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A WEEKLY ILLUSTRATED JOURNAL OF SCIENCE.

To the solid ground

Of Nature trusts the mind which builds for aye.”-WORDS WORTH. No. 2081, VOL. 81) THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1909 (PRICE SIXPENCE Registered as a Newspaper at the General Post Office.)

(All Rights are Reserved.

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REYNOLDS & BRANSON, Ltd.
Manufacturers of Chemical and Physical Apparatus.
HYDRAULIC PRESS.

(Dr. Pocklington's form.)

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Slide Cabinet, of any size, made to order.

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FOR COLLEGES AND SCHOOLS. IMPROVED PATTERN.

ALL PARTS READILY VISIBLE. SILVER VALVES. This Press has been specially designed for the use of Teachers, &c., who desire to illustrate the great multiplication of force obtainable by utilising the laws of Hydrostatics alone; at the same time it will be found useful for experiments on regelation, &c., where pressures amounting to half-a-ton or upwards are required,

Price £2 28. Catalogues of Apparatus and Chemicals post tree. 14 COMMERCIAL STREET, LEEDS.

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CITY OF LONDON COLLEGE,

:

IMPERIAL COLLECE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOCY, NORTHERN POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE,

SOUTH KENSINGTON, LONDON, S.W.,
including as integral parts

HOLLOWAY, LONDON, N.
The ROYAL COLLEGE OF BCIENCE th. ROYAL SCHOOL OF MINES. and the
CITY AND GUILDS COLLEGE

Close to Holloway Stn. (G.N.R.), Highbury Sun. (X.L.RU
Visitor-HIS MAJESTY THE KING.
Chairman - The Right Hon.be EARL OF CREWE, K.G.

Holloway Rd. Sın. (B. & P. Tube), & Highbury Sin. (G.N.Tabe, Rector-HENRY T. BOVEY, LL.D., M Ins! C.E., D.C L., F.R.S. LONDON UNIVERSITY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Secretary-ALEXANDER GOW, MA. B.Sc.
The SESSION begins on OCTOBER 5, 1909, and ends on JU'LY 1, 1910.

DEGREES.
The Departments of the College are :

Day and Evening Courses in the above under recognised teachers is
ROYAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE-Mechanics and Mathematics,
Physics, Chemistry. Botariy, 2oology, Geology.

MATHEMATICS, BOTANY, ROYAL SCHOOL OF MINES- Mising, Metallurzy.

PHYSICS,

GEOLOGY,
CITY AND GUILDS COLLEGE- Mathematics, Civil and Mechanical
Engineering, Electrical Engineering. Chemistry.

CHEMISTRY,

ENGINEERING. The lers average £35 a year.

Separate Laboratories for Elementary, Advanced and Honours stadests. SPECIAL COURSES of ADVANCED LECTURES will be given as

exceptionally large and well equipped.
under (subject to change):
PHYSICS.-Colour Vision (Sir William Abney, K.C.B., D.Sc., D.C.L.,

RESEARCH.
F.R.S.) Spectrum Analysis. (Asst. Prof. A. Fowler, A.R.C.S.,
F.R.A.S.) Physical Changes in the Cylinder of an Internal Com.

Special arrangements for students undertaking research daring vacations bustion Engine. (Dr. W. Watson, D.Sc., A.R.C.S.. FR.S) High Full particulars at the Institute or sent on receipt of postcard. Temperatures and Optical Pyrometry. (Prof. H. L. Callendar, M.A.,

REG. S. CLAY, D.Sc., Principal
LL D. R.S.) Radio-activity. (Prof. the Hon. R. J. Strutt, MA,
F.R.S.) Magnetic Properties of Metals and Alloys. (Dr. S. W. J.

Smith, MA., D.Sc., ARC.S.)
CHEMISTRY.--Gaseous Fuel and Combustion. (Prof. W. A. Bone,
D.Sc., Ph.D., F.R.S.)

ACTING IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE LONDON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. BOTANY.-Timber : Its Structure, Defects, and Diseases, Timber for

Engineering Students. (Asst. Prof. Percy Groom, M.A., D.Sc., WHITE ST., and ROPEMAKER ST., MOORFIELDS, E.C. F.L.S.) Fungal Diseases of Plants, and their Remedies. (Mr. E. S.

(Near Moorgate and Liverpool Street Stations.) Salmon, F.L.S.) ZOOLOGY. - Marine Biology and Fisheries. (Dr. E. J. Allen, D.Sc.,

PRINCIPAL: SIDNEY HUMPHRIES, B.A., LL.B.(Cantab.)
Director Marine Biol. Assocn.) Embryology. (Mr. Richard Assheton,
M.A.) Heredity, Variation, and Evolution. (Mr. A. D. Darbishire,

Michaelmas Term begins Monday, Septemler 27.
M.A.) Cytology and Protistology. (Mr. C. Clifford Dobell, B.A.,
Fellow of Trinity Coll., Cam.)

EVENING CLASSES in SCIENCE. Well-equipped
GEOLOGY.- Economic Geology. (Prof. W. W. Watis, M.A., Sc.D.,
M.Sc., F.R.S., F.G.S.)

LABORATORIES for Practical Work in CHEMISTRY, METALLURGY-Advanced Metallurgy of Copper, Gold, Silver, Lead, BOTANY, GEOLOGY, and all branches of PHYSICS.

and Alloys. (Prof. W. A. Carlyle, Ma.E, MIMM) ENGINEERING.–Railway Engineering. (Prof. W. E. Dalby, M.A.,

Special Courses for Conjoint Board, Pharmaceutical and orber examio

ations. B.Sc., M Inst.C.E.; Mr. W. T. Stephenson, M.A.; Mr. H. G. Brown,

Classes are also held in all Commercial Subjects, in Languages MIE. E. ; Mr. Philip Dawson, M.Inst.C.E., M.I.M.E., M.I.E.E.)

and Literature. Art Studio. All Classes are open to both sexes. The fees for the above range from El 105, to £4, except for the full courses

SATURDAY CLASSES for Chemistry and Phiysics. in Metallurgy and Engineering (fees 45 to 410 and £20 respectively).

DAY MODERN SCHOOL. Preparation for a COMMERCIAL C:

BUSINESS career or the CIVIL SERVICE. The Calendar may be obtained, price 6d., or post free gd., either directly or through any bookseller, from Messrs. Eyre and Spottiswoode, East

Prospectuses, and all other information, gratis on application. Harding Street, London, E.C.

DAVID SAVAGE, Secretary. For special information apply to the SECRETARY, Imperial College of Science and Technology, Exhibition Road, London, S.W.

THE SIR JOHN CASS TECHNICAL ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S HOSPITAL

INSTITUTE.
AND COLLEGE.

JEWRY STREET, ALDGATE, E.C.
(UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.)

Principal--CHARLES A. KEANE, D.Sc., Ph.D., F.I.C.
PRELIMINARY SCIENTIFIC CLASS.

EVENING CLASSES in CHEMISTRY, PHYSICS and MATHE

MATICS designed to meet the requirements of those engaged in SYSTEMATIC COURSES of LECTURES and LABORATORY

CHEMICAL and ELECTRICAL INDUSTRIES and trades WORK in the subjects of the Preliminary Scientific and Intermediate

associated there with B.Sc. Examinations of the University of London will commence October 1, 1909, and continue till July, 1910.

Also preparation for the B.Sc. Examination of London Attendance on this class counts as part of the five years' curriculum.

UniversityCourses for Honours B.Sc. in Physics. Fee for the whole Course, 621; or single subjects may be taken.

CHARLES A. KEANE, D.Sc., Ph.D., F.I.C., There is a Special Class for the January Examination.

Chemistry

H. BURROWS, A.R.C.S., Ph.D., F.I.C., and

1 A. R. SILTH, M.Sc., F.I.C. ENTRANCE SCHOLARSHIPS.

Physics

R. S. Willows, M.A., D.Sc. Three Entrance Scholarships in Science of the value of 6150, £75. 675 Mathematics

E. C. SNOW, B.A. respectively, an Entrance Scholarship in Arts of the value of £100, and the

Every facility for Advanced Practical Work and Research Jeafireson Exhibition in Arts of the value of £50 will be offered for com

in well-equipped laboratories both in the alterncoa and evening. petition on September 23.

New Session begins Thursday, September 23 For further particulars apply to the Dean of the Medical School, St.

For details of the Classes apply at the Oifice of the Institute, or by letter Bartholomew's Hospital, London, E.C.

to the PRINCIPAL A handbook will be forwarded on application. NEW SESSION COMMENCES SEPTEMBER

SOUTH-WESTERN POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE.

27. EAST LONDON COLLEGE.

MANRESA ROAD, CHELSEA, S.W.

Entrance Scholarship Examination, September 20, 10 a.m. (UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.)

Day Courses in preparation for London University degrees in Mechanical MILE END ROAD, E.

and Electrical Engineering, in Chemistry, Physics and Natural Science. The College is situated close to stations on the G.E.R., District Railway

Session Fee, 615. Similar Evening Courses. Session Fee, 63 1( $. and L.T. and Southend Railway, and is approached from The Roya! Technical Day Courses arranged to extend over 3 years and prepare or Exchange in 15 minutes by motor omnibus.

Engineering, Electrical, Chemical and Metallurgical professions,
PASS AND HONOURS COURSES in the

Mathematics *W. H. ECCLES, D.Sc. ; *J. LISTER, A.R.C.S. FACULTIES OF ARTS, SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING.

Physics { *S. SKANSER. MADAB.5.wNDS, B.Sc., Ph.D.,

and F. W. JORDAN, Latin, Greek, English, French, German, English History, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Geology. Chemistry ...

* J. B. COLEMAN, A.R.C.S. ; *J. C. CROCKER, MA.,

D.Sc. ; *F. H. LowE, M.Sc., & W. E. OAKDEN. CIVIL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING.

*H. B. LACEY; S. E. CHANDLER, D.Sc., and

Botany
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING,

*H. J. JEFPERY, A.R.C.S. Courses in the above subjects are likewise arranged for Evening

Geology

*A. J. MASLEN, F.L.S. Zoology

*H. B. FANTHAM, D.Sc., A.R.C.S., F.Z.S. Students.

Engineering PRELIMINARY AND MATRICULATION CLASSES.

W. CAMPBELL HOUSTON, B.Sc. ; *A. MACKLOW

SMITH and H. AUGHTIE.
MODERATE FEES.

Electrical *A. J. MAKOWER, M.A. ; *B. H. MORPHY and Valuable Scholarships are offered annually by the Worshipful Company Engineering U. A. OSCHWALD, B.A. of Drapers.

* Recognised Teacher of the University of London. Calendar post free on application to the RegistRAR, or

Full prospectus from the SECRETARY, post free, 4d. ; at the Onice, J. L. S. HATTON, M.A., Principal. price id.

SIDNEY SKINNER, M.A., Principal.

on

BIRKBECK COLLEGE,

I NEW SESSION begins MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 27.

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF NORTH

WALES (BANGOR). BREAMS BUILDINGS, CHANCERY LANE, E.C.

SESSION 1909-10 will open on OCTOBER 5. DAY AND EVENING CLASSES. Courses of Study under Recognised Teachers of the University of DEPARTMENTS of MATHEMATICS, PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, Lend for Degrees in Science, Arts Economics.

an

GY.
A. MCKENZIE, Ph.D., D.Sc., M.A.; H. WREN,
Chomlotry

Į Prof. G. H. BRYAN, Sc.D., F.R.S.
Ph.D., M.A., B.Sc.; G. W. CLOUGH, B.Sc.;

MATHEMATICS {

Assistant Lecturer, EDGAR R. HARPER, B.A. W. MAITLAND, D.Sc.

Prof. E. TAYLOR JONES, D.Sc. Physics (A. GRIFFITHS, D.Sc.; D. OWEN, B.A., B.Sc.; PHYSICS

Assistant Lecturers and Demonstrators, A. H. B. W. CLACK, B.Sc.

FERGUSON, B.Sc., and W. E. WILLIAMS, B.Sc.
Botany...
H. C. I. FRASER, D.Sc.

Prof. K. J. P. ORTON, M.A., Ph.D.
Zoology
H. W. UNTHANK, B.A., B.Sc.

CHEMISTRY... Assistant Lecturers and Demonstrators, Miss A. E.
Qoology
J. W. Evans, D.Sc.; A. M. Davies, D.Sc.

SMITH, B.Sc., and J. O. HUGHES, B.Sc. Mathomatico... E. H. SMART, M.A.; C. V. COATES, M.A.

Botany-Prof. R. W. PHILLIPS, M.A., D.Sc. Classics F. A. WRIGHT, M.A.; G. S. ROBERTSON, M.A.

Assistant Lecturer and Demonstrator, J. Eng. Literature J. H. LOBBAN, M.A.

BIOLOGY

LLOYD WILLIAMS, D.Sc. , Language J. H. G. Grattan, B.A.

Zoology and Physiology-Prof. Phillip J. WHITE, French ... V. E. KASTNER, B.ès. L.; Mrs. J. CROSLAND, M.A.

M.B., F.R.S.E. Qorman

E. L. MILNER-BARRY, M.A. Qeography J. F. UNSTEAD, M.A.

The Classes and Laboratory Courses of this College are arranged to suit History T. SECCOMBE, M.A.

the requirements of Students of Practical Science, as well as of Students Logic SG. ARMITAGE-SMITH, M.A., D.Lit.

preparing for University and other Examinations. The Lectures in Chem. Economics / (G. C. RANKIN, M.A.

istry, Physics, Botany, and Zoology are recognised for the first year of

medical study. British Constitution, G. H. J. HURST, M.A. Assaying. Motallurgy. Mining. G. PATCHIN, A.R.S.M.

The extensive Laboratories (Physical, Chemical, and Biological) are fully Prospectus free, Calendar 3d. (post free 5d.), from the Secretary.

equipped for Study and Research.

Inclusive Tuition Fee, k11 Is. Laboratory Fees (per Term) on the scale

of £r is. for six hours a week, in each Department. KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON. A considerable number of Scholarships and Exhibitions are open for com. (UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.)

petition at the beginning of cach Session, and several are awarded at the

close of each Session on the result of the year's work. FACULTY OF SCIENCE (Medical Division).

For full information as to Courses, apply for Prospectus to the Secretary Courses are provided in the Science Facully

for Medical Students in the and Registrar, Preliminary and Intermediate Studies---viz. Chemistry, Physics, Botany,

J. E. LLOYD, M.A. Zoology, Anatomy, Physiology, Materia Medica, and Pharmacology.

The Classes are open to all Students, whether paying composition fees UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. for the whole Course or paying fees for any separate subject.

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE. COURSES FOR THE DEGREES OF THE UNIVERSITY. 1. Preliminary Scientific, Part I.-Fee 25 guineas.

STATISTICAL AND BIOMETRICAL LABORATORY 2. Intermediate M.B., and Preliminary Scientific, Part II.---Fee 55

(assisted by a Grant from the Worshipsul Company of Drapers),

and the guineas. 3. Course for the Examination of the Conjoint Examining Board :

FRANCIS GALTON LABORATORY for NATIONAL EUGENICS, First Examination-20 guineas.

Under the direction of Prof. Karl PEARSON, M.A., F.R.S. Second Examination-55 guineas.

The Laboratory is open from 9.30 to 5.30 daily, and provides a complete Advanced Classes in Anatomy and Physiology are also held.

course of training, not only in the theory, but in the practice of Statistics. Entrance, ist, 2nd and 3rd Year Scholarships and Prizes of the value of Instruction is given in the exhibition, calculation (mechanical and arith. 6350 are offered for competition.

metical), and treatment of statistical quantities. For full prospectus apply to either

Advanced students will be assisted in research work suited to their stage PETER THOMPSON, M.D., Ch.B., Dean.

of progress. WALTER SMITH, Secretary.

The Laboratory possesses a large collection of statistical models and

diagrams, and of mechanical integraters and calculators. THE UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS.

Lectures, 66 6s. per Session; Practical work, 66 6s.; Research students,

£2 25. per term. FACULTIES OF ARTS (including Commerce and Law), SCIENCE, Short courses are provided in the Eugenics Laboratory for those engaged MEDICINE, and TECHNOLOGY.

in social, medical or anthropometric work of a statistical character. The NEXT SESSION in the FACULTY OF MEDICINE will begin Professor Karl Pearson will meet intending students on Tuesday, on OCTOBER 1, and in the other Faculties on OCTOBER 4.

October 5, between 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. The following Prospectuses may be bad free on application to the For further particulars apply to the Secretary, University College, REGISTRAR :

London (Gower Street). 1. Arts and Science.

8. Mining Engineering, Fuel, and 2. School of Medicine.

Metallurgy, and Gas Engin-
3. Dental Surgery.
eering.

ROYAL SOCIETY.
9. Textile Industries.
10. Tinctorial Chemistry and Dye.

SORBY RESEARCH FELLOW. 5. Commerce.

ing. 6. Agriculture.

11. Leather Industries. 7. Engineering, Civil, Mechanical, 12. Evening Classes.

The Committee representing the Royal Society and the University of 13. Extension Lectures.

Sheffield appointed io administer the Sorby Research Fellowship Fund and Electrical. 14. Scholarships.

will proceed to the election of a Fellow early in November next. The

object of the Fellowship is not to train men for original research, but to Lyddon Hall has been Licensed for the Residence of Students.

obtain advances in natural knowledge by enabling men of proved ability to

devote themselves to research. The appointment will be for five years, THE MUSPRATT LABORATORY OF PHYSICAL subject to segulations, a copy of which may be obtained on application to

the Royal Society. The emoluments of the Fellow will be 6500 per annum.

The Fellow elected will be expected to pursue his investigations at the AND ELECTRO-CHEMISTRY.

University of Sheffield unless the nature of the investigation requires that

the work should be done elsewhere ; he will be expected to enter upon his UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL.

duties as soon aster election as possible. This Laboratory is specially fitted and equipped for study and research Applications from candidates for the Fellowship will be received by the in Pure and Applied Electro-chemistry. Electric current (direct or alter. Secretaries of the Royal Society, at Burlington House, London, W., up to nating) up to 1000 amperes, and power up to 80 kilowatts are available, September 30. Each application should contain a brief statement of the enabling all classes of el trolytic and electrothermal work to be carried scientific career of the candidate, including his previous work, and a stateout. Special Lecture and Laboratory Courses in Pure and Applied ment, as precise as possible, of the nature of the work to which he proposes Electro-chemistry are held every year, beginning in October. Fee for

to devote himself if elected. Each candidate is requested to send one research students, 63 per annum. Further information may be obtained reference, but testimonials are not desired. from the undersigned, P. HEBBLETHWAITE, Registrar.

THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD. CITY OF LONDON SCHOOL.

Courses are held and Degrees are awarded in the following Faculties :

ARTS, PURE SCIENCE, MEDICINE, LAW, APPLIED WANTED, a SENIOR CHEMISTRY MASTER, whose age should

SCIENCE (including Engineering, Metallurgy and Mining). not exceed 35. Salary, 6300 a year, increasing to £450. Forms of application can be obtained from A. J. AUSTIN, Secretary, at the School,

ALL COURSES ARE OPEN TO MEN & WOMEN STUDENTS Victoria Embankmeni, E.C., to wbom the forms, duly filled up, and accom

ALIKE. panied by a copy of testimonials as to qualifications and character, must be

The SESSION 1909-10 commences OCTOBER 6, 1909. returned not later than Saturday, October 16. Selected candidates will be

Prospectuses giving full information may be obtained free from communicated with.

W. M. GIBBONS, Registrar.

4. Law.

BEDFORD COLLEGE FOR WOMEN.

(UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.) YORK PLACE, BAKER STREET, LONDON, W.

PRINCIPAL-Miss M. J. TUKE, M.A. Lectures are given in preparation for all Examinations of the University of London in Arts, Science and Preliminary Medicine ; for the Teacher's Diploma, London; the Teacher's Certificate, Cambridge ; and for the Cambridge Higher Local Examination.

Six Laboratories are open to Students for practical work.

There is a special course of SCIENTIFIC INSTRUCTION IN HYGIENE designed to furnish training for Women Factory and Sanitary Inspectors, and Teachers of Hygiene.

The ART SCHOOL may be attended by students who are not taking other subjects at the College.

A single course in any subject may be attended.

Regular Physical Instruction is given free of cost to students who desire it by a fully qualified teacher.

RESIDENCE. Accommodation for about 40 resident students is provided in the College. The College has opened as an additional residence South Villa, Regent's Park, where further accommodation for 15 students is provided. South Villa is about five minutes' walk from York Place, and has large gardens available for students of the College. Full particulars on application to the PRINCIPAL at the College. DEPARTMENT FOR PROFESSIONAL TRAINING

IN TEACHING. HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT-Miss MARY MORTON, MA. The Course includes full preparation for the Examinations for the Teach. ing Diplomas granted by the Universities of London and Cambridge.

Students are admitted to the Training Course in October and in January:

One Free Place (value £26 55.), one Scholarship of the value of [20, and a limited number of grants of 410, are offered for the Course beginning in January, 1910

They will be awarded to the best candidates holding a degree or its equivalent in Arts or Science.

Applications should be sent to the Head Op THE DEPARTMENT not later iban December 1.

THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD.

SESSION

1909-10. The Session Opens as follows :

DAY CLASSES.
FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE September 20
FACULTY OF ARTS

October 6
FACULTY OF PURE SCIENCE

October 6
FACULTY OF MEDICINE

October 6
FACULTY OF LAW

October 6
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE... October 6

EVENING CLASSES.
FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE September 20
FACULTY OF ARTS

October 11
FACULTY OF PURE SCIENCE ..

October 11
FACULTY OF LAW

October 11
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE October 11
Prospectuses may be had free on application.

W. M. GIBBONS, Registrar.

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UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE.

ASTRONOMY AND SURVEYING.
A General Course of Lectures on ASTRONOMY will be given by
Professor KARL PEARSON, F.R.S., on Tuesdays and Thursdays at 1,
beginning on October 7.

À Course of Practical Work in ASTRONOMY (one or two evebirgs a week) is arranged in the College Observatories for those following the above Class, or others de-iring special instruction.

Junior and Senior Courses in SURVEYING, conducted by Mr. M. T. ORBISBY, M.inst.C.E.I., will begin on October 9. These Courses will take the form of Field Work in ibe Third Term and Summer Vacaliza respectively. Particulars on application to the undersigned.

WALTER W. SETON, M.A., Secretary,
Univer:ity College, London

(Gower Street).

BOARD OF EDUCATION, AUCKLAND,

NEW ZEALAND. Immediate applications are invited for the following appointments :I. ASSISTANT DIRECTOR of TECHNICAL EDUCATION and

MANUAL TRAINING. Salary, Three hundred and fifty pounds (£350) per annum, rising by twenty pounds (£20) yearly to five hundred (£500). Engagement for at least three years, second-class passage paid. 2. CHIEF LADY INSTRUCTOR of the DOMESTIC DEPART.

MENT of the AUCKLAND TECHNICAL COLLEGE. Salary, two hundred pounds (4200) per annum for at least three years, second-class passage paid. 3. ENGINEERING WORKSHOP INSTRUCTOR at the AUCK.

LAND TECHNICAL COLLEGE. Salary, two hundred pounds (£200) per annum for at least three years, second-class passage paid.

Further particulars relating to any of the above appointments can be obtained by sending stamped addressed envelope to the undersigned, clo The High Commissioner for New Zealand, 13. Victoria Street, London, S.W. Applications close SEPTEMBER 30.

GEORGE GEORGE, E.I.C., F.C.S.,

Director of Technical Education and Manual Training. Auckland, N.Z.,

July 28, 1909.

ROYAL AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE,

CIRENCESTER.
FOUNDED 1845. REORGANISED 1908.

Patron-H.M. KING EDWARD VII.
Chairman-LORD Moreton. Vice-Chairman-EARL BATHURST,
For Land owners, Land Agents, Surveyors, Agriculturists, Intending

Colonists, &c. Farming and Colonial Branch. Estate Management and Forestry Branch

For Prospectus of Curriculum, Fees, Entrance Exhibitions, Scbolansips, Diplomas, &c., apply to the PRINCIPAL. Next Term begins October s.

An Entrance Scholarship of £75 and an Entrance Exbibition of 420 will be competed for in October.

PATHOLOGICAL LABORATORY, UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.

JOHN LUCAS WALKER STUDENTSHIP. Applications for this Studentship, the holder of which shall devote hipself (or hersell) to original research in Pathology, are invited, and should be sent not later than September 27, 1909, to Professor WOODHEAD, Pathological Laboratory, The Museums, Cambridge, to whom, also, applications for further information concerning the Studentship may be addressed. Ibe Studentship is of the annual value of £200 (grants may also be made fx assistance and apparatus), and is tenable, under certain conditions, for thiet years from October 12, 1909. August 11, 1909.

INDIAN EDUCATIONAL SERVICE. PATNA COLLEGE, BIHAR, BENGAL.

CHAIR OF CHEMISTRY. Applications are invited for the post of PROFESSOR of CHEMISTRY at the above Institution. Preference will be given to candidates who have made a special study of Organic Chemistry.

Salary, Rs.500 a montb, rising by annual increments of Rs.50 to Rs. 1000 a month.

Applications should be sent in covers marked "C. A." 10 The Secre TARY, Board of Education, Whitehall, London, S.W., from whom further particulars may be obtained.

MERCHANT VENTURERS'

TECHNICAL COLLEGE (in which the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Bristol

is provided)
PRINCIPAL AND DEAN OF THE FACULTY:
Prof. J. WERTHEIMER, B.Sc., B.A., F.I.C., F.C.S.
MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING)

Prof. J. MUNRO, M.I. Mech.E., A.R.C.S. CIVIL ENGINEERING Prof. R. M. FERRIER, M.Sc., M. Inst. C. E. ELECTRICAL

ENGINEERING} Prof. D. Robertson, B.Sc., A.M.I.E.E. MOTOR-CAR ENGINEERING

Prof. W. MORGAN, B.Sc. CHEMISTRY

THE PRINCIPAL. MATHEMATICS

Prof. E. S. BOULTON, M.A., B.Sc. With over 70 Lecturers ard Demonstrators. There are I aboratories and Workshops, Testing Machine, Experimental Engines, Electric Ligot and Power Station, &c. COURSES for the B.Sc., M.Sc., and D. Sc. DEGREES.

Fee: £26 55. a year, but $10 tos. fir students whose parents' incomes are under £350 a year.

Calendar (price 6c.) or Prospectus (free) on application to the REGISTRAR. BARODA COLLEGE, INDIA.- Wanted

for the Chair of Physics, a Gentleman thoroughly experienced in Labora. tory Work and in Teaching. Must be a Doctor of Science, or hold other high degree. Age not to exceed 30 years.-Apply to Thos. S. Tait, Esq., M.A., B.Sc., Edenbank, York Road, Harrogate.

numerous

COUNTY BOROUGH OF SMETHWICK.

EDUCATION COMMITTEE.

PRINCIPAL OF TECHNICAL SCHOOL. The above Commitee require immediately a Principal for the'r Techoical School. Commencing salary, £250 per annum, rising by fixed amounts of £25 annually to 6350. The gentleman appointed will not be allowed to undertake any other duties without the consent of the Committee. Application form and particulars of duties may be obtained from ibe under signed on receipt of a stamped addressed envelope or wrapper. All applications must be received by Tuesday, September 28, 1909.

(Signed) ARTHUR H. SEARS,

Secretary to committee. Council House,

Victoria Park, Smethwick, September 14, 1909.

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MAN

BY
An illustrated monthly record of
Anthropological Science, 1/- per part,
10/- a year, post free anywhere.

JOSEPH BATTELL.
PRINCIPAL CONTENTS SEPTEMBER ISSUE.
ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Note on the Bandar Cult ofibe Kandyan Sinhalese.
Dr. C. G. SELIGMANN.-String Nets of the XVII Dynasty. W. M. F.
PETRIE.-Some recent Indian Palæolithic Implemenis. H. W. SETON-

QUOTATIONS FROM :-
KARR.-Exogamy. A. LANG. - REVIEWS: Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse
meiner ethnographischen Forschungsreise in den Südosten Deut-che-Ost-

“THE intensity of Sound depends upon the force which makes it, afrikas. --The Threshold of Religion. -Die vor- und Frühgeschichtlichen

infinitesimal particles of moving matter, undoubtedly electrical, Altertumer Thuringens.

aroused by the shock, upon wbich also depends the length of the vibra. London: The Royal Anthropological Institute, 3 Hanover Square. tions, which themselves otberwise are controlled by the character of the

hody in which they take place; and these vibrations of a particular Price 3s. net.

body, that is, of each particular body, are the machinery which decide

the character of every Sound. Авс A B C FIVE-FIGURE LOGARITHMS “And thus the different brands are formed, similarly as the different

kinds of lumber, as boards, plank, slaves, are made by a saw-mill; or

different kinds of goods in any factory although neiiber the lumber FOR GENERAL USE.

from which the boards are made, or the cotton or linen, or any other

material from which such things are made, is made by the mill. These By C. J. WOODWARD, B.Sc.

come from the outside. New and Enlarged Edition, 1909.

"Every hard body will produce Sound when struck by another hard

body. Most of these sounds are instantly scaltered, but certain instru. London : E. & F. N. SPON, 57 Haymarket.

ments are in their nature sound.containing, just as there are certain bodies, as oceans, lakes, or ponds, water-containing ; and others as

suns, stars, lamps, or candles, light-containing. And as the water. BRITISH DESMIDS: producing bodies consist of those which contain deposits of water; or

light-producing ones, those which have deposits of light, however these A Supplement to British Fresh-Water Algæ.

be made ; so sound producing instruments consist of those which in

some way have deposits of sound. By Dr. M. C. COOKE.

“But all water, however it may be stored or carried, is composed of In one vol. of 205 pp., with 66 finely coloured plates of over 300 figures,

oxygen and hydrogen, a mixture of matter in certain proportions ; so 8vo, green cloth gilt (1887), price £l 10s. net.

all light and all sounds, as well as everything else in the material Or in the 10 original parts (pub. at 62 125. 6d.), price £1 8s. net. universe, are made from matier. For although fluids or gase: appea (Postage United Kingdom 5d. extra, Foreign icd. extra.)

quite differently from solid substances, the laws of their combination

are similar, that is, they are all composed of matter. And therefore, JOHN WHELDON & CO., 38 Great Queen Street, London, W.C. the differences of sounds, like those of odours, and everything else in

the material universe, must consist in the materials from which they

are made, and the manner these are mixed. This law is a very simple AERIAL NAVIGATION.-Mr. Eric Stuart

one that every scientist should understand."
BRUCE, M.A., Oxon., F.R.Met. Soc., Member of Council and late
Honorary Secretary Aëronautical Society of Great Britain. Vice.
President Ačrial League of the British Empire, Membre d'Honneur
Aéro Club of France, can accept engagemenis for his eminently suc-

ARTHUR F. BIRD,
cessful lecture, " AIRSHIPS, BALLOONS, AND FLYING M«CHINES,"
profusely illustrated by elaborate experiments and working models,
also for shorter demonstrations at Soirées, Exhibitions, &c.

Now

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45 Illustrations. NATURE-STUDY. Instructive, interesting cases. Approval selections. Lists.- FORD, Entomologist, Stourwoud, Bournemouth.

Every Microscopist should be in possession of this valuable

little work.

The Lancet.--" Every microscopist should know how to take MOSQUITOES, GNATS and FLIES will

2. photo.micrograph. In Mr. Bagshaw's little book he will find not attack if a little of Ambrecht's Pyrethrum is put on the skin. It

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