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have been most troubled in the earthquake of June 11, when the moon is nearest to the earth does the pendulum 1909: M.
Jullien.—The oxydases of the waters of move in such a manner as to suggest that there is such Chaldette (Lozère) : F. Garrigou.
a tide.—The rainfall of South Africa. The possibility of NEW SOUTH WALES.
prediction over the south-west : A. G. Howard. For this Linncan Society, April 28. - Mr. C. Hedley, president, investigation, which extended over five complete years, in the chair.-The geology and petrology of the Canoblas,
thrce stations were selected, so as to secure a triangle N.S.W.: C. A. Süssmilch and Dr. H. 1. Jensen. The
of observations, and at each the rise or fall of the baroCanoblas are a group of extinct volcanoes in the vicinity of
meter in twenty-four hours was noted, together with the Orange, N.S.W. The western tableland here has an eleva
direction of the wind at L'Agulhas. From a consideration tion of about 3000 feet. The surface of the tableland is a
of the various conditions, which fell under twenty-six peneplain, above which rise residuals of a still older plain. heads, and were worked out daily during five complete This peneplain was cut out of a series of folded Devonian
years, it was found possible to construct a table for preand Silurian rocks, and has since been elevated to its
diction purposes. This was applied to the rainfall for the present altitude (3000 feet). The Canoblas Mountains
year 1908, and the element of error under each condition proper consist of lavas and tuffs, deposited upon the
of barometer was :-(1) when the pressure was decreasing peneplain.-Observations the development of
the generally, 5:23 per cent., and (2) when the pressure was marsupial skull : Prof. R. Broom. A fairly complete increasing generally, about
per cent., proving the series of the diprotodont Trichosurus vulpecula, and an
argument that it is possible to predict rainfall over the interesting carly stage of the polyprotodont Dasyurus
district from the date suggested. viverrinus, have been studied.-Notes on the synonymy and distribution of certain species of Australian Coleoptera,
DIARY OF SOCIETIES. with descriptions of new species of Tenebrionidæ : H. J.
MONDAY, JULY 5. Carter. The paper comprises notes upon the synonymy
ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL Society, at 8.30.-Captain Tilho's Explorations in
the Lake Chad Region : Lieut. Mercadier. and distribution of a number of species referable to the
WEDNESDAY, JULY 7. three families Buprestidæ, Tenebrionidæ, and Ceramby
BRITISH ASTRONOMICAL ASSOCIATION, at 5. cidæ, accumulated during a recent visit to Europe, and especially to the museums in Brussels, Paris, London, and
PAGE Oxford, together with the descriptions of twenty-one
The Imperial Gazetteer Atlas of India. By species of Tenebrionidæ proposed as new.
т. н. н. CALCUTTA.
Essays on Leonardo da Vinci. Asiatic Society of Bengal, May 5.-A Goniumya from Para Rubber. By L. C. B.
3 the Cretaceous rocks of southern India: H. C. Das. Altitude Tables for Navigators Gupta.-Coptis : 1. H. Burkill. The author endeavours Our Book Shelf:to determine the source of the roots of Coptis sold in “Guide to the Whales, Porpoises, and Dolphins India. Three kinds are sold, one, as is well known, (Order Cetacea), exhibited in the Department of coming from the Mishmi hills, and being derived from Zoology, British Museum (Natural History), CromCoptis Teeta, Wall, the other two imported over-seas, and well Road, London, S.W.” possibly being, respectively, roots of Coptis Teeta, var.
• La Naissance de l'Intelligence."—W. B. chinensis, Fine and Gagnep, and of Coptis anemonaefolia, Owen: “The Dyeing and Cleaning of Textile Sicb. and Zucc. Plants of Coptis Teeta in cultivation at Fabrics. A Handbook for the Amateur and the the Lloyd Botanic Garden, Darjeeling, have been studied, Professional.”- Prof. Walter M. Gardner
5 and figures drawn from them.--Morphological and physio- Hildebrandsson and Hellmann : “ Codex of Reso. logical differences between Marsilea left on dry land and lutions adopted at International Meteorological that growing in water : Nibaran Chandra Bhattacharjee. Meetings, 1872–1907
5 Marsilea quadrifolia does not fruit when growing in Abbey : “The Balance of Nature, and Modern water, but only on dried earth.-Notes on the history of
Condi ions of Cultivation : A Practical Manual the district of Hughli before the Mohammedan period : of Animal Foes and Friends, for the Country Nundo Lal Dey.—The drug astukhudus, nowadays
Gentleman, the Farmer, the Forester, the Lavandula dentata, and not Lavandula Stoechas : I. H. Gardener, and the Sportsman."--R. L. .
5 Burkill. It is probable that the importation of Lavendula Lotters to the Editor :dentata into India began with the Portuguese 'trade. Diurnal Variation of Temperature in the Free Before that, Lavendula Stoechas from Asia Minor served Atmosphere.-E. Gold.
6 the drug astukhudus from the time when the Temperature of the Upper Atmosphere.-F. J. W. Mohammedans introduced it.—The Manikyala tope : H.
6 Beveridge.-First notes on Cymbopogon Martini, Stapf : The Aeronautical Society.- Eric Stuart Bruce ; 1. H. Burkill. The two varieties, Motia and Sofia, are
Prof. G. H. Bryan, F.R.S.
6 to be distinguished from one another by the absence or The Darwin Celebrations at Cambridge
7 presence of the chemical body carvon, by the angle at A New Analytical Engine. By Prof. c. V. Boys, which the leaves arise, and by different preferences in the F.R.S.
14 matter of climate.
Prof. D. J. Cunningham, F.R.S.
15 Cape Town. Dr. G. F. Deacon
16 Royal Society of South Africa, May 19.—Dr. L. Craw. Notes
16 ford in the chair.—The possible existence at Kimberley
Our Astronomical Column :of oscillations of level having a lunar period : Dr. J. R. Astronomical Occurrences in July
19 Sutton. The outstanding seismic feature of Kimberley Comet 1909a (Borrelly-Daniel) is the diurnal variation of level whereby the crust of the The Shape of the Planet Mercury. earth rises and falls once a day under the influence of Observations of Sun-spots, 1908 some solar action as yet uninterpreted. This matter was Observations of Saturn and its Rings discussed in a paper read before the Royal Society of
Tables for the Reduction of “Standard Co-ordinates South Africa last July. The present discussion is con
to Right Ascension and Declination cerned more with variations of level depending upon the The Transvaal Observatory, Johannesburg gravitational influence of the moon. The observations do The Comets of 1907 and 1908
a sufficiently extended period to admit of an The Royal Society Conversazione exhaustive analysis, but, so far as they go, they imply Some Papers on Invertebrates perhaps that when the moon is south of the equator its The Research Defence Society attractive force causes the whole of the enormous pro
Is the Association of Ants with Trees a true tuberant mass of the earth's crust forming South Africa Symbiosis ? By F. A. D.
23 to oscillate periodically east and west during the course of University and Educational Intelligence
23 the lunar day. This oscillation tends to mask whatever Societies and Academies
25 true lunar tide there may be in the solid earth. Only Diary of Societies
20 20 20 20
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