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whom it was handed over to the then treasurer of

Minar Queries with Answers. the Society, Nicholas Hide, Esq.? and was the author of such scandalous letter ever discovered History of M. Oufle.- Johnson, in his Life of and prosecuted ?

CESTRIENSIS. Pope, says of the Memoirs of Scriblerus :

“ The design cannot boast of much originality : for, Charles Watson.-Can any of your readers give besides its general resemblance to Don Quixote, there me any account of Charles Watson, of Hertford will be found in it particular imitations of the History College, Oxford, author of poems, and Charles the of M. Oufle.First, a tragedy ?

What is the History of M. Oufle ? L. M. I believe a short memoir of this author was to have appeared in Blackwood's Magazine (the [ The History of the Religious Extravagancies of Monsecond volume, I think); it was never published, sieur Oufle is a remarkable book, written by the Abbé however.

A. Z. Bordelon, and first published, we believe, at Amster

dam, in 2 vols., 1710. The Paris edition of 1754, in

2 vols., entitled L'Histoire des Imaginations ExtravaEarly (German) coloured Engravings.— I have six old coloured engravings, which I suppose to gantes de Monsieur Oufle, is the best, as it contains some

curious illustrations. From the title-page we learn be part of a series, as they are numbered re

that the work was “ Occasioned by the author having spectively 1, 2. 4. 11, 12, 14. They are mounted read books treating of magic, the black art, demoniacs, on panels ; and on the back of each is a piece conjurors, witches, hobgoblins, incubuses, succubuses, of vellum, on which some descriptive verses and the diabolical Sabbath ; of elves, fairies, wanton in old German have been written. The ink re

spirits, geniuses, spectres, and ghosts; of dreams, the tains its blackness; but dirt, mildew, and ill usage philosopher's stone, judicial astrology, horoscopes, have rendered nearly all the inscriptions illegible, talismans, lucky and unlucky days, eclipses, comets, and greatly damaged the pictures; yet, through and all sorts of apparitions, divinations, charms, enthe laborious colouring and the stains, good draw chantments, and other superstitious practices; with ing and expression are visible. Perhaps a brief notes containing a multitude of quotations out of those description may enable some of your readers to

books which have either caused such extravagant ima. tell me whether they are known.

ginations, or may serve to cure them." If any of our Nos. 1. and 11. are so nearly obliterated, that I readers should feel inclined to collect what we may will not attempt to describe them. No. 2. seems

term “ A Diabolical Library," he has only to consult to be St. George attacking the dragon. The in

vol. i. ch. iii. for a catalogue of the principal books in

Mons. Oufle's study, which is the most curious list of scription is :

the black art we have ever seen. An English trans“ Hier merke Sohn gar schnell und bald,

lation of these Religious Extravagancies was published Von grausam schwartzen Thier im Wald.”

in 1711.] No. 4. A stag and a unicorn:

Lysons' MSS.- Is the present repository of “ Man ist von Nöthin dass ihr wiszt,

the MS. notes, used by Messrs. Lysons in editing Im Wald ein Hirsch und Eikhorn ist.”

their great work, the Magna Britanniu, known? No. 12. An old man with wings, and a younger

T. P.L. wearing a crown and sword. They are on the [The topographical collections made by the Rev. top of a mountain overlooking the sea.

The sun Daniel Lysons for the Magna Britannia and the Enis in the left corner, and the moon and stars on the virons of London, making sixty-four volumes, are in right. The perspective is very good. Inscription the British Museum, Add. MSS. 9408—9471. They obliterated.

were presented by that gentleman.] No. 14. The same persons, and a king on his

"Luke's Iron Crown" (Goldsmith's Traveller, throne. The elder in the background; the last line but two). To whom does this refer, and younger looking into the king's mouth, which is

what are the particulars ? P. J. (A Subscriber). opened to preternatural wideness : “ Sohn in dein Abwesen war ich tod,

[This Query is best answered by the following note Und mein Leben in grosser Noth;

from Mr. P. Cunningham's new edition of Goldsmith : Aber in dein Beysein thue ich leben,

• When Tom Davies, at the request of Granger, Dein Widerkunfft mir Freudt thut geben.”

asked Goldsmith about this line, Goldsmith referred

him for an explanation of • Luke's iron crown' to a The inscription is long, but of the rest only a

book called Géographie Curieuse; and added, that by word here and there is legible. Any information · Damiens' bed of steel' he meant the rack. See on this subject will oblige,


Granger's Letters, 8vo., 1805, p. 52.

“ George and Luke Dosa were two brothers who headed an unsuccessful revolt against the Hungarian nobles at the opening of the sixteenth century: and George (not Luke) underwent the torture of the red


any of


hot iron crown, as a punishment for allowing himself armorial bearings are described very minutely in to be proclaimed King of Hungary (1513) by the Edward Steele's Account of Bisham Church, rebellious peasants (see Biographie Universelle, xi. 604.). The two brothers belonged to one of the native Gough MSS., vol. xxiv., Bodleian, which contains

some other nctices of the parish. BRAYBROOKE. races of Transylvania called Szecklers, or Zecklers (Forster's Goldsmith, i. 395., edit. 1854)."]

" Horam coram Dago." - In the first volume of Lavengro, p. 89. : “ From the river a chorus plaintive, wild, the words

(Vol. viii., pp. 242. 452. 626.) of which seem in memory's ear to sound like · Horam

I send two specimens from this neighbourhood, coram Dago,'”

which may, perhaps, be worth inserting in your I have somewhere read a song, the chorus or columns. refrain of which contained these three words. The first is from a public-house on the BasingCan your readers explain ?

2. stoke road, about two miles from this town. The [Our correspondent is thinking of the song “ Amo, sign-board exhibits on one side “the lively amas," by O'Keefe, which will be found in The Uni- effigies” of a grenadier in full uniform, holding in versal Songster, vol. i. p. 52., and other collections. bis hand a foaming pot of ale, on which he gazes We subjoin the chorus :

apparently with much complacency and satisfaction. “ Rorum coram,

On the other side are these lines:
Sunt divorum,

“ This is the Whitley Grenadier,
Harum scarum

A noted house for famous beer.

My friend, if you should chance to call,
Tag rag, merry derry, perriwig and hat-band,

Beware and get not drunk withal ;
Hic hoc horum genitivo!”]

Let moderation be your guide,
It answers well whene'er 'tis try'd.
Then use but not abuse strong beer,

And don't forget the Grenadier.”

The next specimen, besides being of a higher

class, bas somewhat of an historical interest. In (Vol. ix., p. 19.)

a secluded part of the Oxfordshire hills, at a place

called Collins's End, situated between Hardwick Many years have passed away since I went over House and Goring Heath, is a neat little rustic Bisham Abbey; but I was then informed that any inn, having for its sign a well-executed portrait of family portraits belonging to the old House had Charles I. There is tradition that this unforbeen taken away by the widow of Sir John Hoby tunate monarch, while residing as a prisoner at Mill, Baronet, who sold the property to Mr. George Caversham, rode one day, attended by an escort, Vansittart in 1780, or shortly afterwards. I am into this part of the country, and hearing that not aware that there are any engraved portraits there was a bowling-green at this inn, frequented of the Hobys, excepting those mentioned by your by the neighbouring gentry, struck down to the correspondent Mr.

WHITBORNE, which form part house, and endeavoured to forget his sorrows for of the series of Holbein's Heads, published in awhile in a game at bowls. This circumstance is 1792 by John Chamberlaine, from the original alluded to in the following lines, which are written drawings still in the royal collection. In the beneath the sign-board : meagre account of the persons represented in that work, Lady Hoby is described as “Elizabeth, one

Stop, traveller, stop ; in yonder peaceful glade,

His favourite game the royal martyr play'd; of the four daughters of Sir Antony Cooke, of

Here, stripp'd of honours, children, freedom, rank, Gidea Hall, Essex," and widow of Sir Thomas

Drank from the bowl, and bowl'd for what he drank; Hoby, who died in 1566, at Paris, whilst on an

Sought in a cheerful glass his cares to drown, embassy there. The lady remarried John Lord

And changed his guinea, ere he lost his crown.” Russell, eldest son of Francis, second Earl of Bedford, whom she also survived, and deceasing The sign, which seems to be a copy from Vanin which she had erected a chapel containing skill that is not usually to be found among common 23rd of July, 1584, was buried in Bisham Church, dyke, though much faded from exposure to the

weather, evidently displays an amount of artistic splendid monuments to commemorate her husbands and herself. The inscriptions will be found in sign-painters. I once made some inquiries about Ashmole’s Berkshire, vol. ii. p. 464., and in Wot- it of the people of the house, but the only informton's Baronetage, vol. iv. p. 504., where the Hoby ation they could give me was that they believed it

G.T. crest is given as follows ; “On a chapeau gules to have been painted in London. turned

up ermine, a wolf regreant argent." The Reading

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(Vol. viii., p. 563.)

(Vol. viii., p. 621.) I cannot furnish BALLIOLENSIS with the trans The placing of the royal arms in four separate lation from Sheridan he requires, but I am ac

shields in the form of a cross first occurred upon quainted with that from Goldsmith. It is to be the medals struck upon the nativity of King found somewhere in Valpy's Classical Journal. Charles II., anno 1630; and adopted upon the As that work is in forty volumes, and not at hand, reverse of the coins for the first time in 1662, I am not able to give a more precise reference. upon the issue of what was then termed the imI recollect, however, a few of the lines at the proved milled coin, where the arms are so placed, beginning:

having the star of the Garter in the centre; the “ Incola deserti, gressus refer, atque precanti

crowns intersecting the legend, and two crowns Sis mihi noctivagæ dux, bone amice, viæ ; interlaced in each quarter. The shields, as here Dirige quà lampas solatia luce benigna

marshalled, are each surmounted by a crown; Præbet, et hospitii munera grata sui.

having in the top and bottom shield France and Solus enim tristisque puer deserta per agro,

England quarterly, Ireland on the dexter side Ægre membra trahens deficiente pede,

(which is the second place), and on the sinister Quà, spatiis circum immensis porrecta, patescunt Scotland.* But on the milled money which folMe visa augeri progrediente, loca.”

lowed, France and England being borne separately, “ Ulterius ne perge,” senex, "jam mitte vagari, that of France, which had been constantly borne Teque iterum noctis, credere, amice, dolis :

in the first quarter singly until James I., and afterLuce trahit species certa in discrimina fati,

wards in the first place quarterly with England, Ah nimium nescis quo malefida trahat! Hic inopi domus, hic requies datur usque vaganti,

is placed in the bottom shield or fourth quarter.

Mr. Leake, in his Historical Account of English Parvaque quantumvis dona, libente manu. Ergo verte pedes, caliginis imminet hora,

Money t, after remarking that this irregular bearSume libens quidquid parvula cella tenet .

ing first appeared upon the nativity medals of No doubt there is a copy of the Classical Journal Charles II. in 1630, where the shields are placed in the Bodleian ; and if BALLIOLENSIS can give me

in this manner, adds, that this was no doubt volume and page, I in turn shall be much obliged who knew no other way to place the arms circu

originally owing to the ignorance of the graver, to him.


larly than following each other, like the titles, The lines to which your correspondent BALLIO- unless (as I have heard, says he) that the arms of LENSIS refers

each kingdom might fall under the respective title “ Conscia ni dextram dextera pressa premat."

in the legend; and this witty conceit has ever are a translation of the song in Sheridan's Duenna, King William and Queen Mary's money, where the

since prevailed upon the coin, except in some of Act I. Sc. 2., beginning

arms are rightly marshalled in one shield. That “ I ne'er could any lustre see," &c.

this was owing to the ignorance of the workman, They were done by Marmaduke Lawson, of St. and not with any design to alter the disposition John's College, Cambridge, for the Pitt Scholar of the arms, is evident from the arms upon the ship in 1814, for which he was successful : great seal, where France is borne quarterly with “ Phyllidis effugiunt nos lumina. Dulcia sunto.

England, in the first and fourth quarters, as it was Pulcra licet, nobis haud ea pulera micant.

likewise used upon all other occasions, until the Nectar erat labiis, dum spes erat ista tenendi,

alteration occasioned by the union with Scotland

in 1707. Spes perit, isque simul, qui erat ante, decor. Votis me Galatea petit. Caret arte puella,

In reference to the arrangement consequent Parque rosis tenero vernat in ore color :

upon the union with Scotland, he observes that, Sed nihil ista juvant. Forsan tamen ista juvabunt, how proper soever the impaling the arms of the Si jaceant, victâ marte, rubore genæ :

two kingdoms was in other respects, it appeared Pura manus mollisque fluit. Neque credere possum.

with great impropriety upon


The four Ut sit vera fides, ista premenda mihi est.

escocheons in cross had hitherto been marshalled Nec bene credit amor (nam res est plena timoris), in their circular order from the left, whereby Conscia ni dextram dextera pressa premat.

the dexter escocheon was the fourth; accordEcce movet pectus suspiria. Pectora nostris ing to which order the united arms, being quarIsta legenda oculis, si meus urat amor.

tered first and fourth, would have fallen together; Et, nostri modo cura memor nostrique caloris Tangat eam, facere id non pudor ullus erit.”

therefore they were placed at the top and bottom, I have not sent the English, as it can be easily * Evelyn's Discourse, edit. 1696, p. 121. got at. The other translation I am not acquainted 't London, 8vo., 1745, 2nd edit., then Clarenceux with.

B. | King of Arms, and afterwards Garter.

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which indeed was right: but then France by the

CHRONOGRAMS. same rule was then in the third place, and Ireland in the second ; unless to reconcile it we make a

(Vol. viii., p. 351. &c.) rule contrary to all rule, to take sinister first and The banks of the Rhine furnish abundant exdexter second.

amples of this literary pleasantry: chronograms In the coinage of King George I., the re are as thick as blackberries. I send you a dozen, presentation of the armorial bearings in four gathered during a recent tour.

Each one was separate shields, as upon the milled money of transcribed by myself. King Charles II., was continued. In the upper 1. Cologne Cathedral, 1722; on a beam in a most escocheon, England impaling Scotland ; the chapel, on the south side of the choir : dexter the arms of his Majesty's electoral domi

PIA VIRGINIS MARIÆ so DALITAS ANNOS SÆCV. nions; sinister France; and in the bottom one

Ireland, all crowned with the imperial crown of
Great Britain. The marshalling of the four esco-

2. Poppelsdorf Church, near Bonn. 1812: cheons in this manner might and ought to have “PAROCHIALIs TEMPLI EVINIS ÆDIFICABAR." ! been objected to by the heralds (has it been brought under their cognizance ?), because it ap

3. Bonn; on the base of a crucifix outside the pears by many instances, as well as upon coins and minster, on the north side. 1711 : medals of the emperors and several princes of the

“ GLORIFICATE empire, that arms marshalled in this circular form are blazoned, not in the circular order, but from

PORTATE DEVM the dexter and sinister alternately; and thus the

IN CORPORE VESTRO. emperor at that time bore eleven escocheons round

1 Cor. 6." the imperial eagle. In like manner, upon the 4. Bonn; within the minster. 1770: money of Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick, we see the crest with a circle of eleven escocheons in

« CAPITVLVM the same order. The same order is observed in


DICA VIT." marshalling the escocheons of the seven provinces of Holland; and there is a coin of the Emperor 5. Aix-la-Chapelle ; on the baptistery. 1660: Ferdinand, another of Gulick, and a third of

“ SACRVM Erick, Bishop of Osnaburgh, with four escocheons

PAROC LLE DIVI JOHANNIS in cross, and four sceptres exactly resembling the

BAPTISTÆ." English coins. That it was not altered therefore at that time, the mistake being so evident, can be

6. Aix-la-Chapelle.-St. Michael; front of west attributed only to the length of time the error

gallery. 1821: had prevailed; so hard is it to correct an error in

“ SVM PIA CIVITATIS the first instance whereby the arms of his Majesty's

LIBERALITATE RENO Vara DeCorata." German dominions, which оссиру

the fourth quar 7. Aix-la-Chapelle, under the above. 1852: ter in the royal arms, do in fact upon the money

“ ECCE occupy the second place; a mistake however so

MICHAELIS apparent, as well by the bearing upon other oc

AE Des." casions as by the arms of Ireland, which before occupied the same escocheon, that nothing 8. Konigswinter ; on the base of a crucifix at was meant thereby to the dishonour of the other the northern end of the village. 1726 : arms; but that being now established, it is the

" IN VNIVs VerI AC IN English method of so marshalling arms in cross or

CARNATI DEI HONOREM in circle, or rather that they have no certain

POS VERE. method. Until the union with Scotland, the dexter was

JOANNES PETRUS MÜMRER ET the fourth escocheon; from that time the bottom

MARIA GENGERS CONJUGES one was fourth; now the dexter was again the

2 dĀ SEPTEMBRIS.” fourth. Such is the force of precedent in perpetuating error, that the practice has prevailed

9. Konigswinter; over the principal door of the

church. 1828: even to the present time: and it may be inferred, that fancy and effect are studied by the engraver

“ Es Ist seINES MENCHER WOHNUNG son DEM EIN before propriety. No valid reason can be ad

HERRLICHES HA Usz UNSERES GOTTES, I. B. D. KER. vanced for placing the arms in separate shields

ER, 29. c. v. 1." after their declared union under one imperial 10. Konigswinter; under the last. 1778:





11. Konigswinter; under the last. 1779: The following lines upon the subject in ques


Exchequer :

“ Qui jurat super librum tria facit. 12. Coblenz.-S. Castor ; round the arch of the

“ Primo quasi diceret omnia que scripta sunt in hoc west door. 1765 :

Jibro nunquam mihi perficiant neque lex nova neque

vetus si mencior in hoc juramento.

“ Secundo apponit manum super librum quasi di

ceret numquam bona opera que feci michi proficiant Of these, Nos. 9, 10. and 11. are incised on one ante faciem Jeshu Christi nisi veritatem dicam quando stone, the letters indicating the chronogram being per inanus significentur opera. rubricated capitals; but in No. 10. the second I “ Tercio et ultimo osculatur librum quasi diceret in "filio,” and the first I in “spirituique,” though numquam oraciones neque preces quas dixi per os capitals, are not in red. I shall

be much obliged dicam in hoc juramento michi apposito."

meum micbi ad salutem anime valeant si falsitatem to any of your correspondents who can supply a complete or corrected copy of the following chro Judging by the character of the handwriting, nogram, from the Kreutzberg, near Bonn. The I would say that the above-mentioned lines were height at which it was placed, and its defective written noť later than the time of Edward I.; and colour, prevented me from deciphering the whole;

as many of the vellum leaves of this book have nor do I vouch for the correctness of the subjoined been sadly disfigured, as well by the pressure of portion :

lips as by tincture of galls, I am inclined to think " SCALA IES V

that official oaths were formerly taken in the NOBIS PASSI. A..

Court of Exchequer of Ireland by presenting the CLEMENTE A VGVSTO

book when opened to the person about to be ANTISTITE

sworn in the manner at this day used (as we are CoLonlensI ple

informed by Honoré de Mareville) in the EccleAVGVST

siastical Court at Guernsey. PRETIOSI

It appears by an entry in one of the Order EXSTR V."

Books of the Exchequer, deposited in the Exche

quer Record Office, Four Courts, Dublin, that in Some parts of this inscription might be conjec, James I.'s time the oath of allegiance was taken turally supplied ; but I prefer presenting it as I

upon was able to transcribe it. The staircase in question in the following words :

bended knee. The entry to which I refer is was erected by the Elector Clement Augustus, in or about 1725, in imitation of the Scala Santa at

Easter Term, Wednesday, 22nd April, 1618. Rome. (See Murray's Handbook.)

Memorandum : This day at first sitting of the court, the W. SPARROW SIMPsox.

lord threasurer, vice threasurer, and all the barons being present on the bench, the lord chauncellor came hither and presented before them Thomas Hibbotts, esq., with his Majesty's letters patents of the office of chauncellor of this court to him graunted, to hold and execute the said office during his naturall life, which being read

the said lord chauncellor first ministred unto him the (Vol. viii., pp. 364. 471.)

oath of the King's supremacy, which hee tooke kneelIn Primate Colton's Metropolitan Visitation of ing on his knee, and presently after ministred unto the Diocese of Derry, A.D. 1397, edited by the him the oath ordayned for the said officer, as the same Rev. William Reeves, D.D., it is stated, at p. 44., is contayned of record in the redd booke of this court; that several persons therein mentioned took their all which being donn the said lord chauncellor placed oath “tactis sacrosanctis Evangeliis ;" and in a

him on the bench on the right hand of the lord threa

surer, and then departed this court." note Dr. Reeves says that

JAMES F. FERGUSON. “ Until the arrival of the English the custom of swear


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Dublin. ing on the holy evangelists was unknown to the Irish, who resorted instead to croziers, bells, and other sacred reliquaries, to give solemnity to their declarations. Even when the Gospels were used, it was not uncommon to introduce some other object to render the oath Splitting Paper for Photographic Purposes. - If the doubly binding. Thus in a monition directed by real and practical mode of effecting this were disclosed, Primate Prene to O'Neill, he requires him to be sworn it would be (in many cases) a valuable aid to the • tactis sacrosanctis Dei evangeliis ad ea, et super Ba- photographer. I have had many negative calotypes culum Jesu in ecclesia cathedrali Sanctæ Trinitatis ruined by red stains on the back (but not affecting the Dublin. (Reg. Prene, fol. 117.)”

impressed side of the paper); which, could the paper


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