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ERRATA.

Page 11, line 7, for nadâ read nadá, i.e. the mark on the final a is the accent,

not the long vowel ; and so in the six words which follow. Page 25, line 21, for getato read agit H. Page 26, line 14, fur fee read fèq. Page 30, line 5, for मोड read भाडे. Page 39, line 6, for HTH read ATH. Page 53, line 10, for HCGT read TT. Page 53, line 11, for T T read BTGOT. Page 58, line 27, for jájari read jágarú. Page 65, line 23, for घुजाना read घुलाना. Page 70, line 8, for बिछामा read बिछाना. Page 70, line 14, dele a” after “with.” Page 70, line 19, for THU read wihut. Page 78, line 9, for B. read Pr. Page 81, line 3 from bottom, for derivatives read desideratives. Page 83, line 1, for gaurású read ganráså. Page 93, line 8, for कृतालु read कृपालु. Page 95, line 20, for 73 read a. Page 100, line 19, for quarrel read quarrelsome. Page 113, line 18, for it read them. Page 122, line 7, transfer the comma from after ‘mute' to after “consonant.' Page 128, line 5, for लमतंगा read लमटंगा. Page 128, line 5, for at read T. Page 128, line 20, for ata atat read OTHTIRIT. Page 128, line 20, for ato read ZTT. Page 132, line 17, in “so-much-useddele the first hyphen.

Page 141, line 3, for “fifty-three” read “ fifty-five.”
Page 150, line 1, for at read atg.
Page 154, line 1, after “except' insert M.
Page 161, line 17, for 45 read of
Page 179, line 22, for future read past.
Page 201, line 7, forogto read ta.
Page 201, line 7, for fuafort read fufasst.
Page 201, line 4 from bottom, for these read those.
Page 202, line 23, for (CINT read ÜGIWT.
Page 212, line 11, for anot read atau
Page 219, line 8, for दृव्यान read द्रव्यान.
Page 254, line 3 from bottom, for HT4 read gry.
Page 267, line 13, for I read 78.
Page 269, line 6, for et read agt.
Page 275, line 13, for read yy.
Page 275, line 20, for जारी read जोरी.
Page 293, line 18, for termination read combination.
Page 293, line 3 from bottom, for HATT read HETT.
Page 295, line 23, for it read guita.
Page 297, line 22, for ata read ota.
Page 316, line 4, for महिये read गहिये.
Page 332, line 11, for you read yore.

COMPARATIVE GRAMMAR

OF THE

MODERN ARYAN LANGUAGES

OF INDIA.

CHAPTER I.

FORMATION OF THE STEM.

CONTENTS.—$ 1. STRUCTURE OF THE Noun.—$ 2. SUFFIXES.—$ 3. STEMS IN

-A.- 4. ADJECTIVES FORMED FROM A-STEMS.-$ 5. EXCEPTIONS.—$ 6. STEMS
IN -NA, AND -ANA.- 7. STEMS IN -A PRECEDED BY A SEMIVOWEL.- 8.
STEMS IN -MA.-$ 9. THE KA-SUFFIX AND ITS RAMIFICATIONS.—5 10. STEMS
IN -TRA.- $ 11. TREATMENT OF FEMININE STEMS IN -Á. - $ 12. GROUP OF
STEMS IN THE PALATAL AND LABIAL SHORT VOWELS.—$ 13. The Long VOWELS
OP THOSE ORGANS.—$ 14. STEMS IN R.-$ 15. DISSYLLABIC AND CONSONANTAL
SUFFIXES.—$ 16. STEMS OF UNCERTAIN ORIGIN OR Partial APPLICATION.-
§ 17. SECONDARY STEMS.-FORMATION OF ABSTRACT Nouns.- $$ 18, 19.—THE
SAME-POSSESSIVES AND ATTRIBUTIVES.-$$ 20-22. THE SAME.- 23. STEMS
WITH DOUBLE SUFFIXES. - $ 24. FORMATION OF DIMINUTIVES. - $ 25. Com-
POUND Nouns.—$ 26. NUMERALS-CARDINALS.—$ 27. NUMERALS—ORDINALS.
-$ 28. OTHER NUMERALS.

§ 1. Nouns are divided into two classes : those which name objects, and are called appellatives, or in the older phraseology substantives ; and those which describe the qualities of objects, and are called attributives, or in the older phraseology adjectives. Both classes will be considered in this Chapter.

The noun as employed in Sanskrit contains three divisions the root, the suffix, and the termination; the root and suffix taken together constitute the stem, the whole three combined form the perfect noun fitted for use in speaking or writing.

VOL. II.

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