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at the farm. The retailer adds a certain number, the con- sion at the present time. There is a widespread

feeling that the province ought to have a provincial (3) The sediment or “ dirt” gains entrance to the milk university of the type provided in many States of the chiefly at the cowshed. In 86-8 per cent. of the samples Republic to the south, and entirely free from any examined there was no increase in the sediment when sold

denominational influences. by the retailer, but a decrease in 68.8 per cent. (4) The farmer was responsible for the Bacilluscenter University building. Section A will find its tem

Five of the sections (B, D, G, I, K) will meet in the tidis sporogenes (Klein) in the milk consumed in 66.6 per cent. of the samples.' In 111 per cent. of the samples porary home in Wesley College, where three rooms these bacilli were added by the retailer or the consumer,

will be set aside for the meetings. Section E will be while in 22-2 per cent, the source was doubtful.

placed in the Convocation Hall at Manitoba College,

and Section F in a class-room of the same institution. Various suggestions are made for improving the Section L will have the honour of sitting in the milk supply, and the imposition of the following Legislative Chamber of the Provincial Government, standards is advocated :

while agriculture (subsection of K), and Sections H (1) A bacterial standard of

than 50,000 and C, will meet in the Alexandra, Carlton, and organisms per c.c.

Isbister Schools respectively. (2) Milk not to contain glucose-fermenting bacteria in All these meeting places are conveniently near the less than 1/10 c.c.

reception room. (3) A sediment standard (at first) not exceeding 40 The local sectional secretaries are as follows:-A, volumes per million.

Prof. F. Allen, professor of physics, University of Altogether, this report on the milk supply is one Manitoba; B, J. W. Shipley, assistant to the professor of the most important that has appeared in this of chemistry, University of Manitoba; C, R. T. country, and should be brought to the notice of all Hodgson, Brandon Collegiate Institute, Brandon ; producers and retailers of this important article of diet.

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THE WINNIPEG MEETING OF
THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION.
WE now in a position to

give some further details
about the local arrangements for
the British Association meeting in
Winnipeg during the last week in
August next, and also the pro-
visional programmes of the
tions.
The Drill Hall will be used as the

IZ reception room. The main floor is 147 feet by 87 feet, so that there is no fear of undue crowding. Arrangements will be made for free access to the Parliament building grounds adjoining.

On the opposite side of Broadway are the University building and grounds. The University is a small and by no means beautiful structure. It resembles, in fact, in size and

University of Manitoba. (For Sections B, D, G, I, and K.) general style the public elementary schools of the city. But it must be explained that the D, C. A. Baragar, University of Manitoba; E, Alex. C'niversity at present only teaches scientific subjects. McIntyre, Normal School, Winnipeg ; F, W. Manahan, Arts, medicine, and agriculture taught in Winnipeg; G, Prof. E. Brydone-Jack, professor of " affiliated ” colleges which are scattered in various civil engineering, University of Manitoba ; H, not yet parts of the city. Thus, the classics and modern appointed; I, Dr. Wm. Webster, demonstrator of languages are taught in the four“ affiliated ” de- physiology, University of Manitoba; K, Prof. A. H. nominational colleges, St. Boniface (Roman Catholic), Reginald Buller, professor of physiology, University St. John's (Church of England), Manitoba College of Manitoba; Principal W. J. Black, Manitoba Agri(Presbyterian), and Wesley College (Methodist); cultural College; L, D. M. Duncan, registrar of the

, medicine is taught in the Manitoba Medical College, University of Manitoba. and agriculture in the Manitoba Agricultural College A few hints to travellers may not be out of place. (Provincial Government) at Tuxedo Park. The Uni- For the ocean voyage, heavy coats and wraps and a versity of Manitoba (also a Government institution) travelling rug would be great comforts, if not absolute has been a teaching institution for five or six years. necessities, as it is never very warm on the North Founded in 1871 an examining board, the Atlantic route. These, however, should be packed University itself at present undertakes instruction in away for the overland journey, otherwise they will mathematics, chemistry, physics, botany, physiology, give rise to considerable inconvenience. pathology and bacteriology, and civil and electrical Travellers from Europe are specially warned not to engineering But chairs in English history and carry with them in the train more baggage than is political economy have been recently established, and absolutely necessary for the journey. Each person these new departments will commence work next ought, indeed, to be content with a suit-case and October. The government and organisation of the perhaps a small handbag. All kit-bags, gladstone University is undoubtedly in an unsatisfactory state, bags, and such like are quite out of place, as there is and is, in fact, the subject of a Government Commis- no space provided for these, and they may be a great

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quisance to everybody. An elaborate toilet, at any ever, make it desirable to carry out such extended rate, is not possible during the railway journey, but trips before the meeting, and it is understood that sorte the railway companies' sleeping cars are provided with members have already arranged to do this. sufficient lavatory accommodation. Everything except cursions are not among the official arrangements the suit-case and hand baggage should be checked the Association, but further particulars may be obthrough to destination.

tained from the London office, Burlington House, W. To any American, or indeed to anyone who has We are informed that Sir Joseph Thomson, in his ever travelled on the North American continent, such presidential address to the Association, will touch advice may seem quite superfluous, but it is rare that on the following subjects :—The importance of orione travels across the country or witnesses the de- | ginal research as a means of education; the advanparture of trai is without noticing some Englishman tages and disadvantages as a training for work ir. struggling to convey huge piles of luggage into a science of the systems of education now in force in our railway car; he is usually prevented from so doing by schools and universities; the light thrown by recen: the porter, but if he succeeds his belongings soon i investigation on the nature of electricity; on the relabecome a trouble to himself and a nuisance to his tion between matter and æther, and the part played fellow-travellers.

| by the æther in modern physics; and a discussion of In regard to clothing, for Winnipeg during the week some problems raised by the discovery of radium. of the visit travellers should be provided with the same sort of selection as would be desirable at a meet

SECTIONAL PROGRAMMES. ing in Great Britain. The days in the latter part of SECTION A (MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL SCIENCE. August are usually hot, and the nights pleasantly cool. President, Prof. E. Rutherford, F.R.S.—The arrange "Those undertaking the excursion to the Pacific coast ments for the meetings of this section are at present very should be provided with some warm clothing for the provisional. After the address of the president of the 'mountains.

section, the most important items in the provisional pro

gramme are two discussions, one 07
positive electricity, to be opened by Si
J. J. Thomson, F.R.S., and the second
on earth tides, to be opened by Prof.
A. E. H. Love, F.R.S. The paper
promised include the following pho*e-
graphs of recent comcts, Prof. E
Barnard ; new photographs of Jupiter
taken at Flagstaff Observatory, Perciva
Lowell; on sun-spots and magnetic
effects, Dr. L. A. Bauer; the structure
of the stellar system, G. C. Comstock
the asymptotic expansions of Legendre
functions, Dr. J. W. Nicholson ; on :
continuant expressed as the product of
lincar factors, W. H. Metzler ; lum:.
osity and persistence-of-vision
Prof. Frank Allen; variation of the
specific heat of mercury at high tem-
peratures, Prof. H. T. Barnes: the
effect of temperature-variations on the
luminous discharge in gases for lo
pressures, R. F. Earhart. This list is-
cludes only those papers for which
definite titles have been received ; many
others are promised. Friday morning.
August 27, will be set aside for papers

of interest to chemists, and the section Manitoba College. (For Sections E and F.)

will meet in joint session with Sectior

B (Chemistry). Those intending to visit Winnipeg for the meeting SECTION B (CHEMISTRY). President, Prof. H. E. Armhave been provided with postcard forms to fill in, strong, F.R.S.—The provisional programme is giving various particulars of use to the local com- follows:-Joint sitting, with the Section of Botany and mittee. These may be obtained from the assistant Subsection of Agriculture to discuss “ wheat” from secretary in London, and should, with any other several points of view, including requirements of the communications with regard to the meeting, be wheat crop, influence of external conditions, review addressed to the local secretaries, University of of the chemical work on strength, the miller's Manitoba, Winnipeg.

quirements, wheat breeding, the history of the wheat In connection with the meeting, arrangements have plant, and the economics of the subject. (See pro

of

Subsection of Agriculture.) Join: been made by Mr. M. B. Cotsworth, of the Natural sitting with the Physiology Section to discuss food. History Society of British Columbia, Victoria, B.C., Combustion, Prof. W. A. Bone, F.R.S.; chlorophyll, Prof. on behalf of some of the members of the Association, Willstätter ; papers dealing with the physical chemistry of to make a trip northward along the Pacific coast sulphur, Prof. Alex. Smith; (1) rotatory dispersion, (2) the from Victoria or Vancouver to Alaska. The journey cadmium arc, Dr. T. M. Lowry; (1) mercurous sulphate to Prince Rupert, Skagway, and back occupies ten for standard cells, (2) on the constancy of the hydrogen gas days, costs about 141., and may be made either before electrode, Dr. C. J. J. Fox. Reports of committees the meeting at Winnipeg or from September 10 to 19. (a) hydroaromatic substances; (b) aromatic nitroamines;

This report An extension to Dawson (Klondike) and back brings (C), electroanalysis; (d) dynamic isomerism. the total time up to three weeks, and the cost to about will be presented in such form as to initiate discus

sion. 32l., while the round trip from Vancouver to Dawson,

SECTION C (Geology). President, Dr. A. Smith Woodthence down the Yukon river to Nome and back by ward, F.R.S.-Dr. Woodward's presidential address wili the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands, occupies about be on the evolution of the vertebrates. There will be a month, and costs 40l. Climatic considerations, how- reports of research committees on :-the erratic blocks of

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the British Isles, Dr. A. R. Dwerryhouse; the fauna and relation to heredity, Miss H. C. I. Fraser; the nucleus flora of the Trias of the British Isles, which will be supple- of the yeast plant, H. Wager, F.R.S., and Miss Peniston ; mented by an account of the progress of this investigation, some problems connected with the life-history of Tricho. illustrated by lantern slides, H. C. Beasley; and the discus elegans, Miss E. J. Welsford. Ecological papers : fossiliferous drift deposits of Kirmington, Lincolnshire, and The fundamental causes of succession among plant associathe East Riding of Yorkshire. This is the final report of tions, Prof. H. C. Cowles; some observations on Spiraea the Committee. The papers will include :-the composition Ulmaria, Prof. Yapp. Other papers: A paper on the and origin of the crystalline rocks of Anglesea, E. anatomy of the Osmundaceæ, Prof. Gwynne-Vaughan; Greenly; the faunal succession in the Carboniferous Lime- (1) the evolution of the inflorescence, (2) the rubber indusstone of the British Isles, Dr. A. Vaughan, which will be try, J. Parkin. The annual semi-popular lecture will be supplemented by an account of the progress of these re- given by Mr. Harold Wager, F.R.S., on the perception searches, illustrated by lantern slides, by Prof. Sidney H. of light in plants. In addition to the above, there will Reynolds, of Bristol ; critical sections in the Palæozoic rocks be a joint sitting with Section B and the Agricultural of Wales and the west of England, W. G. Fearnsides; the Subsection of K for a discussion on wheat. Dr. O. microscopical and chemical composition of Charnwood Rocks, Stapf, F.R.S., will contribute a paper towards this disProf. T. T. Groom; the igneous and associated rocks of cussion, on the systematic history of wheat. Several other Glensaul and Lough Nafovey areas, co. Galway, Prof.

papers

have been promised by prominent American S. H. Reynolds; geological photographs, with illustrations botanists, but the titles are not yet to hand. of British scenery in relation to geology, Prof. S. H. SUBSECTION K (AGRICULTURE). President, Major P. G. Reynolds; the Glacial Lake Agassiz, Prof. Warren Upham; Craigie, C.B.-Joint meetings: (1) With the Economic the advances in the knowledge of the glacial geology of Section, Thursday afternoon, August 26. The future South Wales, Dr. Aubrey Strahan; unconformities in lime- possibilities of extending the food production of Canada, stone and their contemporaneous pipes and swallow-holes, Prof. Mavor. (2) With the Chemical and Botanical E. E. L. Dixon; on new faunal horizons in the Bristol Sections, Monday morning, August 30. Subject, wheat coalfield, Herbert Bolton ; on the Permian succession in the problems. Papers :--the miller's requirements; a review north of England, Dr. D. Woollacot; a mineralogical paper, of recent chemical work on the strength of wheat, Dr. A. Hutchinson. Prof. J. W. Gregory, F.R.S., and Dr. E. F. Armstrong ; factors determining the yield of wheat, Tempest Anderson are now making extended tours in A. D. Hall, F.R.S., and Dr. E. J. Russell ; milling Australia and the South Seas, and it is expected that they properties of certain Canadian wheats, Prof. R. Harcourt; will have valuable and interesting communications to make Canadian wheats, F. T. Shutt; wheat breeding in Canada, to the section. An extended tour for four days has been C. E. Saunders. Papers also by Dr. W. Saunders and by arranged to the mining districts of Corall and Sudbury, C. A. Zavitz. Ordinary meetings : Presidential address, under the direction of Prof. W. G. Miller, and Dr. J. W. Major Craigie; methods of crop reporting in different Spencer will lead a party to Niagara and the glacial outlet countries, E. W. Godfrey; the experimental farm system of Lake Erie.

in Canada, Dr. W. Saunders; the fruit industry of Section E (GEOGRAPHY). President, Sir Duncan John- British Columbia, R. W. Palmer. Prairie soil problemis: ston, K.C.M.G.-The following are among the papers to Geography of the prairie soils, R. W. Brock; chemical be brought before the section :-some characteristics of characteristics of the prairie soils, F. T. Shutt; soil the Canadian Rockies, A. O. Wheeler; the evolu- moisture and crop production, Prof. F. H. King; soil tion of wheat culture in North America, Prof. moisture as related to dry farming, Prof. F. J. Alway. A. P. Brigham; water

from Lake Superior Papers by A. D. Hall, F.R.S., and Dr. E. J. Russell. the west, Lawrence J. Burpee; Yellowhead Pass Live-stock problems : Paper by Prof. W. Somerville; the and Mt. Robson, the highest point in the Canadian evolution of a breed of cattle, Prof. J. Wilson ; some Rockies, Prof. A. P. Coleman ; the influence of traffic or special features of the Danish system of cattle breeding, transportation upon the framework of cities, with an intro- P. A. Morkeberg; paper by J. G. Rutherford. Forestry ductory reference to the influence of geography in the problems : Paper by Prof. W. Somerville ; Canadian forest same direction, G. E. Hooker; the cycle of Alpine glacia- resources, R: H. Campbell; the insect pest problem, Prof. tion, Prof. W. H. Hobbs; the teaching of geography in Lochhead; some forestry problems of the great plains of secondary schools in America, Prof. R. E. Dodge (to be North America, C. E. Bessey. read at a joint meeting with Section L); the formation SECTION L (EDUCATIONAL SCIENCE). President, Dr. of arroyos in the south-west of the United States, Prof. H. B. Gray.-After the president's address on August 26 Dodge; the development of Nantasket Beach, near Boston, a discussion moral instruction in schools will be Mass., Prof. D. W. Johnson; floods in the great interior opened by Prof. L. P. Jacks, editor of the Hibbert Journal. valley of America, Miss Luella A. Owen; the precious He will be followed by Mr. Hugh Richardson, and it is metals as a geographical factor in the settlement and hoped that American and Canadian educationists will also development of towns in the United States, Prof. Hubbard. take part. On Friday, August 27, there will be a disMr. J. Stanley Gardiner, F.R.S., will give a lecture, illus- cussion on practical work in schools, which will be opened trated by lantern slides, on his work in the Seychelles, and on behalf of the subcommittee of the association which is there will probably be papers also by Prof. Goode, Dr. now considering the question by Mr. W. M. Heller. Dr. C. H. Leete, and Prof. Hoke.

C. W. Kimmins will contribute some account of the Section G (ENGINEERING). President, Sir W. H. White, London trades schools, Miss Lilian J. Clarke will speak K.C.B., F.R.S.-In addition to Sir W. H. White's presi- on practical work in girls' secondary schools, and Mr. dential address, a report will be presented by the com- W. Hewitt on practical work in evening and continuamittee on gas explosions, and a paper on the some subject tion schools. On Monday, August 30, there will be a will be contributed by Mr. Dugald Clerk. Other papers joint meeting with the Geographical Section of the associaare as follows :-Skimming boats, Sir John Thornycroft; tion for the discussion of geography teaching. Prof. the Isthmian Canal, Col. Goethals; the work of the Inter- R. E. Dodge, of Columbia, and Mr. G. G. Chisholm, of national Electrotechnical Commission, Ormond Hig. Edinburgh, are expected to open the discussion. There man; torsion tests on materials, C. E. Larrard; di- will also be a discussion on the relations of universities electric stress in three-phase cables, Prof. W. M. Thornton. and secondary schools, with special reference to the Papers on grain handling and transportation in Western accrediting and examining systems. On August 31, the Canada, on the navigation of the St. Lawrence, and on president of the section will open a discussion on educahigh-tension overhead lines are in preparation.

tion as a preparation for agricultural life, with special SECTION K (BOTANY). President, Lieut.-Colonel D. reference to Canadian conditions. Should time permit, it Prain, F.R.S.-The following are some of the communica- | is also intended to discuss the subject of consolidation tions to be brought before the section :-On Thallophyta : schools. The organising committee of the section is in On the production, liberation, and dispersion of the spores correspondence with educationists in Canada and America, of Hymenomycetes, Prof. Buller; numerical determinations and it is hoped to arrange that each subject shall be of the bacteria in the air of Winnipeg, Prof. Buller and opened by representatives of American, Canadian, and Mr. Lowe; the nuclear phenomena of Ascomycetes in British education.

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NOTES,

At the end of last year we observed with regret te

po port that Mr. James Parsons, principal mineral surveiga Wv anner with deep regret the death of Prof. Simon ewentuale, Foreign Member of the Royal Society, or July

of Crylon, had disappeared in the jungle, and his death

It

that the morning 0 il, at eventy four years of age,

Decembris 29 last Mr. Parsons left his hotel at Nuwara Tur 1x1 intransitional congrua of mining and metallurgy Eliya for a walk in the open country, intending to return le to be held in June, 1910, at Dusseldorf. The last con- in time for lunch. About noon he was seen traversing a *** Wie in 1905, and the place of macting Liége,

certain tea-estate, but from that date he was never sees

alive. We now learn that, after three months' search Ar an audience on July 10, the King conferred upon

his remains were found in the jungle on April 11. Death Mr. L. II. Shackleton the Insignia of a Commander of the Royal Victorian Onder in recognition of his work in

was probably due

to exposure. Mr. Parsons

Ceylon in 1902 as assistant to Dr. A. K. Coomaraswamp the Antiratie,

to undertake a mineralogical survey of Ceylon. On D: It is stated by the St. Petersburg correspondent of the Coomaraswamy's retirement he took his place in 1906. Cilobe that a Bill for the substitution of the new style for His last writings were two papers in Spolia Zeylanicu the old style of date pre koning in Russia will be brought be on fluor-spar in Ceylon and votive offerings of weapons. for the Council of the Empire and the Duma in the autumn. There is al present a difference of thirteen days between the

The recently issued account of the income and expendiKulan calendar (old style) and the reformed Gregorian

lure of the British Museum for the year ended March zi calendar Introduced in 1582 and used in our country since last, and the return of the number of persons admitted to 1752.

visit the Museum and the Natural History Museum, South

Kensington, in each year 1903 to 1908, both years incliANOTIHR oxhibition, arranged in connection with the sive, provides much information of interest. The number Model kingmeer, on similar lines to that which proved suc

of visits made by the public to the Natural History analul in 100% will be held at the Royal Horticultural Museum during 1908 was 517,043, as compared with Mall, Westminster, S.W., in October next. The exhibits

497,437 in 1907, showing an increase of 19,606. TER will include engineering models, electrical and scientific

attendance on Sunday afternoons showed a slight falling apparatuur lathes and ligglit workshop appliances, model oli, the figures being 65,986, as against 66,367 in th: arroplanes, and technical clucation equipment. An attrac

previous year. The average daily attendance for all open tive feature will be the exhibits in the competitions for day's was 1420.4.

The total number of gifts receit i model and scientitic apparatus making several classes for during the year by the several departments was 2259, as botli and professional workers having been

compared with 2105 in 1907. Among other donors mai #tangril, for which valuable prizes and being offered. be mentioned Mr. F. D. Godman, valuable collections of Bull part was may be obtained from the organisers, insects from Central America and other localities, and a Hen l'ento Marshall and Co., 20-29 Poppins Court, series of water-colour drawings of butterflies of the fami's Irel Siret, London, FC

Hesperiide; the Hon. Walter Rothschild, mounted specie

mens of a male and female Californian sea-elephant, from In ditt listate Canet lecture was delivered by Lieut. Tiener Dillon in the intents lifth aniversally meeting fornia; the trustees of the Percy Sladen Fund, a large

the island of Guadeloupe, and a male sea-lion from Cal. of the Junior Institution of Engineers on June 30. The

collection of reptiles, batrachians, and fishes from the Sera lecturer is the peripient of the tirst gold medail, which is

chelles, Chagos Islands, and the Indian Ocean ; Mr. C. D. to top w mirry fourth year br Madame Canet in men of het husband, the and being made through the

Sherborn, a valuable collection of specimens of the hand. unit of the institution. In his lecture, Lieut. Derson, writings of naturalists, consisting of some Sooo letters and

1

other documents; and Mrs. R. P. Murray, the extensisNatamani prof.unir's of the increased power and accuracy We puneOne plantense aple showed six 100-10. shoes striking herbarnun made by the late Rev. R. P. Murray, compris the Water 14 tired as a rolley from 0-inch guns

ing about 15,000 sheets. on Bericht onder at range of mine varits. The total ACCORDING to the curator's report for 1908-9, the Otaga

des per the NN shuis is only as panis. 1o. i'niversity Museum at Dunedin has been augmented by a 10.4. primo ad all the lo fare per question of rship attack wing--the Hocken wing-which will shortly be Heal with operate the qual enher to be used against opened to the public, and is mainly devoted to art art

literature. A living tuaiara lizard has been kept alive fra Bond No Billy Connen mis held at

sone time on the musrum premises. vinnor of MINE 11. priuli. 1. F.

The report of the Rhodesia Musun at Bulawayo ! Part Maig i "The Nill beats."

1 shans continued progress on the part of that cor: ** e ** ! tt p B: tariner

rtier juridinsitution, d-pite the fact that ore A***** P: condut malung

wurde of rernue has beza cat o, while the Governmes: W libre para i Rue

has demand fo be response for an annual subsiis
the funds. This incise io the coroa has taka
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tective measures rendered necessary by these raids have market, and includes a number of valuable statistics, such given rise to protests from European visitors ignorant of as prices of cattle, &c., as well as accounts of sale the true facts of the case.

customs. In the same publication will be found a short Naturwissenschaftliche Wochenschrift for June 27 in

article on milk production and milk products by Mr. John

Anderson. cludes an illustrated article, by the Rev. E. Wasmann, on the origin of slavery and social parasitism among ants, The United States Department of Agriculture Bureau in which it is urged that, before these can be properly of Entomology has issued a circular (No. 42) on the understood, it is essential that we should acquire a know- control of the San José scale. This pest has, in the past, ledge of a series of independent developmental histories proved a serious menace to the fruit-growing industry, of different species, genera, and subfamilies, which com- but experience both in California and in the eastern States menced in past geological times. Only with such histo- shows that it can be controlled. Seven methods have ries before us will it be possible to construct anything proved successful when properly carried out, viz. :-(1) the like a true working hypothesis of the origin of the pheno- lime-sulphur wash; (2) soap wash; (3) pure kerosene; mena in question.

(4) crude petroleum ; (5) mechanical mixtures of either of

these two oils with water ; (6) petroleum emulsion and To Mr. G. Gilson, director of the Royal Museum of

soap; (7) miscible oils. Instructions are given for carryNatural History of Belgium, we are indebted for a copy

ing out each of these methods. of an address read before a conference held in the apartments of the Royal Zoological and Malacological Society

BULLETIN No. 166 of the Maine Agricultural Experiment of Belgium on June 12, on the subject of the proposed

Station contains a discussion, by Messrs. Raymond Pearl establishment of an educational museum in Brussels. The and Frank M. Surface, of the inheritance of fecundity in address is chiefly concerned with the aims and objects of

poultry. The daughters of “ 200-egg " hens (i.e. hens such a

museum and the manner in which the scheme laying 200 more eggs in twelve months) were kept should be carried out. A teaching museum, it is urged,

under observation. li is, as yet, too soon to draw general should be kept entirely apart from

of the conclusions, but no evidence was obtained to show that ordinary type, and on totally different lines. As a good winter layer necessarily produces another good regards the selection and installation of the objects to be winter layer, as is said to be assumed by practical poultry. shown in the museum, it is pointed out that this task

breeders. On the contrary, the exact opposite happened should be entrusted, in the first instance, to scientific here : the mothers, on the whole, were exceptionally good, experts, but that after this the collections should be handed and the daughters, unusually poor, as winter layers. over to the actual teaching staff.

Recent bulletins from the Colorado Agricultural College To the July number of the Century Magazine Mr. R. W. include three on strawberry growing, dewberry growing, Yerkes contributes an article on “ imitation in animals,' and the pruning of fruit trees, one on animal diseases, a considerable portion of which is devoted to an account

and one on bacterial diseases of plants. A disease of of the behaviour of three Manx Vittens, which had never lucerne, first described by Paddock in 1906, and shown previously seen mice, when confronted with one of these to be bacterial, is dealt with at some length. The bacteria Todents. When the first introduction

made the seem to come from the soil and work up the stem, giving kittens were five months' old, and the mouse

rise to a watery, semi-transparent brownish appearance injured. Six weeks later the experiment was repeated, of the tissue, which turns black with age.” Blisters are when the kittens were hungry, but still no attempt was present, containing a sticky, yellow liquid swarming with made to devour the mouse. Later on the parent cat was

bacteria. Other diseases dealt with are pear blight, soft introduced into the cage, when the mouse was killed by rot of sugar beet, black rot of cabbage, bacterial blights her, and, little by little, the kittens eventually learnt to of the potato family, of beans, and of cucumbers ; specific follow their mother's example. The experiments, in the organisms have in several of these cases been isolated. author's opinion, serve to show that these particular kittens had no instinctive propensity to kill and eat mice,

The endoparasites of Australian stock and native fauna

form the subject of two papers by Dr. Georgina Sweet, of and that they only learnt to do so by the force of example. Whether this holds good for kittens generally remains to

the Melbourne University. The work, which is still going be proved.

on, aims at making a systematic and thorough inquiry

into the nature of the internal parasites infesting Australian UNDER the title of Technitella thompsoni (after Prof. animals, both native and domesticated, and then into the D'Arcy Thompson) Messrs. E. Heron Allen and A. Earland life-history and conditions of increase and spread of these describe in the Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club injurious forms. The work is both of scientific and praca new species of arenaceous foraminifera which constructs tical importance; species exist in Australia that have not ils enveloping test entirely out of regularly arranged been recorded elsewhere, and it is desirable that their lifecalcareous plates of echinoderms. Of this foraminifer two histories should be worked out; methods of control are specimens only have been found from dredgings in the also necessary, since Australia is largely dependent on its North Sea. It possesses no oral aperture, the perforations livestock, and suffers great losses of revenue as a result in the echinoderm plates furnishing a sufficient outlet for of parasitic diseases. In part i. the author gives a census the pseudopodia. Other species of the genus make their of forms recorded up to date, in which the work of Dr. tests out of sponge spicules, but it is believed that the N. A. Cobb in New South Wales and others has been present species stands preeminent in its selective power of drawn upon ; part ii. contains the new and hitherto unbuilding material.

recorded species. The annual address to the Armstrong College Agri- We are in receipt of the Journal of Agriculture of South cultural Students' Association, by Mr. A. Tindall, has Australia, a publication which is devoted almost exclusively been printed in the Proceedings of that body, and will be to practical matters of local interest. The statistics for interesting to students of agricultural economics. It deals 1907 are discussed in one of the articles. The area under with the history and development of the Newcastle cattle crop was 2,265,017 acres, nearly one-fourth of the whole

was

was un

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