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THE DARK AGES; being a Series of ESSAYS intended to illustrate the State of RELIGION and LITERATURE in the 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th Centuries. Reprinted from the British Magazine," with Corrections, and some Additions ; uniformly with the present Volume. Third Edition. 10s. 6.I.

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LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1854. latism was again called into activity by the high

church freaks of Archbishop Laud. Vox Borealis,

or a Northerne Discoverie by way of Dialogue beAates.

tween Jamie and Willie, is an example of these REMARKABLE IMPRINTS.

later attacks upon the overbearing of the mitre,

and affords the imprint More than one pen has considered titles, dedications, and imprints worth a Note, and as there Marprelate, in Thwack-Coat Lane, at the signe of the

“ Amidst the Babylonians. Printed by Margery are still gleanings in their track, I take the liberty Crab-Tree' Cudgell, without any privilege of the of sending you a few of the latter ; some from my Cater-Caps, 1641." common-place book, others from the fountainheads on my own shelves, but all drawn at random, Others of this stamp will occur to your readers : without much regard to classification or chrono- this time the Puritans had the best of the struggle, logical arrangement.

and ceased not to push their advantage until they The horrors of the Star Chamber and the Ec- brought their enemy to the block. clesiastical Courts produced many extraordinary

When the liberty of the press was imperfectly imprints, particularly to those seditious books of understood, the political satirist had to tread the Puritans, better known as the Marprelate warily: consequently we find that class of writers Family; works which were printed by ambulatory protecting themselves by jocular or patriotic impresses, and circulated by unseen hands, now under prints. . satirical pamphlet upon the late Sicke the walls of Archiepiscopal Lambeth, and presto! Commons is “ Printed in the Happie Year 1641." (when the spy would lay his hands upon them) A Letter from Nobody in the City to Nobody in the sprite-like, Martin re-appeared in the provinces ? ! Country is “ Printed by Somebody, 1679.” SomeThis game at hide and seek between the brave old body's Answer is “Printed for Anybody." These Nonconformists and the Church, went on for were likely of such a tendency as would have renyears without detection : but the readers of "N. dered both author and printer amenable to some& Q.” do not require from me the history of the body, say Judge Jeffries. During the administraMarprelate Faction, so well told already in the tion of Sir Robert Walpole, there were many Miscellanies of Literature and elsewhere; the skirmishing satirists supported by both ministry animus of these towards the hierarchy will be and people, such as James Miller, whose pamphlet

, sufficiently exhibited for my purpose in a few of contra, Are these things so? is "Printed for the their imprints. An Almond" for a Parrot, for perusal of all Lovers of their Country, 1740." example, purports to be

This was answered by the ministers' champion,

James Dance, alias Love, in Yes, they are ! alike “ Imprynted at a place not farre from a place; by: addressed to the “Lovers of their country.” the Assignes of Signior Some-body, and are to be soulde What of That was the next of the series, being at his shoppe in Trouble-Knave Street."

Miller's reply, who intimated this time that it was Again, Oh read ouer D. John Bridges, for it is a “Printed, and to be had of all True Hearts and worthy work, is

Sound Bottoms." “ Printed ouer sea, in Europe, within two forlongs

When there was a movement for an augmentaof a Bouncing Priest, at the Cost and Charges of tion of the poor stipends of the Scots Clergy in Martin Marprelate, Gent, 1589."

1750, there came out a pamphlet under the title of The Return of the renowned Cavaliero Pasquill The Presbyterian Clergy seasonably detected, 1751, has the following extraordinary imprint :

which exceeds in scurrility, if possible, the famous,

or infamous, Scotch Presbyterian Eloquence Disa “ If my breath be so hote that I burne my mouthe, played; both author and printer, however, had so I suppose I was printed by Pepper Allie, 1589."

much sense as to remain in the background, and The original “Marprelate” was John Penri, the thing purported to be “Printed for Messwho at last fell into the hands of his enemies, and John in Fleet Street.” Under the title of The was executed under circumstances of great bar-Comical History of the Marriage betwixt Hepbarity in Elizabeth's reign.“ Martin Junior," tarchus and Fergusia, 1706 *, the Scots figured the however, sprung up, and The Counter-Cuffe to union of the Lord Heptarchus, or England, with him is —

the independent, but coerced, damsel Fergusia, or “ Printed between the Skye and the Grounde, wythin Scotland; the discontented church of the latter a Myle of an Oake, and not many Fields off from the unpriuileged Presse of the Ass-ignes of Martin Junior, In Lockhart's Memoirs, Lond. 1714, Mr. John Balan

* G. Chalmers ascribed this to one “ Balantyne." 1589." The virulency of this theological warfare died tyne, the minister of Lanark, is noticed as the most away in James's reign, but only to be renewed with therefore assign the Comical History to him until I find equal rancour in that of Charles, when Marpre- a better claimant.

finding that the former broke faith with her, could Conference in 1681. A proper Project to Startle not help giving way. to occasional murmurings, Fools is “ Printed in a Land where Self's cry'd and these found vent in (among others) a poetical up, and Zeal's cry'd down, 1699." The Impartial Presbyterian tract, entitled Melancholy Sonnets, or Accountant, wherein it is demonstratively made Fergusia's Complaint upon Heptarchus, in which known how to pay the National Debt, and that withthe author reduced to rhyme the aforesaid Co- out a New Tax, or any Inconveniency to the People, mical History, adding thereto all the evils this ill- is “Printed for a Proper Person," and, I may add, starred union had entailed upon the land after can be had of a certain person, if Mr. Gladstone thirty-five years' experience. This curious pro- will come down with an adequate consideration duction was " Printed at Elguze? for Pedaneous, for the secret! These accountants are all mysand sold by Circumferaneous, below the Zenith, terious, - you would think they were plotting to 1741." * Charles II., when crowned at Scone, empty the treasury rather than to fill it; another took the solemn league and covenant; but not says his Essay upon National Credit is Printed finding it convenient to carry out that part of his by A. R. in Bond's Stables !" Thomas Scott, the coronation oath, left the Presbyterians at the English minister at Utrecht, published, among Restoration in the hands of their enemies. To other oddities, Vox Cælis ; or Newes from Heaven, mark their sense of this breach of faith, there was being Imaginary Conversations there between published a little book ț describing the inaugura- Henry VIII. (!), Edward VI., Prince Henrie, and tion of the young profligute, which expressively others, “Printed in Elysium, 1624.” Edward purports to be “Printed at Edinburgh in the Year Raban, an Englishman, who set up a press in the of Covenant-breaking.” The Scots folk had such far north, published an edition of Lady Culros' a horror of anything of a deistical tendency, that Godlie Dreame, and finding that no title comJohn Goldie had to publish his Essays, or an At- manded such respect among the canny Scots as tempt to distinguish true from false Religion (popu- that of Laird, announced the book to be “Impularly called “Goldie's Bible"), at Glasgow, printed at Aberdene, by E. R., Laird of Letters,

Printed for the Author, and sold by him at Kil-1644." The Instructive Library, containing a list marnock, 1779;” neither printer nor bookseller of apocryphal books, and a satire upon some theowould, apparently, be identified with the unclean logical authors of that day, is “ Printed for the thing. Both churchmen and dissenters convey

Man in the Moon, 1710." The Oxford Sermon their exultations, or denouncements, upon political Versified, by Jacob Gingle, Esq., is “ Printed by changes, through the medium of imprints ; and Tim. Atkins at Dr. Sacheverell's Head, near St. your correspondents who have been discussing Paul's, 1729.” Printed, and to be had at the that matter, will see in some of these that the Pamphlett Shops of London and Westminster," “Good Old Cause” may be “all round the com was a common way of circulating productions of pass," as Captain Cuttle would say, depending questionable morals or loyalty. The Chapmen, or wholly upon the party spectacles through whick Flying-Stationers, had many curious dodges of you view it. Legal Fundamental Liberty, in an this kind to give a relish to their literary wares : epistle from Selburne to Lenthal, is “ Reprinted The Secret History of Queen Elizabeth and the in the Ycar of Hypocritical and Abominable Dis- Earl of Essex derived additional interest in the simulation, 1649;" on the other hand, The Little eyes of their country customers by its being Bible of that militant soldier Captain Butler is “ Printed at Cologne for Will-with-the-Wisp, at " Printed in the First Year of England's

Liberty, the Sign of the Moon in the Ecliptic, 1767.” The 1619." The Last Will and Testament of Sir John Poems of that hard-headed Jacobite, Alexander Presbyter is “ Printed in the Year of Jubilee, Robertson of Struan, are “ Printed at Edinburgh 1647.“ A New Meeting of Ghosts at Tyburn, in for Charles Alexander, and sold at his house in which Oliver, Bradshaw, and Peters figure, ex Geddes Close, where Subscribers may call for their hibits its royal tendency, being “Printed in the Copies, circa 1750.” * The New Dialogues of the Year of the Rebellious Phanatick's Downfall, Dead are “ Printed for D. Y., at the foot of Par1660.” “Printed at N., with Licence,” is the nassus Hill, 1684.” Professor Tenant's poem of cautious imprint of a republication of Doleman's Papistry Stormed imitates the old typographers,

it being “ Imprentit at Edinbrogh be Oliver and * This resembles in its doggrel style Scotland's Boyd, anno 1827.” A rare old book is Goddard's Glory and her Shame, and A Poem on the Burgess Oath. Can of your correspondents, familiar with Scottish

* I have not met with the name of such a bookseller typographical curiosities, tell me who was the author, elsewhere, and would like to hear the history of this or authors, of these?

book; it was again published with the addition of † A Phænix, or the Solemn League and Covenant, gc., The Martial Achievements of the Robertsons of Struan, 12mo. pp. 168, with a frontispiece representing Charles and in imitation of the original is printed at Edinburgh burning the book of the Solemn League and Covenant, by and for Alexander Robertson, in Morison's Close, above the flames from which hovers a phenix. . where subscribers may call for their copies (1785?).




Mastiffe Whelpe, “Imprinted amongst the Antipodes, and are to be sould where they are to be bought." Another, by the same author, is a Sa In the west of Clare, for many miles the country tirical Dialogue, “Imprinted in the Low Coun seems to consist of nothing but fields of grey limetreyes for all such Gentlemen as are not altogether stone flags, which gives it an appearance of the idle, nor yet well occupyed.” These were both, I greatest desolation : Cromwell is reported to have believe, libels upon the fair sex. John Stewart, said of it, “ that there was neither wood in it to otherwise Walking Stewart, was in the habit of hang a man, nor water to drown him, nor earth dating his extraordinary publications “In the to bury him!” The soil is not, however, by any year of Man's Retrospective Knowledge, by As means as barren as it looks; and the following tronomical Calculation, 5000;"" In the 7000 year legend is related of the way in which an ancestor of Astronomical History in the Chinese Tables ; of one of the most extensive landed proprietors in and “In the Fifth Year of Intellectual Existence." the county obtained his estates. Mulberry Hill

, Printed at Crazy Castle,” is an 'Twas on a dismal evening in the depth of imprint of J. H. Stevenson. The Button Makers' winter, that one of Cromwell's officers was passing Jests, by Geo. King of St. James', is “Printed for through this part of the country; bis courage and Henry Frederick, near St. James' Square; a gallantry in the “good cause " had obtained for co:rse squib upon royalty. One Fisher entitled him a large grant of land in Clare, and he was now his play Thou shalt not Steal; the School of Ingra on his journey to it. Picturing to himself a land titude.' Thinking the managers of Drury Lane flowing with milk and loney, his disappointment had communicated his performance, under the may therefore be imagined when, at the close of a latter name, to Reynolds the dramatist, and then weary day's journey, he found himself bewildered rejected it, he published it thus: “Printed for the amid such a scene of desolation. From the incurious and literary - shall we say ? Coincidence! quiries he had made at the last inhabited place refused by the Managers, and made use of in the he had passed, he was led to conclude that he Farce of Good Living,'” published by Reynolds could not be far distant from the “land of proin 1797. Harlequin Premier, as it is daily acted, mise," where he might turn his sword into a prunis a hit at the ministry of the period, " Printed at ing-hook, and rest from all his toils and dangers. Brentafordia, Capital of Barataria, and sold by all Could this be the place of which his imagination the Booksellers in the Province, 1769.". “ Printed had formed so fair a vision ? Hours had elapsed Merrily, and may be read Unbappily, betwixt since he bad seen a buman being; and, as the soli. Hawke and Buzzard, 1641," is the satisfactory tudo added to the dismal appearance of the road, imprint of The Downefall of temporising Poets, bitterly did the veteran curse the folly that had unlicensed Printers, upstart Booksellers, tooting enticed him into the land of bogs and “ Papistrie.” Mercuries, and bawling Hawkers. Books have Troublous therefore as the times were, the tramp sometimes been published for behoof of particular of an approaching steed sent a thrill of pleasure individuals ; old Daniel Rogers, in his Matrimo- through the heart of the Puritan. The rider soon nial Honour, announces A Part of the Impression joined him, and as he seemed peaceably disposed, to be vended for the use and benefit of Ed. Min- they entered into conversation; and the stranger sheu, Gent., 1650." How full of interest is the soon became acquainted with the old soldier's following, “Printed at Sheffield by James Mont- errand, and the disappointment he had experigomery, in the Hart's Head, 1795 !” A poor enced. Artfully taking advantage of the occasion, man, by name J. R. Adam, meeting with reverses, the stranger, who professed an acquaintance with enlisted, and after serving abroad for a period, the country, used every means to aggravate the returned but to exchange the barrack-room for disgust of his fellow-traveller, till the heart of the the Glasgow Lunatic Asylum. Possessing a Cromwellian, already half overcome by fatigue poetical vein, he indulged it here in soothing his and hunger, sank within him; and at last he own and his companions' misery, by circulating his agreed that the land should be transferred to the verses on detached scraps, printed by himself. stranger for a butt of Claret and the horse on These on his enlargement he collected together, which he rode. As soon as this important matter and gave to the world in 1845, under the title of was settled, the stranger conducted his new friend the Gartnavel Minstrel, a neat little square vo to a house of entertainment in a neighbouring hamlume of 104 pages, exceedingly well executed, and let, whose ruins are still called the Claret House bearing the imprint" Glasgow, composed, printed, of K- A plentiful, though coarse, entertainand published by J. R. Adam;" under any circum ment soon smoked on the board ; and as the eye stances a most creditable specimen, but under those of the Puritan wandered over the “creature comI have described "a rara avis in literature and art.' forts,” his heart rose, and he forgot his disappoint

The list might be spun out, but I fear I have ment and his fatigue. It is even said that he exceeded limits already with my dry subject. dispensed with nearly ten of the twenty minutes

J. O. which he usually bestowed on the benediction ;


but be this as it may, ere he retired to his couch William de Kilkenny, Cardinal Louis de Luxem

-“vino ciboque gravatus" — the articles were bourg, at Ely; Peter de Aquâ Blancâ, at Aquasigned, and the courteous stranger became pos- blanca, in Savoy ; Thomas Cantilupe, at Asbridge, sessed of one of the finest estates in the county ! Bucks (Hereford); Ethelmar (Winton), at Win Francis Robert Davies. chester; Thomas Savage (York), at Macclesfield;

Robert Stichelles (Durham), at Durham.



In the introduction to a work entitled A Col. Lines on visiting the Portico of Beau Nash's lection of Coats of Arms borne by the Nobility and Palace, Bath. Gentry of the County of Gloucester, London,

And here he liv'd, and here he reign'd, J. Good, 159. New Bond Street, 1792, and which And hither oft shall strangers stray ; I believe was written by Sir George Nayler, it is

To muse with joy on native worth, asserted that

And mourn those pleasures fled for aye. Armes parlantes, or canting arms, were not common Alas! that he, whose days were spent till the commencement of the seventeenth century, when they prevailed under the auspices of King

In catering for the public weal, James.”

Should, in the eventide of life,

Be destin'd sad distress to feel. Now doubtless they were more common in the seventeenth century, but I am of opinion that

An ever open heart and hand,

With ear ne'er closed to sorrow's tale, there are many instances of them centuries previous to the reign of King James; as, for example,

Exalts the man, and o'er his faults in a roll of arms of the time of Edward II.

Draws the impenetrable veil.

L. M. THORNTON. (A.D. 1308-14), published by Sir Harris Nicolas

Bath. from a manuscript in the British Museum, there are the following:

Acrostic in Ash Church, Kent. The following “ Sire Peres Corbet, d'or, à un corbyn de sable.

acrostic is from a brass in Ash Church, Kent. It Sire Johan le Fauconer, d'argent, à iii faucouns de is perhaps curious only from the fact of its being goules. Sire Johan Heroun, d'azure, à iii herouns d'argent. chral monuments.

unusual to inscribe this kind of verse on sepulSire Richard de Cokfeld, d'azure, à une crois e

The capital letters at the iii coks d'or.

commencement of each line are given as in the Sire Richard de Barlingham, de goules, à iii ours

original : (bears) d'argent.

John Brooke of the parish of Ashe Sire Johan de Swyneford, d'argent, à un cheveroun

Only he is nowe gone. de sable, à iii testes de cenglers (swines' heads) d'or."

His days are past, his corps is layd

Z Now under this marble stone.
Sire Ammon de Lucy bore three luces ; Sire
William Bernak a fers between three barnacles,

Brookstrete he was the honor of,

Robd now it is of name, &c. There are many other examples in the same

Only because he had no sede work, but as I think I have made my communica

Or children to have the same; tion quite long enough, I forbear giving them.

Kuowing that all must passe away,

Even when God will, none can denay.

“ He passed to God in the yere of Grace Minor Notes.

One thousand fyve hundredth ffower score and two Selleridge. - The story of the author who was The sixteenthe daye of January, I tell now playne, charged by his publisher for selleridge, and thought The five-and-twentieth yere of Elizabeth rayne.” it for selling his books, whereas it was storing

FRAS. BRENT. them in a cellar, is given by Thomas Moore in his Sandgate. Diary, lately published, upon the authority of Coleridge. It is to be found, much better told, A Hint to Publishers. — The present period is in Coleridge's Biographia Literaria. UNEDA. remarkable for its numerous reprints of our poets Philadelphia

and standard writers. However excellent these

may be, there is often a great drawback, viz. that Tombs of Bishops. The following bishops, one must purchase an author's entire works, and whose bodies were interred elsewhere, had or have cannot get a favourite poem or treatise separately. tombs in the several cathedrals in which their What I would suggest is, that a separate titlehearts were buried :-William de Longchamp, page be prefixed to every poem or treatise in an


it was,

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