Hart-Hall]
Oxon, assigned to John Barnes." RE-
GISTR. STATION. D. f. 11. a.

Entered to Jos. Harrison, May 4.
REGISTR. C. f. 167. a.

There is a second edition entered to.

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1599*, or rather 1600, which are ranked among the best, by Jonson". Thomas Freeman, a student in Magdalen college Oxford, about the year 1607, who appears to have enjoyed the friendship and encouragement of Owen, Shakespeare, Daniel, Donne, Chapman, and Heywood the dramatist, printed in quarto, "RUB AND A GREAT CAST. In one hundred Epigrams, London, 1614*." To these is annexed, "RUB And a great

copy of Weever's Epigrams, which was lent to Mr. Beloe, who has thus given the title in his "Anecdotes of Literature," vol. vi. "Epigrammes in the oldest cut and newest fashion. A twise seven houres, in so many weekes studie. No longer, like the fashion, not unlike to continue. The first seven John Weever. Sit voluisse sit valuisse. Lond. by V. S. for Tho. Bushel, 1599." 12mo. Mr. Beloe regards the book as unique, which is probably the case. I therefore extract two specimens. The following commendatory verses are said to be better than the author's own, which are more remarkable, says Mr. B., for quaintness than elegance, for coarseness than for wit.

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Their rosie-tainted features clothed in tissue,

Some heaven-born goddesse said to be their mother.

Rose-cheeckt Adonis, with his amber tresses,

Faire fire-hot Venus charming him to love her:

Chaste Lucretia, virgine-like her dresses, Proud lust-stung Tarquin seeking still to prove her.

Romeo, Richard, more whose names I know not,

Their sugred tongues and power attractive beauty,

Say they are saints, although that saints they shew not,

For thousand vowes to them subjective

They burn in love, thy children: SHAKE-
SPEARE! let them,

Go, wo thy Muse, more nymphish brood
beget them.-PARK.]

[1599, 8vo.-RITSON.]

w Jonson's EPIGR. Xviii. They are in duodecimo, and cited in ENGLAND'S PARNASSUS, 1600.

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* I am tempted to give the following specimen of our author's humour, more especially as it displays the growing extent of London, in the year 1614. Sign. B. 3. EPIGR. 13.

Quo ruis, ah demens?

Why how nowe, Babell, whither wilt
thou build?

I see old Holborne, Charing-crosse, the

Are going to Saint Giles's in the field.
Saint Katerne she takes Wapping by the

And Hogsdon will to Hygate ere't be long.

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