Jaina Community: A Social Survey

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Popular Prakashan, 1980 - Social Science - 455 pages
 

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Contents

CHAPTER
1
RuralUrban Distribution of Jaina Population
16
Age Distribution of Jaina Population
22
Statement showing the number per 10000 of
30
XI
31
of Jainas 1971 Census
39
xiii
44
tion in the Bombay Presidency by Civil Condition
45
Rules of Endogamy and Exogamy
310
Castes and Charitable Institutions
312
Choice of Occupation
314
Religious Sanction to Castes
316
Institution of Bhattāraka
317
Origin of Castes
322
Jainas in Ascetic Stage
323
Religious Disabilities
324

CHAPTER 4
46
24
57
Some Important Things about Jaina Castes
68
Jaina Castes in the North
81
Jaina Castes in the Deccan
92
Jaina Castes in the South
100
42
103
Names of 84 castes in the Jaina Community
108
49
109
Names of castes in the Jaina Community from
117
WIII Names of Digambara Jaina castes and subcastes
124
Names of gotras found among Agaravāla Jainas
131
MARRIAGE AND POSITION OF WOMAN
137
CHAPTER 5
190
The Theory of Karma
198
Criticism of Jaina Ethics
217
Jaina Worship
225
Festivals and Fasts
233
Jaina Superstitions
239
Jaina Samskāras
253
Food and Drink
259
Dress and Ornaments
261
Language and Literature
263
Jaina Institutions
265
CHAPTER 6
276
190
284
THE WORKING MODEL 1 Introduction
289
Names and Surnames
294
Occupations and Professions
295
Sects and Subsects
296
Sangha Gana Gachchha and Śākhā
299
The Castes and SubCastes
300
Interrelations of Castes
302
Hierarchical Organisation of Castes
304
Caste Pańchāyatas
305
Caste Feasts
308
Jaina and Hindu Castes
309
Widow Remarriage
325
Polygyny
326
Number of Criminals
327
Castes and Temples
328
The Family Deity
329
Migration of Families
331
Distinguished Personalities in Families
332
Family Organisation
333
Intermarriages
335
Jaina Rites
337
Jaina Samskāras
338
Jaina Language
340
Sacred Thread
341
Jaina Priests
342
Jaina Fasts
343
Death Ceremonies
344
Religious Education
346
Worship of Hindu Deities
347
Problem of Widows
348
Jaina Culture
349
General
350
CHAPTER 7
357
The Historical Background
359
Achievements of Jainas
368
Reasons for Survival of Jainas
377
Causes of Decline of Jainism
385
Present Problems and the Way Out
388
CHAPTER 8
405
EPILOGUE
407
Copy of the Questionnaire issued
415
a Works in English Hindi Gujarati and Marathi
423
b Works in Sanskrit and Prakrit
434
c Articles
435
d Journals
442
Index
445
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