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GI. Will't hurt me if I drink too much ?

were strictly adhered to, no objection could be Echo. Much.

raised. But I have found, from careful observation Gl. Thou mock'st me, Nymph; I'll not believe it.

for two or three years past, that some of our Echo. Believe't.

standard writers reverse the rule, and use the one GI. Dost thou condemn then what I do?

for the former, and the other for the latter, by Echo, I do.

which I have often been completely puzzled to Gl. I grant it doth exhaust the purse.

know what they meant in cases of importance. Echo. Worse. GI. Is't this which dulls the sharpest wit?

Now, since there is not the slightest chance of Echo. Best wit.

unanimity here, I think the author is right in conGl. Is't this which brings infirmities?

demning their referential usage altogether. A Echo. It is.

French grammarian says, “ Ce qui n'est pas clair Gl. Whither will't bring my soul? canst tell ? n'est pas Français ;” but though French is far Echo. T'hell.

from having no ambiguities, he showed that he Gl. Dost thou no gluttons virtuous know?

fully appreciated what ought to be the proudest Echo. No.

boast of any language, clearness. There is a Gl. Wouldst have me temperate till I die ?

notable want of it on the marble tablet under the Echo. I.

portico of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, which says: Gl. Shall I therein finde ease and pleasure ? Echo. Yea sure.

“ The church of this parish having been destroyed Gl. But is 't a thing which profit brings?

by fire on the 17th day of September, A. D. 1795, was Echo. It brings.

rebuilt, and opened for divine service on the 1st day of GI. To minde or bodie ? or to both ?

August, A. D. 1798." Echo. To both.

The writer, no doubt, congratulated himself on GI. Will it my life on earth prolong?

avoiding the then common error, in similar cases, Echo. O long!

of This church having," &c.; for that asserted, Gl. Will it make me vigorous until death? ;

that the very building we were looking at was Echo. Till death.

burned down! But in eschewing one manifest GI. Will't bring me to eternall blisse?

blunder, he fell into ambiguity and inconclusiveEcho. Yes. Gl. Then, sweetest Temperance, I'll love thee.

ness equally reprehensible. For, as it never was Echo. I love thee.

imperative that a parish church should be always GI. Then, swinish Gluttonie, I'll leave thee.

confined to a particular spot, we are left in doubt

as to where the former one stood; nor, indeed, Echo. I'll leave thee. GI. I'll be a belly.god no more.

are we told whether the present building is the Echo. No more.

parish church. Better thus: “ The church of Gl. If all be true which thou dost tell,

this parish, which stood on the present site, having," They who fare sparingly fare well.

&c. Echo. Farewell.

Even with this change another seems necessary,

“ S. J." for we should then be virtually informed, as we Hygiasticon : or the right Course of preserving Life are now, that the church was rebuilt, and opened

and Health unto extream old Age : together with for divine service, in one day ! * Such is the care soundnesse and integritie of the Senses, Judge requisite, when attempting comprehensive brevity, ment, and Memorie. Written in Latine by for the simplest historical record intended to go Leonard Lessius, and now done into English. down to posterity. It is no answer to say, that 24mo. Cambridge, 1634.”

every one apprehends what the inscription means, I send the above poem, and title of the work it for that would sanction all kinds of obscurity and is copied from, in the hope it may interest those blunders. When Paddy tells us of wooden panes of your correspondents who have lately been of glass and mile-stones ; of dividing a thing into turning their attention to this style of composi- three halves; of backing a carriage straight fortion.

H. B. wards, or of a dismal solitude where nothing Warwick.

could be heard but silence, we all perfectly understand what he means, while we laugh at his un

conscious union of sheer impossibilities. CLARUS. AMBIGUITY IN PUBLIC WRITING. In Brenan's Composition and Punctuation, pub * The following arrangement, which only slightly lished by Wilson, Royal Exchange, he strongly alters the text, corrects the main defects : “ The church condemns the one and the other, as used for the of this parish, which stood on the present site, was deformer and the latter, or the first and the last. stroyed by fire on. [date]; and, having been rebuilt, The understood rule is, that the one refers to the

was opened for divine service on [date]." nearest or latter person or thing mentioned, and the other to the farthest or former ; and if that



tune so as to be intelligible to a listener. The According to one legend, the three sons of Noah idea, therefore, of his making such a public ex

hibition of himself as to sing at a public meeting, were raised from the dead to represent all mankind at Bethlehem. According to another, they slept a deep

is preposterous. sleep in a cavern on Ararat until Messias was born, and

But in the next place the cotemporary evidence then an angel aroused and showed them The Southern

on the subject is conclusive. An account of the Cruss, then first created to be the beacon of their way.

dinner was published in the Courant newspaper, When the starry signal had fulfilled its office it went

and it is there stated “that one song was sung, on, journeying towards the south, until it reached its the poetry of which was said to come from the place to bend above The Peaceful Sea in memorial of muse of the last lay,' and was sung with adthe Child Jesu.

mirable effect by the proprietor of the Ballantyne

Press." Three ancient men, in Bethlehem's cave, It is perhaps unnecessary to explain that the With awful wonder stand :

singer was the late John Ballantyne, and I have A Voice bad call’d them from their grave my doubts if the song referred to in the controIn some far Eastern land !

versy was the one sung upon the occasion. This, however, is merely a speculation arising from the

fact, that this was a song not included in Sir They lived: they trod the former earth, Walter Scott's works, which upon the very highest When the old waters swell'd :

authority I have been informed was sung there, The ark, that womb of second birth,

but of which Lord Ellenborough, and not

Charles Their house and lineage held !

Fox, was the hero. It is entitled “ Justice Law,"

and is highly laudatory of the Archbishop of CanPale Japhet bows the knee with gold;

terbury. It has been printed in the Supplement Bright Shem sweet incense brings :

to the Court of Session Garland, p. 10., and the And Ham— the myrrh his fingers hold

concluding verse is as follows: Lo! the Three Orient Kings !

“ Then here's to the prelate of wisdom and fame,

Tho' true Presbyterians we'll drink to his name ;

Long, long may he live to teach prejudice awe, Types of the total earth, they hail'd

And since Melville's got justice, the devil take law." The signal's starry frame :

Again I repeat this conjecture may be erroneous; Shuddering with second life, they quail'd but that Sir Walter never sung any song at all At the Child Jesu's name!

at the meeting is, I think, beyond dispute. J. M.







Then slow the patriarchs turn'd and trod,
And this their parting sigh-

Minor Notes. “Our eyes have seen the living God,

Sign of Rain. — Not far from Weobley, co. And now, once more to die !"

Hereford, is a high hill, on the top of which is a clump of trees called “ Ladylift Clump," and thus named in the Ordnance map: it is a proverbial expression in the surrounding neighbourhood, that


when this clump is obscured with clouds, wet Some short time ago there appeared in The weather soon follows; connected with which, many Times certain letters relative to a song of Sir years since I met with the following lines, which Walter Scott in disparagement of Fox, said to have may prove interesting to many of your readers : been sung at the dinner given in Edinburgh on

• When Ladie Lift the acquittal of Viscount Melville. In one letter,

Puts on her shift, signed" W. Napier," it is asserted, on the au

Shee feares a downright raine; thority of a lady, that Scott sang the song, which But when she doffs it, you will finde gave great offence to the Whig party at the time.

The raine is o'er, and still the winde, Now, I must take the liberty of declaring this

And Phæbus shine againe.” assertion to be incorrect. I had the honour of What is the origin of this name having been given knowing pretty intimately, Sir Walter from the to the said clump of trees ? J. B. WHITBORNE. year 1817 down to the period of his departure for the Continent. I have been present at many con

Communications with Iceland. - In the summer vivial meetings with him, and conversed with him of 1851 I directed attention to the communications times without number, and he has repeatedly de- with Iceland. I am just informed that the Danish clared that, although fond of music, he could not government will send a war steamer twice next sing from his boyhood, and could not even hum a summer to the Faroe Islands and to Iceland,

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calling at Leith both ways for passengers. The Mr. Tyrwhit explains, “to die, to perish ; and times of sailing will probably be announced to the general meaning of the word was, to die, or wards spring in the public prints. This oppor cause to die, to perish, to destroy."

Q. tunity of visiting that strange and remarkable island in so advantageous a manner is worthy of Strange Epitaphs. The following combined notice, as desirable modes of getting there very "bull" and epitaph may amuse your readers. I rarely occur.

copied it in April, 1850, whilst on an excursion The observing traveller, in addition to the to explore the gigantic tumuli of New Grange, wonders of nature, should not fail to note there Dowth, &c. the social and physical condition, and diseases of Passing through the village of Monknewtown, the inhabitants. He will there find still lingering, about four miles from Drogheda, I entered a fostered by dirt, bad food, and a squalid way of burial-ground surrounding the ivy-clad ruins of a living, the true leprosy (in

Icelandic, spetalska) chapel. In the midst of a group of dozen or more which prevailed throughout Europe in the Middle tombstones, some very old, all bearing the name Ages; and which now survives only there, in Nor- of “Kelly," was a modern upright slab, well way, and in some secluded districts in central and executed, inscribed, southern Europe. He will also note the remark

“ Erected by Patrick Kelly, able exemption of the Icelanders from pulmonary

of the Town of Drogheda, Mariner, consumption ; a fact which seems extraordinary,

In Memory of his Posterity." considering the extreme dampness, inclemency, and variability of the climate. But the con

“ Also the above PATRICK KELLY, sumptive tendency is always found to cease north

Who departed this Life the 12th August, 1844, of a certain parallel of latitude.

Aged 60 years.

Requiescat in Pace.” 8. Burwood Place, Hyde Park.

I gave a copy of this to a friend residing at Starvation, an Americanism. Strange as it may

Llanbeblig, Carnarvonshire, who forwarded me the appear, it is nevertheless quite true that this annexed from a tombstone in the parish churchword, now unhappily so common on every tongue, yard there : as representing the condition of so many of the “Of such is the Kingdom of Heaven. sons and daughters of the sister lands of Great Britain and Ireland, is not to be found in our own

Here lie the Remains of Thomas CHAMBERS,

Dancing Master; English dictionaries ; neither in Todd's Johnson,

Whose genteel address and assiduity published in 1826, nor in Richardson's, published

in Teaching, ten years later, nor in Smart's — Walker remo

Recommended him to all that had the delled — published about the same time as Ri

Pleasure of his acquaintance. chardson's. It is Webster who has the credit of

He died June 13, 1765, importing it from his country into this; and in a

Aged 31." supplement issued a few years ago, Mr. Smart

R. H. B. adopted it as a trivial word, but in very common,

Bath. and at present good use."

What a lesson might Mr. Trench read us, that it should be so !

Queries. Our older poets, to the time of Dryden, used

BUONAPARTE'S ABDICATION. the compound " hunger-starved." We now say, starved with cold. Chaucer speaks of Christ as A gentleman living in the neighbourhood of “ He that starf for our redemption," of Creseide London bought a table five or six years ago at “ which well nigh starf for feare ;" Spenser, of Wilkinson's, an old established upholsterer on

“which doe men in bale to sterve.” (See Ludgate Hill. Starve in Richardson.) In the Pardoneres ?'ale, In a concealed part of the leg of the table he v. 12799:

found a brass plate, on which was the following Ye (yea), sterve he shall, and that in lesse while

inscription: Than thou wilt gon a pas not but a mile ;

“ Le Cinq d'Avril, dix-huit cent quatorze, Napoléon This poison is so strong and violent.”

Buonaparte signa son abdication sur cette table dans And again, v. 12822 :

le cabinet de travail du Roi, le 2me après la chambre à

coucher, à Fontainebleau.” “ It happed him To take the botelle there the poison was,

The people at Wilkinson's could give no account And dronke; and gave his felau drinke also, of the table: they said it had been a long time in For which anone they storven bothe two." the shop; they did not remember of whom it had




been bought, and were surprised when the brass knockings at the hall door at the solemn hour of plate was pointed out to them.

midnight; and in the other, by strains of wild The table is a round one, and rather pretty and unearthly music floating in the air. looking, about two feet and a half in diameter, The “ Banshee,” well known in Ireland, and in and supported on one leg; It does not look like the highlands of Scotland, is, I believe, attached a table used for writing, but rather resembles a exclusively to families of Celtic origin, and is lady's work-table. The wood with which it is never heard of below the Grampian range; alveneered has .something the appearance of beef though the ancient border house of Kirkpatrick wood.

of Closeburn (of Celtic blood by the way) is said Wilkinson's shop does not now exist: he used to be attended by a familiar of this kind. to deal in curiosities, and was employed as an Again, many old manor-houses are known to auctioneer.

have been haunted by a friendly, good-natured The gentleman who bought this table is de- sprite, ycelpt a “ Brownie,” whose constant care sirous of ascertaining at what time the table still it was to save the household domestics as much shown at Fontainebleau, as that on which the ab- trouble as possible, by doing all their drudgery dication was signed, was first exhibited: whether for them during the silent hours of repose. Who immediately after the restoration of the Bourbons, has not heard, for instance, of the “Boy of or later, in consequence of a demand for shows of Hilton ?" Of this kindly race, I have no doubt, that sort? Whether it is a fact that the Bourbons many interesting anecdotes might be rescued from turned out the imperial furniture from Fontaine- the dust of time and oblivion, and preserved for bleau and other palaces after their return ? us in the pages of “ N. & Q."

The date, “cinq d'Avril,” is wrong; the abdi I hope that the hints I have ventured to throw cation was signed on the 4th. This error, how

out may induce some of your talented contriever, leads one to suspect that the table is genuine: butors to follow up the subject. as any one preparing a sham table would have

JOHN O' THE FORD. been careful in referring to printed documents. Malta. From the tenor of the inscription, we may infer that it is the work of a Royalist.

The Marshals present with Napoleon when he signed his abdication were Ney, Oudinot, and Lefevre; and perhaps Caulincourt. A CANTAB.

When was the English soldier first dressed in University Club.

red? It has been said the yeomen of the guard (vulgo Beef-eaters) were the company which originally wore that coloured uniform ; but, seventy

years before they were established, viz. temp. I marvel much that none of your contributors in Henry V., it appears the military uniform of his this line have touched upon a very interesting army was red: branch of legendary family folk lore, namely, the “ Rex vestit suos rubro, et parat transire in Norsupernatural appearances, and other circumstances maniam."- Archeolog. Soc. Antiquar., Lond., vol. xxi. of a ghostly nature, that are said to invariably pre- p. 292. cede a death in many time-honoured families of the William III. not only preferred that colour, but united kingdoms.

he thought it degrading to the dignity of his We have all heard of the mysterious “White soldiers that the colour should be adopted for the Ladye,” that heralds the approach of death, or dress of any inferior class of persons; and there is dire calamity, to the royal house of Hohenzollern. an order now extant, signed by Henry, sixth Duke In like manner, the apparition of two gigantic of Norfolk, as Earl Marshal, dated Dec. 20, 1698, owls upon the battlements of Wardour is said to give sad warning to the noble race of Arundel.

“ Forbidding any persons to use for their liveries scarThe ancient Catholic family of Middleton have let or red cloth, or stuff; except his Majesty's servants the same fatal announcement made to them by

and guards, and those belonging to the royal family the spectral visitation of a Benedictine nun;

or foreign ministers." while a Cheshire house of note, I believe that of William IV., who had as much of true old Brereton, are prepared for the last sad hour by English feeling as any monarch who ever swayed the appearance of large trunks of trees floating in the English sceptre, ordered_scarlet to be the a lake in the immediate vicinity of their family universal colour of our Light Dragoons; but two mansion. To two families of venerable antiquity, or three years afterwards he was prevailed upon, and both, if I remember right, of the county of from some fancy of those about him, to return to Lancashire, the approaching death of a relative is the blue again. Still

, it is well known that dressmade known in one case by loud and continued ing our Light Dragoons in the colour prevailing


with other nations has led to serious mistakes in Saying respecting Ancient History. — In Nietime of action.

A. buhr's Lectures on Ancient History, vol. i. p. 355.,

I find

“ An ingenious mau once said, . It is thought that at Minor Queries.

length people will come to read ancient history as if Berkhampstead Records. - Where are the re it had really happened,' a remark which is really excelcords of the now extinct corporation of Great lent.” Berkhampstead, co. Herts, incorporated 1618? Who was this "ingenious man"?

J. P. And when did it cease to exercise corporate rights, and why?

J. K.

An Apology for not speaking the Truth.-Can any

of your correspondents kindly inform me where “ The secunde personne of the Trinetee” the German song can be found from which the (Vol. viii., p. 131.). — What does the “old En

following lines are taken ? glish Homily” mean by "a womanne who was the

“ When first on earth the truth was born, secunde personne of the Trinetee?" J. P. S.

She crept into a hunting-born ;

The hunter came, the horn was blown, St. John's, Oxford, and Emmanuel, Cambridge.

But where truth went, was never known." Can your readers give me any information respecting Thomas Collis, B.A., of St. John's Col

W. W.

Malta. lege, Oxford, ordained priest by Richard (Reynolds), Bishop of Lincoln, at Buckden, 29th May,

Sir John Morant. — In the fourth volume of 1743 ? What church preferment did he hold, Sir John Froissart's Chronicles, and in the tenth where did he die, and where was he buried ? Also of John Clendon, B.D., Fellow of Em- Sir John Morant, Knight, or Sir John of Chatel

and other chapters, he mentions the name of a manuel College, Cambridge, who was presented to Morant, who lived in 1390-6. How can I find the vicarage of Brompton-Regis, Somerset, by out his pedigree? or whether he is an ancestor his College, in or about the year 1752 ? His cor

of the Hampshire family of Morants, or of the respondence with the Fellows of Emmanuel is Rev. Philip

Morant ?

H. H. M. amusing, as giving an insight into the every-day

Malta. life of Cambridge a century ago. You shall have a letter or two ere long as a specimen.

Portrait of Plowden. Is any portrait of Ed

Tuomas Collis. mund Plowden the lawyer known to exist ? and if Boston.

P.P.P. “ Malbrough s'en va-t-en guerre." -- Some years Temperature of Cathedrals.-Can any of your ago, at a book-stall in Paris, I met with a work in readers favour me with a report from observation one volume, being a dissertation in French on the of the greatest and least heights of the thermoorigin and early history of the once popular song, meter in the course of a year, in one of our large "Malbrough s'en va-t-en guerre.” It seemed to

cathedrals? contain much information of a curious and inte

I am informed that Professor Phillips, in a resting character; and the author's name, if I geological work, has stated that the highest and remember rightly, is Blanchard. I have since | lowest temperatures in York Minster occur about made several attempts to discover the title of the five weeks after the solstices; but it does not apbook, with the view of procuring a copy of it, but pear that the altitudes are named.

T. without success.


readers assist me in this matter ?

HENRY H. BREEN. Dr. Eleazar Duncon. - Dr. Eleazar Duncon St. Lucia.

was of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, D.D., anno

1633, Rector of Houghton Regis same year, ChapPrelate quoted in Procopius. - In the 25th lain to King Charles I., Prebendary of Durham. note (a), chap. xl., of Gibbon's Decline and Fall, He is supposed to have died during the interregthere is a quotation from Procopius. Can any of num. Can any of your correspondents say when your readers conjecture who is meant by the or where ?

D. D. “ learned prelate now deceased,” who was fond of quoting the said passage.

2. The Duke

of Buckingham. - Do the books of the

Honorable Society of the Middle Temple disclose The Alibenistic Order of Freemasons. Can any particulars relating to a “scandalous letter," any of your readers, masonic or otherwise, inform believed to have been written by “ a Templar" me what is meant by this order of Freemasons ? to George Villiers, the Great Duke of BuckingThe work of Henry O'Brien on the Round Towers ham, in 1626, the year before his grace was assasof Ireland is dedicated to them, and in his preface sinated by Felton; which letter was found by a they are much eulogised.

H. W.D. servant of the inn in a Temple drinking-pot, by

so, where ?

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