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truth. It must be considered no degradation to converse with the most wretched and debased of mankind, with a view to their instruction and elevation; and amongst the Hindoos it is often necessary to listen with patience to the most erroneous statements, and to arguments the most subtle, specious, and unfounded, in order to correct, unravel, and refute them. It is also equally requisite for the Missionary in India to be prepared for superior and intellectual society. Mr. Bourne was happily prepared for every part of the Missionary work. To the natives he was easy of access, mild in his manner, and persevering in the instruction even of those who opposed the Gospel, in the hope that God would give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth. And in his intercourse with persons of rank and authority, he did not allow his respect for their station to interfere with his sense of duty; and his wise reproofs and pastoral instructions were in many cases remarkably successful.
His motives and proceedings were so transparent as to produce unlimited confidence. He found little difficulty in obtaining ample means for the relief of the poor, and for carrying on the work of God.
As a student of the languages of India, he was diligent and successful. He became familiar with the Portuguese, as used on the coast of Coromandel ; and in Tamul his acquirements were very respectable. He composed in that difficult language many valuable articles, which appeared in a monthly magazine published in Madras. He took a diligent part in the revision of the
Tamul translation of the holy Scriptures recently completed. He translated into Tamul the “ Memoir of Mrs. Hester Ann Rogers,” with such alterations as might render it more suitable to the natives ; and commenced a treatise in the same language on the « Evidences of Christianity," which may perhaps be completed by some other hand, and be ultimately published. Nor did he allow his indisposition, after his return home, to terminate his exertions in this department. To the close of his life he employed himself at every available interval of ease in the revision and completion of the compositions which he hoped might ultimately promote the spiritual benefit of the inhabitants of India.
There is one practical consideration connected with the early and lamented removal of a labourer so valuable, and so happily fitted for the arduous work of a Christian Missionary, which it may be of use to dwell upon
for a moment. It is, that God does not ordinarily exempt even his choicest servants from the operation of those laws by which human health and life are generally governed and determined. “We have this treasure in earthen vessels ;” and, according to the care with which it is used, the vessel may for a longer or shorter period continue fit to retain and minister the treasure. And it becomes a grave question whether, with the knowledge now possessed of the influence of tropical climates, the church is justified in allowing a Missionary to continue in such climates on the same station from year to year, without the comfort and relief of a colleague. If we aspire to the honour of a share in the evangelization of the heathen world, let us act honourably towards those employed in the pursuit of that much-desired object, and by a liberal supply of labourers, and of the means of prosecuting their enterprise, let us prevent them from becoming unduly liable to such degrees of exertion and responsibility as cannot be sustained without the probability of destruction to the constitution and the certainty of an early death. And while we thankfully contemplate the precious and encouraging fruit of evangelical labours which has already been vouchsafed in the eastern world, let us practically bear in mind the words of our blessed Lord, which are so strictly applicable to that part of the Mission field: “The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few; pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would send forth more labourers into his harvest.”
PREPARATION FOR DEATH. AFTER celebrating the holy supper Christ retired into the garden to prepare himself with greater solemnity for his approaching death. Hence we learn, that whenever we have a prospect of our change at hand, we should not content ourselves with habitual preparation, but use a more solemn, distinct, and actual preparation for it. Our Lord, no doubt, was always in readiness for that which he knew was the great end of his incarnation; and yet on the night before his sufferings he retires into the garden, to prepare himself for that hour. We should always so live as to be fit to die ; because every hour we make some steps towards the grave. Every thought, every word, is a sand running from the glass of time.
If God give us warning by old age, or a dangerous sickness, or a languishing body, or by any other method, that we shall shortly leave this world, solemn and actual preparation is fit and necessary. If God tell any of you, by a bodily sickness, that your change is near; if the decays and infirmities of old age tell you that you have not long to live, that it is high time to set your hearts and your houses in order, you ought solemnly to do so. You that have one foot in the grave, forget not this, lest
that have served the Lord from your youth, and have the comfortable review of your past sincerity, in walking with God; you may rejoice upon any such summons, that your race is almost run ; your warfare will shortly be accomplished ; you have but a few steps more of your pilgrimage to make, a few temptations more to resist, a very little time longer of trial and conflict, before you shall receive the end of your faith and hope, and be for ever with the Lord. Should you not then, with such a warning, stir up the grace of God, quicken holy desires, strengthen faith, and exercise it upon the invisible world, and solemnly resign yourselves into the arms of the Redeemer ?-Shower.
THE WESLEYAN METHODIST. (No. LXXXI.)
MR. WESLEY'S CONVERSION. To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. I FIND from the Minutes of the thou speak the word, Judas shall last Wesleyan Conference, that it is cast out devils. intended in the year 1839 to cele- “•• I feel what you say, (though brate the Centenary of the forma- not enough,) for I am under the tion of the Methodist societies : an same condemnation. I see that arrangement from which great good the whole law of God is boly, may be anticipated. Communities just, and good.
I know every as well as individuals are liable to thought, every temper of my soul, degenerate; and hence the necessity ought to bear God's image and suof a frequent recurrence to the prin- perscription. But how am I fallen ciples upon which they were origin. from the glory of God! I feel that ally founded, and to the objects I am sold under sin. I know that I, which they were intended to accom. tov, deserve nothing but wrath, plish.
There is one fact connected being full of all abominations; and with the rise of that form of Chris- having no good thing in me, to tianity which is denominated Ne. atone for them, or to remove the thodism, to wbich I think attention wrath of God. All my works, my might at present be profitably di- righteousness, my prayers, need an rected. I allude to Mr. Wesley's atonement for themselves. So that conversion, the centenary of which my mouth is stopped. I have nowill fall upon the 24th of May next. thing to plead. God is holy; I am It was on the 24th of May, in the unholy. God is a consuming fire ; year 1738, that tbe Rev. John Wes
I am altogether a sinner, meet to be ley obtained the inward witness of consumed. God's pardoning mercy, with that “ • Yet I hear a voice (and is it not new and holy nature which was the voice of God?) saying, Believe, manifest in his active zeal and and thou shalt be saved. He that beblameless conduct during the re. lieveth is passed from death unto life. mainder of his very useful life. Of God so loved the world thut he gave this great and momentous change his only-begotten Son, that whosoever he has given a circumstantial ac- believeth in him should not perish, count in his Journal, which I beg but have everlasting life. leave to transcribe and to which “O let no one deceive us by vain I shall take the liberty of appending words, as if we had already obtained a few remarks. The following is this faith! * By its fruits we shall his own account:
know. Do we already feel peace “ Monday, Tuesday, and Wednes- with God, and joy in the Holy day, I had continual sorrow and hea. Ghost? Does his Spirit bear witviness in my heart; something of ness with our spirit, that we are the which I described, in the broken children of God? Alas! with mine manner I was able, in the following he does not. Nor, I fear, with yours. letter to a friend :
0, thou Saviour of men, save us "O why is it, that so great, so from trusting in any thing but thee! wise, so holy a God will use such Draw us after thee! Let us he an instrument as me? Lord, let the emptied of ourselves, and then fill dead bury their deud! But wilt thou
us with all peace and joy in believ. send the dead to raise the dead? ing, and let nothing separate us Yea, thou sendest whom thou wilt from thy love, in time or in etersend, and showest mercy by whom nity!' thou wilt show mercy! Amen! Be il then according to thy will! If "• That is, the proper Christian faith."
“What occurred on Wednesday, saved by now, when I was contithe 24th, I think best to relate at nually sinning against that little large, after premising what may light'I had, unless by those transient make it the better understood. Let fits of what many Divines taught him that cannot receive it, ask of me to call ' repentance.' the Father of Lights, that he would “ 4. When I was about twentygire more light to him and me. two, my father pressed me to enter
“1. I believe, till I was about into holy orders. At the same time ten years old, I had not sinned away the providence of God directing me that 'washing of the Holy Ghost' to Kempis's Christian Pattern,' I which was given me in baptism, began to see, that true religion was having been strictly educated, and seated in the beart, and that God's carefully taught that I could only law extended to all our thoughts, as be saved by universal obedience, well as words and actions. I was, by keeping all the commandments however, very angry at Kempis, for of God;' in the meaning of which being too strict, though I read him I was diligently instructed. And only in Dean Stanhope's translation. those instructions, so far as they Yet I had frequently mùch sensible respected outward duties and sins, comfort in reading biin, such as I I gladly received, and often thought was an utter stranger to before ; of. But all that was said to me of and meeting likewise with a religi. inward obedience or holiness I nei. ous friend, which I never had till ther understood por remembered. now, I began to alter the whole So that I was, indeed, as ignorant form of my conversation, and to of the true meaning of the law, as set in earnest upon a new life. I I was of the Gospel of Christ. Bet apart an hour or two a day for
“ 2. The next six or seven years religious retirement. I communi. were spent at school, where, out- cated every week. I watched against ward restraints being removed, I all sin, whether in word or deed. I was much more negligent than be- began to aim at, and pray for, inward fore, even of outward duties, and holiness. So that now, doing so almost continually guilty of out much, and living so good a life,' I ward sins, which I knew to be doubted not but I was a good Chris. such, thougb they were not scan. tian. dalous in the eye of the world. “ 5. Removing soon after to anoHowever, I still read the Scriptures, ther college, I executed a resoluand said my prayers, morning and tion, which I was before convinced evening. And what I now hoped was of the utmost importance, shakto be saved by, was, 1. Not being ing off at once all my trifling acBo bad as other people. 2. Having quaintance. I began to see more still a kindness for religion. And, and more the value of time. 3. Reading the Bible, going to plied myself closer to study. I church, and saying my prayers.
watched more carefully against ac"3. Being removed to the Univer- tual sins. I advised others to be sity, for five years, I still said my religious, according to that scheme prayers, both in public and private, of religion by which I modelled my and read, with the Scriptures, seve- own life. But meeting now with ral other books of religion, espe- Mr. Law's ' Christian Perfection,' cially comments on the New Testa- and 'Serious Call,' (although I was ment. Yet I had not all this while much offended at many parts of so much as a notion of inward holi. both, yet) they convinced me more ness ; nay, went on habitually and, than ever of the exceeding height, for the most part, very contentedly, and breadth, and depth of the law in some or other known sin ; indeed, of God. The light flowed in so with some intermission and short mightily upon my soul, that every struggles, especially before and after thing appeared in a new view. } the holy communion, which I was cried tu God for help, and resolved obliged to receive thrice a year. I not to prolong the time of obeying cannot well tell what I hoped to be him as I never had done before
And by my continued ‘endeavour works, that he discouraged me from to keep his whole law,' inward and doing them at all. 2. That he reoutward, to the utmost of my commended (as it were, to supply power,' I was persuaded that s what was wanting in them) mental should be accepted of him, and that prayer, and the like exercises, as the I was even then in a state of salva- most effectual means of purifying tion.
the soul, and uniting it with God. “ 6. In 1730 I began visiting the Now these were, in truth, as much prisons, assisting the poor and sick my own works as visiting the sick in town, and doing what other good or clothing the naked; and the I could, by my presence or my lit- union with God thus pursued was tle fortune, to the bodies and souls as really my own righteousness, as of all men. To this end I abridged any I had before pursued under myself of all superfluities, and many another name. that are called necessaries of life. I “ 8. In this refined way of trustsoon became a by-word for so doing, ing to my own works, and my own and I rejoiced that 'my name was righteousness, (so zealously inculcast out as evil.' The next spring cated by the mystic writers,) I I egan observing the Wednesday dragged on heavily, finding no comand Friday fasts, commonly ob- fort or help therein, till the time of served in the ancient church ; tasting my leaving England. On shipboard, no food till three in the afternoon, however, I was again active in outAnd now I knew not how to go any ward works ; where it pleased God, farther. I diligently strove against of his free mercy, to give me twentyall sin. I omitted no sort of self- six of the Moravian Brethren for denial which I thought lawful; I companions, who endeavoured to carefully used, both in public and in show me a more excellent way. But private, all the means of grace at all I understood it not at first. I was opportunities. I omitted no occa- too learned and too wise. So that sion of doing good : I for that rea- it seemed foolishness unto me. And son suffered evil. And all this I I continued preaching and following knew to be nothing, unless as it was after and trusting in that righteousdirected toward inward holiness. ness, whereby no flesh can be justiAccordingly this, the image of God, fied. was what I aimed at in all, by doing “ 9. All the time I was at Savanhis will, not my own. Yet when, nah I was thus beating the air. Beafter continuing some years in this ing ignorant of the righteousness of course, I apprehended myself to be Christ, wbich by a living faith in near death, I could not find that all him bringeth salvation to every this gave me any comfort, or any one that believeth,'I sought to estabassurance of acceptance with God. lish my own righteousness, and so At this I was then not a little sur- laboured in the fire all my days. I prised, not imagining I had been all was now properly under the law; this time building on the sand, nor I knew that the law of God was spiconsidering that other foundation ritual ; I consented to it, that it can no man lay, than that which is was good. Yea, I delighted in it, laid by God, even Christ Jesus.' after the inner man. Yet was I
“ 7. Soon after, a contemplative carnal, sold under sin. Every day man convinced me, still more than I was I constrained to cry out, What was convinced before, that outward I do, I allow not; for what I would, works are nothing, being alone; I do not; but what I hate, that I and in several conversations in- do. To will is indeed present with structed me how to pursue inward me; but how to perform that which holiness, or a union of the soul with is good, I find not. For the good God. But even of his instructions, which I would, I do not, but the evil (though I then received them as the which I would not, that I do. I words of God,) I cannot but now find a law, that when I would do observe, 1. That he spoke so incau- good, evil is present with me; even tiously against trusting in outward ihe law in my members, warring