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REGISTERED FOLDING CAMERA.- This new form of Camera combines portability with the power of expansion, and is capable of taking pictures from 3x4 to 10X8, in the open air without a tent.

It is made to contain the lens, baths, bottles, &c., necessary for an excursion, packed up and ready for use, in an upright position.

It is applicable to all the known processes in Photography,

Further particulars can be obtained MR. ARCHER, 105. Great Russell Street, Blooms

bury, who supplies all other Apparatus neces1 sary in Photography, Collodion, pure Chemicals, &c. Portraits on Glass.

An assortment of Prints on Sale, Works of 15 Art copied, &c. &c.

PHOTOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION. THE EXHIBITION OF PHO

TOGRAPHS, by the most eminent English and Continental Artists, is OPEN DAILY from Ten till Five. Free Admission.

£ s. d. A Portrait by Mr. Talbot's Patent Process

1 1 0 Additional Copies (each)

050 A Coloured Portrait, highly finished (small size)

3 3 0 A Coloured Portrait, highly finished (larger size)

- 5 5 0 Miniatures, Oil Paintings, Water-Colour and Chalk Drawings, Photographed and Coloured in imitation of the Originals. Views of Country Mansions, Churches, &c., taken at a short notice. Cameras, Lenses, and all

the necessary Photographic Apparatus and Chemicals, are supplied, tested, and guaranteed.

Gratuitous Instruction is given to Purchasers of Sets of Apparatus. PHOTOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION,

168. New Bond Street.

1

CIRANIC_Subscribers are liberally sub

plied, on loan, with every description of New Vocal and Instrumental Music, and have also

° their disposal upwards of 3,000 volumes, including the Standard Operas, Italian, German, French, and English Songs, and all kinds of Instrumental Music. During the Term of Subscription, each Subscriber has the privilege of selecting - for his own property from 100,000 different pieces, 3 Guineas worth of Music. Prospectuses forwarded Free on application.

JULLIEN & CO., 214. Regent Street.

TO

B.

ENNETT'S MODEL

WATCH, as shown at the GREAT EXHIBITION. No. 1. Class X., in Gold and Silver Cases, in five qualities, and adapted to all Climates, may now be had at the MANUFACTORY, 65. CHEAPSIDE. Superior Gold London-made Patent Levers, 17, 15, and 12 guineas. Ditto, in Silver Cases, 8, 6, and 4 guineas. First-rate Geneva Levers, in Gold Cases, 12, 10, and 8 guineas. Ditto, in Silver Cases, 8, 6, and 5 guineas. Superior Lever, with

Chronometer Balance, Gold, 27, 23, and 19 me guineas. Bennett's Pocket Chronometer, Gold,

50 guineas ; Silver, 40 guineas. Every Watch skilfully examined, timed, and its performance guaranteed. Barometers, 21., 31., and 4l. Thermometers from 18. each.

BENNETT, Watch, Clock, and Instrument Maker to the Royal Observatory, the Board of Ordnance, the Admiralty, and the Queen,

65. CHEAPSIDE.

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PIANOFORTESKE 250.Guineas

Guineas COLLOWJON PORTRAITS

Square (established A.D. 1785), sole manufacturers of the ROYAL PIANOFORTES, at 25 Guineas each. Every instrument warranted. The peculiar advantages of these pianofortes

are best described in the following professional o testimonial, signed by the majority of the lead

ing musicians of the age :-" We, the undersigned members of the musical profession, having carefully examined the Royal Pianofortes manufactured by MESSRS. D'ALMAINE & CO., have great pleasure in hearing testimony to their merits and capabilities. It appears to us impossible to produce instruments of the same size possessing a richer and finer tone, more elastic touch, or more equal temperainent, while the elegance of their construction renders them a handsome ornament for the library, houdoir, or drawing-room. (Signed) J. L. Abel, F. Benedict, H.R. Bishop, J. Flewitt,

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and Designs Gratis.

CH

HUBB'S LOCKS, with all the

PHOTOGRAPHY --- MESSRS.

A. MARION & Co. beg to inform the Artists and Amateurs that they are now ready to supply them with papers manufactured expressly for Photographic purposes ; since it has been tried it has received the unanimous good opinion of the most successful operators.

Positive and Negative (not prepared), Simple
Salted, and Salted Albumenized Positive,
Simple Waxed, and Waxed Iodized Negative,
Gummed Paper, and Cards for Mounting
Proofs.
PAPETERIE MARION, 152. Regent Street.

PHOTOGRAPHS Mounted and

Framed in every Style, by E. FOX, 75 A. Little

Britain, City, Mounter to the Photographic Society, Polytechnic, and Photographic Institutions.

E. F. begs to inform the Profession and
Amateurs that from his great experience in
Photograph Mounting, Framing, &c., he can
guarantee perfect satisfaction both as regards
Style and Price.

Mounts and Passepartouts of every de-
scription.
Price Lists sent on application.
Gentlemen waited on at their residences.

PHOTOGRAPHERS.
Second-hand Camera for Sale, with
Ross's 24 inch lens, capable of taking pictures
8! by 6). Two double Shutters for paper, and
one for Collodion, adjusting Front, &c. Price,
71, 10s. For farther particulars apply to MR.
DIXEY, King's Road, Brighton.

PHOTOGRAPHIC APPARA

IMPROVED LEOCKTINAL CO., Chemists,

IN COLLO289. Strand, have, by an improved mode of Iodizing, succeeded in producing a Collodion equal, they may say superior, in sensitiveness and density of Negative, to any other hitherto published ; without diminishing the keeping properties and appreciation of half-tint for which their manufacture has been esteemed.

Apparatus, pure Chemicals, and all the re-
quirements for the practice of Photography.
Instruction in the Art.

THE COLLODION AND PO-
SITIVE PAPER PROCESS. By J. B.
HOCKIN. Price 18., per Post, 18. 2d.

TUS, MATERIALS, and PURE CHE-
MICAL PREPARATIONS.

KNIGHT & SONS' Illustrated Catalogue, containing Description and Price of the best forms of Cameras and other Apparatus. Voightlander and Son's Lenses for Portraits and Views, together with the various Materials, and pure Chemical Preparations required in practising the Photographic Art. Forwarded free on receipt of Six Postage Stamps.

Instructions given in every branch of the Art.

An extensive Collection of Stereoscopic and other Photographic Specimens. GEORGE KNIGHT & SONS, Foster Lane,

London.

W RATE AND ANNUITY SOCIETY,

3. PARLIAMENT STREET, LONDON.

Founded A.D. 1842.

AND VIEWS obtained with the greatest ease and certainty by using BLAND & LONG'S preparation of Soluble Cotton;

cer-
tainty and uniformity of action over a length-
ened period, combined with the most faithful
rendering of the half-tones, constitute this a
most valuable agent in the hands of the pho-
tographer.

Albumenized paper, for printing from glass
or paper negatives, giving a minuteness of de-
tail unattained by any other method, 58. per
Quire.
Waxed and Iodized Papers of tried quality.

Instruction in the Processes.
BLAND & LONG, Opticians and Photogra-

phical Instrument Makers, and Operative
Chemists, 153. Fleet Street, London.

*** Catalogues sent on application.

Directors.
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T. S. Cocks, Jun. Esq. J. Hunt, Esq.
M.P.

J. A. Lethbridge, Esq.
G. H. Drew, Esq. E. Lucas, Esq.
W. Evans, Esq. J. Lys Seager, Esq.
W. Freeman, Esq. J. B. White, Esq.
F. Fuller, Esq.

J. Carter Wood, Esq.
J.H. Goodhart, Esq.

Trustees.
W.Whateley, Esq., Q.C.; George Drew, Esq.;

T. Grissell, Esq.
Physician. - William Rich. Basham, M.D.
Bankers.-Messrs. Cocks, Biddulph, and Co.,

Charing Cross.
VALUABLE PRIVILEGE.
POLICIES effected in this Office do not be-
come void through temporary difficulty in pay-
ing a Premium, as permission is given upon
application to suspend the payment at interest,
according to the conditions detailed in the Pro-
spectus.

Specimens of Rates of Premium for Assuring 1001., with a Share in three-fourths of the Profits:Age £ s. d. Age

£ 8. d. 17 .1 14 4 32

- 2 10 8 22 -1 18 8 37

- 2 18 6 27. - 2 4 5 42

- 3 8 2 ARTHUR SCRATCHLEY, M.A., F.R.A.S.,

Actuary. Now ready, price 108. 6d., Second Edition, with material additions, INDUSTRIAL INVESTMENT and EMIGRATION; being a TREATISE on BENEFIT BUILDING SOCIETIES, and on the General Principles of Land Investment, exemplified in the Cases of Freehold Land Societies, Building Companies, &c. With a Mathematical Appendix on Com pound Interest and Life Assurance. By ARTHUR SCRATCHLEY, M. A., Actuary to the Western Life Assurance Society, 3. Parlia ment Street, London.

THE SIGHT preserved by the

every variety of Vision by means of SMEE'S
OPTOMETER, which effectually prevents
Injury to the Eyes from the Selection of Im-
proper Glasses, and is extensively employed by
BLAND & LONG, Opticians, 153. Fleet

Street, London.

PHOTOGRAPHY

recent improvements. Strong fire-proof safes, cash and deed boxes. Complete lists of sizes and prices may be had on application. CHUBB & SON, 57. St. Paul's Churchyard,

London ; 28. Lord Street, Liverpool ; 16. Market Street, Manchester ; and Horseley Fields, Wolverhampton.

HORNE & CO.'S Iodized Collodion, for obtaining Instantaneous Views, and Portraits in from three to thirty seconds, according to light.

Portraits obtained by the above, for delicacy of detail rival the choicest Daguerreotypes, specimens of which may be seen at their Establishment.

Also every description of Apparatus, Chemicals, &c. &c. used in this beautiful Art.123. and 121. Newgate Street.

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TIC AS TAUGHT IN THE PESTALLOZZIAN SCHOOL, WORKSOP. By J. L, ELLENBERGER.

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COMPLETION OF A VOLUME. Now ready. VOLUME I., price Is. 6d., in

handsome bonrds, ARDNER'S MUSEUM OF

ITALIAN LANGUAGE. Just published, royal 18mo., price 3s. 6d, cloth,

FIRST, ITALIAN COURSE;

being a Practical and Easy Method of Learning the Elements of the Italian Langunge. By W. BROWNRIGG SMITH, M.A., Second Classical Master of the City of London Schools. London : WALTON & MABERLY, Upper Gower Street, and Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row. Cheap Issue. - Fourth Edition.

GENESIS IN ENGLISH HEBREW ; accompanied by an Interlinear Translation, substantially the same as the authorised English version : Philological Notes and Grammatical Introduction. By W. GREENFIELD, M.R.A.S. 8vo., 48. 60. cloth. With the original Text in Hebrew Characters at the end. 8vo., 6s. 6c/.. cloth. London : WALTON & MABERLY, Upper Gower Street, and Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row.

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Just published, 2 vols. 8vo., 17. 18. (IEBUHR'S LECTURES on

ANCIENT ETHNOGRAPHY and GEOGRAPHY; comprising Greece and her Colonies, Italy, the Islands of the Mediterrancan, Spain, Gaul, Britain, Northern Africa, and Phænicia. By DR. LEONHARD SCHMITZ, Rector of the High School of Edinburgh.

By the same Author, Niebuhr's Lectures on Ancient History: the Asiatic Nations, the Egyptians, Greeks, Carthaginians, and Macedonians. By Dr. L. Schmitz. 3 vols. 8vo., II, lls. 6d.

Neibuhr's Lectures on Roman History. By Leonhard Schmitz, Ph. D. New and Cheaper Edition, 3 vols. 8vo., 248.

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SCIENCE AND ART. A Miscellany of Instrutive and Amusing Tracts on the Physical Sciences, and on their Application to the Uses of Life. Illustrated by Engravings on Wood.

CONTENTS.

PART I., price 3d. 1. The Planets : Are they Inhabited Globes ? 2. Weather Prognostics, 3. The Planets, Chap. II. 4. Popular Fallacies in Questions of Physical Science.

PART II., price 3d. 3. Intitudes and Longitudes. 6. The Planets. Chap. III. 7. Lunar Influences. 8. Meteoric Stones and Shooting Stars. Chap I.

PART III., price 6d. 9. Railway Accidents. Chap. I. 10. The Planets. Chap. IV. 11. Meteoric Stones and Shooting Stars.

Chap. II. 12. Railway Accidents. Chap. II. 13. Light.

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Theories of Logic and Probabilities. By
GEORGE BOOLE, Professor of Mathematics
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ROLOGY. Being the Third Course of the
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500 Woodcuts, 3 vols. medium 8vo., 37. 158. 6d.,

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COM

This Day, fcap. 8vo., 38. TORREGGIO ; a Tragedy.

By ADAM OEHLENSCHLAGER. Translated, with Notes, by THEODORE MARTIN. London : JOHN W. PARKER & SON,

West Strand.

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THE BLACK SEA.

The Fourth Edition of R. OLIPHANT'S RUSSIAN

PRECESORPRIVATÆ, IN

CONTENTS.
NOTES :-

Pago
Arabian Tales and their Sources, by
J. W. Thomas

319 La Rochefoucauld, by J. Macray 320 Shropshire Ballad ** Of the Benefit of the Death of Christ,"

by Aonio Paleario, by the Rev. J.
Ayre

321 MINOR Notes:-Stone Chisels - Acros

tic-Simmels - Ogborne's History of
Essex - Fleas and Bugs – Zeuxis and
Parrhasius - Cure for Hydrophobia -
The “Fusion

321
OERIES :-
Lyra's Commentary, by Edw. Peacock 323
Minor QUERIES :- Barristers' Gowns

-" Charta Hen. 2. G. G. n. 2. q.
Albany Wallace – Leslie and" Dr.
Middleton - Star and Garter, Kirk-
stall – Shrove Tuesday "Tarbox
for that" - De Gurney Pedigree -

* NILOTIS," unde deriv.- Snush – John ( Bale, Bishop of Ossory - Proxies for

absent Sponsors – Heraldic Query-
Christmas Ballad -Hay-bread Recipe
-Te Deum - Mary Queen of Scots
at Auchincas --Right of Refuge in the
Church Porch-Christopher Lemying
of Burneston - Ralph Ashton the
Commander

323 MINOR QUERIES WITH ANSWERS:

Roman Ronds in England - Inscrip-
tion on the Brass of Sir G. Felbridge

Skipwith-College Battel - Origin
of Clubs - Royal Arms in Churches
- Odd Fellows - Governor-General
of India - Precedence -

325 REPLIES :Marmortinto, or Sand-painting, by John Mummery

327 O'Brien of Thosmond

328 Coronation Stone

328 Polygamy, by T. J. Buckton and the Rev. A. Gatty

329 Poeticai Tavern Signs

330 *** Behemoth," by C. H. Cooper

332 PHOTOGRAPHIC CORRESPONDENCE:- Photographic Slides for the Magic Lantern

Albumenized Paper Mounting
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Collodion -

332 REPLIES TO MINOR QUERIES :- Bur

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Original Royal Letters to the Grand
Masters of Malta - Prince Charles'
Attendants in Spain - Churchill's
Grave - "Cissle" - Contributors to
Knight's “Quarterly Magazine
"La Langue Pandras" Cranmer
Bibles - Voisonier - Word-minting
- Fair Rosamond - Death-warnings
in ancient Families – Poets Laureate
- Brissot de Warville – "Branks"
Theobald le Botiller - Lord Haring-
ton - Amontillado - "Mairdil "
Separation of the Sexes in Church

Costume of the Clergy not Enarean, &c. 333
MISCELLANEOUS :-
Notes on Books, &c.

• 333 Books and Odd Volumes wanted - 339 Notices to Correspondents

- 339

now Published.

In 8vo., with 34 Engravings on Wood, an Enlarged Map of the Crimea, and Map of the Author's Route, price 148. WILLIAM BLACKWOOD & SONS,

Edinburgh and London.

STUDIOSORUM GRATIAM COLLECTÆ, ET REGIA AUTHORITATE APPROBATÆ: Anno MDLXVIII. Londini Editæ ; ad Vetera exemplaria denuo recognitæ. JOHN HENRY PARKER, Oxford ; and

377. Strand, London.

Just published, with ten coloured Engravings,

price 58.,

RUSSIA AND TURKEY.

NOTRESCOPIN AQUATIC MI

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CROSCOPIC SUBJECTS OF NATURAL HISTORY, selected from the "Microscopic Cabinet." By ANDREW PRITCHARD, M.R.I. Also, in 8vo., pp. 720, plates 24, price 21s., or

coloured, 368., A HISTORY OF INFUSORIAL ANIMALCULES, Living and Fossil, containing Descriptions of every species, British and Foreign, the methods of procuring and viewing them, &c., illustrated by numerous Engravings. By ANDREW PRITCHARD, M.R.I.

“There is no work extant in which so much valuable information concerning Infusoria (Animalcules) can be found, and every Microscopist should add it to his Library." - Silliman's Journal. London : WHITTAKER & CO., Ave Maria

Lane.

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MAP OF THIS DISTRICT, THE

on the the scale of 9 miles to the inch, prepared from the celebrated Vienna Map in 21 sheets, IS NOW PUBLISHED. Price, in 6 sheets coloured, 12s. ; case or rollers, 21s. London : EDWARD STANFORD, 6. Charing

Cross; and all Map and Booksellers.

This Day is published, the Third Edition, re

vised and 'augmented, in 8vo., with Plates, price 128. 6d., cloth. Η Ε MYTHOLOGY OF

GREECE AND ITALY. By THOMAS KEIGHTLEY.

“It will always deservedly maintain its high position, as the exponent of what Greeks thought and wrote about and believed." Pococke, India in Greece.

WHITTAKER & CO., Ave Maria Lane.

VOL. IX.-No. 232.

LA

WA

THE
THE EDINBURGH REVIEW,

No. CCII., will be published on TUESDAY next.

CONTENTS : I. MORMONISM. 11. JOHN LOCKE – HIS CHARACTER

AND PHILOSOPHY. III. HISTORY OF FRENCH PROTES

TANT REFUGEES. IV. MOORE'S JOURNAL. V. THE NATIONAL GALLERY RE

PORT. VI. RECENT ITALIAN AUTOBIO

GRAPHIES. VII. OPINIONS OF THE JUDGES ON

CODIFICATION,
VIII. CONSUMPTION OF FOOD IN THE

UNITED KINGDOM.
London : LONGMAN & CO.
Edinburgh : A. & C. BLACK.

COMPLETION OF A VOLUME.
Now ready, VOLUME I., price 1s. 6d.,
ARDNER'S MUSEUM OF

SCIENCE AND ART.- Illustrated by Engravings on Wood.

PART I., price bd. 1. The Planets ; Are they Inhabited Globes ?

Chap. I. 2. Weather Prognostics. 3. The Planets. Are they Inhabited Globes ?

Chap. II. 4. Popular Fallacies in Questions of Physical Science.

PART II., price 5d. 5. Latitudes and Longitudes. 6. The Planets. Are they Inhabited Globes ?

Chap. III. 7. Lunar Influences. 8. Meteoric Stones and Shooting Stars. Chap I.

PART III., price 6d. 9. Railway Accidents. Chap. I. 10. The Planets. Are they Inhabited Globes ?

Chap. IV. and last. 11. Meteoric Stones and Shooting Stars.

Chap. II. 12. Railway Accidents. Chap. II. 13. Light.

“This serial, which will form quarterly eighteenpenny volumes, is, we are disposed to think, the best literary invest inent of a penny a week now extant." - Ecaminer.

“ This series, besides affording popular but sound instruction on scientific subjects, with which the humblest man in the country ought to be acquainted, also undertakes that teaching of common things' which Lord Ashburton and every well-wisher of his kind are anxious to promote."

." - Times. London: WALTON & MABERLY, Upper Gower Street, and Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row.

This Day is published, price ss. cloth, or gilt,

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Now ready, No. VI., 28. 6d., published

Quarterly.

RETROSPECTIVE, BEVIEW.

(New Series); consisting of Criticisms upon, Analyses of, and Extracts from, Curious, Useful, Valuable, and Searce Old Books.

Vol. I., 8vo., pp. 136, cloth 108. 6d., is also ready. JOHN RUSSELL SMITH, 36. Soho Square,

London.

THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGA

other articles : - The History of the Protestant Refugees in France. The Positive Philoso: hy of Auguste Comte. Traits of the Czars. Pilgrimage to High Places : Einsiedlen in Switzerland. Moore and the Right Hon. John Wilson Croker. The Table of Precedency. The Moscow Septuagint. Anecdotes of Norden the Topographer, Ancient Wedding Ceremonies. The Lord Mayor's Pageant of 1684. Emendation of a Paysage in Coriolanus. With Notes of the Month, Reviews of New Publications, Reports of Archeological Societies, &c. The OHITUARY contains, Memoirs of the Marquess of Londonderry, the Bishop of Salisbury, Sir Ralph Lopes, Bart. ; Sir John Conroy, Bart. i (art. Sir Everard Home, Bart.; Sir Henry Miers Elliot, K.C.B. ; Colonel Joliffe : Rev. W. L. Richards, D.D. : Rev. R. Jenkyns, D.D., Dean of Wells ; Rev. W. P. Greswell : Rev. W. H. Dixon, E.S.A. ; John Martin the Painter : Robert Alexander, Esq. ; Thomas Saunders, Esq., F.SA. : John Fardell, Esq., F.S.A. ; Henry Belcher, Esq., &c. NICHOLS & SONS, 25. Parliament Street.

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THE

Price One Shilling,

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luxuries are only rivalled by the marvellous gifts of the genii and fairies. This brilliant mythology,

the offspring of the Arabian imagination, together Notes.

with the other characteristics of the Arabian tales,

has had an extensive influence on our own literaARABIAN TALES AND THEIR SOURCES.

ture. Many of these tales had found their way The Arabians have been the immediate instru- into our poetry long before the translation of the ments in transmitting to us those Oriental tales, Arabian Nights; and are met with in the old of which the conception is so brilliant, and the Fabliaux, and in Boccacio, Ariosto, and Chaucer. character so rich and varied, and which, after But while these tales are Arabian in their struchaving been the delight of our childhood, never ture, the materials have been derived, not only lose entirely the spelĩ of their enchantment over from India, Persia, and China, but also from our maturer age. But while many of these tales ancient Egypt, and the classical literature of are doubtless of Arabian origin, it is not to be Greece. supposed that all are equally so. If we may be I shall content myself at present with adducing lieve the French translator of the Thousand and one example of such probable derivation from the One Tales, that publication does not include the source last mentioned. The stories to be comthirty-sixth part of the great Arabian collection, pared are too long for quotation, which, as they which is not confined to books, but has been the are well known, will not be necessary. I shall traditional inheritance of a numerous class, who, therefore merely give, in parallel columns, the like the minstrels of the West, gained their liveli numerous points of resemblance, or coincidence, hood by reciting what would interest the feelings between the two. The Arabian tale is that of of their hearers. This class of Eastern story “ Ali Baba and the Forty Robbers ;” the corretellers was common throughout the whole extent sponding story will be found in Herodotus, b. 11. of Mahomedan dominion in Turkey, Persia, and c. cxxi. ; it is that of Rhampsinitus and the robeven to the extremity of India.

bery of his royal treasury : The sudden rise of the Saracen empire, and its THE EGYPTIAN TALE.

THE ARABIAN TALE. rapid transition from barbarism to refinement, and 1. The king constructs a stone 1. In a rock so steep and craggy

edifice for the security of his vast that none can scale it, a cave has from the deepest ignorance to the most extensive riches.

been hewn out, in which the cultivation of literature and science, is an extra

robbers deposit their prodigious

wealth. ordinary phenomenon in the history of mankind. 2. In the wall of this treasury is 2. In this rock is a door which

a stone so artfully disposed that a opens into the cave, by means of A century scarcely elapsed from the age of Am single person can move it, so as to two magical words, Open Se

enter and retreat without leaving

and closes again in like rou, the general of Caliph Omar, who is said to

any trace of his having done so. manner by pronouncing the words

"Shut Sesame." have burned the great Alexandrian library, to the

3. Two brothers become ac 3. Two brothers become ac period when the family of the Abbasides, who quainted with the secret opening quainted with the door of the

into the treasury, and enter it for cave, and the means of opening mounted the throne of the Caliphs A.D. 750, in the purpose of enriching them and shutting it ; and they enter it

selves.

for the purpose of enriching themtroduced a passionate love of art, science, and

4. One of the brothers becomes 4. Ali Baba, one of the two broeven poetry. The celebrated Haroun Al Raschid

rich by abstracting large sums of thers, becomes rich by carrying off never took a journey without at least a hundred money from the royal treasury. a great quantity of gold coin from

the robbers' cave. men of science in his train. But the most muni. 5. The other brother is caught 5. Cassim, the other brother, is

in the snare which the king had caught as in a snare, by forgetting, ficent patron of Arabic literature was Al Mamoun, laid within the treasury, for the when in the cave, the magical

detection and apprehension of the words by which alone an exit the seventh Caliph of the race of the Abbasides,

could be obtained. and son of Haroun Al Raschid. Having suc

6. At his own request the brother 6. Cassim, in his attempt to es

thus caught is beheaded by the cape, is killed by the robbers, and ceeded to the throne A.D. 813, he rendered Bag other to avoid recognition, and to his dead body is quartered, and

secure the escape of one. The dead hung up within the door of the dad the centre of literature : collecting from the body is hung from the wall of the cave, to deter any who might be

treasury, for the purpose of dis his accomplices. subject provinces of Syria, Armenia, and Egypt covering his accomplice.

7. The surviving brother, at his 7. Ali Baba, at the instance of the most important books which could be disco

mother's earnest request, carries Cassim's widow, carries off his revered, as the most precious tribute that could be off the dead body, and brings it mains from the cave, and brings

home on the back of one of his them home on the back of one of rendered, aud causing them to be translated into

8. The king, unable to ascertain 8. The robbers, unable to guess Arabic for general use. When Al Mamoun dic

how his treasury had been entered, how their cave had been entered,

is enraged at the removal of the are alarmed at the removal of tated the terms of peace to Michael, the Greek

body, and alarmed at finding that Cassim's remains, which proves to emperor, the tribute which he demanded from him some one who possesses the secret them that some one who possesses

still survives.

the secret still survives. was a collection of Greek authors.

9. The king has recourse to stra 9. The robbers have recourse to

tagem, for the purpose of detect stratagem, for the purpose of disThe Arabian tales had their birth after this

ing the depredator, but without covering the depredator, but withperiod ; and when the Arabians had yielded to 10. The surviving brother baffles 10. Ali Baba, assisted by his fe

male slave, baffles the robber capthe Tartars, Turks, and Persians, the empire of the king's first attempt to detect

tain's first attempt upon him, by the sword. Soldiers are seldom introduced ; the which, in the character of a wine means of some oil in a jar, his men

seller, he had loaded with wine being concealed in the other jars. splendours of the just Caliph's reign are dwelt flasks, making the king's guards with which the captain, in the

drunk, and leaving them all fast character of an oil-merchant, had upon with fond remembrance; the style is that

asleep

loaded some asses: thus the latter,

who thought his men asleep, finds of a mercantile people, while riches and artificial

them all dead.

same ;

selves.

intruders.

asses.

his asses.

success.

out success.

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