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But see! while idly I stood looking on,
I found the effect of love in idlenels :
And now in plainness do confess to thee, -
That art to me as secret, and as dear
As Anna to the queen of Carthage was,-
Tranio, I burn, I pine, I perish, Tranio,
If I atchieve not this young modest girl :
Counsel me, Tranio, for I know thou canst;
Affist me, Tranio, for I know thou wilt

Tra. Master, it is no time to chide you now ;
Affection is not rated (7) from the heart :
If love have touch'd you, nought remains but so,
Redime te captum quàm queas minimô.


Such wind (8) as scatters young men thro' the

world, To seek their fortunes further than at home, Where small experience grows.


(7) Rated.] i. e. chid, or counselled away. Instead of touch'd in the next line, Warburton reads toył’d, which the next line from Terence, says he, shews to be the true reading. 7. &c., defirous to reduce poor S’s learning as low as poffible, assure us, that he had the next line from Lilly ! which I mention, says 7.," that it might not be brought as an argument of his learning :wonderful kindness to our noble poet !' Risum teneatis? See Colman's fpirited Appendix, at the end of his translation of Terence. (8) Such wind, &c.] Hortenfio had asked,

-What happy gale

Blows you to Padua here from old Verona ? See Two Gentlemen of Verona, Act 1. Sc. 1.


Woman's Tongue. (9) Think you, a little din can daunt my ears ? Have I not in my time hcard lions roar? Have I not heard the sea, puff'd with winds, Rage like an angry boar, chafed with sweat? Have I not heard great ordnance in the field ? And heav'ns artillery thunder in the skies? Have I not in a pitched battle heard Loud larums, neighing steeds, and trumpets clang? And do you tell me of a woman's tongue ? That gives not half so great a blow to th’ear, (10) As will a chesnut in a farmer's fire ;



Extremes cure each other.
When two raging fires meet together,
They do consume the thing that feeds their fury;
Though little fire grows great with little wind,
Yet extreme gusts will blow out fire and all.

Say that she frown ; I'll say she looks as clear
As morning rofes newly wash'd with dew.

Preposterous afs! that never read so far,
To know the cause why music was ordain'd !
Was it not, to refresh the mind of man,
After his studies, of his usual pain?
Then give me leave to read philofophy,
And, when I pause, ferve in your harmony.


(9) See Comedy of Errors, Act 5. Sc. 3. (10) Th’ear.] W. commonly, bear.

SCENE, II. Wife married to all her Husband's


To me she's marry'd, not unto my cloaths:
Could I repair what she will wear in me,
As I can change ihese poor accoutrements, (11)
"Twere well for Kate, and better for myself.
Description of a mad IVedding.

When the priest
Did ask if Catherine should be his wife;

Ay, (11) These poor accoutrements.] This is the droll odefcription which s. gives of them " Why, Petruchio is coming, in a new hat, and an old jerkin ; a pair of old breeches, thrice turn’d; a pair of boots that have been candle cafes, one buckled, another lac'd; an old rusty sword ta'en out of the town armory, with a broken hilt, and chapeless, with two broken points. His horse hip'd with an old mothy saddle, the stirrups of no kindred : befides, pofleft with the glanders, and like to none in the chine, troubled with the lampass, infected with the fashions, full of wind-galls, sped with the fpavins, ray'd with the yellows, past cure of the vives, stark spoiled with the stag. gers, begrawn with the bots, sway'd in the back, and shoulder thotten į near legg'd before, and with a half check'd bit, and a head-itall of theep's leather ; which, being restrain'd to keep him from Itumbling, hath been often burst, and now repair'd with knots : one girth fix times piec'd, and a woman's crupper of velure, which hath two leiters for her name, fairly set down in studs, and here and there picc'd with pack-thread.

Bat. Who comes with him ? Bed. O, Sir, his lacqney, for all the world caparison'd like the horse ; with a linen stock on one leg, and a kersey boot-hose, on the other, gartered with a red and blue lift'; an old hat, and the humour of forty fancies prick'd in 't for a feather : a monster, a very monster in apparel; and not like a Christian foot-boy, or a gentleman's lacquey."

Ay, by gogs-woons," quoth he, and swore so loud,
That all-amaz’d the priest let fall the book ;
And as he stoop'd again to take it up,
This mad-brain'd bridegroom took him such a cuff,
That down fell priest and book, and book and priest;
“ Now take them up,” quoth he, “ if any lift."

Tran. What said the wench when he rose up again?
Grem. Trembled and shook; for why, he stamped

and swore,
As if the vicar meant to cozen him ;
But after many ceremonies done,
He calls for wine : a health," quoth he, as if
H’ad been aboard carousing to his mates
After a storm ; quafft off the muscadel, (12)
And threw the fops all in the fexton's face;
Having no other cause, but that his beard
Grew thin and hungerly, and seem'd to ask
His fops as he was drinking. This done, he took
The bride about the neck, and kist her lips
With such a clamorous smack, that at the parting
All the church echo'd.

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(12) Quaft off the muscadel.] It appears from this passage and the following one, in the Hisory of the Two Maids of Moreclacke, a comedy by Robert Armin, 1609, that it was the custom to drink wine immediately after the marriage ceremony. Armin's play begins thus ; Enter a maid Arewing flowers, and a serving man per

fuming the door.
Maid. Strew, strew.
Man. The muscadine stays for the bride at church,

The priest and Hymen's ceremonies 'tend

To make them man and wife. Again, in Decker's Satiromastix, 1602.

And when we are at church, bring the wine and cakes. We find it practised at the magnificent marriage of Queen Mary and Philip, in Winchester cathedral, 1554. "The




Petrựchio's Trial of his Wife in the Article of

Hab. Here is the cap your worship did bespeak.

Pet. Why this was moulded on a porringer,
A velvet dish,-fie, fie! 'tis lewd and filthy:
Why, 'tis a cockle, or a walnut shell,
A knack, a toy, a trick, a baby's cap;
Away with it, come let me have a bigger.

Cath. I'll have no bigger, this doth fit the time, (13) And gentlewomen wear such caps as these.

Pet, When you are gentle, you shall have one too, And not till then.

Hor. That will not be in haste.
Cath. Why, Sir, I trust, (14) I may have leave to

And speak I will; I am no child, no babe;


trumpets founded, and they both returned to their traverses in the quire, and there remayned until masse was done: at which tyme, wyne and sopes were hallowed and delivered to them both.' Collect. Append. Vol. IV. p. 400. Edit. 1770. See St, and Warton.

(13) Doth fit the time.] i. e. is fashionable. Mrs. G.

(14) Why, Sir, I truf, &c.] Warburton observes on this passage, that “ S. has here copied nature with great skill ;-Petruchio by frightning, starving, and over-watching his wife, had' tamed her into gentleness and submission : and the audience expect to hear no more of the Ohrew : when on her being crossed in the article of fashion and finery, 'the most inveterate folly of the sex,' me flies out again for the last time, into all the intemperate rage of her nature.” It is but just to hear a ladv's reply to this remark of the critic : “ This,” says Mrs. G. “ is being severe on our sex at a very cheap rate indeed : foibles, paffions, and inconsiderable attachments, are equally common to all mankind, without distinction of gender : and the difference of objects gives no fort of advantage to men,

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