Jaina Community: A Social Survey

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Popular Prakashan, 1980 - Social Science - 455 pages
 

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Contents

CHAPTER
1
RuralUrban Distribution of Jaina Population
16
Age Distribution of Jaina Population
22
332
24
340
25
Statement showing the number per 10000 of
30
Family Organisation
31
Intermarriages
32
Festivals and Fasts
233
Jaina Superstitions
239
Jaina Samskāras
243
Jaina Tirthakshetras or Places of Pilgrimage
253
Occupations and Professions
258
Food and Drink
259
Language and Literature
263
Jaina Institutions
265

Jaina Festivals
33
Jaina Rites
34
Jaina Samskāras
35
Jaina Language
36
Sacred Thread
37
Jaina Priests
38
Jaina Fasts
39
Death Ceremonies
40
Religious Education
41
Statement showing the Mean Ages by Sex for
42
Problem of Widows
43
Jaina Culture
44
General
45
The Great Schism
49
Rise of Sections and SubSections
56
Some Important Things about Jaina Castes 68 3 Some Important Things about Jaina Castes
73
Jaina Castes in the North
81
Jaina Castes in the Deccan
92
Jaina Castes in the South
100
Names of 84 castes in the Jaina Community
108
Names of castes in the Jaina Community from
117
Names of Digambara Jaina castes and subcastes
124
Names of gotras found among Agaravāla Jainas
131
CHAPTER 4
137
The Object of Marriage
138
Normality of Marriage
141
Forms of Marriage
142
Qualifications of Parties to the Union
145
Age of Marriage
146
Choice of Partners
147
Marriage Preliminaries and Ceremonies
156
Consummation of Marriage
162
Polygyny
163
Dissolution of Wedlock
165
The Position of Woman
167
CHAPTER 5
190
Fundamental Principles of Jainism
191
Jaina Philosophy
192
The Theory of Karma
198
Moksha Mārga or Way to Salvation
200
Jaina Ethics
204
Criticism of Jaina Ethics
217
Jaina Worship
225
265
284
CHAPTER 6
289
308
296
Sangha Gana Gachchha and Śākhā
299
The Castes and SubCastes 8 Population and Distribution of Castes
300
Interrelations of Castes
302
Hierarchical Organisation of Castes
304
Caste Panchayatas
305
Caste Feasts
308
Jaina and Hindu Castes
309
Rules of Endogamy and Exogamy
310
Castes and Charitable Institutions
312
Choice of Occupation 17 Caste and Education
314
Religious Sanction to Castes
316
Institution of Bhattāraka
317
Origin of Castes
322
Jainas in Ascetic Stage
323
Religious Disabilities
324
Widow Remarriage
325
Polygyny
326
Number of Criminals 26 Castes and Social Reform
327
Castes and Temples
328
The Family Deity
329
Migration of Families
331
OO
341
310
358
The Historical Background
359
Achievements of Jainas
368
Reasons for Survival of Jainas
377
Causes of Decline of Jainism
385
Present Problems and the Way Out 359 368 377
388
CHAPTER 8
405
Copy of the Questionnaire issued
415
Bibliography
423
a Works in English Hindi Gujarati and Marathi b Works in Sanskrit and Prakrit
434
c Articles
435
d Journals Index 423 434 435
442
314
445
328
446
329
447
331
450
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