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He was a gentleman on whom I built
An absolute trust.-0 worthiest cousin !

Enter MACBETH, BANQUo, Rosse, and Angus. The sin of my ingratitude even now Was heavy on me; thou art so far before, That swiftest wing of recompense is slow To overtake thee. Would thou hadst less deserved ; That the proportion both of thanks and payment Might have been mine! Only I have left to say, More is thy due than more than all can pay.

Macb. The service and the loyalty I owe,
In doing it, pays itself. Your highness' part
Is to receive our duties ; and our duties
Are to your throne and state, children and servants;
Which do but what they should, by doing every thing
Safe toward your love and honor.

Dun. Welcome hither;
I have begun to plant thee, and will labor
To make thee full of growing.–Noble Banquo,
That hast no less deserved, nor must be known
No less to have done so, let me infold thee,
And hold thee to my heart.

There if I grow,
The harvest is your own.

My plenteous joys,
Wanton in fulness, seek to hide themselves
In drops of sorrow.—Sons, kinsmen, thanes,
And you whose places are the nearest, know,
We will establish our estate upon
Our eldest, Malcolm; whom we name, hereafter,
The prince of Cumberland ; which honor must

1 Holinshed says, “ Duncan having two sons, &c. he made the elder of them, called Malcolm, prince of Cumberland, as it was thereby to appoint him his successor in his kingdome immediatelie after his decease. Macbeth sorely troubled herewith, for that he saw by this means his hope sore hindered (where, by the old laws of the realme the ordinance was, that if he that should succeed were not of able age to take the charge upon himself, he that was next of blood unto him should be admitted), he began to take counsel how he might usurpe the kingdome by force, having a just quarrel so to doe (as he tooke the matter) for that Duncane did what in him lay to defraud him of all manner of title and claime, which he might in time to come pretend, unto the crowne.”

Not, unaccompanied, invest him only,
But signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine
On all deservers.-From hence to Inverness,
And bind us further to you.

Macb. The rest is labor, which is not used for you.
I'll be myself the harbinger, and make joyful
The hearing of my wife with your approach;
So, humbly take my leave.

My worthy Cawdor! Macb. The prince of Cumberland !-That is a step, On which I must fall down, or else o’erleap,

[Aside. For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires ! Let not light see my black and deep desires. The eye wink at the hand! yet let that be, Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see. [Exit.

Dun. True, worthy Banquo; he is full so valiant; And in his commendations I am fed ; It is a banquet to me. Let us after him, Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome. It is a peerless kinsman. [Flourish. Exeunt.

SCENE V. Inverness. A Room in Macbeth's Castle.

Enter Lady Macbeth, reading a letter. Lady M. They met me in the day of success; and I have learned by the perfectest report, they have more in them than mortal knowledge. When I burned in desire to question them further, they made themselves air, into which they vanished. Whiles I stood rapt in the wonder of it, came missives from the king, who all-hailed me, Thane of Cawdor; by which title, before, these weird sisters saluted me, and referred me to the coming on of time, with, Hail, king that shalt be! This have I thought good to deliver thee, my dearest partner of great

ness; that thou mightst not lose the dues of rejoicing,
by being ignorant of what greatness is promised thee.
Lay it to thy heart, and farewell.
Glamis thou art, and Cawdor ; and shalt be
What thou art promised.—Yet do I fear thy nature ;
It is too full o’the milk of human kindness,
To catch the nearest way. Thou wouldst be great;
Art not without ambition ; but without
The illness should attend it. What thou wouldst

highly, That wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false, And yet wouldst wrongly win; thou’dst have, great

Glamis, That which cries, Thus thou must do, if thou have it ; And that which rather thou dost fear to do, Than wishest should be undone. Hie thee hither, That I may pour my spirits in thine ear;1 And chastise with the valor of my tongue All that impedes thee from the golden round, Which fate and metaphysical 2 aid doth seem To have thee crowned withal.—What is your tidings ?

Enter an Attendant.
Attend. The king comes here to-night.
Lady M.

Thou’rt mad to say it.
Is not thy master with him? who, wer't so,
Would have informed for preparation.
Attend. So please you, it is true; our thane is

One of my fellows had the speed of him ;
Who, almost dead for breath, had scarcely more
Than would make up his message.
Lady M.

Give him tending;

1 “That I may pour my spirits in thine ear.” So in Lord Sterline's Julius Cæsar, 1607 :

Thou in my bosom used to pour thy spright.2 “ Which fate and metaphysical aid,” &c.; i. e. supernatural aid. We find metaphysics explained things supernaturalin the old dictionaries “ To have thee crowned,” is to desire that you should be crowned.

He brings great news. The raven himself is hoarse,

[Exit Attendant.
That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan
Under my battlements. Come, come, you spirits
That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here;
And fill me, from the crown to the toe, top-full
Of direst cruelty! Make thick my blood,
Stop up the access and passage to remorse;
That no compunctious visitings of nature
Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between
The effect, and it.? Come to my woman's breasts,
And take my milk for gall, you murd'ring ministers,
Wherever in your sightless substances
You wait on nature's mischief! Come, thick night,
And pall’ thee in the dunnest smoke of hell !
That my keen knife see not the wound it makes;
Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark,
To cry, Hold, hold Great Glamis ! worthy

Enter Macbeth.
Greater than both, by the all-hail hereafter!
Thy letters have transported me beyond

1 “That tend on mortal thoughts.” Mortal and deadly were synonymous.

2 Lady Macbeth's purpose was to be effected by action. “To keep peace between the effect and purpose,” means “to delay the execution of her purpose, to prevent its proceeding to effect.” Sir Wm. Davenant's strange alteration of this play sometimes affords a reasonably good commentary upon it. Thus in the present instance:

- make thick
My blood, stop all passage to remorse;
That no relapses into mercy may
Shake my design, nor make it fall before

'Tis ripened to effect.' 3 To pall, from the Latin pallio, to wrap, to invest, to cover or hide as with a mantle or cloak.

4 Drayton, in his Mortimeriados, 1596, has an expression resembling this :

“The sullen night in mistie RUGGE is wrapped.And in his Polyolbion, which was not published till 1612, we again find

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“Thick vapors that like ruggs still hang the troubled air.” On this passage there is a long criticism in the Rambler, No. 168; to which Johnson, in his notes, refers the reader.

This ignorant present, and I feel now
The future in the instant.

My dearest love,
Duncan comes here to-night.
Lady M.

And when goes hence ?
Macb. To-morrow,—as he purposes.
Lady M.

0, never
Shall sun that morrow see!
Your face, my thane, is as a book, where men
May read strange matters.—To beguile the time,
Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye,
Your hand, your tongue : look like the innocent flower,
But be the serpent under it. He that's coming
Must be provided for; and you shall put

This night's great business into my despatch ;
Which shall to all our nights and days to come,
Give solely sovereign sway and masterdom.

Macb. We will speak further.
Lady M.

Only look up clear ;
To alter favor ever is to fear.
Leave all the rest to me.



SCENE VI. The same. Before the Castle.

boys. Servants of Macbeth attending,


ox, MACDUFF, Rosse, Angus, and Attendants.

Dun. This castle hath a pleasant seat: the air
Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself
Unto our gentle senses.

This guest of summer,
The temple-haunting martlet, does approve,
By his loved mansionry, that the heaven's breath
Smells wooingly here. No jutty, frieze,
Buttress, nor coigne of vantage, but this bird
Hath made his pendent bed, and procreant cradle:


1 Favor is countenance.

2 i. e. convenient corner.

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