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Scorns to unsay what once it hath delivered.
Princes, and noble lords,
Boling. Bagot, forbear ; thou shalt not take it up.
Aum. Excepting one, I would he were the best In all this presence, that hath moved me so.
Fitz. If that thy valor stand on sympathies,? There is my gage, Aumerle, in gage to thine. By that fair sun that shows me where thou stand'st, I heard thee say, and vauntingly thou spak'st it, That thou wert cause of noble Gloster's death. If thou deny'st it, twenty times thou liest ; And I will turn thy falsehood to thy heart, Where it was forged, with my rapier's point.
1 The birth is supposed to be influenced by stars, therefore the Poet takes stars for birth.
2 Fitzwater throws down his gage as a pledge of battle, and tells Aumerle that if he stands upon sympathies, that is, upon equality of blood, the combat is now offered him by a man of rank not inferior to his own. Sympathy is an affection incident at once to two subjects. This community of affection implies a likeness or equality of nature; and hence the Poet transferred the term to equality of blood.
Aum. Thou dar'st not, coward, live to see that day. Fitz. Now, by my soul, I would it were this hour. Aum. Fitzwater, thou art damned to hell for this.
Percy. Aumerle, thou liest. His honor is as true,
Aum. And if I do not, may my hands rot off,
Lord. I task the earth to the like, forsworn Aumerle ;
all : I have a thousand spirits in one breast, To answer twenty thousand such as you.
Surrey. My lord Fitzwater, I do remember well The very time Aumerle and you did talk.
Fitz. 'Tis very true. You were in presence then ; And you can witness with me, this is true.
Surrey. As false, by Heaven, as Heaven itself is true.
Fitz. How fondly dost thou spur a forward horse!
i The preceding eight lines are not in the folio of 1623. 2 I dare meet him where no help can be had by me against him.
To tie thee to my strong correction.-
Aum. Some honest Christian trust me with a gage,
Boling. These differences shall all rest under gage,
Car. That honorable day shall ne'er be seen.-
Boling. Why, bishop, is Norfolk dead ?
Enter York, attended.
1 i. e. in this world, where I have just begun to be an actor. Surrey has just called him boy.
2 Holinshed says that on this occasion he threw down a hood that he had borrowed.
3 This is not historically true. The duke of Norfolk's death did not take place till after Richard's.
Adopts thee heir, and his high sceptre yields
Boling. In God's name, I'll ascend the regal throne.
Car. Marry, God forbid !-
1 Hume gives the words that Henry actually spoke on this occasion, which he copied from Knyghton.
2 i. e. nobleness ; a word now obsolete.
3 This speech, which contains in the most expressive terms the doctrine of passive obedience, is founded upon Holinshed's account. 4 The quarto reads forfend.
VOL. II. 54
The field of Golgotha, and dead mens' skulls.
To keep him safely till bis day of trial.-
Boling. Fetch hither Richard, that in common view
I will be his conduct. [Exit. Boling. Lords, you that are here under our arrest, Procure your sureties for your days of answer.Little are we beholden to your love,
To CAR. And little looked for at your helping hands.
Re-enter YORK, with King RICHARD, and Officers,
bearing the crown, &c.
1 The quarto reads raise.
2 Pope altered this to a children's children,” and was followed by others. The old copies read, “Lest child, childs children.”
3 What follows, almost to the end of the act, is not found in the first two quartos. The addition was made in the quarto of 1608. In the quarto, 1597, after the words “his day of trial,” the scene thus closes :
“ Bol. Let it be so: and lo! on Wednesday next We solemnly proclaim our coronation.
Lords, be ready all." 4 The quarto reads limbs.
5 Countenances, features.