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the learned societies of every civilised land he was a frequent contributor of popular articles on history and archæology to the common magazines and periodicals of his country.

His wide sympathies with everything embraced in the word education, in its highest sense, procured for him the honour of a place as "Kultusminister" in the Cabinet of Fonnesbeck in 1874; but on its dissolution in the following year he gladly retired from a position which interfered too much with his special pursuits."

In nothing was his personal influence felt more for good than in his relations with younger students and subordinates. His attainments commanded the admiration of all; his energy was an unceasing stimulus to diligence. To know him was to love him. But this feeling he never allowed to interfere with their private judgment. "He who seeks the truth must love it as the truth it matters not who finds it, if it be but found." Thus he was too catholic in his sympathies and interests to be the founder of any school or sect of archæology; and inspired by such an example the "Wandering Apostles of Archæology" from Denmark have carried a new light into many a dark chapter of unwritten history.

But with sympathies so broad his patriotism was always an honourable motive in his work. As a true Dane he was deeply affected by the calamities of his country in 1864. His outspoken condemnation of the condition

of museums in Germany as far back as 1846 had called forth angry rejoinders, though the most candid Germans had admitted the justice of his censure. We have seen him in 1848 defending the Danevirke and Kurgrav against the claims of German scientists. On the outbreak of hostilities these attacks were renewed with increased venom. Not only were the Danes described as strangers in the Duchies, but philologists headed by Jacob Grimm were not ashamed to claim the whole peninsula as originally German, while archæologists in violent and undignified language impugned that “Tripartite System" or division into periods, which it has been Worsaae's greatest achievement to establish, and even attributed the basest motives to their Danish fellowseekers after truth. Again Worsaae was called to defend his principles and the honour of his country. His superiority in his treatise "On the Antiquities of Slesvig or South Jutland" was complete. But the victory of science was surpassed by his moral victory over such antagonists. To those who still sought his aid he was as ready as ever to give it with ungrudging courtesy. Of all the tributes of praise laid on his tomb none is more glowing than that of Herr Virchow, the distinguished scientist and politician.1 Deeply as Worsaae felt the disasters of '64, I must acknowledge the self-command he and his countrymen main

1 In his memorial address on Worsaae, delivered before the Anthropological Society in Berlin, October 1885.

tained. Not merely did they carefully abstain from every bitter word, but treated us with the noblest hospitality, in a truly international spirit. Since then our connexions have never been broken."

To the man of honour the words which break no bones wound something far more sensitive. But now that the heat and passion of controversy have long been buried in the graves round Dybböl, we may even feel grateful to his adversaries, not merely for the brilliant defence of his system which they called forth, but for that bright example of noblesse oblige. As time has gone by the "Stone Bronze and Iron Ages" have become familiar terms to all; and it would even seem to require an effort of imagination for the younger generation to realise to whom they owe them, and how keen was the controversy which national antipathy raised upon this system of division.

In the year 1865 Worsaae was elected Vice-President of the Society of Ancient Northern Texts. In the performance of these duties his winning manner and fine presence no less than his vast learning made him signally successful. Still wider was the influence he exercised at the International Congress of Archæologists held in Copenhagen in 1869. The impression he created was deep, and resulted in the foundation of the Anthropological Society in Berlin.

Worsaae's wide interests led him to be a frequent contributor to English and French periodicals and an

active correspondent of learned societies in Great Britain Ireland Sweden Italy and Russia. But a mere list of the honours he received the societies of which he was a member and the numerous articles pamphlets and treatises of which he was author would give the reader but a partial idea of his reputation abilities energy and learning. Yet with all these varied and incessant toils he was never depressed. "His happy bright nature"writes one who knew him well in his home as well as in his studies-"was the reflexion of his genial and indwelling kindness of heart, which found its spring of joy in his home. Whoever had the good fortune to stay as guest or friend in his house knows that it lay under the same breadth of sunshine which he carried in himself. It would be hard to find another family so happy amiable and united as that of Worsaae."

Of his later writings we shall say but little. The main results of his life of labour are summed up in the work now offered to the English public. Its history and objects may be learned best from the author's own preface.

This work was speedily followed by his "Danish Arts," in which he shows what progress he was making with his investigations in the ancient beliefs of the Northmen. Probably the pursuit of this inquiry now divided his energies with his duties as Director of three museums. With the exception of a valuable treatise on the arrangement of museums of archæology and history

he does not appear to have published any writing of importance during the few remaining years of his life.

In the midst of apparent health and active work he was touched by the sudden hand of death. Quietly as he sat engaged in his loved studies he passed away, on the 15th August 1885, leaving to his country and the world a rich legacy of work accomplished and a masterly sketch for the direction of future research. Denmark is justly proud of the world-wide reputation of Thorvaldsen. The visitor who enters the noble mausoleum which enshrines his works is struck with the magnificent simplicity of a tomb where the great sculptor rests amidst his own creations. But the genius of Thorvaldsen was trained in Italy and formed entirely on Greek models. We turn with a feeling of regret from the sad repose of classic divinities, and look in vain for some expression of the spirit of ancient Northern creeds sagas and history. This we must seek elsewhere, among the very works of that spirit, in the Museum of Northern Antiquities. To the artist who has called it forth his grateful country can erect no more fitting monument than a nobler building,—such as he himself sketched in the last of his writings, to contain those treasures collected arranged and explained by the greatest of its modern sons.

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